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# Copyright 2017 The TensorFlow Authors. All Rights Reserved.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ==============================================================================
"""Python wrappers for Datasets."""
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
import abc
import collections
import threading
import numpy as np
import six
from tensorflow.python.data.ops import iterator_ops
from tensorflow.python.data.util import nest
from tensorflow.python.data.util import random_seed
from tensorflow.python.data.util import sparse
from tensorflow.python.eager import context
from tensorflow.python.framework import constant_op
from tensorflow.python.framework import dtypes
from tensorflow.python.framework import function
from tensorflow.python.framework import ops
from tensorflow.python.framework import sparse_tensor as sparse_tensor_lib
from tensorflow.python.framework import tensor_shape
from tensorflow.python.framework import tensor_util
from tensorflow.python.ops import array_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import gen_dataset_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import gen_io_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import math_ops
from tensorflow.python.ops import script_ops
from tensorflow.python.util import deprecation
from tensorflow.python.util.tf_export import tf_export
@tf_export("data.Dataset")
class Dataset(object):
"""Represents a potentially large set of elements.
A `Dataset` can be used to represent an input pipeline as a
collection of elements (nested structures of tensors) and a "logical
plan" of transformations that act on those elements.
"""
__metaclass__ = abc.ABCMeta
def __init__(self):
pass
@abc.abstractmethod
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
"""Creates a scalar `tf.Tensor` of `tf.variant` representing this dataset.
Returns:
A scalar `tf.Tensor` of `tf.variant` type, which represents this dataset.
"""
raise NotImplementedError("Dataset._as_variant_tensor")
def make_initializable_iterator(self, shared_name=None):
"""Creates an `Iterator` for enumerating the elements of this dataset.
Note: The returned iterator will be in an uninitialized state,
and you must run the `iterator.initializer` operation before using it:
```python
dataset = ...
iterator = dataset.make_initializable_iterator()
# ...
sess.run(iterator.initializer)
```
Args:
shared_name: (Optional.) If non-empty, the returned iterator will be
shared under the given name across multiple sessions that share the
same devices (e.g. when using a remote server).
Returns:
An `Iterator` over the elements of this dataset.
Raises:
RuntimeError: If eager execution is enabled.
"""
if context.executing_eagerly():
raise RuntimeError(
"dataset.make_initializable_iterator is not supported when eager "
"execution is enabled.")
if shared_name is None:
shared_name = ""
iterator_resource = gen_dataset_ops.iterator(
container="",
shared_name=shared_name,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
with ops.colocate_with(iterator_resource):
initializer = gen_dataset_ops.make_iterator(self._as_variant_tensor(),
iterator_resource)
return iterator_ops.Iterator(iterator_resource, initializer,
self.output_types, self.output_shapes,
self.output_classes)
def __iter__(self):
"""Creates an `Iterator` for enumerating the elements of this dataset.
The returned iterator implements the Python iterator protocol and therefore
can only be used in eager mode.
Returns:
An `Iterator` over the elements of this dataset.
Raises:
RuntimeError: If eager execution is not enabled.
"""
if context.executing_eagerly():
return iterator_ops.EagerIterator(self)
else:
raise RuntimeError("dataset.__iter__() is only supported when eager "
"execution is enabled.")
def make_one_shot_iterator(self):
"""Creates an `Iterator` for enumerating the elements of this dataset.
Note: The returned iterator will be initialized automatically.
A "one-shot" iterator does not currently support re-initialization.
Returns:
An `Iterator` over the elements of this dataset.
"""
if context.executing_eagerly():
return iterator_ops.EagerIterator(self)
# NOTE(mrry): We capture by value here to ensure that `_make_dataset()` is
# a 0-argument function.
@function.Defun(capture_by_value=True)
def _make_dataset():
return self._as_variant_tensor() # pylint: disable=protected-access
try:
_make_dataset.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
except ValueError as err:
if "Cannot capture a stateful node" in str(err):
raise ValueError(
"Failed to create a one-shot iterator for a dataset. "
"`Dataset.make_one_shot_iterator()` does not support datasets that "
"capture stateful objects, such as a `Variable` or `LookupTable`. "
"In these cases, use `Dataset.make_initializable_iterator()`. "
"(Original error: %s)" % err)
else:
six.reraise(ValueError, err)
return iterator_ops.Iterator(
gen_dataset_ops.one_shot_iterator(
dataset_factory=_make_dataset,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes,
self.output_classes))), None,
self.output_types, self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)
@abc.abstractproperty
def output_classes(self):
"""Returns the class of each component of an element of this dataset.
The expected values are `tf.Tensor` and `tf.SparseTensor`.
Returns:
A nested structure of Python `type` objects corresponding to each
component of an element of this dataset.
"""
raise NotImplementedError("Dataset.output_classes")
@abc.abstractproperty
def output_shapes(self):
"""Returns the shape of each component of an element of this dataset.
Returns:
A nested structure of `tf.TensorShape` objects corresponding to each
component of an element of this dataset.
"""
raise NotImplementedError("Dataset.output_shapes")
@abc.abstractproperty
def output_types(self):
"""Returns the type of each component of an element of this dataset.
Returns:
A nested structure of `tf.DType` objects corresponding to each component
of an element of this dataset.
"""
raise NotImplementedError("Dataset.output_types")
def __repr__(self):
output_shapes = nest.map_structure(str, self.output_shapes)
output_shapes = str(output_shapes).replace("'", "")
output_types = nest.map_structure(repr, self.output_types)
output_types = str(output_types).replace("'", "")
return ("<%s shapes: %s, types: %s>" % (type(self).__name__, output_shapes,
output_types))
@staticmethod
def from_tensors(tensors):
"""Creates a `Dataset` with a single element, comprising the given tensors.
Args:
tensors: A nested structure of tensors.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return TensorDataset(tensors)
@staticmethod
def from_tensor_slices(tensors):
"""Creates a `Dataset` whose elements are slices of the given tensors.
Args:
tensors: A nested structure of tensors, each having the same size in the
0th dimension.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return TensorSliceDataset(tensors)
@staticmethod
@deprecation.deprecated(None, "Use `tf.data.Dataset.from_tensor_slices()`.")
def from_sparse_tensor_slices(sparse_tensor):
"""Splits each rank-N `tf.SparseTensor` in this dataset row-wise.
Args:
sparse_tensor: A `tf.SparseTensor`.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset` of rank-(N-1) sparse tensors.
"""
return SparseTensorSliceDataset(sparse_tensor)
class _GeneratorState(object):
"""Stores outstanding iterators created from a Python generator.
