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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
This module offers timezone implementations subclassing the abstract
:py:`datetime.tzinfo` type. There are classes to handle tzfile format files
(usually are in :file:`/etc/localtime`, :file:`/usr/share/zoneinfo`, etc), TZ
environment string (in all known formats), given ranges (with help from
relative deltas), local machine timezone, fixed offset timezone, and UTC
timezone.
"""
import datetime
import struct
import time
import sys
import os
import bisect
from six import string_types
from ._common import tzname_in_python2, _tzinfo, _total_seconds
from ._common import tzrangebase, enfold
from ._common import _validate_fromutc_inputs
try:
from .win import tzwin, tzwinlocal
except ImportError:
tzwin = tzwinlocal = None
ZERO = datetime.timedelta(0)
EPOCH = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(0)
EPOCHORDINAL = EPOCH.toordinal()
class tzutc(datetime.tzinfo):
"""
This is a tzinfo object that represents the UTC time zone.
"""
def utcoffset(self, dt):
return ZERO
def dst(self, dt):
return ZERO
@tzname_in_python2
def tzname(self, dt):
return "UTC"
def is_ambiguous(self, dt):
"""
Whether or not the "wall time" of a given datetime is ambiguous in this
zone.
:param dt:
A :py:class:`datetime.datetime`, naive or time zone aware.
:return:
Returns ``True`` if ambiguous, ``False`` otherwise.
.. versionadded:: 2.6.0
"""
return False
@_validate_fromutc_inputs
def fromutc(self, dt):
"""
Fast track version of fromutc() returns the original ``dt`` object for
any valid :py:class:`datetime.datetime` object.
"""
return dt
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, (tzutc, tzoffset)):
return NotImplemented
return (isinstance(other, tzutc) or
(isinstance(other, tzoffset) and other._offset == ZERO))
__hash__ = None
def __ne__(self, other):
return not (self == other)
def __repr__(self):
return "%s()" % self.__class__.__name__
__reduce__ = object.__reduce__
class tzoffset(datetime.tzinfo):
"""
A simple class for representing a fixed offset from UTC.
:param name:
The timezone name, to be returned when ``tzname()`` is called.
:param offset:
The time zone offset in seconds, or (since version 2.6.0, represented
as a :py:class:`datetime.timedelta` object.
"""
def __init__(self, name, offset):
self._name = name
try:
# Allow a timedelta
offset = _total_seconds(offset)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
pass
self._offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=offset)
def utcoffset(self, dt):
return self._offset
def dst(self, dt):
return ZERO
@tzname_in_python2
def tzname(self, dt):
return self._name
@_validate_fromutc_inputs
def fromutc(self, dt):
return dt + self._offset
def is_ambiguous(self, dt):
"""
Whether or not the "wall time" of a given datetime is ambiguous in this
zone.
:param dt:
A :py:class:`datetime.datetime`, naive or time zone aware.
:return:
Returns ``True`` if ambiguous, ``False`` otherwise.
.. versionadded:: 2.6.0
"""
return False
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, tzoffset):
return NotImplemented
return self._offset == other._offset
__hash__ = None
def __ne__(self, other):
return not (self == other)
def __repr__(self):
return "%s(%s, %s)" % (self.__class__.__name__,
repr(self._name),
int(_total_seconds(self._offset)))
__reduce__ = object.__reduce__
class tzlocal(_tzinfo):
"""
A :class:`tzinfo` subclass built around the ``time`` timezone functions.
"""
def __init__(self):
super(tzlocal, self).__init__()
self._std_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=-time.timezone)
if time.daylight:
self._dst_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=-time.altzone)
else:
self._dst_offset = self._std_offset
self._dst_saved = self._dst_offset - self._std_offset
self._hasdst = bool(self._dst_saved)
def utcoffset(self, dt):
if dt is None and self._hasdst:
return None
if self._isdst(dt):
return self._dst_offset
else:
return self._std_offset
def dst(self, dt):
if dt is None and self._hasdst:
return None
if self._isdst(dt):
return self._dst_offset - self._std_offset
else:
return ZERO
@tzname_in_python2
def tzname(self, dt):
return time.tzname[self._isdst(dt)]
def is_ambiguous(self, dt):
"""
Whether or not the "wall time" of a given datetime is ambiguous in this
zone.
:param dt:
A :py:class:`datetime.datetime`, naive or time zone aware.
:return:
Returns ``True`` if ambiguous, ``False`` otherwise.
