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/*
Copyright (c) 2010 "Capt'ns Missing Link" Authors. All rights reserved.
Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
license that can be found in the LICENSE file.
A linux stlink access demo. The purpose of this file is to mitigate the usual
"reinventing the wheel" force by incompatible licenses and give you an idea,
how to access the stlink device. That doesn't mean you should be a free-loader
and not contribute your improvements to this code.
Author: Martin Capitanio <m@capitanio.org>
The stlink related constants kindly provided by Oliver Spencer (OpenOCD)
for use in a GPL compatible license.
Tested compatibility: linux, gcc >= 4.3.3
The communication is based on standard USB mass storage device
BOT (Bulk Only Transfer)
- Endpoint 1: BULK_IN, 64 bytes max
- Endpoint 2: BULK_OUT, 64 bytes max
All CBW transfers are ordered with the LSB (byte 0) first (little endian).
Any command must be answered before sending the next command.
Each USB transfer must complete in less than 1s.
SB Device Class Definition for Mass Storage Devices:
www.usb.org/developers/devclass_docs/usbmassbulk_10.pdf
dt - Data Transfer (IN/OUT)
CBW - Command Block Wrapper
CSW - Command Status Wrapper
RFU - Reserved for Future Use
Originally, this driver used scsi pass through commands, which required the
usb-storage module to be loaded, providing the /dev/sgX links. The USB mass
storage implementation on the STLinkv1 is however terribly broken, and it can
take many minutes for the kernel to give up.
However, in Nov 2011, the scsi pass through was replaced by raw libusb, so
instead of having to let usb-storage struggle with the device, and also greatly
limiting the portability of the driver, you can now tell usb-storage to simply
ignore this device completely.
usb-storage.quirks
http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=blob_plain;f=Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
Each entry has the form VID:PID:Flags where VID and PID are Vendor and Product
ID values (4-digit hex numbers) and Flags is a set of characters, each corresponding
to a common usb-storage quirk flag as follows:
a = SANE_SENSE (collect more than 18 bytes of sense data);
b = BAD_SENSE (don't collect more than 18 bytes of sense data);
c = FIX_CAPACITY (decrease the reported device capacity by one sector);
h = CAPACITY_HEURISTICS (decrease the reported device capacity by one sector if the number is odd);
i = IGNORE_DEVICE (don't bind to this device);
l = NOT_LOCKABLE (don't try to lock and unlock ejectable media);
m = MAX_SECTORS_64 (don't transfer more than 64 sectors = 32 KB at a time);
o = CAPACITY_OK (accept the capacity reported by the device);
r = IGNORE_RESIDUE (the device reports bogus residue values);
s = SINGLE_LUN (the device has only one Logical Unit);
w = NO_WP_DETECT (don't test whether the medium is write-protected).
Example: quirks=0419:aaf5:rl,0421:0433:rc
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.usb.general/35053
For the stlinkv1, you just want the following
modprobe -r usb-storage && modprobe usb-storage quirks=483:3744:i
Equivalently, you can add a line saying
options usb-storage quirks=483:3744:i
to your /etc/modprobe.conf or /etc/modprobe.d/local.conf (or add the "quirks=..."
part to an existing options line for usb-storage).
*/
#define __USE_GNU
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include "mmap.h"
#include "stlink-common.h"
#include "stlink-sg.h"
#include "uglylogging.h"
#define LOG_TAG __FILE__
#define DLOG(format, args...) ugly_log(UDEBUG, LOG_TAG, format, ## args)
#define ILOG(format, args...) ugly_log(UINFO, LOG_TAG, format, ## args)
#define WLOG(format, args...) ugly_log(UWARN, LOG_TAG, format, ## args)
#define fatal(format, args...) ugly_log(UFATAL, LOG_TAG, format, ## args)
static void clear_cdb(struct stlink_libsg *sl) {
for (size_t i = 0; i < sizeof (sl->cdb_cmd_blk); i++)
sl->cdb_cmd_blk[i] = 0;
// set default
sl->cdb_cmd_blk[0] = STLINK_DEBUG_COMMAND;
sl->q_data_dir = Q_DATA_IN;
}
/**
* Close and free any _backend_ related information...
