afew is an initial tagging script for notmuch mail:
Its basic task is to provide automatic tagging each time new mail is registered with notmuch. In a classic setup, you might call it after 'notmuch new' in an offlineimap post sync hook.
In addition to more elementary features such as adding tags based on email headers or maildir folders, handling killed threads and spam, it can do some heavy magic in order to /learn/ how to initially tag your mails based on their content.
In move mode, afew will move mails between maildir folders according to configurable rules that can contain arbitrary notmuch queries to match against any searchable attributes.
fyi: afew plays nicely with alot, a GUI for notmuch mail ;)
afew is quite young, so expect a few user visible API or configuration format changes, though I'll try to minimize such disruptive events.
Please keep an eye on NEWS.md for important news.
- text classification, magic tags aka the mailing list without server
- spam handling (flush all tags, add spam)
- killed thread handling
- tags posts to lists with
- autoarchives mails sent from you
- catchall -> remove
- can operate on new messages [default],
--allmessages or on custom query results
- can move mails based on arbitrary notmuch queries, so your sorting may show on your traditional mail client (well, almost ;))
- has a
--dry-runmode for safe testing
- works with python 2.7, 3.1 and 3.2
You'll need dbacl for the text classification:
# aptitude install dbacl
And I'd like to suggest to install afew as your unprivileged user.
If you do, make sure
~/.local/bin is in your path.
$ python setup.py install --prefix=~/.local $ mkdir -p ~/.config/afew ~/.local/share/afew/categories
Make sure that
Put a list of filters into
# This is the default filter chain [SpamFilter] [ClassifyingFilter] [KillThreadsFilter] [ListMailsFilter] [ArchiveSentMailsFilter] [InboxFilter]
And configure rules to sort mails on your disk, if you want:
[MailMover] folders = INBOX Junk max_age = 15 # rules INBOX = 'tag:spam':Junk 'NOT tag:inbox':Archive Junk = 'NOT tag:spam AND tag:inbox':INBOX 'NOT tag:spam':Archive
$ afew --help Usage: afew [options] [--] [query] Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit Actions: Please specify exactly one action (both update actions can be specified simultaniously). -t, --tag run the tag filters -l LEARN, --learn=LEARN train the category with the messages matching the given query -u, --update update the categories [requires no query] -U, --update-reference update the reference category (takes quite some time) [requires no query] -c, --classify classify each message matching the given query (to test the trained categories) -m, --move-mails move mail files between maildir folders Query modifiers: Please specify either --all or --new or a query string. The default query for the update actions is a random selection of REFERENCE_SET_SIZE mails from the last REFERENCE_SET_TIMEFRAME days. -a, --all operate on all messages -n, --new operate on all new messages General options: -C NOTMUCH_CONFIG, --notmuch-config=NOTMUCH_CONFIG path to the notmuch configuration file [default: $NOTMUCH_CONFIG or ~/.notmuch-config] -e ENABLE_FILTERS, --enable-filters=ENABLE_FILTERS filter classes to use, separated by ',' [default: filters specified in afew's config] -d, --dry-run don't change the db [default: False] -R REFERENCE_SET_SIZE, --reference-set-size=REFERENCE_SET_SIZE size of the reference set [default: 1000] -T DAYS, --reference-set-timeframe=DAYS do not use mails older than DAYS days [default: 30] -v, --verbose be more verbose, can be given multiple times
--dry-run to any
--sync-tags action prevents
modification of the notmuch db. Add some
-vv goodness to see some
Basic tagging stuff requires no configuration, just run
$ afew --tag --new
To do this automatically you can add the following hook into your ~/.offlineimaprc:
postsynchook = ionice -c 3 chrt --idle 0 /bin/sh -c "notmuch new && afew --tag --new"
Tag filters are plugin-like modules that encapsulate tagging functionality. There is a filter that handles the archiving of mails you sent, one that handles spam, one for killed threads, one for mailing list magic...
The tag filter concept allows you to easily extend afew's tagging
abilities by writing your own filters. Take a look at the default
configuration file (
afew/defaults/afew.config) for a list of
available filters and how to enable filters and create customized
To invoke afew in move mode, provide the
--move-mails option on the
command line. Move mode will respect
--dry-run, so throw in
--verbose and watch what effects a real run would have.
In move mode, afew will check all mails (or only recent ones) in the configured maildir folders, deciding whether they should be moved to another folder.
The decision is based on rules defined in your config file. A rule is bound to a source folder and specifies a target folder into which a mail will be moved that is matched by an associated query.
This way you will be able to transfer your sorting principles roughly
to the classic folder based maildir structure understood by your
traditional mail server. Tag your mails with notmuch, call afew
--move-mails in an offlineimap presynchook and enjoy a clean inbox
in your webinterface/GUI-client at work.
For information on how to configure rules for move mode, what you can
do with it and what you can't, please refer to
The real deal
Let's train on an existing tag
$ afew --learn spam -- tag:spam
Let's build the reference category. This is important to reduce the false positive rate. This may take a while...
$ afew --update-reference
And now let's create a new tag from an arbitrary query result:
$ afew -vv --learn sourceforge -- sourceforge
Let's see how good the classification is:
$ afew --classify -- tag:inbox and not tag:killed Sergio López <email@example.com> (2011-10-08) (bug-hurd inbox lists unread) --> no match Patrick Totzke <firstname.lastname@example.org> (2011-10-08) (alot inbox lists) --> alot [...]
As soon as you trained some categories, afew will automatically
tag your new mails using the classifier. If you want to disable this
feature, either use the
--enable-filters option to override the default
set of filters or remove the files in your afew state dir:
$ ls ~/.local/share/afew/categories alot juggling reference_category sourceforge spam
You need to update the category files periodically. I'd suggest to run
$ afew --update
on a weekly and
$ afew --update-reference
on a monthly basis.
Have fun :)