.. versionadded:: 2.6.0
"""
naive_dst = self._naive_is_dst(dt)
return (not naive_dst and
(naive_dst != self._naive_is_dst(dt - self._dst_saved)))
def _naive_is_dst(self, dt):
timestamp = _datetime_to_timestamp(dt)
return time.localtime(timestamp + time.timezone).tm_isdst
def _isdst(self, dt, fold_naive=True):
# We can't use mktime here. It is unstable when deciding if
# the hour near to a change is DST or not.
#
# timestamp = time.mktime((dt.year, dt.month, dt.day, dt.hour,
# dt.minute, dt.second, dt.weekday(), 0, -1))
# return time.localtime(timestamp).tm_isdst
#
# The code above yields the following result:
#
# >>> import tz, datetime
# >>> t = tz.tzlocal()
# >>> datetime.datetime(2003,2,15,23,tzinfo=t).tzname()
# 'BRDT'
# >>> datetime.datetime(2003,2,16,0,tzinfo=t).tzname()
# 'BRST'
# >>> datetime.datetime(2003,2,15,23,tzinfo=t).tzname()
# 'BRST'
# >>> datetime.datetime(2003,2,15,22,tzinfo=t).tzname()
# 'BRDT'
# >>> datetime.datetime(2003,2,15,23,tzinfo=t).tzname()
# 'BRDT'
#
# Here is a more stable implementation:
#
if not self._hasdst:
return False
# Check for ambiguous times:
dstval = self._naive_is_dst(dt)
fold = getattr(dt, 'fold', None)
if self.is_ambiguous(dt):
if fold is not None:
return not self._fold(dt)
else:
return True
return dstval
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, tzlocal):
return NotImplemented
return (self._std_offset == other._std_offset and
self._dst_offset == other._dst_offset)
__hash__ = None
def __ne__(self, other):
return not (self == other)
def __repr__(self):
return "%s()" % self.__class__.__name__
__reduce__ = object.__reduce__
class _ttinfo(object):
__slots__ = ["offset", "delta", "isdst", "abbr",
"isstd", "isgmt", "dstoffset"]
def __init__(self):
for attr in self.__slots__:
setattr(self, attr, None)
def __repr__(self):
l = []
for attr in self.__slots__:
value = getattr(self, attr)
if value is not None:
l.append("%s=%s" % (attr, repr(value)))
return "%s(%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__, ", ".join(l))
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, _ttinfo):
return NotImplemented
return (self.offset == other.offset and
self.delta == other.delta and
self.isdst == other.isdst and
self.abbr == other.abbr and
self.isstd == other.isstd and
self.isgmt == other.isgmt and
self.dstoffset == other.dstoffset)
__hash__ = None
def __ne__(self, other):
return not (self == other)
def __getstate__(self):
state = {}
for name in self.__slots__:
state[name] = getattr(self, name, None)
return state
def __setstate__(self, state):
for name in self.__slots__:
if name in state:
setattr(self, name, state[name])
class _tzfile(object):
"""
Lightweight class for holding the relevant transition and time zone
information read from binary tzfiles.
"""
attrs = ['trans_list', 'trans_list_utc', 'trans_idx', 'ttinfo_list',
'ttinfo_std', 'ttinfo_dst', 'ttinfo_before', 'ttinfo_first']
def __init__(self, **kwargs):
for attr in self.attrs:
setattr(self, attr, kwargs.get(attr, None))
class tzfile(_tzinfo):
"""
This is a ``tzinfo`` subclass thant allows one to use the ``tzfile(5)``
format timezone files to extract current and historical zone information.
:param fileobj:
This can be an opened file stream or a file name that the time zone
information can be read from.
:param filename:
This is an optional parameter specifying the source of the time zone
information in the event that ``fileobj`` is a file object. If omitted
and ``fileobj`` is a file stream, this parameter will be set either to
``fileobj``'s ``name`` attribute or to ``repr(fileobj)``.
See `Sources for Time Zone and Daylight Saving Time Data
<http://www.twinsun.com/tz/tz-link.htm>`_ for more information. Time zone
files can be compiled from the `IANA Time Zone database files
<https://www.iana.org/time-zones>`_ with the `zic time zone compiler
<https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=zic&sektion=8>`_
"""
def __init__(self, fileobj, filename=None):
super(tzfile, self).__init__()
file_opened_here = False
if isinstance(fileobj, string_types):
self._filename = fileobj
fileobj = open(fileobj, 'rb')
file_opened_here = True
elif filename is not None:
self._filename = filename
elif hasattr(fileobj, "name"):
self._filename = fileobj.name
else:
self._filename = repr(fileobj)
if fileobj is not None:
if not file_opened_here:
fileobj = _ContextWrapper(fileobj)
with fileobj as file_stream:
tzobj = self._read_tzfile(file_stream)
self._set_tzdata(tzobj)
def _set_tzdata(self, tzobj):
""" Set the time zone data of this object from a _tzfile object """
# Copy the relevant attributes over as private attributes
for attr in _tzfile.attrs:
setattr(self, '_' + attr, getattr(tzobj, attr))
def _read_tzfile(self, fileobj):
out = _tzfile()
# From tzfile(5):
#
# The time zone information files used by tzset(3)
# begin with the magic characters "TZif" to identify
# them as time zone information files, followed by
# sixteen bytes reserved for future use, followed by
# six four-byte values of type long, written in a
# ``standard'' byte order (the high-order byte
# of the value is written first).
if fileobj.read(4).decode() != "TZif":
raise ValueError("magic not found")
fileobj.read(16)
(
# The number of UTC/local indicators stored in the file.
ttisgmtcnt,
# The number of standard/wall indicators stored in the file.
ttisstdcnt,
# The number of leap seconds for which data is
# stored in the file.
leapcnt,
# The number of "transition times" for which data
# is stored in the file.
timecnt,
# The number of "local time types" for which data
# is stored in the file (must not be zero).
typecnt,
# The number of characters of "time zone
# abbreviation strings" stored in the file.
charcnt,
) = struct.unpack(">6l", fileobj.read(24))