* @param sl
*/void _stlink_sg_close(stlink_t *sl) {
if (sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *slsg = sl->backend_data;
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(slsg);
}
}
static int get_usb_mass_storage_status(libusb_device_handle *handle, uint8_t endpoint, uint32_t *tag)
{
unsigned char csw[13];
memset(csw, 0, sizeof(csw));
int transferred;
int ret;
int try = 0;
do {
ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, endpoint, (unsigned char *)&csw, sizeof(csw),
&transferred, SG_TIMEOUT_MSEC);
if (ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) {
libusb_clear_halt(handle, endpoint);
}
try++;
} while ((ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) && (try < 3));
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
WLOG("%s: receiving failed: %d\n", __func__, ret);
return -1;
}
if (transferred != sizeof(csw)) {
WLOG("%s: received unexpected amount: %d\n", __func__, transferred);
return -1;
}
uint32_t rsig = read_uint32(csw, 0);
uint32_t rtag = read_uint32(csw, 4);
/* uint32_t residue = read_uint32(csw, 8); */
#define USB_CSW_SIGNATURE 0x53425355 // 'U' 'S' 'B' 'S' (reversed)
if (rsig != USB_CSW_SIGNATURE) {
WLOG("status signature was invalid: %#x\n", rsig);
return -1;
}
*tag = rtag;
uint8_t rstatus = csw[12];
return rstatus;
}
static int dump_CDB_command(uint8_t *cdb, uint8_t cdb_len) {
char dbugblah[100];
char *dbugp = dbugblah;
dbugp += sprintf(dbugp, "Sending CDB [");
for (uint8_t i = 0; i < cdb_len; i++) {
dbugp += sprintf(dbugp, " %#02x", (unsigned int) cdb[i]);
}
sprintf(dbugp, "]\n");
DLOG(dbugblah);
return 0;
}
/**
* Wraps a CDB mass storage command in the appropriate gunk to get it down
* @param handle
* @param endpoint
* @param cdb
* @param cdb_length
* @param lun
* @param flags
* @param expected_rx_size
* @return
*/
int send_usb_mass_storage_command(libusb_device_handle *handle, uint8_t endpoint_out,
uint8_t *cdb, uint8_t cdb_length,
uint8_t lun, uint8_t flags, uint32_t expected_rx_size) {
DLOG("Sending usb m-s cmd: cdblen:%d, rxsize=%d\n", cdb_length, expected_rx_size);
dump_CDB_command(cdb, cdb_length);
static uint32_t tag;
if (tag == 0) {
tag = 1;
}
int try = 0;
int ret = 0;
int real_transferred;
int i = 0;
uint8_t c_buf[STLINK_SG_SIZE];
// tag is allegedly ignored... TODO - verify
c_buf[i++] = 'U';
c_buf[i++] = 'S';
c_buf[i++] = 'B';
c_buf[i++] = 'C';
write_uint32(&c_buf[i], tag);
uint32_t this_tag = tag++;
write_uint32(&c_buf[i+4], expected_rx_size);
i+= 8;
c_buf[i++] = flags;
c_buf[i++] = lun;
c_buf[i++] = cdb_length;
// Now the actual CDB request
assert(cdb_length <= CDB_SL);
memcpy(&(c_buf[i]), cdb, cdb_length);
int sending_length = STLINK_SG_SIZE;
// send....
do {
ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, endpoint_out, c_buf, sending_length,
&real_transferred, SG_TIMEOUT_MSEC);
if (ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) {
libusb_clear_halt(handle, endpoint_out);
}
try++;
} while ((ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) && (try < 3));
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
WLOG("sending failed: %d\n", ret);
return -1;
}
return this_tag;
}
/**
* Straight from stm8 stlink code...
