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Enhanced Java Integration for Phil Harvey's ExifTool.
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ExifTool - Enhanced Java Integration for Phil Harvey's ExifTool. http://www.thebuzzmedia.com/software/exiftool-enhanced-java-integration-for-exiftool/ ================================================= See ExifTool in action at http://imgscalr.com ================================================= Changelog --------- 1.2 (In progress...) * Added support for the "CreationDate" QuickTime tag to the Tag enum. * Merged support for WRITING meta tags from Fabien Vauchelles 1.1 * Initial public release. License ------- This library is released under the Apache 2 License. See LICENSE. Description ----------- This project represents the most robust Java integrations with Phil Harvey's excellent ExifTool available. The goal of this project was to provide such a tight, well designed and performant integration with ExifTool that any Java developer using the class would have no idea that they weren't simply calling into a standard Java library while still being able to leverage the unmatched robustness of ExifTool. All concepts of external process launching, management, communication, tag extraction, value conversion and resource cleanup are abstracted out by this project and all handled automatically for the caller. Even when using ExifTool in "daemon mode" via the -stay_open True command line argument, this project hides all the details required to make that work, automatically re-using the daemon process as well as eventually cleaning it up automatically along with supporting resources after a defined interval of inactivity so as to avoid resource leaks. The set of EXIF tags supported out of the box is based on the EXIF tags supported by the most popular mobile devices (iPhone, Android, BlackBerry, etc.) as well as some of the most popular cameras on the market (Canon point and shoot as well as DSLR). And lastly, to ensure that integration with the external ExifTool project is as robust and seamless as possible, this class also offers extensive pre-condition checking and error reporting during instantiation and use. For example, if you specify that you want to use Feature.STAY_OPEN support, the ExifTool class will actually check the native ExifTool executable for support for that feature before allowing the feature to be turned on and report the problem to the caller along with potential work-arounds if necessary. Additionally, all external calls to the process are safely wrapped and reported with detailed exceptions if problems arise instead of just letting unknown exceptions bubble up from the unknown system depths to the caller. All the exceptions and exceptional scenarios are well-documented in the Javadoc along with extensive implementation details for anyone wanting to know more about the project. Example ------- Usage is straight forward, let's say we wanted to get the GPS coordinates out of an image: File image = // path to some image ExifTool tool = new ExifTool(); Map<Tag, String> valueMap = tool.getImageMeta(image, Tag.GPS_LATITUDE, Tag.GPS_LONGITUDE); System.out.println("Lat: " + valueMap.get(Tag.GPS_LATITUDE) + ", Long: " + valueMap.get(Tag.GPS_LONGITUDE)); The fundamentals of use is that you give ExifTool a File handle to the image you want to query as well as a list of Tags you want to pull values from it for and it will give you back the results in a Map. If you want to use ExifTool in daemon mode, you only change one line: ExifTool tool = new ExifTool(Feature.STAY_OPEN); and then keep that "tool" reference around and re-use it as necessary. Under the covers the ExifTool class will re-use the same ExifTool process for all the queries, usually taking 1/20th or 1/30th the time to complete. Performance ----------- You can benchmark the performance of this ExifTool library on your machine by running the Benchmark class under the /test/java repository. Here is an example output on my Core2 Duo 3.0Ghz E6850 w/ 12GB of Ram: Benchmark [tags=49, images=10, iterations=25] 250 ExifTool process calls, 12250 total operations. [-stay_open False] Elapsed Time: 97823 ms (97.823 secs) [-stay_open True] Elapsed Time: 4049 ms (4.049 secs - 24.159792x faster) You can see that utilizing the -stay_open functionality provided in ExifTool you can realize magnitudes times more performance. Also the bigger of a test you run (more iterations) the bigger the performance margin increases. History ------- This ExifTool library was incubated within imgscalr as an extension library that I originally intended to be a simple way to pull the 'Orientation' EXIF flag out of images in order to service automatic orientation support in imgscalr. After working on the integration layer for a few days I realized the potential for the class and the opportunity to provide the best Java integration with ExifTool available today. From there I branched the code into its own project (the one you are looking at) and continued to work on making the implementation as robust as possible. Once the project had been branched, many of the more advanced features like daemon mode support, automatic resource cleanup thread, most-popular-tags support, tag value parsing, etc. all became self evident additions to the class to make usage as easy and seamless as possible for Java developers. My goal was ALWAYS to provide a class so well designed and performant that any Java developer using it, wouldn't even realize they weren't using a Java library. Troubleshooting --------------- Below are a few common scenarios you might run into and proposed workarounds for them. * I keep getting UnsupportedFeatureException exceptions when running ExifTool with Feature.STAY_OPEN support. This exception will only be raised when you attempt to use a Feature that the underlying ExifTool doesn't support. This means you either need to upgrade your install of ExifTool or skip using the feature. * I downloaded the newest version of ExifTool, but I keep getting UnsupportedFeatureExceptions. What is probably happening is that your host system already had ExifTool installed and the default EXIF_TOOL_PATH is simply running the command "exiftool" which executes the one in the system path, not the newest version you may have just downloaded. You can confirm this by typing 'which exiftool' to see which one is getting launched. You can also point the ExifTool class at the correct version by setting the "exiftool.path" system property to point at it, e.g.: java -Dexiftool.path=/path/to/exiftool com.myco.MyApp * Can the ExifTool class support parsing InputStreams instead of File representations of images? No. Phil has mentioned that enabling daemon mode disables the ability to stream bytes to ExifTool to process for EXIF data (because ExifTool listens on the same input stream for processing commands and a terminating -execute sequence, it can't also listen for image byte data). Because of this and because of the expectation that ExifTool in daemon mode will be the primary use-case for this class, limited support for InputStream parsing was designed out of this class. * Do I need to manually call close() to cleanup a daemon ExifTool? This is done automatically for you via the cleanup thread the class employs when a daemon instance of ExifTool is created. Unless you modified the "exiftool.processCleanupDelay" system property and set it to 0 or less, the automatic cleanup thread is enabled and will clean up those resources for you after the specified amount of inactivity. If you DID disable the cleanup thread by setting "exiftool.processCleanupDelay" to 0, then yes, you need to call close() manually when done to cleanup those resources. * Is it better to manage cleanup myself or let the cleanup thread do it? It is better (and more consistent) to let the cleanup thread handle cleanup for you. You can always adjust the inactivity interval it uses by adjusting the value for the "exiftool.processCleanupDelay" system property, but by default the cleanup thread waits for 10 minutes of total inactivity before cleaning up the resources. That should be good in most cases, but you could always set that higher to something like an hour or more if you wish. If you really want to disable it and manage everything yourself, that is fine. Just remember to be consistent. Reference --------- ExifTool by Phil Harvey - http://www.sno.phy.queensu.ca/~phil/exiftool/ imgscalr - http://www.thebuzzmedia.com/software/imgscalr-java-image-scaling-library/ Contact ------- If you have questions, comments or bug reports for this software please contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org