# The above header is followed by tzh_timecnt four-byte
# values of type long, sorted in ascending order.
# These values are written in ``standard'' byte order.
# Each is used as a transition time (as returned by
# time(2)) at which the rules for computing local time
# change.
if timecnt:
out.trans_list_utc = list(struct.unpack(">%dl" % timecnt,
fileobj.read(timecnt*4)))
else:
out.trans_list_utc = []
# Next come tzh_timecnt one-byte values of type unsigned
# char; each one tells which of the different types of
# ``local time'' types described in the file is associated
# with the same-indexed transition time. These values
# serve as indices into an array of ttinfo structures that
# appears next in the file.
if timecnt:
out.trans_idx = struct.unpack(">%dB" % timecnt,
fileobj.read(timecnt))
else:
out.trans_idx = []
# Each ttinfo structure is written as a four-byte value
# for tt_gmtoff of type long, in a standard byte
# order, followed by a one-byte value for tt_isdst
# and a one-byte value for tt_abbrind. In each
# structure, tt_gmtoff gives the number of
# seconds to be added to UTC, tt_isdst tells whether
# tm_isdst should be set by localtime(3), and
# tt_abbrind serves as an index into the array of
# time zone abbreviation characters that follow the
# ttinfo structure(s) in the file.
ttinfo = []
for i in range(typecnt):
ttinfo.append(struct.unpack(">lbb", fileobj.read(6)))
abbr = fileobj.read(charcnt).decode()
# Then there are tzh_leapcnt pairs of four-byte
# values, written in standard byte order; the
# first value of each pair gives the time (as
# returned by time(2)) at which a leap second
# occurs; the second gives the total number of
# leap seconds to be applied after the given time.
# The pairs of values are sorted in ascending order
# by time.
# Not used, for now (but seek for correct file position)
if leapcnt:
fileobj.seek(leapcnt * 8, os.SEEK_CUR)
# Then there are tzh_ttisstdcnt standard/wall
# indicators, each stored as a one-byte value;
# they tell whether the transition times associated
# with local time types were specified as standard
# time or wall clock time, and are used when
# a time zone file is used in handling POSIX-style
# time zone environment variables.
if ttisstdcnt:
isstd = struct.unpack(">%db" % ttisstdcnt,
fileobj.read(ttisstdcnt))
# Finally, there are tzh_ttisgmtcnt UTC/local
# indicators, each stored as a one-byte value;
# they tell whether the transition times associated
# with local time types were specified as UTC or
# local time, and are used when a time zone file
# is used in handling POSIX-style time zone envi-
# ronment variables.
if ttisgmtcnt:
isgmt = struct.unpack(">%db" % ttisgmtcnt,
fileobj.read(ttisgmtcnt))
# Build ttinfo list
out.ttinfo_list = []
for i in range(typecnt):
gmtoff, isdst, abbrind = ttinfo[i]
# Round to full-minutes if that's not the case. Python's
# datetime doesn't accept sub-minute timezones. Check
# http://python.org/sf/1447945 for some information.
gmtoff = 60 * ((gmtoff + 30) // 60)
tti = _ttinfo()
tti.offset = gmtoff
tti.dstoffset = datetime.timedelta(0)
tti.delta = datetime.timedelta(seconds=gmtoff)
tti.isdst = isdst
tti.abbr = abbr[abbrind:abbr.find('\x00', abbrind)]
tti.isstd = (ttisstdcnt > i and isstd[i] != 0)
tti.isgmt = (ttisgmtcnt > i and isgmt[i] != 0)
out.ttinfo_list.append(tti)
# Replace ttinfo indexes for ttinfo objects.
out.trans_idx = [out.ttinfo_list[idx] for idx in out.trans_idx]
# Set standard, dst, and before ttinfos. before will be
# used when a given time is before any transitions,
# and will be set to the first non-dst ttinfo, or to
# the first dst, if all of them are dst.
out.ttinfo_std = None
out.ttinfo_dst = None
out.ttinfo_before = None
if out.ttinfo_list:
if not out.trans_list_utc:
out.ttinfo_std = out.ttinfo_first = out.ttinfo_list[0]
else:
for i in range(timecnt-1, -1, -1):
tti = out.trans_idx[i]
if not out.ttinfo_std and not tti.isdst:
out.ttinfo_std = tti
elif not out.ttinfo_dst and tti.isdst:
out.ttinfo_dst = tti
if out.ttinfo_std and out.ttinfo_dst:
break
else:
if out.ttinfo_dst and not out.ttinfo_std:
out.ttinfo_std = out.ttinfo_dst
for tti in out.ttinfo_list:
if not tti.isdst:
out.ttinfo_before = tti
break
else:
out.ttinfo_before = out.ttinfo_list[0]