* @param handle
* @param endpoint_in
* @param endpoint_out
*/
static void
get_sense(libusb_device_handle *handle, uint8_t endpoint_in, uint8_t endpoint_out)
{
DLOG("Fetching sense...\n");
uint8_t cdb[16];
memset(cdb, 0, sizeof(cdb));
#define REQUEST_SENSE 0x03
#define REQUEST_SENSE_LENGTH 18
cdb[0] = REQUEST_SENSE;
cdb[4] = REQUEST_SENSE_LENGTH;
uint32_t tag = send_usb_mass_storage_command(handle, endpoint_out, cdb, sizeof(cdb), 0,
LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN, REQUEST_SENSE_LENGTH);
if (tag == 0) {
WLOG("refusing to send request sense with tag 0\n");
return;
}
unsigned char sense[REQUEST_SENSE_LENGTH];
int transferred;
int ret;
int try = 0;
do {
ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, endpoint_in, sense, sizeof(sense),
&transferred, SG_TIMEOUT_MSEC);
if (ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) {
libusb_clear_halt(handle, endpoint_in);
}
try++;
} while ((ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) && (try < 3));
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
WLOG("receiving sense failed: %d\n", ret);
return;
}
if (transferred != sizeof(sense)) {
WLOG("received unexpected amount of sense: %d != %d\n", transferred, sizeof(sense));
}
uint32_t received_tag;
int status = get_usb_mass_storage_status(handle, endpoint_in, &received_tag);
if (status != 0) {
WLOG("receiving sense failed with status: %02x\n", status);
return;
}
if (sense[0] != 0x70 && sense[0] != 0x71) {
WLOG("No sense data\n");
} else {
WLOG("Sense KCQ: %02X %02X %02X\n", sense[2] & 0x0f, sense[12], sense[13]);
}
}
/**
* Just send a buffer on an endpoint, no questions asked.
* Handles repeats, and time outs. Also handles reading status reports and sense
* @param handle libusb device *
* @param endpoint_out sends
* @param endpoint_in used to read status reports back in
* @param cbuf what to send
* @param length how much to send
* @return number of bytes actually sent, or -1 for failures.
*/
int send_usb_data_only(libusb_device_handle *handle, unsigned char endpoint_out,
unsigned char endpoint_in, unsigned char *cbuf, unsigned int length) {
int ret;
int real_transferred;
int try = 0;
do {
ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(handle, endpoint_out, cbuf, length,
&real_transferred, SG_TIMEOUT_MSEC);
if (ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) {
libusb_clear_halt(handle, endpoint_out);
}
try++;
} while ((ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) && (try < 3));
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
WLOG("sending failed: %d\n", ret);
return -1;
}
// now, swallow up the status, so that things behave nicely...
uint32_t received_tag;
// -ve is for my errors, 0 is good, +ve is libusb sense status bytes
int status = get_usb_mass_storage_status(handle, endpoint_in, &received_tag);
if (status < 0) {
WLOG("receiving status failed: %d\n", status);
return -1;
}
if (status != 0) {
WLOG("receiving status not passed :(: %02x\n", status);
}
if (status == 1) {
get_sense(handle, endpoint_in, endpoint_out);
return -1;
}
return real_transferred;
}
int stlink_q(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg* sg = sl->backend_data;
//uint8_t cdb_len = 6; // FIXME varies!!!
uint8_t cdb_len = 10; // FIXME varies!!!
uint8_t lun = 0; // always zero...
uint32_t tag = send_usb_mass_storage_command(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req,
sg->cdb_cmd_blk, cdb_len, lun, LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN, sl->q_len);
// now wait for our response...
