Open source version of the STMicroelectronics Stlink Tools
First, you have to know there are several boards supported by the software. Those boards use a chip to translate from USB to JTAG commands. The chip is called stlink and there are 2 versions:
- STLINKv1, present on STM32VL discovery kits,
- STLINKv2, present on STM32L discovery and later kits.
Two different transport layers are used:
- STLINKv1 uses SCSI passthru commands over USB
- STLINKv2 uses raw USB commands.
Debian based distros (debian, ubuntu)
libusb-1.0(plus development headers for building, on debian based distros
- (optional) for
stlink-guiwe need libgtk-3-dev
The STLINKv1's SCSI emulation is very broken, so the best thing to do is tell your operating system to completely ignore it.
Options (do one of these before you plug it in)
modprobe -r usb-storage && modprobe usb-storage quirks=483:3744:i
- or 1.
echo "options usb-storage quirks=483:3744:i" >> /etc/modprobe.conf
modprobe -r usb-storage && modprobe usb-storage
- or 1.
cp stlink_v1.modprobe.conf /etc/modprobe.d
modprobe -r usb-storage && modprobe usb-storage
You're ready to go :)
Build from sources
$ mkdir build && cd build $ cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug .. $ make
Using the gdb server
To run the gdb server: (you do not need sudo if you have set up permissions correctly)
$ make && [sudo] ./st-util There are a few options: ./st-util - usage: -h, --help Print this help -vXX, --verbose=XX Specify a specific verbosity level (0..99) -v, --verbose Specify generally verbose logging -s X, --stlink_version=X Choose what version of stlink to use, (defaults to 2) -1, --stlinkv1 Force stlink version 1 -p 4242, --listen_port=1234 Set the gdb server listen port. (default port: 4242) -m, --multi Set gdb server to extended mode. st-util will continue listening for connections after disconnect. -n, --no-reset Do not reset board on connection.
The STLINKv2 device to use can be specified in the environment
variable STLINK_DEVICE on the format
Then, in your project directory, someting like this... (remember, you need to run an ARM gdb, not an x86 gdb)
$ arm-none-eabi-gdb fancyblink.elf ... (gdb) tar extended-remote :4242 ... (gdb) load Loading section .text, size 0x458 lma 0x8000000 Loading section .data, size 0x8 lma 0x8000458 Start address 0x80001c1, load size 1120 Transfer rate: 1 KB/sec, 560 bytes/write. (gdb) ... (gdb) continue
Resetting the chip from GDB
You may reset the chip using GDB if you want. You'll need to use `target extended-remote' command like in this session:
(gdb) target extended-remote localhost:4242 Remote debugging using localhost:4242 0x080007a8 in _startup () (gdb) kill Kill the program being debugged? (y or n) y (gdb) run Starting program: /home/whitequark/ST/apps/bally/firmware.elf
Remember that you can shorten the commands. `tar ext :4242' is good enough for GDB.
Setting up udev rules
For convenience, you may install udev rules file, 49-stlinkv*.rules, located in the root of repository. You will need to copy it to /etc/udev/rules.d, and then either reboot or execute
$ udevadm control --reload-rules $ udevadm trigger
Udev will now create a /dev/stlinkv2_XX or /dev/stlinkv1_XX file, with the appropriate permissions. This is currently all the device is for, (only one stlink of each version is supported at any time presently)
Running programs from SRAM
You can run your firmware directly from SRAM if you want to. Just link it at 0x20000000 and do
(gdb) load firmware.elf
It will be loaded, and pc will be adjusted to point to start of the code, if it is linked correctly (i.e. ELF has correct entry point).
Writing to flash
The GDB stub ships with a correct memory map, including the flash area. If you would link your executable to 0x08000000 and then do (gdb) load firmware.elf then it would be written to the memory.
Q: My breakpoints do not work at all or only work once.
A: Optimizations can cause severe instruction reordering. For example, if you are doing something like `REG = 0x100;' in a loop, the code may be split into two parts: loading 0x100 into some intermediate register and moving that value to REG. When you set up a breakpoint, GDB will hook to the first instruction, which may be called only once if there are enough unused registers. In my experience, -O3 causes that frequently.
Q: At some point I use GDB command `next', and it hangs.
A: Sometimes when you will try to use GDB
next' command to skip a loop,
it will use a rather inefficient single-stepping way of doing that.
Set up a breakpoint manually in that case and docontinue'.
Q: Load command does not work in GDB.
A: Some people report XML/EXPAT is not enabled by default when compiling GDB. Memory map parsing thus fail. Use --enable-expat.
Currently known working combinations of programmer and target
STLink v1 (as found on the 32VL Discovery board)
Known working targets:
- STM32F100xx (Medium Density VL)
- STM32F103 (according to jpa- on ##stm32)
- everything else!
STLink v2 (as found on the 32L and F4 Discovery boards), known working targets:
- STM32F030F4P6 (custom board)
- STM32F0Discovery (STM32F0 Discovery board)
- STM32F100xx (Medium Density VL, as on the 32VL Discovery board)
- STM32L1xx (STM32L Discovery board)
- STM32F103VC, STM32F107RC, STM32L151RB, STM32F205RE and STM32F405RE on custom boards from UweBonnes/wiki_fuer_alex
- STM32F103VET6 (HY-STM32 board)
- STM32F105RCT6 (DecaWave EVB1000 board)
- STM32F303xx (STM32F3 Discovery board)
- STM32F407xx (STM32F4 Discovery board)
- STM32F429I-DISCO (STM32F4 Discovery board with LCD)
- STM32F439VIT6 (discovery board reseated CPU)
- STM32L052K8T6 (custom board)
- STM32L151CB (custom board)
- STM32L152RB (STM32L-Discovery board, custom board)
- STM32F051R8T6 (STM320518-EVAL board)
STLink v2-1 (as found on the Nucleo boards), known working targets:
- STM32F401xx (STM32 Nucleo-F401RE board)
- STM32F030R8T6 (STM32 Nucleo-F030R8 board)
- STM32F072RBT6 (STM32 Nucleo-F072RB board)
- STM32F103RB (STM32 Nucleo-F103RB board)
- STM32F303RET6 (STM32 Nucleo-F303RE board)
- STM32F334R8 (STM32 Nucleo-F334R8 board)
- STM32F411RET6 (STM32 Nucleo-F411RE board)
- STM32F756NGHx (STMF7 evaluation board)
- STM32L053R8 (STM32 Nucleo-L053R8 board)
- STM32F769NI (STM32F7 discovery board)
Please report any and all known working combinations so I can update this!
Sometimes flashing only works after a mass erase
There is seen a problem sometimes where a flash loader run error occurs and is resolved after mass-erase of the flash:
2015-12-09T22:01:57 INFO src/stlink-common.c: Successfully loaded flash loader in sram 2015-12-09T22:02:18 ERROR src/stlink-common.c: flash loader run error 2015-12-09T22:02:18 ERROR src/stlink-common.c: run_flash_loader(0x8000000) failed! == -1
Contributing and versioning
- The semantic versioning scheme is used. Read more at semver.org
- When creating a pull request, please open first a issue for discussion of new features
- TODO: Enforcement of coding style (linux codestyle + checkpatch)
The stlink library and tools are licensed under the BSD license. With some exceptions on external components.