# Now fix transition times to become relative to wall time.
#
# I'm not sure about this. In my tests, the tz source file
# is setup to wall time, and in the binary file isstd and
# isgmt are off, so it should be in wall time. OTOH, it's
# always in gmt time. Let me know if you have comments
# about this.
laststdoffset = None
out.trans_list = []
for i, tti in enumerate(out.trans_idx):
if not tti.isdst:
offset = tti.offset
laststdoffset = offset
else:
if laststdoffset is not None:
# Store the DST offset as well and update it in the list
tti.dstoffset = tti.offset - laststdoffset
out.trans_idx[i] = tti
offset = laststdoffset or 0
out.trans_list.append(out.trans_list_utc[i] + offset)
# In case we missed any DST offsets on the way in for some reason, make
# a second pass over the list, looking for the /next/ DST offset.
laststdoffset = None
for i in reversed(range(len(out.trans_idx))):
tti = out.trans_idx[i]
if tti.isdst:
if not (tti.dstoffset or laststdoffset is None):
tti.dstoffset = tti.offset - laststdoffset
else:
laststdoffset = tti.offset
if not isinstance(tti.dstoffset, datetime.timedelta):
tti.dstoffset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=tti.dstoffset)
out.trans_idx[i] = tti
out.trans_idx = tuple(out.trans_idx)
out.trans_list = tuple(out.trans_list)
out.trans_list_utc = tuple(out.trans_list_utc)
return out
def _find_last_transition(self, dt, in_utc=False):
# If there's no list, there are no transitions to find
if not self._trans_list:
return None
timestamp = _datetime_to_timestamp(dt)
# Find where the timestamp fits in the transition list - if the
# timestamp is a transition time, it's part of the "after" period.
trans_list = self._trans_list_utc if in_utc else self._trans_list
idx = bisect.bisect_right(trans_list, timestamp)
# We want to know when the previous transition was, so subtract off 1
return idx - 1
def _get_ttinfo(self, idx):
# For no list or after the last transition, default to _ttinfo_std
if idx is None or (idx + 1) >= len(self._trans_list):
return self._ttinfo_std
# If there is a list and the time is before it, return _ttinfo_before
if idx < 0:
return self._ttinfo_before
return self._trans_idx[idx]
def _find_ttinfo(self, dt):
idx = self._resolve_ambiguous_time(dt)
return self._get_ttinfo(idx)
def fromutc(self, dt):
"""
The ``tzfile`` implementation of :py:func:`datetime.tzinfo.fromutc`.
:param dt:
A :py:class:`datetime.datetime` object.
:raises TypeError:
Raised if ``dt`` is not a :py:class:`datetime.datetime` object.
:raises ValueError:
Raised if this is called with a ``dt`` which does not have this
``tzinfo`` attached.
:return:
Returns a :py:class:`datetime.datetime` object representing the
wall time in ``self``'s time zone.
"""
# These isinstance checks are in datetime.tzinfo, so we'll preserve
# them, even if we don't care about duck typing.
if not isinstance(dt, datetime.datetime):
raise TypeError("fromutc() requires a datetime argument")
if dt.tzinfo is not self:
raise ValueError("dt.tzinfo is not self")
# First treat UTC as wall time and get the transition we're in.
idx = self._find_last_transition(dt, in_utc=True)
tti = self._get_ttinfo(idx)
dt_out = dt + datetime.timedelta(seconds=tti.offset)
fold = self.is_ambiguous(dt_out, idx=idx)
return enfold(dt_out, fold=int(fold))
def is_ambiguous(self, dt, idx=None):
"""
Whether or not the "wall time" of a given datetime is ambiguous in this
zone.
:param dt:
A :py:class:`datetime.datetime`, naive or time zone aware.
:return:
Returns ``True`` if ambiguous, ``False`` otherwise.
.. versionadded:: 2.6.0
"""
if idx is None:
idx = self._find_last_transition(dt)
# Calculate the difference in offsets from current to previous
timestamp = _datetime_to_timestamp(dt)
tti = self._get_ttinfo(idx)
if idx is None or idx <= 0:
return False
od = self._get_ttinfo(idx - 1).offset - tti.offset
tt = self._trans_list[idx] # Transition time
return timestamp < tt + od
def _resolve_ambiguous_time(self, dt):
idx = self._find_last_transition(dt)
# If we have no transitions, return the index
_fold = self._fold(dt)
if idx is None or idx == 0:
return idx
# If it's ambiguous and we're in a fold, shift to a different index.
idx_offset = int(not _fold and self.is_ambiguous(dt, idx))
return idx - idx_offset
def utcoffset(self, dt):
if dt is None:
return None
if not self._ttinfo_std:
return ZERO
return self._find_ttinfo(dt).delta
def dst(self, dt):
if dt is None:
return None
if not self._ttinfo_dst:
return ZERO
tti = self._find_ttinfo(dt)
if not tti.isdst:
return ZERO
# The documentation says that utcoffset()-dst() must
# be constant for every dt.
return tti.dstoffset
@tzname_in_python2
def tzname(self, dt):
if not self._ttinfo_std or dt is None:
return None
return self._find_ttinfo(dt).abbr
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, tzfile):
return NotImplemented
return (self._trans_list == other._trans_list and
self._trans_idx == other._trans_idx and
self._ttinfo_list == other._ttinfo_list)
__hash__ = None
def __ne__(self, other):
return not (self == other)
def __repr__(self):
return "%s(%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__, repr(self._filename))
def __reduce__(self):
return self.__reduce_ex__(None)
def __reduce_ex__(self, protocol):
return (self.__class__, (None, self._filename), self.__dict__)
class tzrange(tzrangebase):
"""
The ``tzrange`` object is a time zone specified by a set of offsets and
abbreviations, equivalent to the way the ``TZ`` variable can be specified
in POSIX-like systems, but using Python delta objects to specify DST
start, end and offsets.
