It helps to build a bridge from ruby gems' assets to Webpack
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README.md

GemsAssetsWebpackBridge

This Rails gem helps to build a bridge from assets in your ruby gems to Webpack.

pexels-photo-208684

The Problem

  1. I had a classic monolith Rails application with Sprockets.
  2. I've split my Rails app into a few Rails gems and moved my assets into gems.
  3. I started migration from Sprockets to Webpack.
  4. Webpack didn't know how to find my assets in Rails gems.

The Solution

This gem helps to collect paths to assets' folders in gems and adds some aliases for Webpack to help it to find assets in classic Rails gems.

Installation

Gemfile

gem 'gems_assets_webpack_bridge'
$ bundle

Usage

Build a bridge between Rails gems and Webpack:

rake gems_asstes_webpack_bridge:build

What is The Bridge?

  • The Bridge is a JSON file with paths to assets in your gems.
  • The Bridge provides additional aliases for Webpack to help it to find assets' folders in ruby gems.
  • Every alias has the following naming: @[UNDERSCORED_GEM_NAME]-[ASSET_TYPE].
  • Default asset types are: images, scripts, styles.
  • By default the file has name gems-assets-webpack-bridge.json and looks like that:
{
  "@crop_tool-scripts": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.2/gems/crop_tool/app/assets/javascripts",
  "@crop_tool-styles": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.2/gems/crop_tool/app/assets/stylesheets",
  "@jquery_ui_rails-images": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3@open-cook.ru/gems/jquery-ui-rails-5.0.0/app/assets/images",
  "@jquery_ui_rails-scripts": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3@open-cook.ru/gems/jquery-ui-rails-5.0.0/app/assets/javascripts",
  "@jquery_ui_rails-styles": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.3.3@open-cook.ru/gems/jquery-ui-rails-5.0.0/app/assets/stylesheets",
  "@log_js-scripts": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.2/gems/log_js/app/assets/javascripts",
  "@notifications-scripts": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.2/gems/notifications/app/assets/javascripts",
  "@notifications-styles": "/Users/@username/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.4.2/gems/notifications/app/assets/stylesheets",
}

How to use The Bridge?

Now, when you have the bridge file, you can use it in Webpack like this:

webpack.config.js

// This helper-function reads the bridge file and
// adds some additional aliases in `WebPackConfig.resolve.alias`
function addGemsAssetsWebpackBridge (WebPackConfig) {
  const alias = WebPackConfig.resolve.alias
  const bridgeFile = `${rootPath}/gems-assets-webpack-bridge.json`

  var bridgeAlias = JSON.parse(fs.readFileSync(bridgeFile, 'utf8'))
  return Object.assign(alias, bridgeAlias)
}

let WebpackConfig = {
  entry: {
    ...
  },

  output: {
    ...
  },

  resolve : {
    alias: {
      '@vendors': `${rootPath}/assets/vendors`
    }
  }
}

WebPackConfig.resolve.alias = addGemsAssetsWebpackBridge(WebPackConfig)
module.exports = WebPackConfig

After you added the aliases you can use them in your Webpack entries like this:

require('@log_js-scripts/log_js')
require('@notifications-scripts/notifications')
require('@the_comments-scripts/the_comments')

require('@notifications-styles/notifications')
require('@the_comments-styles/the_comments')

How can I configure this gem?

You can create a new initializer in your Rails app change options:

config/initializers/gems_assets_webpack_bridge.rb

GemsAssetsWebpackBridge.configure do |config|
  # From a root of your Rails app
  config.bridge_path = '/configs/gems-webpack-bridge.json'

  #  From a root of every Rails gem
  config.assets_types = {
    # Default values
    images: 'app/assets/images',
    scripts: 'app/assets/javascripts',
    styles: 'app/assets/stylesheets',

    # Your custom values
    vendor_select2_images: 'vendors/select2/images',
  }
end

Should I add the bridge file in my VCS?

No. Paths will be different for different users. Just add gems-assets-webpack-bridge.json in your .gitignore and run rake gems_asstes_webpack_bridge:build when you need it.

Should I change my deployment process?

You have to run rake gems_asstes_webpack_bridge:build before every Webpack compilation during deployment. Otherwise Webpack will know nothing about aliases and a compilation won't work.

License

The gem is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.

Bridge image @ pexels.com