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require 5;
package Pod::Simple::SimpleTree;
use strict;
use Carp ();
use Pod::Simple ();
$VERSION = '3.24';
@ISA = ('Pod::Simple');
*DEBUG = \&Pod::Simple::DEBUG unless defined &DEBUG;
'root', # root of the tree
sub _handle_element_start { # self, tagname, attrhash
DEBUG > 2 and print "Handling $_[1] start-event\n";
my $x = [$_[1], $_[2]];
if($_[0]{'_currpos'}) {
push @{ $_[0]{'_currpos'}[0] }, $x; # insert in parent's child-list
unshift @{ $_[0]{'_currpos'} }, $x; # prefix to stack
} else {
DEBUG and print " And oo, it gets to be root!\n";
$_[0]{'_currpos'} = [ $_[0]{'root'} = $x ];
# first event! set to stack, and set as root.
DEBUG > 3 and print "Stack is now: ",
join(">", map $_->[0], @{$_[0]{'_currpos'}}), "\n";
sub _handle_element_end { # self, tagname
DEBUG > 2 and print "Handling $_[1] end-event\n";
shift @{$_[0]{'_currpos'}};
DEBUG > 3 and print "Stack is now: ",
join(">", map $_->[0], @{$_[0]{'_currpos'}}), "\n";
sub _handle_text { # self, text
DEBUG > 2 and print "Handling $_[1] text-event\n";
push @{ $_[0]{'_currpos'}[0] }, $_[1];
# A bit of evil from the black box... please avert your eyes, kind souls.
sub _traverse_treelet_bit {
DEBUG > 2 and print "Handling $_[1] paragraph event\n";
my $self = shift;
push @{ $self->{'_currpos'}[0] }, [@_];
=head1 NAME
Pod::Simple::SimpleTree -- parse Pod into a simple parse tree
% cat ptest.pod
=head1 PIE
I like B<pie>!
% perl -MPod::Simple::SimpleTree -MData::Dumper -e \
"print Dumper(Pod::Simple::SimpleTree->new->parse_file(shift)->root)" \
$VAR1 = [
{ 'start_line' => 1 },
{ 'start_line' => 1 },
{ 'start_line' => 3 },
'I like ',
This class is of interest to people writing a Pod processor/formatter.
This class takes Pod and parses it, returning a parse tree made just
of arrayrefs, and hashrefs, and strings.
This is a subclass of L<Pod::Simple> and inherits all its methods.
This class is inspired by XML::Parser's "Tree" parsing-style, although
it doesn't use exactly the same LoL format.
=head1 METHODS
At the end of the parse, call C<< $parser->root >> to get the
tree's top node.
=head1 Tree Contents
Every element node in the parse tree is represented by an arrayref of
the form: C<[ I<elementname>, \%attributes, I<...subnodes...> ]>.
See the example tree dump in the Synopsis, above.
Every text node in the tree is represented by a simple (non-ref)
string scalar. So you can test C<ref($node)> to see whather you have
an element node or just a text node.
The top node in the tree is C<[ 'Document', \%attributes,
I<...subnodes...> ]>
=head1 SEE ALSO
L<The "Tree" subsubsection in XML::Parser|XML::Parser/"Tree">
=head1 SUPPORT
Questions or discussion about POD and Pod::Simple should be sent to the mail list. Send an empty email to to subscribe.
This module is managed in an open GitHub repository,
L<>. Feel free to fork and contribute, or
to clone L<git://> and send patches!
Patches against Pod::Simple are welcome. Please send bug reports to
Copyright (c) 2002 Sean M. Burke.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the same terms as Perl itself.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
=head1 AUTHOR
Pod::Simple was created by Sean M. Burke <>.
But don't bother him, he's retired.
Pod::Simple is maintained by:
=item * Allison Randal C<>
=item * Hans Dieter Pearcey C<>
=item * David E. Wheeler C<>
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