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@tensorflow-jenkins tensorflow-jenkins released this Jun 19, 2019 · 18 commits to r1.14 since this release

Release 1.14.0

Major Features and Improvements

  • This is the first 1.x release containing the compat.v2 module. This module is required to allow libraries to publish code which works in both 1.x and 2.x. After this release, no backwards incompatible changes are allowed in the 2.0 Python API.
  • Turn on MKL-DNN contraction kernels by default. MKL-DNN dynamically dispatches the best kernel implementation based on CPU vector architecture. To disable them, build with --define=tensorflow_mkldnn_contraction_kernel=0.
  • Non-Windows system libraries are now versioned. This should be a no-op for most users as it affects only system package maintainers or those building extensions to TensorFlow:
    • Python wheels (Pip packages) contain one library file.
      • Linux: libtensorflow_framework.so.1
      • MacOS: libtensorflow_framework.1.dylib
    • Our libtensorflow tarball archives contain the libtensorflow library and two symlinks. MacOS .dylib libraries are the same, but match MacOS library naming requirements (i.e. libtensorflow.1.dylib):
      • libtensorflow.so.1.14.0, the main library
      • libtensorflow.so.1, symlinked to the main library
      • libtensorflow.so, symlinked to .so.1

Behavioral changes

  • Set default loss reduction as AUTO for improving reliability of loss scaling with distribution strategy and custom training loops. AUTO indicates that the reduction option will be determined by the usage context. For almost all cases this defaults to SUM_OVER_BATCH_SIZE. When used in distribution strategy scope, outside of built-in training loops such as tf.keras compile and fit, we expect reduction value to be 'None' or 'SUM'. Using other values will raise an error.
  • Wraps losses passed to the compile API (strings and v1 losses) which are not instances of v2 Loss class in LossWrapper class. => All losses will now use SUM_OVER_BATCH_SIZE reduction as default.
  • Disable run_eagerly and distribution strategy if there are symbolic tensors added to the model using add_metric or add_loss.
  • tf.linspace(start, stop, num) now always uses "stop" as last value (for num > 1)
  • The behavior of tf.gather is now correct when axis=None and batch_dims<0.
  • Only create a GCS directory object if the object does not already exist.
  • In map_vectorization optimization, reduce the degree of parallelism in the vectorized map node.
  • Bug fix: loss and gradients should now more reliably be correctly scaled w.r.t. the global batch size when using a tf.distribute.Strategy.
  • Updating cosine similarity loss - removed the negate sign from cosine similarity.
  • DType is no longer convertible to an int. Use dtype.as_datatype_enum instead of int(dtype) to get the same result.
  • Changed default for gradient accumulation for TPU embeddings to true.
  • Callbacks now log values in eager mode when a deferred build model is used.
  • Transitive dependencies on :pooling_ops were removed. Some users may need to add explicit dependencies on :pooling_ops if they reference the operators from that library.