This class keeps track of potentially multiple iterators that may have
been created from a generator, e.g. in the case that the dataset is
repeated, or nested within a parallel computation.
"""
def __init__(self, generator):
self._generator = generator
self._lock = threading.Lock()
self._next_id = 0 # GUARDED_BY(self._lock)
self._iterators = collections.defaultdict(lambda: iter(generator()))
def get_next_id(self):
with self._lock:
ret = self._next_id
self._next_id += 1
# NOTE(mrry): Explicitly create an array of `np.int64` because implicit
# casting in `py_func()` will create an array of `np.int32` on Windows,
# leading to a runtime error.
return np.array(ret, dtype=np.int64)
def get_iterator(self, iterator_id):
return self._iterators[iterator_id]
def iterator_completed(self, iterator_id):
del self._iterators[iterator_id]
@staticmethod
def from_generator(generator, output_types, output_shapes=None):
"""Creates a `Dataset` whose elements are generated by `generator`.
The `generator` argument must be a callable object that returns
an object that support the `iter()` protocol (e.g. a generator function).
The elements generated by `generator` must be compatible with the given
`output_types` and (optional) `output_shapes` arguments.
For example:
```python
import itertools
def gen():
for i in itertools.count(1):
yield (i, [1] * i)
ds = Dataset.from_generator(
gen, (tf.int64, tf.int64), (tf.TensorShape([]), tf.TensorShape([None])))
value = ds.make_one_shot_iterator().get_next()
sess.run(value) # (1, array([1]))
sess.run(value) # (2, array([1, 1]))
```
NOTE: The current implementation of `Dataset.from_generator()` uses
@{tf.py_func} and inherits the same constraints. In particular, it
requires the `Dataset`- and `Iterator`-related operations to be placed
on a device in the same process as the Python program that called
`Dataset.from_generator()`. The body of `generator` will not be
serialized in a `GraphDef`, and you should not use this method if you
need to serialize your model and restore it in a different environment.
NOTE: If `generator` depends on mutable global variables or other external
state, be aware that the runtime may invoke `generator` multiple times
(in order to support repeating the `Dataset`) and at any time
between the call to `Dataset.from_generator()` and the production of the
first element from the generator. Mutating global variables or external
state can cause undefined behavior, and we recommend that you explicitly
cache any external state in `generator` before calling
`Dataset.from_generator()`.
Args:
generator: A callable object that takes no arguments and returns an
object that supports the `iter()` protocol.
output_types: A nested structure of `tf.DType` objects corresponding to
each component of an element yielded by `generator`.
output_shapes: (Optional.) A nested structure of `tf.TensorShape`
objects corresponding to each component of an element yielded by
`generator`.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
if not callable(generator):
raise TypeError("`generator` must be callable.")
if output_shapes is None:
output_shapes = nest.map_structure(
lambda _: tensor_shape.TensorShape(None), output_types)
else:
output_shapes = nest.map_structure_up_to(
output_types, tensor_shape.as_shape, output_shapes)
flattened_types = nest.flatten(output_types)
flattened_shapes = nest.flatten(output_shapes)
generator_state = Dataset._GeneratorState(generator)
def get_iterator_id_fn(unused_dummy):
"""Creates a unique `iterator_id` for each pass over the dataset.
The returned `iterator_id` disambiguates between multiple concurrently
existing iterators.
Args:
unused_dummy: Ignored value.
Returns:
A `tf.int64` tensor whose value uniquely identifies an iterator in
`generator_state`.
"""
return script_ops.py_func(
generator_state.get_next_id, [], dtypes.int64, stateful=True)
def generator_next_fn(iterator_id_t):
"""Generates the next element from iterator with ID `iterator_id_t`.
We map this function across an infinite repetition of the
`iterator_id_t`, and raise `StopIteration` to terminate the iteration.
Args:
iterator_id_t: A `tf.int64` tensor whose value uniquely identifies
the iterator in `generator_state` from which to generate an element.
Returns:
A nested structure of tensors representing an element from the iterator.
"""
def generator_py_func(iterator_id):
"""A `py_func` that will be called to invoke the iterator."""
# `next()` raises `StopIteration` when there are no more
# elements remaining to be generated.
values = next(generator_state.get_iterator(iterator_id))
# Use the same _convert function from the py_func() implementation to
# convert the returned values to arrays early, so that we can inspect
# their values.
# pylint: disable=protected-access
ret_arrays = [
script_ops.FuncRegistry._convert(ret, dtype=dtype.as_numpy_dtype)
for ret, dtype in zip(
nest.flatten_up_to(output_types, values), flattened_types)
]
# pylint: enable=protected-access
# Additional type and shape checking to ensure that the components
# of the generated element match the `output_types` and `output_shapes`
# arguments.
for (ret_array, expected_dtype, expected_shape) in zip(
ret_arrays, flattened_types, flattened_shapes):
if ret_array.dtype != expected_dtype.as_numpy_dtype:
raise TypeError(
"`generator` yielded an element of type %s where an element "
"of type %s was expected." % (ret_array.dtype,
expected_dtype.as_numpy_dtype))
if not expected_shape.is_compatible_with(ret_array.shape):
raise ValueError(
"`generator` yielded an element of shape %s where an element "
"of shape %s was expected." % (ret_array.shape, expected_shape))
return ret_arrays
flat_values = script_ops.py_func(
generator_py_func, [iterator_id_t], flattened_types, stateful=True)
# The `py_func()` op drops the inferred shapes, so we add them back in
# here.
if output_shapes is not None:
for ret_t, shape in zip(flat_values, flattened_shapes):
ret_t.set_shape(shape)
return nest.pack_sequence_as(output_types, flat_values)
def finalize_fn(iterator_id_t):
"""Releases host-side state for the iterator with ID `iterator_id_t`."""
def finalize_py_func(iterator_id):
generator_state.iterator_completed(iterator_id)
# We return a dummy value so that the `finalize_fn` has a valid
# signature.
# NOTE(mrry): Explicitly create an array of `np.int64` because implicit
# casting in `py_func()` will create an array of `np.int32` on Windows,
# leading to a runtime error.
return np.array(0, dtype=np.int64)
return script_ops.py_func(
finalize_py_func, [iterator_id_t], dtypes.int64, stateful=True)
# This function associates each traversal of `generator` with a unique
# iterator ID.
def flat_map_fn(dummy_arg):
# The `get_iterator_id_fn` gets a unique ID for the current instance of
# of the generator.
# The `generator_next_fn` gets the next element from the iterator with the
# given ID, and raises StopIteration when that iterator contains no
# more elements.
return _GeneratorDataset(dummy_arg, get_iterator_id_fn, generator_next_fn,
finalize_fn)
# A single-element dataset that, each time it is evaluated, contains a
# freshly-generated and unique (for the returned dataset) int64
# ID that will be used to identify the appropriate Python state, which
# is encapsulated in `generator_state`, and captured in
# `get_iterator_id_map_fn`.
dummy = 0
id_dataset = Dataset.from_tensors(dummy)
# A dataset that contains all of the elements generated by a
# single iterator created from `generator`, identified by the
# iterator ID contained in `id_dataset`. Lifting the iteration
# into a flat_map here enables multiple repetitions and/or nested
# versions of the returned dataset to be created, because it forces
# the generation of a new ID for each version.
return id_dataset.flat_map(flat_map_fn)
@staticmethod
def range(*args):
"""Creates a `Dataset` of a step-separated range of values.