// length copied from stlink-usb...
int rx_length = sl->q_len;
int try = 0;
int real_transferred;
int ret;
if (rx_length > 0) {
do {
ret = libusb_bulk_transfer(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_rep, sl->q_buf, rx_length,
&real_transferred, SG_TIMEOUT_MSEC);
if (ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) {
libusb_clear_halt(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req);
}
try++;
} while ((ret == LIBUSB_ERROR_PIPE) && (try < 3));
if (ret != LIBUSB_SUCCESS) {
WLOG("Receiving failed: %d\n", ret);
return -1;
}
if (real_transferred != rx_length) {
WLOG("received unexpected amount: %d != %d\n", real_transferred, rx_length);
}
}
uint32_t received_tag;
// -ve is for my errors, 0 is good, +ve is libusb sense status bytes
int status = get_usb_mass_storage_status(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_rep, &received_tag);
if (status < 0) {
WLOG("receiving status failed: %d\n", status);
return -1;
}
if (status != 0) {
WLOG("receiving status not passed :(: %02x\n", status);
}
if (status == 1) {
get_sense(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_rep, sg->ep_req);
return -1;
}
if (received_tag != tag) {
WLOG("received tag %d but expected %d\n", received_tag, tag);
//return -1;
}
if (rx_length > 0 && real_transferred != rx_length) {
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
// TODO thinking, cleanup
void stlink_stat(stlink_t *stl, char *txt) {
if (stl->q_len <= 0)
return;
stlink_print_data(stl);
switch (stl->q_buf[0]) {
case STLINK_OK:
DLOG(" %s: ok\n", txt);
return;
case STLINK_FALSE:
DLOG(" %s: false\n", txt);
return;
default:
DLOG(" %s: unknown\n", txt);
}
}
void _stlink_sg_version(stlink_t *stl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sl = stl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sl);
sl->cdb_cmd_blk[0] = STLINK_GET_VERSION;
stl->q_len = 6;
sl->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(stl);
}
// Get stlink mode:
// STLINK_DEV_DFU_MODE || STLINK_DEV_MASS_MODE || STLINK_DEV_DEBUG_MODE
// usb dfu || usb mass || jtag or swd
int _stlink_sg_current_mode(stlink_t *stl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sl = stl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sl);
sl->cdb_cmd_blk[0] = STLINK_GET_CURRENT_MODE;
stl->q_len = 2;
sl->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(stl);
return stl->q_buf[0];
}
// Exit the mass mode and enter the swd debug mode.
void _stlink_sg_enter_swd_mode(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_ENTER;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = STLINK_DEBUG_ENTER_SWD;
sl->q_len = 0; // >0 -> aboard
stlink_q(sl);
}
// Exit the mass mode and enter the jtag debug mode.
// (jtag is disabled in the discovery's stlink firmware)
void _stlink_sg_enter_jtag_mode(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
DLOG("\n*** stlink_enter_jtag_mode ***\n");
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_ENTER;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = STLINK_DEBUG_ENTER_JTAG;
sl->q_len = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
}
// XXX kernel driver performs reset, the device temporally disappears
// Suspect this is no longer the case when we have ignore on? RECHECK
void _stlink_sg_exit_dfu_mode(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
DLOG("\n*** stlink_exit_dfu_mode ***\n");
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[0] = STLINK_DFU_COMMAND;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DFU_EXIT;
sl->q_len = 0; // ??