Bug Fixes and Other Changes

  • Documentation
  • Deprecations and Symbol renames.
    • The GPU configuration env parameter TF_CUDA_HOST_MEM_LIMIT_IN_MB has been changed to TF_GPU_HOST_MEM_LIMIT_IN_MB.
    • Remove unused StringViewVariantWrapper
    • Delete unused Fingerprint64Map op registration
    • SignatureDef util functions have been deprecated.
    • Renamed tf.image functions to remove duplicate "image" where it is redundant.
    • tf.keras.experimental.export renamed to tf.keras.experimental.export_saved_model
    • Standardize the LayerNormalization API by replacing the args norm_axis and params_axis with axis.
    • Tensor::UnsafeCopyFromInternal deprecated in favor Tensor::BitcastFrom
  • Keras & Python API
    • Add v2 module aliases for:
      • tf.initializers => tf.keras.initializers
      • tf.losses => tf.keras.losses & tf.metrics => tf.keras.metrics
      • tf.optimizers => tf.keras.optimizers
    • Add tf.keras.layers.AbstractRNNCell as the preferred implementation of RNN cell for TF v2. User can use it to implement RNN cell with custom behavior.
    • Adding clear_losses API to be able to clear losses at the end of forward pass in a custom training loop in eager.
    • Add support for passing list of lists to the metrics param in Keras compile.
    • Added top-k to precision and recall to keras metrics.
    • Adding public APIs for cumsum and cumprod keras backend functions.
    • Fix: model.add_loss(symbolic_tensor) should work in ambient eager.
    • Add name argument to tf.string_split and tf.strings_split
    • Minor change to SavedModels exported from Keras using tf.keras.experimental.export. (SignatureDef key for evaluation mode is now "eval" instead of "test"). This will be reverted back to "test" in the near future.
    • Updates binary cross entropy logic in Keras when input is probabilities. Instead of converting probabilities to logits, we are using the cross entropy formula for probabilities.
    • Raw TensorFlow functions can now be used in conjunction with the Keras Functional API during model creation. This obviates the need for users to create Lambda layers in most cases when using the Functional API. Like Lambda layers, TensorFlow functions that result in Variable creation or assign ops are not supported.
    • Keras training and validation curves are shown on the same plot.
    • Introduce dynamic constructor argument in Layer and Model, which should be set to True when using imperative control flow in the call method.
    • Removing of dtype in the constructor of initializers and partition_info in call.
  • New ops and improved op functionality
    • Add OpKernels for some stateless maps
    • Add v2 APIs for AUCCurve and AUCSummationMethod enums. #tf-metrics-convergence
    • Add tf.math.nextafter op.
    • Add CompositeTensor base class.
    • Add tf.linalg.tridiagonal_solve op.
    • Add opkernel templates for common table operations.
    • Added GPU implementation of tf.linalg.tridiagonal_solve.
    • Added support for TFLite in TensorFlow 2.0.
    • Adds summary trace API for collecting graph and profile information.
    • Add batch_dims argument to tf.gather.
    • Add support for add_metric in the graph function mode.
    • Add C++ Gradient for BatchMatMulV2.
    • Added tf.random.binomial
    • Added gradient for SparseToDense op.
    • Add legacy string flat hash map op kernels
    • Add a ragged size op and register it to the op dispatcher
    • Add broadcasting support to tf.matmul.
    • Add ellipsis (...) support for tf.einsum()
    • Added LinearOperator.adjoint and LinearOperator.H (alias).
    • Added GPU implementation of tf.linalg.tridiagonal_solve.
    • Added strings.byte_split
    • Add RaggedTensor.placeholder()
    • Add a new "result_type" parameter to tf.strings.split
    • add_update can now be passed a zero-arg callable in order to support turning off the update when setting trainable=False on a Layer of a Model compiled with run_eagerly=True.
    • Add variant wrapper for absl::string_view
    • Add expand_composites argument to all nest.* methods.
    • Add pfor converter for Squeeze.
    • Bug fix for tf.tile gradient
    • Expose CriticalSection in core as tf.CriticalSection.
    • Update Fingerprint64Map to use aliases
    • ResourceVariable support for gather_nd.
    • ResourceVariable's gather op supports batch dimensions.
    • Variadic reduce is supported on CPU
    • Extend tf.function with basic support for CompositeTensors arguments (such as SparseTensor and RaggedTensor).
    • Add templates and interfaces for creating lookup tables
    • Post-training quantization tool supports quantizing weights shared by multiple operations. The models made with versions of this tool will use INT8 types for weights and will only be executable interpreters from this version onwards.