For example:
```python
Dataset.range(5) == [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]
Dataset.range(2, 5) == [2, 3, 4]
Dataset.range(1, 5, 2) == [1, 3]
Dataset.range(1, 5, -2) == []
Dataset.range(5, 1) == []
Dataset.range(5, 1, -2) == [5, 3]
```
Args:
*args: follow same semantics as python's xrange.
len(args) == 1 -> start = 0, stop = args[0], step = 1
len(args) == 2 -> start = args[0], stop = args[1], step = 1
len(args) == 3 -> start = args[0], stop = args[1, stop = args[2]
Returns:
Dataset: A `RangeDataset`.
Raises:
ValueError: if len(args) == 0.
"""
return RangeDataset(*args)
@staticmethod
def zip(datasets):
"""Creates a `Dataset` by zipping together the given datasets.
This method has similar semantics to the built-in `zip()` function
in Python, with the main difference being that the `datasets`
argument can be an arbitrary nested structure of `Dataset` objects.
For example:
```python
# NOTE: The following examples use `{ ... }` to represent the
# contents of a dataset.
a = { 1, 2, 3 }
b = { 4, 5, 6 }
c = { (7, 8), (9, 10), (11, 12) }
d = { 13, 14 }
# The nested structure of the `datasets` argument determines the
# structure of elements in the resulting dataset.
Dataset.zip((a, b)) == { (1, 4), (2, 5), (3, 6) }
Dataset.zip((b, a)) == { (4, 1), (5, 2), (6, 3) }
# The `datasets` argument may contain an arbitrary number of
# datasets.
Dataset.zip((a, b, c)) == { (1, 4, (7, 8)),
(2, 5, (9, 10)),
(3, 6, (11, 12)) }
# The number of elements in the resulting dataset is the same as
# the size of the smallest dataset in `datasets`.
Dataset.zip((a, d)) == { (1, 13), (2, 14) }
```
Args:
datasets: A nested structure of datasets.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return ZipDataset(datasets)
def concatenate(self, dataset):
"""Creates a `Dataset` by concatenating given dataset with this dataset.
```python
# NOTE: The following examples use `{ ... }` to represent the
# contents of a dataset.
a = { 1, 2, 3 }
b = { 4, 5, 6, 7 }
# Input dataset and dataset to be concatenated should have same
# nested structures and output types.
# c = { (8, 9), (10, 11), (12, 13) }
# d = { 14.0, 15.0, 16.0 }
# a.concatenate(c) and a.concatenate(d) would result in error.
a.concatenate(b) == { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 }
```
Args:
dataset: `Dataset` to be concatenated.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return ConcatenateDataset(self, dataset)
def prefetch(self, buffer_size):
"""Creates a `Dataset` that prefetches elements from this dataset.
Args:
buffer_size: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
maximum number of elements that will be buffered when prefetching.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return PrefetchDataset(self, buffer_size)
@staticmethod
def list_files(file_pattern, shuffle=None):
"""A dataset of all files matching a pattern.
Example:
If we had the following files on our filesystem:
- /path/to/dir/a.txt
- /path/to/dir/b.py
- /path/to/dir/c.py
If we pass "/path/to/dir/*.py" as the directory, the dataset would
produce:
- /path/to/dir/b.py
- /path/to/dir/c.py
NOTE: The order of the file names returned can be non-deterministic even
when `shuffle` is `False`.
Args:
file_pattern: A string or scalar string `tf.Tensor`, representing
the filename pattern that will be matched.
shuffle: (Optional.) If `True`, the file names will be shuffled randomly.
Defaults to `True`.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset` of strings corresponding to file names.
"""
# TODO(b/73959787): Add a `seed` argument and make the `shuffle=False`
# behavior deterministic (e.g. by sorting the filenames).
if shuffle is None:
shuffle = True
matching_files = gen_io_ops.matching_files(file_pattern)
dataset = Dataset.from_tensor_slices(matching_files)
if shuffle:
# NOTE(mrry): The shuffle buffer size must be greater than zero, but the
# list of files might be empty.
buffer_size = math_ops.maximum(
array_ops.shape(matching_files, out_type=dtypes.int64)[0], 1)
dataset = dataset.shuffle(buffer_size)
return dataset
def repeat(self, count=None):
"""Repeats this dataset `count` times.
NOTE: If this dataset is a function of global state (e.g. a random number
generator), then different repetitions may produce different elements.
Args:
count: (Optional.) A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
number of times the dataset should be repeated. The default behavior
(if `count` is `None` or `-1`) is for the dataset be repeated
indefinitely.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return RepeatDataset(self, count)
def _enumerate(self, start=0):
max_value = np.iinfo(dtypes.int64.as_numpy_dtype).max
return Dataset.zip((Dataset.range(start, max_value), self))
def shuffle(self, buffer_size, seed=None, reshuffle_each_iteration=None):
"""Randomly shuffles the elements of this dataset.
Args:
buffer_size: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
number of elements from this dataset from which the new
dataset will sample.
seed: (Optional.) A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
random seed that will be used to create the distribution. See
@{tf.set_random_seed} for behavior.
reshuffle_each_iteration: (Optional.) A boolean, which if true indicates
that the dataset should be pseudorandomly reshuffled each time it is
iterated over. (Defaults to `True`.)
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return ShuffleDataset(self, buffer_size, seed, reshuffle_each_iteration)
def cache(self, filename=""):
"""Caches the elements in this dataset.
Args:
filename: A `tf.string` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the name of a
directory on the filesystem to use for caching tensors in this Dataset.
If a filename is not provided, the dataset will be cached in memory.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return CacheDataset(self, filename)
def take(self, count):
"""Creates a `Dataset` with at most `count` elements from this dataset.
Args:
count: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the number of
elements of this dataset that should be taken to form the new dataset.
