❯ Lightweight, beautiful and user-friendly interactive prompts.
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Prompts

❯ Prompts

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Lightweight, beautiful and user-friendly interactive prompts
>_ Easy to use CLI prompts to enquire users for information▌


  • Simple: prompts has no big dependencies nor is it broken into a dozen tiny modules that only work well together.
  • User friendly: prompt uses layout and colors to create beautiful cli interfaces.
  • Promised: uses promises and async/await. No callback hell.
  • Flexible: all prompts are independent and can be used on their own.
  • Testable: provides a way to submit answers programmatically.
  • Unified: consistent experience across all prompts.

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❯ Install

$ npm install --save prompts

This package supports Node 6 and above

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❯ Usage

example prompt

const prompts = require('prompts');

const response = await prompts({
    type: 'number',
    name: 'value',
    message: 'How old are you?',
    validate: value => value < 18 ? `Nightclub is 18+ only` : true
});

console.log(response); // => { value: 24 }

Examples are meant to be illustrative. await calls need to be run within an async function. See example.js.

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❯ Examples

Single Prompt

Prompt with a single prompt object. Returns object with the response.

const prompts = require('prompts');

let response = await prompts({
    type: 'text',
    name: 'meaning',
    message: 'What is the meaning of life?'
});

console.log(response.meaning);

Prompt Chain

Prompt with a list of prompt objects. Returns object with response. Make sure to give each prompt a unique name property to prevent overwriting values.

const prompts = require('prompts');

let questions = [
    {
        type: 'text',
        name: 'username',
        message: 'What is your GitHub username?'
    },
    {
        type: 'number',
        name: 'age',
        message: 'How old are you?'
    },
    {
        type: 'text',
        name: 'about',
        message: 'Tell something about yourself',
        initial: 'Why should I?'
    }
];

let response = await prompts(questions);

// => response => { username, age, about }

Dynamic Prompts

Prompt properties can be functions too. Prompt Objects with type set to falsy values are skipped.

const prompts = require('prompts');

let questions = [
    {
        type: 'text',
        name: 'dish',
        message: 'Do you like pizza?'
    },
    {
        type: prev => prev == 'pizza' ? 'text' : null,
        name: 'topping',
        message: 'Name a topping'
    }
];

let response = await prompts(questions);

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❯ API

prompts(prompts, options)

Type: Function
Returns: Object

Prompter function which takes your prompt objects and returns an object with responses.

prompts

Type: Array|Object

Array of prompt objects. These are the questions the user will be prompted. You can see the list of supported prompt types here.

Prompts can be submitted (return, enter) or canceled (esc, abort, ctrl+c, ctrl+d). No property is being defined on the returned response object when a prompt is canceled.

options.onSubmit

Type: Function
Default: () => {}

Callback that's invoked after each prompt submission. Its signature is (prompt, answer, answers) where prompt is the current prompt object, answer the user answer to the current question and answers the user answers so far. Async functions are supported.

Return true to quit the prompt chain and return all collected responses so far, otherwise continue to iterate prompt objects.

Example:

let questions = [{ ... }];
let onSubmit = (prompt, response) => console.log(`Thanks I got ${response} from ${prompt.name}`);
let response = await prompts(questions, { onSubmit });

options.onCancel

Type: Function
Default: () => {}

Callback that's invoked when the user cancels/exits the prompt. Its signature is (prompt, answers) where prompt is the current prompt object and answers the user answers so far. Async functions are supported.

Return true to continue and prevent the prompt loop from aborting. On cancel responses collected so far are returned.

Example:

let questions = [{ ... }];
let onCancel = prompt => {
  console.log('Never stop prompting!');
  return true;
}
let response = await prompts(questions, { onCancel });

inject(values)

Type: Function

Programmatically inject responses. This enables you to prepare the responses ahead of time. If any injected values are found the prompt is immediately resolved with the injected value. This feature is intended for testing only.

values

Type: Object

Object with key/values to inject. Resolved values are deleted from the internal inject object.

Example:

const prompts = require('prompts');

prompts.inject({ q1: 'a1', q2: 'q2' });
let response = await prompts({
  type: 'text',
  name: 'q1',
  message: 'Question 1'
});

// => { q1: 'a1' }

When q1 resolves it's wiped. q2 doesn't resolve and is left untouched.