stlink_q(sl);
/*
[135121.844564] sd 19:0:0:0: [sdb] Unhandled error code
[135121.844569] sd 19:0:0:0: [sdb] Result: hostbyte=DID_ERROR driverbyte=DRIVER_OK
[135121.844574] sd 19:0:0:0: [sdb] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 10 00 00 00 08 00
[135121.844584] end_request: I/O error, dev sdb, sector 4096
[135121.844590] Buffer I/O error on device sdb, logical block 512
[135130.122567] usb 6-1: reset full speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 7
[135130.274551] usb 6-1: device firmware changed
[135130.274618] usb 6-1: USB disconnect, address 7
[135130.275186] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.275424] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.286758] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.292796] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.301481] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.304316] VFS: busy inodes on changed media or resized disk sdb
[135130.431113] usb 6-1: new full speed USB device using uhci_hcd and address 8
[135130.629444] usb-storage 6-1:1.0: Quirks match for vid 0483 pid 3744: 102a1
[135130.629492] scsi20 : usb-storage 6-1:1.0
[135131.625600] scsi 20:0:0:0: Direct-Access STM32 PQ: 0 ANSI: 0
[135131.627010] sd 20:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg2 type 0
[135131.633603] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] 64000 512-byte logical blocks: (32.7 MB/31.2 MiB)
[135131.633613] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming Write Enabled
[135131.633620] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
[135131.640584] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming Write Enabled
[135131.640592] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
[135131.640609] sdb:
[135131.652634] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming Write Enabled
[135131.652639] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Assuming drive cache: write through
[135131.652645] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Attached SCSI removable disk
[135131.671536] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE
[135131.671548] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Sense Key : Illegal Request [current]
[135131.671553] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Add. Sense: Logical block address out of range
[135131.671560] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 f9 80 00 00 08 00
[135131.671570] end_request: I/O error, dev sdb, sector 63872
[135131.671575] Buffer I/O error on device sdb, logical block 7984
[135131.678527] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Result: hostbyte=DID_OK driverbyte=DRIVER_SENSE
[135131.678532] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Sense Key : Illegal Request [current]
[135131.678537] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] Add. Sense: Logical block address out of range
[135131.678542] sd 20:0:0:0: [sdb] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 f9 80 00 00 08 00
[135131.678551] end_request: I/O error, dev sdb, sector 63872
...
[135131.853565] end_request: I/O error, dev sdb, sector 4096
*/
}
void _stlink_sg_core_id(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_READCOREID;
sl->q_len = 4;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
sl->core_id = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 0);
}
// Arm-core reset -> halted state.
void _stlink_sg_reset(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_RESETSYS;
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "core reset");
}
// Arm-core reset -> halted state.
void _stlink_sg_jtag_reset(stlink_t *sl, int value) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_JTAG_DRIVE_NRST;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = (value)?0:1;
sl->q_len = 3;
sg->q_addr = 2;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "core reset");
}
// Arm-core status: halted or running.
void _stlink_sg_status(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_GETSTATUS;
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
}
// Force the core into the debug mode -> halted state.
void _stlink_sg_force_debug(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_FORCEDEBUG;
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "force debug");
}
// Read all arm-core registers.
void _stlink_sg_read_all_regs(stlink_t *sl, reg *regp) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_READALLREGS;
sl->q_len = 84;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_print_data(sl);
// TODO - most of this should be re-extracted up....
// 0-3 | 4-7 | ... | 60-63 | 64-67 | 68-71 | 72-75 | 76-79 | 80-83
// r0 | r1 | ... | r15 | xpsr | main_sp | process_sp | rw | rw2
for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
regp->r[i] = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 4 * i);
if (sl->verbose > 1)
DLOG("r%2d = 0x%08x\n", i, regp->r[i]);
}
regp->xpsr = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 64);
regp->main_sp = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 68);
regp->process_sp = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 72);
regp->rw = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 76);
regp->rw2 = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 80);
if (sl->verbose < 2)
return;
DLOG("xpsr = 0x%08x\n", regp->xpsr);
DLOG("main_sp = 0x%08x\n", regp->main_sp);
DLOG("process_sp = 0x%08x\n", regp->process_sp);
DLOG("rw = 0x%08x\n", regp->rw);
DLOG("rw2 = 0x%08x\n", regp->rw2);
}
// Read an arm-core register, the index must be in the range 0..20.