If `count` is -1, or if `count` is greater than the size of this
dataset, the new dataset will contain all elements of this dataset.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return TakeDataset(self, count)
def skip(self, count):
"""Creates a `Dataset` that skips `count` elements from this dataset.
Args:
count: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the number
of elements of this dataset that should be skipped to form the
new dataset. If `count` is greater than the size of this
dataset, the new dataset will contain no elements. If `count`
is -1, skips the entire dataset.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return SkipDataset(self, count)
def shard(self, num_shards, index):
"""Creates a `Dataset` that includes only 1/`num_shards` of this dataset.
This dataset operator is very useful when running distributed training, as
it allows each worker to read a unique subset.
When reading a single input file, you can skip elements as follows:
```python
d = tf.data.TFRecordDataset(FLAGS.input_file)
d = d.shard(FLAGS.num_workers, FLAGS.worker_index)
d = d.repeat(FLAGS.num_epochs)
d = d.shuffle(FLAGS.shuffle_buffer_size)
d = d.map(parser_fn, num_parallel_calls=FLAGS.num_map_threads)
```
Important caveats:
- Be sure to shard before you use any randomizing operator (such as
shuffle).
- Generally it is best if the shard operator is used early in the dataset
pipeline. For example, when reading from a set of TFRecord files, shard
before converting the dataset to input samples. This avoids reading every
file on every worker. The following is an example of an efficient
sharding strategy within a complete pipeline:
```python
d = Dataset.list_files(FLAGS.pattern)
d = d.shard(FLAGS.num_workers, FLAGS.worker_index)
d = d.repeat(FLAGS.num_epochs)
d = d.shuffle(FLAGS.shuffle_buffer_size)
d = d.repeat()
d = d.interleave(tf.data.TFRecordDataset,
cycle_length=FLAGS.num_readers, block_length=1)
d = d.map(parser_fn, num_parallel_calls=FLAGS.num_map_threads)
```
Args:
num_shards: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the number of
shards operating in parallel.
index: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the worker index.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
Raises:
ValueError: if `num_shards` or `index` are illegal values. Note: error
checking is done on a best-effort basis, and aren't guaranteed to be
caught upon dataset creation. (e.g. providing in a placeholder tensor
bypasses the early checking, and will instead result in an error during
a session.run call.)
"""
num_shards = ops.convert_to_tensor(
num_shards, name="num_shards", dtype=dtypes.int64)
num_shards_static = tensor_util.constant_value(num_shards)
index = ops.convert_to_tensor(index, name="index", dtype=dtypes.int64)
index_static = tensor_util.constant_value(index)
if num_shards_static is not None and num_shards_static < 1:
raise ValueError("num_shards must be >= 1; got: %s" % num_shards_static)
if index_static is not None and index_static < 0:
raise ValueError("index must be >= 0; got: %s" % index_static)
if (index_static is not None and num_shards_static is not None and
index_static >= num_shards_static):
raise ValueError("index must be <= num_shards; %s is not < %s" %
(index_static, num_shards_static))
def filter_fn(elem_index, _):
mod_result = math_ops.mod(elem_index, num_shards)
return math_ops.equal(mod_result, index)
return self._enumerate().filter(filter_fn).map(lambda _, elem: elem)
def batch(self, batch_size):
"""Combines consecutive elements of this dataset into batches.
NOTE: If the number of elements (`N`) in this dataset is not an exact
multiple of `batch_size`, the final batch contain smaller tensors with
shape `N % batch_size` in the batch dimension. If your program depends on
the batches having the same shape, consider using the
@{tf.contrib.data.batch_and_drop_remainder} transformation instead.
Args:
batch_size: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the number of
consecutive elements of this dataset to combine in a single batch.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return BatchDataset(self, batch_size)
def padded_batch(self, batch_size, padded_shapes, padding_values=None):
"""Combines consecutive elements of this dataset into padded batches.
This transformation combines multiple consecutive elements of the input
dataset into a single element. Like @{tf.data.Dataset.batch}, the tensors
in the resulting element have an additional outer dimension, which will be
`batch_size` for all but the last element, and `N % batch_size` for the
last element (where `N` is the number of elements in this dataset). Unlike
@{tf.data.Dataset.batch}, the elements may have different shapes for some
of their components, and this transformation will pad each component to
the respective shape in `padding_shapes`. The `padding_shapes` argument
determines the resulting shape for each dimension of each component in an
output element:
* If the dimension is a constant (e.g. `tf.Dimension(37)`), the component
will be padded out to that length in that dimension.
* If the dimension is unknown (e.g. `tf.Dimension(None)`), the component
will be padded out to the maximum length of all elements in that
dimension.
NOTE: If the number of elements (`N`) in this dataset is not an exact
multiple of `batch_size`, the final batch contain smaller tensors with
shape `N % batch_size` in the batch dimension. If your program depends on
the batches having the same shape, consider using the
@{tf.contrib.data.padded_batch_and_drop_remainder} transformation instead.
See also @{tf.contrib.data.dense_to_sparse_batch}, which combines elements
that may have different shapes into a @{tf.SparseTensor}.
Args:
batch_size: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the number of
consecutive elements of this dataset to combine in a single batch.
padded_shapes: A nested structure of `tf.TensorShape` or
`tf.int64` vector tensor-like objects representing the shape
to which the respective component of each input element should
be padded prior to batching. Any unknown dimensions
(e.g. `tf.Dimension(None)` in a `tf.TensorShape` or `-1` in a
tensor-like object) will be padded to the maximum size of that
dimension in each batch.
padding_values: (Optional.) A nested structure of scalar-shaped
`tf.Tensor`, representing the padding values to use for the
respective components. Defaults are `0` for numeric types and
the empty string for string types.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return PaddedBatchDataset(self, batch_size, padded_shapes, padding_values)
def map(self, map_func, num_parallel_calls=None):
"""Maps `map_func` across this dataset.
Args:
map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having
shapes and types defined by `self.output_shapes` and
`self.output_types`) to another nested structure of tensors.
num_parallel_calls: (Optional.) A `tf.int32` scalar `tf.Tensor`,
representing the number elements to process in parallel. If not
specified, elements will be processed sequentially.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
if num_parallel_calls is None:
return MapDataset(self, map_func)
else:
return ParallelMapDataset(self, map_func, num_parallel_calls)
def flat_map(self, map_func):
"""Maps `map_func` across this dataset and flattens the result.
Args:
map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes
and types defined by `self.output_shapes` and `self.output_types`) to a
`Dataset`.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return FlatMapDataset(self, map_func)
def interleave(self, map_func, cycle_length, block_length=1):
"""Maps `map_func` across this dataset, and interleaves the results.