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❯ Prompt Objects

Prompts Objects are JavaScript objects that define the "questions" and the type of prompt. Almost all prompt objects have the following properties:

{
  type: String | Function,
  name: String | Function,
  message: String | Function,
  initial: String | Function | Async Function
  format: Function | Async Function,
  onRender: Function
  onState: Function
}

Each property be of type function and will be invoked right before prompting the user.

The function signature is (prev, values, prompt), where prev is the value from the previous prompt, values is the response object with all values collected so far and prompt is the previous prompt object.

Function example:

{
    type: prev => prev > 3 ? 'confirm' : null,
    name: 'confirm',
    message: (prev, values) => `Please confirm that you eat ${values.dish} times ${prev} a day?`
}

The above prompt will be skipped if the value of the previous prompt is less than 3.

type

Type: String|Function

Defines the type of prompt to display. See the list of prompt types for valid values.

If type is a falsy value the prompter will skip that question.

{
  type: null,
  name: 'forgetme',
  message: `I'll never be shown anyway`,
}

name

Type: String|Function

The response will be saved under this key/property in the returned response object. In case you have multiple prompts with the same name only the latest response will be stored.

Make sure to give prompts unique names if you don't want to overwrite previous values.

message

Type: String|Function

The message to be displayed to the user.

initial

Type: String|Function

Optional default prompt value. Async functions are supported too.

format

Type: Function

Receive the user input and return the formatted value to be used inside the program. The value returned will be added to the response object.

The function signature is (val, values), where val is the value from the current prompt and values is the current response object in case you need to format based on previous responses.

Example:

{
    type: 'number',
    name: 'price',
    message: 'Enter price',
    format: val => Intl.NumberFormat(undefined, { style: 'currency', currency: 'USD' }).format(val);
}

onRender

Type: Function

Callback for when the prompt is rendered. The function receives kleur as its first argument and this refers to the current prompt.

Example:

{
  type: 'number',
  message: 'This message will be overridden',
  onRender(kleur) {
    this.msg = kleur.cyan('Enter a number');
  }
}

onState

Type: Function

Callback for when the state of the current prompt changes. The function signature is (state) where state is an object with a snapshot of the current state. The state object have two properties value and aborted. E.g { value: 'This is ', aborted: false }

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❯ Types

text(message, [initial], [style])

Text prompt for free text input.

Hit tab to autocomplete to initial value when provided.

Example

text prompt

{
  type: 'text',
  name: 'value',
  message: `What's your twitter handle?`
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial string Default string value
style string Render style (default, password, invisible, emoji). Defaults to default
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
validate function Receive user input. Should return true if the value is valid, and an error message String otherwise. If false is returned, a default error message is shown
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

password(message, [initial])

Password prompt with masked input.

This prompt is a similar to a prompt of type 'text' with style set to 'password'.

Example

password prompt

{
  type: 'password',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'Tell me a secret'
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial string Default string value
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
validate function Receive user input. Should return true if the value is valid, and an error message String otherwise. If false is returned, a default error message is shown
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

invisible(message, [initial])

Prompts user for invisible text input.

This prompt is working like sudo where the input is invisible. This prompt is a similar to a prompt of type 'text' with style set to 'invisible'.

Example

invisible prompt

{
  type: 'invisible',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'Enter password'
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial string Default string value
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
validate function Receive user input. Should return true if the value is valid, and an error message String otherwise. If false is returned, a default error message is shown
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

number(message, initial, [max], [min], [style])

Prompts user for number input.

You can type in numbers and use up/down to increase/decrease the value. Only numbers are allowed as input. Hit tab to autocomplete to initial value when provided.

Example

number prompt

{
  type: 'number',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'How old are you?',
  initial: 0,
  style: 'default',
  min: 2,
  max: 10
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial number Default number value
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
validate function Receive user input. Should return true if the value is valid, and an error message String otherwise. If false is returned, a default error message is shown
max number Max value. Defaults to Infinity
min number Min value. Defaults to -infinity
float boolean Allow floating point inputs. Defaults to false
round number Round float values to x decimals. Defaults to 2
increment number Increment step when using arrow keys. Defaults to 1
style string Render style (default, password, invisible, emoji). Defaults to default
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

confirm(message, [initial])

Classic yes/no prompt.

