With Cassandra-3.4+ the tracing implementation can be replaced with zipkin tracing as provided by this project.
CSS JavaScript HTML Java
Latest commit 5f939fb Sep 10, 2016 @michaelsembwever michaelsembwever - Update to compile against Cassandra-3.9
 - replace versioned "lib/" directory with use of maven dependencies:copy-dependencies
 - update README.md (all jar files to copy are now found under target/)
 - take advantage of the datastax cql java driver that is already found in the c* installation to provide
timestamps with microsecond accuracy. this includes having to use Brave's new pluggable Clock interface.
 - replace use of Brave's traceFilters with the new traceSampler.

README.md

A Zipkin tracing plugin for Cassandra

Cassandra-3.4 provides pluggable tracing. By adding 3 jar files to the Cassandra classpath and one jvm option, Cassandra's tracing is replaced with Zipkin. It can even identify incoming Zipkin traces and add Cassandra's own internal tracing on to it.

Installation

mvn install
cp target/*.jar $CASSANDRA_HOME/lib/

Then start Cassandra with

JVM_OPTS \
  ="-Dcassandra.custom_tracing_class=com.thelastpickle.cassandra.tracing.ZipkinTracing" \
    cassandra

Or edit the jvm.options.

The default SpanCollector sends the tracing messages via HTTP to http://127.0.0.1:9411/. This is the default port for the zipkin-java server. The same url is used for the UI.

Continuing existing Zipkin traces

To continue existing Zipkin traces from application code through the DataStax CQL driver and into the Cassandra cluster.

The Cassandra nodes need to be started also with the cassandra.custom_query_handler_class jvm option to a query handler that accepts incoming payloads over the CQL protocol:

JVM_OPTS \
  ="-Dcassandra.custom_tracing_class=com.thelastpickle.cassandra.tracing.ZipkinTracing" \
    -Dcassandra.custom_query_handler_class=org.apache.cassandra.cql3.CustomPayloadMirroringQueryHandler"
  cassandra

(Or edit the jvm.options)

Then in the application code where the DataStax CQL driver is used put the Zipkin traceId and spanId into the outgoing payload like

SpanId spanId = clientTracer.startNewSpan(statement.toString());

ByteBuffer traceHeaders = ByteBuffer.wrap(spanId.bytes());

statement.setOutgoingPayload(singletonMap("zipkin", traceHeaders.array()));

clientTracer.setCurrentClientServiceName(serviceName);
clientTracer.setClientSent();
ResultSet result = session.execute(statement);
clientTracer.setClientReceived();
return result;

More information

See this presentation.

Background

See CASSANDRA-10392 for the patch to extend Cassandra's tracing that this project plugs into.

Troubleshooting

When this tracing is used instead of Cassandra's default tracing, any cqlsh statements run after enabling tracing with TRACING ON; are going to time out eventually giving

Unable to fetch query trace: Trace information was not available within …

This is because cqlsh is polling for tracing information in system_traces which isn't any longer being created. Zipkin tracing doesn't support this interaction with cqlsh (it's more of a thing to use with a tracing sampling rate). Improvements in this area are possible though, for example we could use zipkin tracing when the custom payload contains a zipkin traceId and spanId and fall back to normal tracing otherwise (which would work for cqlsh interaction). For the meantime an easy fix around this behaviour in cqlsh is to reduce Session.max_trace_wait down to 1 second.