:param stdabbr:
The abbreviation for standard time (e.g. ``'EST'``).
:param stdoffset:
An integer or :class:`datetime.timedelta` object or equivalent
specifying the base offset from UTC.
If unspecified, +00:00 is used.
:param dstabbr:
The abbreviation for DST / "Summer" time (e.g. ``'EDT'``).
If specified, with no other DST information, DST is assumed to occur
and the default behavior or ``dstoffset``, ``start`` and ``end`` is
used. If unspecified and no other DST information is specified, it
is assumed that this zone has no DST.
If this is unspecified and other DST information is *is* specified,
DST occurs in the zone but the time zone abbreviation is left
unchanged.
:param dstoffset:
A an integer or :class:`datetime.timedelta` object or equivalent
specifying the UTC offset during DST. If unspecified and any other DST
information is specified, it is assumed to be the STD offset +1 hour.
:param start:
A :class:`relativedelta.relativedelta` object or equivalent specifying
the time and time of year that daylight savings time starts. To specify,
for example, that DST starts at 2AM on the 2nd Sunday in March, pass:
``relativedelta(hours=2, month=3, day=1, weekday=SU(+2))``
If unspecified and any other DST information is specified, the default
value is 2 AM on the first Sunday in April.
:param end:
A :class:`relativedelta.relativedelta` object or equivalent representing
the time and time of year that daylight savings time ends, with the
same specification method as in ``start``. One note is that this should
point to the first time in the *standard* zone, so if a transition
occurs at 2AM in the DST zone and the clocks are set back 1 hour to 1AM,
set the `hours` parameter to +1.
**Examples:**
.. testsetup:: tzrange
from dateutil.tz import tzrange, tzstr
.. doctest:: tzrange
>>> tzstr('EST5EDT') == tzrange("EST", -18000, "EDT")
True
>>> from dateutil.relativedelta import *
>>> range1 = tzrange("EST", -18000, "EDT")
>>> range2 = tzrange("EST", -18000, "EDT", -14400,
... relativedelta(hours=+2, month=4, day=1,
... weekday=SU(+1)),
... relativedelta(hours=+1, month=10, day=31,
... weekday=SU(-1)))
>>> tzstr('EST5EDT') == range1 == range2
True
"""
def __init__(self, stdabbr, stdoffset=None,
dstabbr=None, dstoffset=None,
start=None, end=None):
global relativedelta
from dateutil import relativedelta
self._std_abbr = stdabbr
self._dst_abbr = dstabbr
try:
stdoffset = _total_seconds(stdoffset)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
pass
try:
dstoffset = _total_seconds(dstoffset)
except (TypeError, AttributeError):
pass
if stdoffset is not None:
self._std_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=stdoffset)
else:
self._std_offset = ZERO
if dstoffset is not None:
self._dst_offset = datetime.timedelta(seconds=dstoffset)
elif dstabbr and stdoffset is not None:
self._dst_offset = self._std_offset + datetime.timedelta(hours=+1)
else:
self._dst_offset = ZERO
if dstabbr and start is None:
self._start_delta = relativedelta.relativedelta(
hours=+2, month=4, day=1, weekday=relativedelta.SU(+1))
else:
self._start_delta = start
if dstabbr and end is None:
self._end_delta = relativedelta.relativedelta(
hours=+1, month=10, day=31, weekday=relativedelta.SU(-1))
else:
self._end_delta = end
self._dst_base_offset_ = self._dst_offset - self._std_offset
self.hasdst = bool(self._start_delta)
def transitions(self, year):
"""
For a given year, get the DST on and off transition times, expressed
always on the standard time side. For zones with no transitions, this
function returns ``None``.
:param year:
The year whose transitions you would like to query.
:return:
Returns a :class:`tuple` of :class:`datetime.datetime` objects,
``(dston, dstoff)`` for zones with an annual DST transition, or
``None`` for fixed offset zones.
"""
if not self.hasdst:
return None
base_year = datetime.datetime(year, 1, 1)
start = base_year + self._start_delta
end = base_year + self._end_delta
return (start, end)
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, tzrange):
return NotImplemented
return (self._std_abbr == other._std_abbr and
self._dst_abbr == other._dst_abbr and
self._std_offset == other._std_offset and
self._dst_offset == other._dst_offset and
self._start_delta == other._start_delta and
self._end_delta == other._end_delta)
@property
def _dst_base_offset(self):
return self._dst_base_offset_
class tzstr(tzrange):
"""
``tzstr`` objects are time zone objects specified by a time-zone string as
it would be passed to a ``TZ`` variable on POSIX-style systems (see
the `GNU C Library: TZ Variable`_ for more details).
There is one notable exception, which is that POSIX-style time zones use an
inverted offset format, so normally ``GMT+3`` would be parsed as an offset
3 hours *behind* GMT. The ``tzstr`` time zone object will parse this as an
offset 3 hours *ahead* of GMT. If you would like to maintain the POSIX
behavior, pass a ``True`` value to ``posix_offset``.