For example, you can use `Dataset.interleave()` to process many input files
concurrently:
```python
# Preprocess 4 files concurrently, and interleave blocks of 16 records from
# each file.
filenames = ["/var/data/file1.txt", "/var/data/file2.txt", ...]
dataset = (Dataset.from_tensor_slices(filenames)
.interleave(lambda x:
TextLineDataset(x).map(parse_fn, num_parallel_calls=1),
cycle_length=4, block_length=16))
```
The `cycle_length` and `block_length` arguments control the order in which
elements are produced. `cycle_length` controls the number of input elements
that are processed concurrently. If you set `cycle_length` to 1, this
transformation will handle one input element at a time, and will produce
identical results = to @{tf.data.Dataset.flat_map}. In general,
this transformation will apply `map_func` to `cycle_length` input elements,
open iterators on the returned `Dataset` objects, and cycle through them
producing `block_length` consecutive elements from each iterator, and
consuming the next input element each time it reaches the end of an
iterator.
For example:
```python
# NOTE: The following examples use `{ ... }` to represent the
# contents of a dataset.
a = { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 }
# NOTE: New lines indicate "block" boundaries.
a.interleave(lambda x: Dataset.from_tensors(x).repeat(6),
cycle_length=2, block_length=4) == {
1, 1, 1, 1,
2, 2, 2, 2,
1, 1,
2, 2,
3, 3, 3, 3,
4, 4, 4, 4,
3, 3,
4, 4,
5, 5, 5, 5,
5, 5,
}
```
NOTE: The order of elements yielded by this transformation is
deterministic, as long as `map_func` is a pure function. If
`map_func` contains any stateful operations, the order in which
that state is accessed is undefined.
Args:
map_func: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes
and types defined by `self.output_shapes` and `self.output_types`) to a
`Dataset`.
cycle_length: The number of elements from this dataset that will be
processed concurrently.
block_length: The number of consecutive elements to produce from each
input element before cycling to another input element.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return InterleaveDataset(self, map_func, cycle_length, block_length)
def filter(self, predicate):
"""Filters this dataset according to `predicate`.
Args:
predicate: A function mapping a nested structure of tensors (having shapes
and types defined by `self.output_shapes` and `self.output_types`) to a
scalar `tf.bool` tensor.
Returns:
Dataset: A `Dataset`.
"""
return FilterDataset(self, predicate)
def apply(self, transformation_func):
"""Apply a transformation function to this dataset.
`apply` enables chaining of custom `Dataset` transformations, which are
represented as functions that take one `Dataset` argument and return a
transformed `Dataset`.
For example:
```
dataset = (dataset.map(lambda x: x ** 2)
.apply(group_by_window(key_func, reduce_func, window_size))
.map(lambda x: x ** 3))
```
Args:
transformation_func: A function that takes one `Dataset` argument and
returns a `Dataset`.
Returns:
Dataset: The `Dataset` returned by applying `transformation_func` to this
dataset.
"""
dataset = transformation_func(self)
if not isinstance(dataset, Dataset):
raise TypeError("`transformation_func` must return a Dataset.")
return dataset
class TensorDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` with a single element, viz. a nested structure of tensors."""
def __init__(self, tensors):
"""See `Dataset.from_tensors()` for details."""
super(TensorDataset, self).__init__()
with ops.name_scope("tensors"):
tensors = nest.pack_sequence_as(tensors, [
sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor.from_value(t)
if sparse_tensor_lib.is_sparse(t) else ops.convert_to_tensor(
t, name="component_%d" % i)
for i, t in enumerate(nest.flatten(tensors))
])
self._tensors = sparse.serialize_sparse_tensors(tensors)
self._output_classes = sparse.get_classes(tensors)
self._output_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
tensors, [t.get_shape() for t in nest.flatten(tensors)])
self._output_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
tensors, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(tensors)])
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.tensor_dataset(
nest.flatten(self._tensors),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._output_types
class TensorSliceDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` of slices from a nested structure of tensors."""
def __init__(self, tensors):
"""See `Dataset.from_tensor_slices()` for details."""
super(TensorSliceDataset, self).__init__()
with ops.name_scope("tensors"):
tensors = nest.pack_sequence_as(tensors, [
sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor.from_value(t)
if sparse_tensor_lib.is_sparse(t) else ops.convert_to_tensor(
t, name="component_%d" % i)
for i, t in enumerate(nest.flatten(tensors))
])
flat_tensors = nest.flatten(tensors)
batch_dim = flat_tensors[0].get_shape()[0]
for t in flat_tensors[1:]:
batch_dim.assert_is_compatible_with(t.get_shape()[0])
self._tensors = sparse.serialize_many_sparse_tensors(tensors)
self._output_classes = sparse.get_classes(tensors)
self._output_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
tensors, [t.get_shape()[1:] for t in nest.flatten(tensors)])
self._output_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
tensors, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(tensors)])
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.tensor_slice_dataset(
nest.flatten(self._tensors),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._output_types
class SparseTensorSliceDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that splits a rank-N `tf.SparseTensor` into its rows."""
def __init__(self, sparse_tensor):
"""See `Dataset.from_sparse_tensor_slices()` for details."""
super(SparseTensorSliceDataset, self).__init__()
if not isinstance(sparse_tensor, sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor):
raise TypeError("`sparse_tensor` must be a `tf.SparseTensor` object.")
self._sparse_tensor = sparse_tensor
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.sparse_tensor_slice_dataset(
self._sparse_tensor.indices, self._sparse_tensor.values,
self._sparse_tensor.dense_shape)
@property
def output_classes(self):
return (ops.Tensor, ops.Tensor, ops.Tensor)
@property
def output_shapes(self):
indices_shape = self._sparse_tensor.indices.get_shape()
shape_shape = self._sparse_tensor.dense_shape.get_shape()
rank = (indices_shape[1] - 1).merge_with(shape_shape[0] - 1)
num_values = tensor_shape.Dimension(None)
return (tensor_shape.TensorShape([num_values, rank]),
tensor_shape.TensorShape([num_values]),
tensor_shape.TensorShape([rank]))
@property
def output_types(self):
return (dtypes.int64, self._sparse_tensor.dtype, dtypes.int64)
class _GeneratorDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that generates elements by invoking a function."""
def __init__(self, init_args, init_func, next_func, finalize_func):
"""Constructs a `_GeneratorDataset`.
Args:
init_args: A nested structure representing the arguments to `init_func`.
init_func: A TensorFlow function that will be called on `init_args` each
time a C++ iterator over this dataset is constructed. Returns a nested
structure representing the "state" of the dataset.
next_func: A TensorFlow function that will be called on the result of
`init_func` to produce each element, and that raises `OutOfRangeError`
to terminate iteration.
finalize_func: A TensorFlow function that will be called on the result of
`init_func` immediately before a C++ iterator over this dataset is
destroyed. The return value is ignored.