// 0 | 1 | ... | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
// r0 | r1 | ... | r15 | xpsr | main_sp | process_sp | rw | rw2
void _stlink_sg_read_reg(stlink_t *sl, int r_idx, reg *regp) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_READREG;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = r_idx;
sl->q_len = 4;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
// 0 | 1 | ... | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
// 0-3 | 4-7 | ... | 60-63 | 64-67 | 68-71 | 72-75 | 76-79 | 80-83
// r0 | r1 | ... | r15 | xpsr | main_sp | process_sp | rw | rw2
stlink_print_data(sl);
uint32_t r = read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 0);
DLOG("r_idx (%2d) = 0x%08x\n", r_idx, r);
switch (r_idx) {
case 16:
regp->xpsr = r;
break;
case 17:
regp->main_sp = r;
break;
case 18:
regp->process_sp = r;
break;
case 19:
regp->rw = r; //XXX ?(primask, basemask etc.)
break;
case 20:
regp->rw2 = r; //XXX ?(primask, basemask etc.)
break;
default:
regp->r[r_idx] = r;
}
}
// Write an arm-core register. Index:
// 0 | 1 | ... | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20
// r0 | r1 | ... | r15 | xpsr | main_sp | process_sp | rw | rw2
void _stlink_sg_write_reg(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t reg, int idx) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_WRITEREG;
// 2: reg index
// 3-6: reg content
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = idx;
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 3, reg);
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "write reg");
}
// Write a register of the debug module of the core.
// XXX ?(atomic writes)
// TODO test
void stlink_write_dreg(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t reg, uint32_t addr) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
DLOG("\n*** stlink_write_dreg ***\n");
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_WRITEDEBUGREG;
// 2-5: address of reg of the debug module
// 6-9: reg content
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 6, reg);
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = addr;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "write debug reg");
}
// Force the core exit the debug mode.
void _stlink_sg_run(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_RUNCORE;
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "run core");
}
// Step the arm-core.
void _stlink_sg_step(stlink_t *sl) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_STEPCORE;
sl->q_len = 2;
sg->q_addr = 0;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "step core");
}
// TODO test
// see Cortex-M3 Technical Reference Manual
// TODO make delegate!
void stlink_set_hw_bp(stlink_t *sl, int fp_nr, uint32_t addr, int fp) {
DLOG("\n*** stlink_set_hw_bp ***\n");
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_SETFP;
// 2:The number of the flash patch used to set the breakpoint
// 3-6: Address of the breakpoint (LSB)
// 7: FP_ALL (0x02) / FP_UPPER (0x01) / FP_LOWER (0x00)
sl->q_buf[2] = fp_nr;
write_uint32(sl->q_buf, addr);
sl->q_buf[7] = fp;
sl->q_len = 2;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "set flash breakpoint");
}
// TODO test
// TODO make delegate!
void stlink_clr_hw_bp(stlink_t *sl, int fp_nr) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
DLOG("\n*** stlink_clr_hw_bp ***\n");
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_CLEARFP;
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[2] = fp_nr;
sl->q_len = 2;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_stat(sl, "clear flash breakpoint");
}
// Read a "len" bytes to the sl->q_buf from the memory, max 6kB (6144 bytes)
void _stlink_sg_read_mem32(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t addr, uint16_t len) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_READMEM_32BIT;
// 2-5: addr
// 6-7: len
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
write_uint16(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 6, len);
// data_in 0-0x40-len
// !!! len _and_ q_len must be max 6k,
// i.e. >1024 * 6 = 6144 -> aboard)
// !!! if len < q_len: 64*k, 1024*n, n=1..5 -> aboard
// (broken residue issue)
sl->q_len = len;
sg->q_addr = addr;
stlink_q(sl);
stlink_print_data(sl);
}
// Write a "len" bytes from the sl->q_buf to the memory, max 64 Bytes.
void _stlink_sg_write_mem8(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t addr, uint16_t len) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_WRITEMEM_8BIT;
// 2-5: addr
// 6-7: len (>0x40 (64) -> aboard)
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
write_uint16(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 6, len);
// this sends the command...