The :class:`tzrange` object provides the same functionality, but is
specified using :class:`relativedelta.relativedelta` objects. rather than
strings.
:param s:
A time zone string in ``TZ`` variable format. This can be a
:class:`bytes` (2.x: :class:`str`), :class:`str` (2.x: :class:`unicode`)
or a stream emitting unicode characters (e.g. :class:`StringIO`).
:param posix_offset:
Optional. If set to ``True``, interpret strings such as ``GMT+3`` or
``UTC+3`` as being 3 hours *behind* UTC rather than ahead, per the
POSIX standard.
.. _`GNU C Library: TZ Variable`:
https://www.gnu.org/software/libc/manual/html_node/TZ-Variable.html
"""
def __init__(self, s, posix_offset=False):
global parser
from dateutil import parser
self._s = s
res = parser._parsetz(s)
if res is None:
raise ValueError("unknown string format")
# Here we break the compatibility with the TZ variable handling.
# GMT-3 actually *means* the timezone -3.
if res.stdabbr in ("GMT", "UTC") and not posix_offset:
res.stdoffset *= -1
# We must initialize it first, since _delta() needs
# _std_offset and _dst_offset set. Use False in start/end
# to avoid building it two times.
tzrange.__init__(self, res.stdabbr, res.stdoffset,
res.dstabbr, res.dstoffset,
start=False, end=False)
if not res.dstabbr:
self._start_delta = None
self._end_delta = None
else:
self._start_delta = self._delta(res.start)
if self._start_delta:
self._end_delta = self._delta(res.end, isend=1)
self.hasdst = bool(self._start_delta)
def _delta(self, x, isend=0):
from dateutil import relativedelta
kwargs = {}
if x.month is not None:
kwargs["month"] = x.month
if x.weekday is not None:
kwargs["weekday"] = relativedelta.weekday(x.weekday, x.week)
if x.week > 0:
kwargs["day"] = 1
else:
kwargs["day"] = 31
elif x.day:
kwargs["day"] = x.day
elif x.yday is not None:
kwargs["yearday"] = x.yday
elif x.jyday is not None:
kwargs["nlyearday"] = x.jyday
if not kwargs:
# Default is to start on first sunday of april, and end
# on last sunday of october.
if not isend:
kwargs["month"] = 4
kwargs["day"] = 1
kwargs["weekday"] = relativedelta.SU(+1)
else:
kwargs["month"] = 10
kwargs["day"] = 31
kwargs["weekday"] = relativedelta.SU(-1)
if x.time is not None:
kwargs["seconds"] = x.time
else:
# Default is 2AM.
kwargs["seconds"] = 7200
if isend:
# Convert to standard time, to follow the documented way
# of working with the extra hour. See the documentation
# of the tzinfo class.
delta = self._dst_offset - self._std_offset
kwargs["seconds"] -= delta.seconds + delta.days * 86400
return relativedelta.relativedelta(**kwargs)
def __repr__(self):
return "%s(%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__, repr(self._s))
class _tzicalvtzcomp(object):
def __init__(self, tzoffsetfrom, tzoffsetto, isdst,
tzname=None, rrule=None):
self.tzoffsetfrom = datetime.timedelta(seconds=tzoffsetfrom)
self.tzoffsetto = datetime.timedelta(seconds=tzoffsetto)
self.tzoffsetdiff = self.tzoffsetto - self.tzoffsetfrom
self.isdst = isdst
self.tzname = tzname
self.rrule = rrule
class _tzicalvtz(_tzinfo):
def __init__(self, tzid, comps=[]):
super(_tzicalvtz, self).__init__()
self._tzid = tzid
self._comps = comps
self._cachedate = []
self._cachecomp = []
def _find_comp(self, dt):
if len(self._comps) == 1:
return self._comps[0]
dt = dt.replace(tzinfo=None)
try:
return self._cachecomp[self._cachedate.index((dt, self._fold(dt)))]
except ValueError:
pass
lastcompdt = None
lastcomp = None
for comp in self._comps:
compdt = self._find_compdt(comp, dt)
if compdt and (not lastcompdt or lastcompdt < compdt):
lastcompdt = compdt
lastcomp = comp
if not lastcomp:
# RFC says nothing about what to do when a given
# time is before the first onset date. We'll look for the
# first standard component, or the first component, if
# none is found.
for comp in self._comps:
if not comp.isdst:
lastcomp = comp
break
else:
lastcomp = comp[0]
self._cachedate.insert(0, (dt, self._fold(dt)))
self._cachecomp.insert(0, lastcomp)
if len(self._cachedate) > 10:
self._cachedate.pop()
self._cachecomp.pop()
return lastcomp
def _find_compdt(self, comp, dt):
if comp.tzoffsetdiff < ZERO and self._fold(dt):
dt -= comp.tzoffsetdiff
compdt = comp.rrule.before(dt, inc=True)
return compdt
def utcoffset(self, dt):
if dt is None:
return None
return self._find_comp(dt).tzoffsetto
def dst(self, dt):
comp = self._find_comp(dt)
if comp.isdst:
return comp.tzoffsetdiff
else:
return ZERO
@tzname_in_python2
def tzname(self, dt):
return self._find_comp(dt).tzname
def __repr__(self):
return "<tzicalvtz %s>" % repr(self._tzid)
__reduce__ = object.__reduce__
class tzical(object):
"""
This object is designed to parse an iCalendar-style ``VTIMEZONE`` structure
as set out in `RFC 2445`_ Section 4.6.5 into one or more `tzinfo` objects.