"""
super(_GeneratorDataset, self).__init__()
# These members will be initialized by `tf_init_func`.
self._state_classes = None
self._state_shapes = None
self._state_types = None
self._init_args = init_args
init_args_classes = sparse.get_classes(init_args)
init_args_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
init_args, [t.get_shape() for t in nest.flatten(init_args)])
init_args_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
init_args, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(init_args)])
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(init_args_types, init_args_classes)))
def tf_init_func(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(init_args_shapes, init_args_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(init_args_classes, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, init_args_types, init_args_shapes, init_args_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
ret = init_func(*nested_args)
else:
ret = init_func(nested_args)
# If `init_func` returns a list of tensors, `nest.flatten()` and
# `ops.convert_to_tensor()` would conspire to attempt to stack
# those tensors into a single tensor, because the customized
# version of `nest.flatten()` does not recurse into lists. Since
# it is more likely that the list arose from returning the
# result of an operation (such as `tf.py_func()`) that returns a
# list of not-necessarily-stackable tensors, we treat the
# returned value is a `tuple` instead. A user wishing to pack
# the return value into a single tensor can use an explicit
# `tf.stack()` before returning.
if isinstance(ret, list):
ret = tuple(ret)
# Convert any `SparseTensorValue`s to `SparseTensor`s.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor.from_value(t)
if sparse_tensor_lib.is_sparse(t) else t for t in nest.flatten(ret)
])
self._state_classes = sparse.get_classes(ret)
self._state_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.get_shape() for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
self._state_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
# Serialize any sparse tensors and convert result to tensors.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
ops.convert_to_tensor(t)
for t in nest.flatten(sparse.serialize_sparse_tensors(ret))
])
return nest.flatten(ret)
self._init_func = tf_init_func
self._init_func.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
# These members will be initialized by `tf_next_func`.
self._output_classes = None
self._output_shapes = None
self._output_types = None
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self._state_types, self._state_classes)))
def tf_next_func(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
# Pass in shape information from the input_dataset.
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(self._state_shapes,
self._state_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(self._state_classes, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, self._state_types, self._state_shapes,
self._state_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
ret = next_func(*nested_args)
else:
ret = next_func(nested_args)
# If `next_func` returns a list of tensors, `nest.flatten()` and
# `ops.convert_to_tensor()` would conspire to attempt to stack
# those tensors into a single tensor, because the customized
# version of `nest.flatten()` does not recurse into lists. Since
# it is more likely that the list arose from returning the
# result of an operation (such as `tf.py_func()`) that returns a
# list of not-necessarily-stackable tensors, we treat the
# returned value is a `tuple` instead. A user wishing to pack
# the return value into a single tensor can use an explicit
# `tf.stack()` before returning.
if isinstance(ret, list):
ret = tuple(ret)
# Convert any `SparseTensorValue`s to `SparseTensor`s.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor.from_value(t)
if sparse_tensor_lib.is_sparse(t) else t for t in nest.flatten(ret)
])
self._output_classes = sparse.get_classes(ret)
self._output_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.get_shape() for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
self._output_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
# Serialize any sparse tensors and convert result to tensors.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
ops.convert_to_tensor(t)
for t in nest.flatten(sparse.serialize_sparse_tensors(ret))
])
return nest.flatten(ret)
self._next_func = tf_next_func
self._next_func.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self._state_types, self._state_classes)))
def tf_finalize_func(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
# Pass in shape information from the state.
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(self._state_shapes,
self._state_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(self._state_classes, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, self._state_types, self._state_shapes,
self._state_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
return finalize_func(*nested_args)
else:
return finalize_func(nested_args)
self._finalize_func = tf_finalize_func
self._finalize_func.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.generator_dataset(
nest.flatten(self._init_args) + self._init_func.captured_inputs,
self._next_func.captured_inputs,
self._finalize_func.captured_inputs,
init_func=self._init_func,
next_func=self._next_func,
finalize_func=self._finalize_func,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._output_types
class ZipDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that zips its inputs together."""
def __init__(self, datasets):
"""See `Dataset.zip()` for details."""
super(ZipDataset, self).__init__()
for ds in nest.flatten(datasets):
if not isinstance(ds, Dataset):
if isinstance(ds, list):
message = ("The argument to `Dataset.zip()` must be a nested "
"structure of `Dataset` objects. Nested structures do not "
"support Python lists; please use a tuple instead.")
else:
message = ("The argument to `Dataset.zip()` must be a nested "
"structure of `Dataset` objects.")
raise TypeError(message)
self._datasets = datasets
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return gen_dataset_ops.zip_dataset(
[ds._as_variant_tensor() for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)],
output_shapes=[
s
for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)
for s in nest.flatten(ds.output_shapes)
],
output_types=[
t
for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)
for t in nest.flatten(ds.output_types)
])
# pylint: enable=protected-access
@property
def output_classes(self):
return nest.pack_sequence_as(
self._datasets,
[ds.output_classes for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)])
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return nest.pack_sequence_as(
self._datasets,
[ds.output_shapes for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)])
@property
def output_types(self):
return nest.pack_sequence_as(
self._datasets,
[ds.output_types for ds in nest.flatten(self._datasets)])
class ConcatenateDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that concatenates its input with given dataset."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, dataset_to_concatenate):
"""See `Dataset.concatenate()` for details."""
super(ConcatenateDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._dataset_to_concatenate = dataset_to_concatenate
nest.assert_same_structure(input_dataset.output_types,
dataset_to_concatenate.output_types)
for a, b in zip(
nest.flatten(input_dataset.output_types),
nest.flatten(dataset_to_concatenate.output_types)):
if a != b:
raise TypeError(
"Two datasets to concatenate have different types %s and %s" %
(input_dataset.output_types, dataset_to_concatenate.output_types))
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return gen_dataset_ops.concatenate_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(),
self._dataset_to_concatenate._as_variant_tensor(),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
# pylint: enable=protected-access
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return nest.pack_sequence_as(self._input_dataset.output_shapes, [
ts1.most_specific_compatible_shape(ts2)
for (ts1, ts2) in zip(
nest.flatten(self._input_dataset.output_shapes),
nest.flatten(self._dataset_to_concatenate.output_shapes))
])
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class RepeatDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that repeats its input several times."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, count):
"""See `Dataset.repeat()` for details."""
