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Python Module Dependency graphs
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Python module dependency visualization. This package installs the pydeps command, and normal usage will be to use it from the command line.

Version 1.7.2 includes a new flag, --no-output, which prevents creation of the .svg/.png file.

Version 1.7.1 fixes excludes in .pydeps files (thanks to @eqvis for the bugreport).

New in version 1.7.0: The new --reverse flag reverses the direction of the arrows in the dependency graph, so they point _to_ the imported module instead of _from_ the imported module (thanks to @goetzk for the bugreport and @tobiasmaier for the PR!).

New in version 1.5.0: Python 3 support (thanks to @eight04 for the PR)

New in version 1.3.4: --externals will now include modules that haven't been installed (what modulefinder calls badmodules).

New in version 1.2.8: A shortcut for finding the direct external dependencies of a package was added:

pydeps --externals mypackage

which will print a json formatted list of module names to the screen, e.g.:

(dev) go|c:\srv\lib\dk-tasklib> pydeps --externals dktasklib

which meaans that the dktasklib package only depends on the dkfileutils package.

This functionality is also available programatically:

import os
from pydeps.pydeps import externals
# the directory that contains (one level up from actual package):
print externals('mypackage')

New in version 1.2.5: The defaults are now sensible, such that:

pydeps mypackage

will likely do what you want. It is the same as pydeps --show --max-bacon=2 mypackage which means display the dependency graph in your browser, but limit it to two hops (which includes only the modules that your module imports -- not continuing down the import chain). The old default behavior is available with pydeps --noshow --max-bacon=0 mypackage.

To install:

pip install pydeps

To create graphs you need to install Graphviz (make sure the dot command is on your path).


to display the resulting .svg files, pydeps by default calls firefox foo.svg. This is can be overridden with the --display PROGRAM option, where PROGRAM is an executable that can display the image file of the graph.


Please report bugs and feature requests on GitHub at

This is the result of running pydeps on itself (pydeps pydeps):

pydeps also contains an Erdős-like scoring function (a.k.a. Bacon number, from Six degrees of Kevin Bacon ( that lets you filter out modules that are more than a given number of 'hops' away from the module you're interested in. This is useful for finding the interface a module has to the rest of the world.

To find pydeps' interface to the Python stdlib (less some very common modules).

pydeps pydeps --show --max-bacon 2 --pylib -x os re types _* enum

--max-bacon 2 (the default) gives the modules that are at most 2 hops away, and modules that belong together have similar colors. Compare that to the output with the --max-bacon=0 (infinite) filter:

All options can also be set in a .pydeps file using .ini file syntax (parsable by ConfigParser). Command line options override options in the .pydeps file in the current directory, which again overrides options in the user's home directory (%USERPROFILE%\.pydeps on Windows and ${HOME}/.pydeps otherwise).

pydeps can detect and display cycles with the --show-cycles parameter. This will _only_ display the cycles, and for big libraries it is not a particularly fast operation. Given a folder with the following contents (this uses yaml to define a directory structure, like in the tests):

    - |
        from . import b
    - |
        from . import a

pydeps relimp --show-cycles displays:

An attempt has been made to keep the intermediate formats readable, eg. the output from pydeps --show-deps .. looks like this:

"pydeps.mf27": {
    "imported_by": [
    "kind": "imp.PY_SOURCE",
    "name": "pydeps.mf27",
    "path": "pydeps\\"
"pydeps.py2depgraph": {
    "imported_by": [
    "imports": [
    "kind": "imp.PY_SOURCE",
    "name": "pydeps.py2depgraph",
    "path": "pydeps\\"
}, ...


usage: pydeps [-h] [--config FILE] [--no-config] [--version] [-L LOG] [-v]
              [-o file] [-T FORMAT] [--display PROGRAM] [--noshow]
              [--show-deps] [--show-raw-deps] [--show-dot] [--nodot]
              [--show-cycles] [--debug] [--noise-level INT] [--max-bacon INT]
              [--pylib] [--pylib-all] [--include-missing]
              [-x FNAME [FNAME ...]] [--externals] [--reverse]
positional arguments:
fname filename
optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
--config FILE specify config file
--no-config disable processing of config files
--version print pydeps version
-L LOG, --log LOG
 set log-level to one of CRITICAL, ERROR, WARNING, INFO, DEBUG, NOTSET.
-v, --verbose be more verbose (-vv, -vvv for more verbosity)
-o file write output to 'file'
-T FORMAT output format (svg|png)
--display PROGRAM
 program to use to display the graph (png or svg file depending on the T parameter)
--noshow don't call external program to display graph
--show-deps show output of dependency analysis
 show output of dependency analysis before removing skips
--show-dot show output of dot conversion
--nodot skip dot conversion
--no-output don't create .svg/.png file, implies --no-show (-t/-o will be ignored)
--show-cycles show only import cycles
--debug turn on all the show and verbose options
--noise-level INT
 exclude sources or sinks with degree greater than noise-level
--max-bacon INT
 exclude nodes that are more than n hops away (default=2, 0 -> infinite)
--pylib include python std lib modules
--pylib-all include python all std lib modules (incl. C modules)
--x FNAME, --exclude FNAME
 input files to skip (multiple file names can be provided)
--externals create list of direct external dependencies
--reverse draw arrows to (instead of from) imported modules

You can of course import pydeps from Python (look in the tests/ file for examples.


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