    • Malformed gif images could result in an access out of bounds in the color palette of the frame. This has been fixed now
    • image.resize now considers proper pixel centers and has new kernels (incl. anti-aliasing).
  • Performance
    • Turn on MKL-DNN contraction kernels by default. MKL-DNN dynamically dispatches the best kernel implementation based on CPU vector architecture. To disable them, build with --define=tensorflow_mkldnn_contraction_kernel=0.
    • Support for multi-host ncclAllReduce in Distribution Strategy.
    • Expose a flag that allows the number of threads to vary across Python benchmarks.
  • TensorFlow 2.0 Development
    • Add v2 sparse categorical crossentropy metric.
    • Allow non-Tensors through v2 losses.
    • Add UnifiedGRU as the new GRU implementation for tf2.0. Change the default recurrent activation function for GRU from 'hard_sigmoid' to 'sigmoid', and 'reset_after' to True in 2.0. Historically recurrent activation is 'hard_sigmoid' since it is fast than 'sigmoid'. With new unified backend between CPU and GPU mode, since the CuDNN kernel is using sigmoid, we change the default for CPU mode to sigmoid as well. With that, the default GRU will be compatible with both CPU and GPU kernel. This will enable user with GPU to use CuDNN kernel by default and get a 10x performance boost in training. Note that this is checkpoint breaking change. If user want to use their 1.x pre-trained checkpoint, please construct the layer with GRU(recurrent_activation='hard_sigmoid', reset_after=False) to fallback to 1.x behavior.
    • TF 2.0 - Update metric name to always reflect what the user has given in compile. Affects following cases 1. When name is given as 'accuracy'/'crossentropy' 2. When an aliased function name is used eg. 'mse' 3. Removing the weighted prefix from weighted metric names.
    • Begin adding Go wrapper for C Eager API
    • image.resize in 2.0 now supports gradients for the new resize kernels.
    • removed tf.string_split from v2 API
    • Expose tf.contrib.proto.* ops in tf.io (they will exist in TF2)
    • "Updates the TFLiteConverter API in 2.0. Changes from_concrete_function to from_concrete_functions."
    • Enable tf.distribute.experimental.MultiWorkerMirroredStrategy working in eager mode.
    • Support both binary and -1/1 label input in v2 hinge and squared hinge losses.
  • TensorFlow Lite
    • "Adds support for tflite_convert in 2.0."
    • "Remove lite.OpHint, lite.experimental, and lite.constant from 2.0 API."
  • tf.contrib
  • tf.data
    • Add num_parallel_reads and passing in a Dataset containing filenames into TextLineDataset and FixedLengthRecordDataset
    • Going forward we operate in TF 2.0, this change is part of the effort to slowly converting XYZDataset to DatasetV2 type which is the official version going to be used in TF 2.0 and motivated by some compatibility issue found, _BigtableXYZDataset (of type DatasetV2) does not implement the _as_variant_tensor() of DatasetV1, when moving contrib.bigtable to tensorflow_io. Converting into DatasetV2 removes the overheads to maintain V1 while we are moving into TF 2.0.
    • Add dataset ops to the graph (or create kernels in Eager execution) during the python Dataset object creation instead doing it during Iterator creation time.
    • Add support for TensorArrays to tf.data Dataset.
    • Switching tf.data functions to use defun, providing an escape hatch to continue using the legacy Defun.
  • Toolchains
    • CUDNN_INSTALL_PATH, TENSORRT_INSTALL_PATH, NCCL_INSTALL_PATH, NCCL_HDR_PATH are deprecated. Use TF_CUDA_PATHS instead which supports a comma-separated list of base paths that are searched to find CUDA libraries and headers.
    • TF code now resides in tensorflow_core and tensorflow is just a virtual pip package. No code changes are needed for projects using TensorFlow, the change is transparent
  • XLA
    • XLA HLO graphs can be inspected with interactive_graphviz tool now.
    • Adds Philox support to new stateful RNG's XLA path.
  • Estimator
    • Use tf.compat.v1.estimator.inputs instead of tf.estimator.inputs
    • Replace contrib references with tf.estimator.experimental.* for APIs in early_stopping.py
    • Determining the “correct” value of the --iterations_per_loop for TPUEstimator or DistributionStrategy continues to be a challenge for our users. We propose dynamically tuning the --iterations_per_loop variable, specifically for using TPUEstimator in training mode, based on a user target TPU execution time. Users might specify a value such as: --iterations_per_loop=300s, which will result in roughly 300 seconds being spent on the TPU between host side operations.