Hit y or n to confirm/reject.

Example

confirm prompt

{
  type: 'confirm',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'Can you confirm?',
  initial: true
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial boolean Default value. Default is false
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

list(message, [initial])

List prompt that return an array.

Similar to the text prompt, but the output is an Array containing the string separated by separator.

{
  type: 'list',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'Enter keywords',
  initial: '',
  separator: ','
}

list prompt

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial boolean Default value
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
separator string String separator. Will trim all white-spaces from start and end of string. Defaults to ','
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

toggle(message, [initial], [active], [inactive])

Interactive toggle/switch prompt.

Use tab or arrow keys/tab/space to switch between options.

Example

toggle prompt

{
  type: 'toggle',
  name: 'value',
  message: 'Can you confirm?',
  initial: true,
  active: 'yes',
  inactive: 'no'
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial boolean Default value. Defaults to false
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
active string Text for active state. Defaults to 'on'
inactive string Text for inactive state. Defaults to 'off'
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

select(message, choices, [initial], [warn])

Interactive select prompt.

Use up/down to navigate. Use tab to cycle the list.

Example

select prompt

{
    type: 'select',
    name: 'value',
    message: 'Pick a color',
    choices: [
        { title: 'Red', value: '#ff0000' },
        { title: 'Green', value: '#00ff00', disabled: true },
        { title: 'Blue', value: '#0000ff' }
    ],
    initial: 1
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
initial number Index of default value
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
warn string Message to display when selecting a disabled option
choices Array Array of choices objects [{ title, value, disabled }, ...]
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

multiselect(message, choices, [initial], [max], [hint], [warn])

Interactive multi-select prompt.

Use space to toggle select/unselect and up/down to navigate. Use tab to cycle the list. You can also use right to select and left to deselect. By default this prompt returns an array containing the values of the selected items - not their display title.

Example

multiselect prompt

{
    type: 'multiselect',
    name: 'value',
    message: 'Pick colors',
    choices: [
        { title: 'Red', value: '#ff0000' },
        { title: 'Green', value: '#00ff00', disabled: true },
        { title: 'Blue', value: '#0000ff', selected: true }
    ],
    max: 2,
    hint: '- Space to select. Return to submit'
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
choices Array Array of choices objects [{ title, value, disabled, [selected] }, ...]
max number Max select
hint string Hint to display user
warn string Message to display when selecting a disabled option
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

This is one of the few prompts that don't take a initial value. If you want to predefine selected values, give the choice object an selected property of true.

autocomplete(message, choices, [initial], [suggest], [limit], [style])

Interactive auto complete prompt.

The prompt will list options based on user input. Type to filter the list. Use up/down to navigate. Use tab to cycle the result. Hit enter to select the highlighted item below the prompt.

The default suggests function is sorting based on the title property of the choices. You can overwrite how choices are being filtered by passing your own suggest function.

Example

auto complete prompt

{
    type: 'autocomplete',
    name: 'value',
    message: 'Pick your favorite actor',
    choices: [
        { title: 'Cage' },
        { title: 'Clooney', value: 'silver-fox' },
        { title: 'Gyllenhaal' },
        { title: 'Gibson' },
        { title: 'Grant' },
    ]
}

Options

Param Type Description
message string Prompt message to display
format function Receive user input. The returned value will be added to the response object
choices Array Array of auto-complete choices objects [{ title, value }, ...]
suggest function Filter function. Defaults to sort by title property. suggest should always return a promise. Filters using title by default
limit number Max number of results to show. Defaults to 10
style string Render style (default, password, invisible, emoji). Defaults to 'default'
initial Default initial value
fallback Fallback message when no match is found. Defaults to initial value if provided
onRender function On render callback. Keyword this refers to the current prompt
onState function On state change callback. Function signature is an object with two propetires: value and aborted

Example on what a suggest function might look like:

const suggestByTitle = (input, choices) =>
  Promise.resolve(choices.filter(i => i.title.slice(0, input.length) === input))

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❯ Credit

Many of the prompts are based on the work of derhuerst.

❯ License

MIT © Terkel Gjervig