:param `fileobj`:
A file or stream in iCalendar format, which should be UTF-8 encoded
with CRLF endings.
.. _`RFC 2445`: https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2445.txt
"""
def __init__(self, fileobj):
global rrule
from dateutil import rrule
if isinstance(fileobj, string_types):
self._s = fileobj
# ical should be encoded in UTF-8 with CRLF
fileobj = open(fileobj, 'r')
else:
self._s = getattr(fileobj, 'name', repr(fileobj))
fileobj = _ContextWrapper(fileobj)
self._vtz = {}
with fileobj as fobj:
self._parse_rfc(fobj.read())
def keys(self):
"""
Retrieves the available time zones as a list.
"""
return list(self._vtz.keys())
def get(self, tzid=None):
"""
Retrieve a :py:class:`datetime.tzinfo` object by its ``tzid``.
:param tzid:
If there is exactly one time zone available, omitting ``tzid``
or passing :py:const:`None` value returns it. Otherwise a valid
key (which can be retrieved from :func:`keys`) is required.
:raises ValueError:
Raised if ``tzid`` is not specified but there are either more
or fewer than 1 zone defined.
:returns:
Returns either a :py:class:`datetime.tzinfo` object representing
the relevant time zone or :py:const:`None` if the ``tzid`` was
not found.
"""
if tzid is None:
if len(self._vtz) == 0:
raise ValueError("no timezones defined")
elif len(self._vtz) > 1:
raise ValueError("more than one timezone available")
tzid = next(iter(self._vtz))
return self._vtz.get(tzid)
def _parse_offset(self, s):
s = s.strip()
if not s:
raise ValueError("empty offset")
if s[0] in ('+', '-'):
signal = (-1, +1)[s[0] == '+']
s = s[1:]
else:
signal = +1
if len(s) == 4:
return (int(s[:2]) * 3600 + int(s[2:]) * 60) * signal
elif len(s) == 6:
return (int(s[:2]) * 3600 + int(s[2:4]) * 60 + int(s[4:])) * signal
else:
raise ValueError("invalid offset: " + s)
def _parse_rfc(self, s):
lines = s.splitlines()
if not lines:
raise ValueError("empty string")
# Unfold
i = 0
while i < len(lines):
line = lines[i].rstrip()
if not line:
del lines[i]
elif i > 0 and line[0] == " ":
lines[i-1] += line[1:]
del lines[i]
else:
i += 1
tzid = None
comps = []
invtz = False
comptype = None
for line in lines:
if not line:
continue
name, value = line.split(':', 1)
parms = name.split(';')
if not parms:
raise ValueError("empty property name")
name = parms[0].upper()
parms = parms[1:]
if invtz:
if name == "BEGIN":
if value in ("STANDARD", "DAYLIGHT"):
# Process component
pass
else:
raise ValueError("unknown component: "+value)
comptype = value
founddtstart = False
tzoffsetfrom = None
tzoffsetto = None
rrulelines = []
tzname = None
elif name == "END":
if value == "VTIMEZONE":
if comptype:
raise ValueError("component not closed: "+comptype)
if not tzid:
raise ValueError("mandatory TZID not found")
if not comps:
raise ValueError(
"at least one component is needed")
# Process vtimezone
self._vtz[tzid] = _tzicalvtz(tzid, comps)
invtz = False
elif value == comptype:
if not founddtstart:
raise ValueError("mandatory DTSTART not found")
if tzoffsetfrom is None:
raise ValueError(
"mandatory TZOFFSETFROM not found")
if tzoffsetto is None:
raise ValueError(
"mandatory TZOFFSETFROM not found")
# Process component
rr = None
if rrulelines:
rr = rrule.rrulestr("\n".join(rrulelines),
compatible=True,
ignoretz=True,
cache=True)
comp = _tzicalvtzcomp(tzoffsetfrom, tzoffsetto,
(comptype == "DAYLIGHT"),
tzname, rr)
comps.append(comp)
comptype = None
else:
raise ValueError("invalid component end: "+value)
elif comptype:
if name == "DTSTART":
rrulelines.append(line)
founddtstart = True
elif name in ("RRULE", "RDATE", "EXRULE", "EXDATE"):
rrulelines.append(line)
elif name == "TZOFFSETFROM":
if parms:
raise ValueError(
"unsupported %s parm: %s " % (name, parms[0]))
tzoffsetfrom = self._parse_offset(value)
elif name == "TZOFFSETTO":
if parms:
raise ValueError(
"unsupported TZOFFSETTO parm: "+parms[0])
tzoffsetto = self._parse_offset(value)
elif name == "TZNAME":
if parms:
raise ValueError(
"unsupported TZNAME parm: "+parms[0])
tzname = value
elif name == "COMMENT":
pass
else:
raise ValueError("unsupported property: "+name)
else:
if name == "TZID":
if parms:
raise ValueError(
"unsupported TZID parm: "+parms[0])
tzid = value
elif name in ("TZURL", "LAST-MODIFIED", "COMMENT"):
pass
else:
raise ValueError("unsupported property: "+name)