send_usb_mass_storage_command(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req, sg->cdb_cmd_blk, CDB_SL, 0, 0, 0);
// This sends the data...
send_usb_data_only(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req, sg->ep_rep, sl->q_buf, len);
stlink_print_data(sl);
}
// Write a "len" bytes from the sl->q_buf to the memory, max Q_BUF_LEN bytes.
void _stlink_sg_write_mem32(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t addr, uint16_t len) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_WRITEMEM_32BIT;
// 2-5: addr
// 6-7: len "unlimited"
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
write_uint16(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 6, len);
// this sends the command...
send_usb_mass_storage_command(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req, sg->cdb_cmd_blk, CDB_SL, 0, 0, 0);
// This sends the data...
send_usb_data_only(sg->usb_handle, sg->ep_req, sg->ep_rep, sl->q_buf, len);
stlink_print_data(sl);
}
// Write one DWORD data to memory
void _stlink_sg_write_debug32(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t addr, uint32_t data) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_JTAG_WRITEDEBUG_32BIT;
// 2-5: addr
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 6, data);
sl->q_len = 2;
stlink_q(sl);
}
// Read one DWORD data from memory
uint32_t _stlink_sg_read_debug32(stlink_t *sl, uint32_t addr) {
struct stlink_libsg *sg = sl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sg);
sg->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_JTAG_READDEBUG_32BIT;
// 2-5: addr
write_uint32(sg->cdb_cmd_blk + 2, addr);
sl->q_len = 8;
stlink_q(sl);
return read_uint32(sl->q_buf, 4);
}
// Exit the jtag or swd mode and enter the mass mode.
void _stlink_sg_exit_debug_mode(stlink_t *stl) {
if (stl) {
struct stlink_libsg* sl = stl->backend_data;
clear_cdb(sl);
sl->cdb_cmd_blk[1] = STLINK_DEBUG_EXIT;
stl->q_len = 0; // >0 -> aboard
stlink_q(stl);
}
}
// 1) open a sg device, switch the stlink from dfu to mass mode
// 2) wait 5s until the kernel driver stops reseting the broken device
// 3) reopen the device
// 4) the device driver is now ready for a switch to jtag/swd mode
// TODO thinking, better error handling, wait until the kernel driver stops reseting the plugged-in device
stlink_backend_t _stlink_sg_backend = {
_stlink_sg_close,
_stlink_sg_exit_debug_mode,
_stlink_sg_enter_swd_mode,
_stlink_sg_enter_jtag_mode,
_stlink_sg_exit_dfu_mode,
_stlink_sg_core_id,
_stlink_sg_reset,
_stlink_sg_jtag_reset,
_stlink_sg_run,
_stlink_sg_status,
_stlink_sg_version,
_stlink_sg_read_debug32,
_stlink_sg_read_mem32,
_stlink_sg_write_debug32,
_stlink_sg_write_mem32,
_stlink_sg_write_mem8,
_stlink_sg_read_all_regs,
_stlink_sg_read_reg,
NULL, /* read_all_unsupported_regs */
NULL, /* read_unsupported_regs */
NULL, /* write_unsupported_regs */
_stlink_sg_write_reg,
_stlink_sg_step,
_stlink_sg_current_mode,
_stlink_sg_force_debug
};
static stlink_t* stlink_open(const int verbose) {
stlink_t *sl = malloc(sizeof (stlink_t));
memset(sl, 0, sizeof(stlink_t));
struct stlink_libsg *slsg = malloc(sizeof (struct stlink_libsg));
if (sl == NULL || slsg == NULL) {
WLOG("Couldn't malloc stlink and stlink_sg structures out of memory!\n");
return NULL;
}
if (libusb_init(&(slsg->libusb_ctx))) {
WLOG("failed to init libusb context, wrong version of libraries?\n");
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
libusb_set_debug(slsg->libusb_ctx, 3);
slsg->usb_handle = libusb_open_device_with_vid_pid(slsg->libusb_ctx, USB_ST_VID, USB_STLINK_PID);
if (slsg->usb_handle == NULL) {
WLOG("Failed to find an stlink v1 by VID:PID\n");
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
// TODO
// Could read the interface config descriptor, and assert lots of the assumptions
// assumption: numInterfaces is always 1...