super(RepeatDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
if count is None:
self._count = constant_op.constant(-1, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="count")
else:
self._count = ops.convert_to_tensor(
count, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="count")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.repeat_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
count=self._count,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class RangeDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` of a step separated range of values."""
def __init__(self, *args):
"""See `Dataset.range()` for details."""
super(RangeDataset, self).__init__()
self._parse_args(*args)
def _parse_args(self, *args):
if len(args) == 1:
self._start = self._build_tensor(0, "start")
self._stop = self._build_tensor(args[0], "stop")
self._step = self._build_tensor(1, "step")
elif len(args) == 2:
self._start = self._build_tensor(args[0], "start")
self._stop = self._build_tensor(args[1], "stop")
self._step = self._build_tensor(1, "step")
elif len(args) == 3:
self._start = self._build_tensor(args[0], "start")
self._stop = self._build_tensor(args[1], "stop")
self._step = self._build_tensor(args[2], "step")
else:
raise ValueError("Invalid arguments to RangeDataset: %s" % str(args))
def _build_tensor(self, int64_value, name):
return ops.convert_to_tensor(int64_value, dtype=dtypes.int64, name=name)
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.range_dataset(
start=self._start,
stop=self._stop,
step=self._step,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return ops.Tensor
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return tensor_shape.scalar()
@property
def output_types(self):
return dtypes.int64
class CacheDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that caches elements of its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, filename):
"""See `Dataset.cache()` for details."""
super(CacheDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._filename = ops.convert_to_tensor(
filename, dtype=dtypes.string, name="filename")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.cache_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
filename=self._filename,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class ShuffleDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that randomly shuffles the elements of its input."""
def __init__(self,
input_dataset,
buffer_size,
seed=None,
reshuffle_each_iteration=None):
"""Randomly shuffles the elements of this dataset.
Args:
input_dataset: The input dataset.
buffer_size: A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
number of elements from this dataset from which the new
dataset will sample.
seed: (Optional.) A `tf.int64` scalar `tf.Tensor`, representing the
random seed that will be used to create the distribution. See
@{tf.set_random_seed} for behavior.
reshuffle_each_iteration: (Optional.) A boolean, which if true indicates
that the dataset should be pseudorandomly reshuffled each time it is
iterated over. (Defaults to `True`.)
Returns:
A `Dataset`.
Raises:
ValueError: if invalid arguments are provided.
"""
super(ShuffleDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._buffer_size = ops.convert_to_tensor(
buffer_size, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="buffer_size")
self._seed, self._seed2 = random_seed.get_seed(seed)
if reshuffle_each_iteration is None:
self._reshuffle_each_iteration = True
else:
self._reshuffle_each_iteration = reshuffle_each_iteration
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.shuffle_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
buffer_size=self._buffer_size,
seed=self._seed,
seed2=self._seed2,
reshuffle_each_iteration=self._reshuffle_each_iteration,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class TakeDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` containing the first `count` elements from its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, count):
"""See `Dataset.take()` for details."""
super(TakeDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._count = ops.convert_to_tensor(count, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="count")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.take_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
count=self._count,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class SkipDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` skipping the first `count` elements from its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, count):
"""See `Dataset.skip()` for details."""
super(SkipDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._count = ops.convert_to_tensor(count, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="count")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.skip_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
count=self._count,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class BatchDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that batches contiguous elements from its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, batch_size):
"""See `Dataset.batch()` for details."""
super(BatchDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._batch_size = ops.convert_to_tensor(
batch_size, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="batch_size")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.batch_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
batch_size=self._batch_size,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
input_shapes = self._input_dataset.output_shapes
return nest.pack_sequence_as(input_shapes, [
tensor_shape.vector(None).concatenate(s)
for s in nest.flatten(self._input_dataset.output_shapes)
])
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
def _partial_shape_to_tensor(shape_like):
try:
# First attempt to convert the input to a shape, and return the
# "canonical" tensor representation, which uses `-1` in place of
# `None`.
shape_like = tensor_shape.as_shape(shape_like)
return ops.convert_to_tensor(
[dim if dim is not None else -1 for dim in shape_like.as_list()],
dtype=dtypes.int64)
except (TypeError, ValueError):
# The argument was not trivially convertible to a
# `tf.TensorShape`, so fall back on the conversion to tensor
# machinery.
return ops.convert_to_tensor(shape_like, dtype=dtypes.int64)
def _padding_value_to_tensor(value, output_type):
"""Converts the padding value to a tensor.
Args:
value: The padding value.
output_type: Its expected dtype.
Returns:
A scalar `Tensor`.
Raises:
ValueError: if the padding value is not a scalar.
TypeError: if the padding value's type does not match `output_type`.
"""
value = ops.convert_to_tensor(value, name="padding_value")
if not value.shape.is_compatible_with(tensor_shape.scalar()):
raise ValueError("Padding value should be a scalar, but is not: %s" % value)
if value.dtype != output_type:
raise TypeError("Padding value tensor (%s) does not match output type: %s" %
(value, output_type))
return value
def _default_padding(input_dataset):
def make_zero(t):
if t.base_dtype == dtypes.string:
return ""
elif t.base_dtype == dtypes.variant:
raise TypeError("Unable to create padding for field of type 'variant'")
else:
return np.zeros_like(t.as_numpy_dtype())
return nest.map_structure(make_zero, input_dataset.output_types)
class PaddedBatchDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that batches and pads contiguous elements from its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, batch_size, padded_shapes, padding_values):
"""See `Dataset.batch()` for details."""
super(PaddedBatchDataset, self).__init__()
if sparse.any_sparse(input_dataset.output_classes):
# TODO(b/63669786): support batching of sparse tensors
raise TypeError(
"Batching of padded sparse tensors is not currently supported")
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._batch_size = ops.convert_to_tensor(
batch_size, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="batch_size")
padding_values = (
padding_values
if padding_values is not None else _default_padding(input_dataset))
self._padded_shapes = nest.map_structure_up_to(
input_dataset.output_shapes, _partial_shape_to_tensor, padded_shapes)
self._padding_values = nest.map_structure_up_to(
input_dataset.output_shapes, _padding_value_to_tensor, padding_values,
input_dataset.output_types)
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.padded_batch_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
batch_size=self._batch_size,
padded_shapes=[
ops.convert_to_tensor(s, dtype=dtypes.int64)
for s in nest.flatten(self._padded_shapes)
],
padding_values=nest.flatten(self._padding_values),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
def _padded_shape_to_batch_shape(s):
return tensor_shape.vector(None).concatenate(
tensor_util.constant_value_as_shape(s))
return nest.map_structure(_padded_shape_to_batch_shape, self._padded_shapes)
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
def _should_unpack_args(args):
"""Returns `True` if `args` should be `*args` when passed to a callable."""