elif name == "BEGIN" and value == "VTIMEZONE":
tzid = None
comps = []
invtz = True
def __repr__(self):
return "%s(%s)" % (self.__class__.__name__, repr(self._s))
if sys.platform != "win32":
TZFILES = ["/etc/localtime", "localtime"]
TZPATHS = ["/usr/share/zoneinfo",
"/usr/lib/zoneinfo",
"/usr/share/lib/zoneinfo",
"/etc/zoneinfo"]
else:
TZFILES = []
TZPATHS = []
def gettz(name=None):
tz = None
if not name:
try:
name = os.environ["TZ"]
except KeyError:
pass
if name is None or name == ":":
for filepath in TZFILES:
if not os.path.isabs(filepath):
filename = filepath
for path in TZPATHS:
filepath = os.path.join(path, filename)
if os.path.isfile(filepath):
break
else:
continue
if os.path.isfile(filepath):
try:
tz = tzfile(filepath)
break
except (IOError, OSError, ValueError):
pass
else:
tz = tzlocal()
else:
if name.startswith(":"):
name = name[:-1]
if os.path.isabs(name):
if os.path.isfile(name):
tz = tzfile(name)
else:
tz = None
else:
for path in TZPATHS:
filepath = os.path.join(path, name)
if not os.path.isfile(filepath):
filepath = filepath.replace(' ', '_')
if not os.path.isfile(filepath):
continue
try:
tz = tzfile(filepath)
break
except (IOError, OSError, ValueError):
pass
else:
tz = None
if tzwin is not None:
try:
tz = tzwin(name)
except WindowsError:
tz = None
if not tz:
from dateutil.zoneinfo import get_zonefile_instance
tz = get_zonefile_instance().get(name)
if not tz:
for c in name:
# name must have at least one offset to be a tzstr
if c in "0123456789":
try:
tz = tzstr(name)
except ValueError:
pass
break
else:
if name in ("GMT", "UTC"):
tz = tzutc()
elif name in time.tzname:
tz = tzlocal()
return tz
def datetime_exists(dt, tz=None):
"""
Given a datetime and a time zone, determine whether or not a given datetime
would fall in a gap.
:param dt:
A :class:`datetime.datetime` (whose time zone will be ignored if ``tz``
is provided.)
:param tz:
A :class:`datetime.tzinfo` with support for the ``fold`` attribute. If
``None`` or not provided, the datetime's own time zone will be used.
:return:
Returns a boolean value whether or not the "wall time" exists in ``tz``.
"""
if tz is None:
if dt.tzinfo is None:
raise ValueError('Datetime is naive and no time zone provided.')
tz = dt.tzinfo
dt = dt.replace(tzinfo=None)
# This is essentially a test of whether or not the datetime can survive
# a round trip to UTC.
dt_rt = dt.replace(tzinfo=tz).astimezone(tzutc()).astimezone(tz)
dt_rt = dt_rt.replace(tzinfo=None)
return dt == dt_rt
def datetime_ambiguous(dt, tz=None):
"""
Given a datetime and a time zone, determine whether or not a given datetime
is ambiguous (i.e if there are two times differentiated only by their DST
status).
:param dt:
A :class:`datetime.datetime` (whose time zone will be ignored if ``tz``
is provided.)
:param tz:
A :class:`datetime.tzinfo` with support for the ``fold`` attribute. If
``None`` or not provided, the datetime's own time zone will be used.
:return:
Returns a boolean value whether or not the "wall time" is ambiguous in
``tz``.
.. versionadded:: 2.6.0
"""
if tz is None:
if dt.tzinfo is None:
raise ValueError('Datetime is naive and no time zone provided.')
tz = dt.tzinfo
# If a time zone defines its own "is_ambiguous" function, we'll use that.
is_ambiguous_fn = getattr(tz, 'is_ambiguous', None)
if is_ambiguous_fn is not None:
try:
return tz.is_ambiguous(dt)
except:
pass
# If it doesn't come out and tell us it's ambiguous, we'll just check if
# the fold attribute has any effect on this particular date and time.
dt = dt.replace(tzinfo=tz)
wall_0 = enfold(dt, fold=0)
wall_1 = enfold(dt, fold=1)
same_offset = wall_0.utcoffset() == wall_1.utcoffset()
same_dst = wall_0.dst() == wall_1.dst()
return not (same_offset and same_dst)
def _datetime_to_timestamp(dt):
"""
Convert a :class:`datetime.datetime` object to an epoch timestamp in seconds
since January 1, 1970, ignoring the time zone.
"""
return _total_seconds((dt.replace(tzinfo=None) - EPOCH))
class _ContextWrapper(object):
"""
Class for wrapping contexts so that they are passed through in a
with statement.
"""
def __init__(self, context):
self.context = context
def __enter__(self):
return self.context
def __exit__(*args, **kwargs):
pass
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