if (libusb_kernel_driver_active(slsg->usb_handle, 0) == 1) {
int r = libusb_detach_kernel_driver(slsg->usb_handle, 0);
if (r < 0) {
WLOG("libusb_detach_kernel_driver(() error %s\n", strerror(-r));
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
DLOG("Kernel driver was successfully detached\n");
}
int config;
if (libusb_get_configuration(slsg->usb_handle, &config)) {
/* this may fail for a previous configured device */
WLOG("libusb_get_configuration()\n");
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
// assumption: bConfigurationValue is always 1
if (config != 1) {
WLOG("Your stlink got into a real weird configuration, trying to fix it!\n");
DLOG("setting new configuration (%d -> 1)\n", config);
if (libusb_set_configuration(slsg->usb_handle, 1)) {
/* this may fail for a previous configured device */
WLOG("libusb_set_configuration() failed\n");
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
}
if (libusb_claim_interface(slsg->usb_handle, 0)) {
WLOG("libusb_claim_interface() failed\n");
libusb_close(slsg->usb_handle);
libusb_exit(slsg->libusb_ctx);
free(sl);
free(slsg);
return NULL;
}
// assumption: endpoint config is fixed mang. really.
slsg->ep_rep = 1 /* ep rep */ | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_IN;
slsg->ep_req = 2 /* ep req */ | LIBUSB_ENDPOINT_OUT;
DLOG("Successfully opened stlinkv1 by libusb :)\n");
sl->verbose = verbose;
sl->backend_data = slsg;
sl->backend = &_stlink_sg_backend;
sl->core_stat = STLINK_CORE_STAT_UNKNOWN;
slsg->q_addr = 0;
return sl;
}
stlink_t* stlink_v1_open_inner(const int verbose) {
ugly_init(verbose);
stlink_t *sl = stlink_open(verbose);
if (sl == NULL) {
fputs("Error: could not open stlink device\n", stderr);
return NULL;
}
stlink_version(sl);
if ((sl->version.st_vid != USB_ST_VID) || (sl->version.stlink_pid != USB_STLINK_PID)) {
ugly_log(UERROR, LOG_TAG,
"WTF? successfully opened, but unable to read version details. BROKEN!\n");
return NULL;
}
DLOG("Reading current mode...\n");
switch (stlink_current_mode(sl)) {
case STLINK_DEV_MASS_MODE:
return sl;
case STLINK_DEV_DEBUG_MODE:
// TODO go to mass?
return sl;
default:
ILOG("Current mode unusable, trying to get back to a useful state...\n");
break;
}
DLOG("Attempting to exit DFU mode\n");
_stlink_sg_exit_dfu_mode(sl);
// re-query device info (and retest)
stlink_version(sl);
if ((sl->version.st_vid != USB_ST_VID) || (sl->version.stlink_pid != USB_STLINK_PID)) {
ugly_log(UERROR, LOG_TAG,
"WTF? successfully opened, but unable to read version details. BROKEN!\n");
return NULL;
}
return sl;
}
stlink_t* stlink_v1_open(const int verbose) {
stlink_t *sl = stlink_v1_open_inner(verbose);
if (sl == NULL) {
fputs("Error: could not open stlink device\n", stderr);
return NULL;
}
// by now, it _must_ be fully open and in a useful mode....
stlink_enter_swd_mode(sl);
/* Now we are ready to read the parameters */
stlink_reset(sl);
stlink_load_device_params(sl);
ILOG("Successfully opened a stlink v1 debugger\n");
return sl;
}
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