Thanks to our Contributors

This release contains contributions from many people at Google, as well as:

1e100, 4d55397500, a6802739, abenmao, Adam Richter, Adam Weiss, Ag Ramesh, Alan Du, Albin Joy, Alex, Aman Patel, Amit, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Amit Srivastava, Andreas Eberle, Andy Craze, Anthony Hsu, Anthony Platanios, Anuj Rawat, Armen Poghosov, armenpoghosov, arp95, Arpit Shah, Ashwin Ramaswami, Augustina Ragwitz, Aurelien Geron, AuréLien Geron, avasid, aweers, awesomealex1, Ayush Agrawal, Bayberry Z, Ben Barsdell, Bharat Raghunathan, Bhavani Subramanian, Bin Fan, blairhan, BléNesi Attila, Bodin-E, Brandon Carter, candy.dc, Cheng Chang, Chao Liu, chenchc, chie8842, Christian Hansen, Christian Sigg, Christoph Boeddeker, Clayne Robison, crafet, csukuangfj, ctiijima, Dan Jarvis, Dan Lazewatsky, Daniel Ingram, Daniel Rasmussen, Daniel Salvadori, Dave Airlie, David Norman, Dayananda V, Dayananda-V, delock, Denis Khalikov, Deven Desai, Dheeraj Rajaram Reddy, dmitrievanthony, Donovan Ong, Drew Szurko, Duncan Riach, Dustin Neighly, Edward Forgacs, EFanZh, Evgeniy Polyakov, Fangjun Kuang, Federico Martinez, Fei Hu, Felix Lemke, Filip Matzner, fo40225, Fred Reiss, Gautam, gehring, Geoffrey Irving, George Sterpu, Grzegorz George Pawelczak, Grzegorz Pawelczak, Gurpreet Singh, Gyoung-Yoon Ryoo, HanGuo97, Hanton Yang, Hari Shankar, hehongliang, Heungsub Lee, Hoeseong Kim, Huan Li (李卓桓), I-Hong Jhuo, Ilango R, Innovimax, Irene Dea, Jacky Ko, Jakub Lipinski, Jason Zaman, jcf94, Jeffrey Poznanovic, Jens Elofsson, Jeroen BéDorf, jhalakp, Jia Qingtong, Jiankang, Joe Q, Joe Quadrino, Joeran Beel, Jonas Rauber, Jonathan, Jonathan Kyl, Joppe Geluykens, Joseph Friedman, jtressle, jwu, K Yasaswi Sri Chandra Gandhi, K. Hodges, Kaixi Hou, Karl Lessard, Karl Weinmeister, Karthik Muthuraman, Kashif Rasul, KDR, Keno Fischer, Kevin Mader, Kilaru Yasaswi Sri Chandra Gandhi, kjopek, Koan-Sin Tan, kouml, ktaebum, Lakshay Tokas, Laurent Le Brun, Letian Kang, Li, Guizi, Loo Rong Jie, Lucas Hendren, Lukas Geiger, Luke Han, luxupu, lvli, Ma, Guokai, Mahmoud Abuzaina, Maksym Kysylov, Mandar Deshpande, manhyuk, Marco Gaido, Marek Drozdowski, Mark Collier, Mark Ryan, mars20, Mateusz Chudyk, Matt Conley, MattConley, mbhuiyan, mdfaijul, Melissa Grueter, Michael KäUfl, MickaëL Schoentgen, Miguel Morin, Mihail Salnikov, Mikalai Drabovich, Mike Arpaia, Mike Holcomb, monklof, Moses Marin, Mr. Metal, Mshr-H, nammbash, Natalia Gimelshein, Nathan Luehr, Nayana-Ibm, neargye, Neeraj Pradhan, Nehal J Wani, Nick, Nick Lewycky, Niels Ole Salscheider, Niranjan Hasabnis, nlewycky, Nuka-137, Nutti, olicht, omeir1, P Sudeepam, Palmer Lao, Pan Daoxin, Pariksheet Pinjari, Pasquale Minervini, Pavel Akhtyamov, Pavel Samolysov, PENGWA, Philipp Jund, Pooya Davoodi, Pranav Marathe, R S Nikhil Krishna, Rohit Gupta, Roland Zimmermann, Roman Soldatow, rthadur, Ruizhe, Ryan Jiang, saishruthi, Samantha Andow, Sami Kama, Sana-Damani, Saurabh Deoras, sdamani, Sean Morgan, seanshpark, Sebastien Iooss, Sergii Khomenko, Serv-Inc, Shahzad Lone, Shashank Gupta, Shashi, shashvat, Shashvat Chand Shahi, Siju, Siju Samuel, Snease-Abq, Spencer Schaber, sremedios, srinivasan.narayanamoorthy, Steve Lang, Steve Nesae, Subin, Sumesh Udayakumaran, sunway513, Supriya Rao, sxwang, Takeo Sawada, Taylor Jakobson, Taylor Thornton, Ted Chang, ThisIsPIRI, Thomas Deegan, Thomas Hagebols, tianyapiaozi, Tim Zaman, tomguluson92, Tongxuan Liu, Trent Lo, TungJerry, Tyorden, v1incent, Vagif, vcarpani, Vijay Ravichandran, Vikram Tiwari, Viktor Gal, Vincent, Vishnuvardhan Janapati, Vishwak Srinivasan, Vitor-Alves, wangsiyu, wateryzephyr, WeberXie, WeijieSun, Wen-Heng (Jack) Chung, wenxizhu, Will Battel, William D. Irons, wyzhao, Xiaoming (Jason) Cui, Xiaoquan Kong, Xin, Yasuhiro Matsumoto, ymodak, Yong Tang, Younes Khoudli, Yuan (Terry) Tang, Yuan Lin, Yves-Noel Weweler, Zantares, zhuoryin, zjjott, 卜居, 王振华 (Zhenhua Wang), 黄鑫

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