return type(args) is tuple # pylint: disable=unidiomatic-typecheck
class MapDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that maps a function over elements in its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, map_func):
"""See `Dataset.map()` for details."""
super(MapDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
self._output_classes = None
self._output_shapes = None
self._output_types = None
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(input_dataset.output_types,
input_dataset.output_classes)))
def tf_map_func(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
# Pass in shape information from the input_dataset.
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(input_dataset.output_types, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, input_dataset.output_types, input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
ret = map_func(*nested_args)
else:
ret = map_func(nested_args)
# If `map_func` returns a list of tensors, `nest.flatten()` and
# `ops.convert_to_tensor()` would conspire to attempt to stack
# those tensors into a single tensor, because the customized
# version of `nest.flatten()` does not recurse into lists. Since
# it is more likely that the list arose from returning the
# result of an operation (such as `tf.py_func()`) that returns a
# list of not-necessarily-stackable tensors, we treat the
# returned value is a `tuple` instead. A user wishing to pack
# the return value into a single tensor can use an explicit
# `tf.stack()` before returning.
if isinstance(ret, list):
ret = tuple(ret)
# Convert any `SparseTensorValue`s to `SparseTensor`s.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
sparse_tensor_lib.SparseTensor.from_value(t)
if sparse_tensor_lib.is_sparse(t) else t for t in nest.flatten(ret)
])
self._output_classes = sparse.get_classes(ret)
self._output_shapes = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.get_shape() for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
self._output_types = nest.pack_sequence_as(
ret, [t.dtype for t in nest.flatten(ret)])
# Serialize any sparse tensors and convert result to tensors.
ret = nest.pack_sequence_as(ret, [
ops.convert_to_tensor(t)
for t in nest.flatten(sparse.serialize_sparse_tensors(ret))
])
return nest.flatten(ret)
self._map_func = tf_map_func
self._map_func.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
input_t = self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor() # pylint: disable=protected-access
return gen_dataset_ops.map_dataset(
input_t,
self._map_func.captured_inputs,
f=self._map_func,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._output_types
class ParallelMapDataset(MapDataset):
"""A `Dataset` that maps a function over elements in its input in parallel."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, map_func, num_parallel_calls):
"""See `Dataset.map()` for details."""
super(ParallelMapDataset, self).__init__(input_dataset, map_func)
self._num_parallel_calls = ops.convert_to_tensor(
num_parallel_calls, dtype=dtypes.int32, name="num_parallel_calls")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
input_t = self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor() # pylint: disable=protected-access
# pylint: disable=protected-access
return gen_dataset_ops.parallel_map_dataset(
input_t,
self._map_func.captured_inputs,
f=self._map_func,
num_parallel_calls=self._num_parallel_calls,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
# pylint: enable=protected-access
class FlatMapDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that maps a function over its input and flattens the result."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, map_func):
"""See `Dataset.flat_map()` for details."""
super(FlatMapDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(input_dataset.output_types,
input_dataset.output_classes)))
def tf_map_func(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
# Pass in shape information from the input_dataset.
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(input_dataset.output_types, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, input_dataset.output_types, input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
dataset = map_func(*nested_args)
else:
dataset = map_func(nested_args)
if not isinstance(dataset, Dataset):
raise TypeError("`map_func` must return a `Dataset` object.")
self._output_classes = dataset.output_classes
self._output_types = dataset.output_types
self._output_shapes = dataset.output_shapes
return dataset._as_variant_tensor() # pylint: disable=protected-access
self._map_func = tf_map_func
self._map_func.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.flat_map_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
self._map_func.captured_inputs,
f=self._map_func,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._output_types
class InterleaveDataset(FlatMapDataset):
"""A `Dataset` that maps a function over its input and interleaves the result.
"""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, map_func, cycle_length, block_length):
"""See `Dataset.interleave()` for details."""
super(InterleaveDataset, self).__init__(input_dataset, map_func)
self._cycle_length = ops.convert_to_tensor(
cycle_length, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="cycle_length")
self._block_length = ops.convert_to_tensor(
block_length, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="block_length")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.interleave_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
self._map_func.captured_inputs, # pylint: disable=protected-access
self._cycle_length,
self._block_length,
f=self._map_func, # pylint: disable=protected-access
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
class FilterDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that filters its input according to a predicate function."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, predicate):
"""See `Dataset.filter()` for details."""
super(FilterDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
@function.Defun(*nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(input_dataset.output_types,
input_dataset.output_classes)))
def tf_predicate(*args):
"""A wrapper for Defun that facilitates shape inference."""
# Pass in shape information from the input_dataset.
dense_shapes = sparse.as_dense_shapes(input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
for arg, shape in zip(args, nest.flatten(dense_shapes)):
arg.set_shape(shape)
nested_args = nest.pack_sequence_as(input_dataset.output_types, args)
nested_args = sparse.deserialize_sparse_tensors(
nested_args, input_dataset.output_types, input_dataset.output_shapes,
input_dataset.output_classes)
if _should_unpack_args(nested_args):
ret = predicate(*nested_args)
else:
ret = predicate(nested_args)
ret = ops.convert_to_tensor(ret, dtype=dtypes.bool)
if not (ret.dtype == dtypes.bool and
ret.shape.is_compatible_with(tensor_shape.scalar())):
raise ValueError("`predicate` must return a scalar boolean tensor.")
return ret
self._predicate = tf_predicate
self._predicate.add_to_graph(ops.get_default_graph())
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.filter_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
other_arguments=self._predicate.captured_inputs,
predicate=self._predicate,
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)),
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
class PrefetchDataset(Dataset):
"""A `Dataset` that asynchronously prefetches its input."""
def __init__(self, input_dataset, buffer_size):
"""See `Dataset.prefetch()` for details."""
super(PrefetchDataset, self).__init__()
self._input_dataset = input_dataset
if buffer_size is None:
buffer_size = -1 # This is the sentinel for auto-tuning.
self._buffer_size = ops.convert_to_tensor(
buffer_size, dtype=dtypes.int64, name="buffer_size")
def _as_variant_tensor(self):
return gen_dataset_ops.prefetch_dataset(
self._input_dataset._as_variant_tensor(), # pylint: disable=protected-access
buffer_size=self._buffer_size,
output_shapes=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_shapes(self.output_shapes, self.output_classes)),
output_types=nest.flatten(
sparse.as_dense_types(self.output_types, self.output_classes)))
@property
def output_classes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_classes
@property
def output_shapes(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_shapes
@property
def output_types(self):
return self._input_dataset.output_types
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