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Event driven PHP framework with ASP.NET like "templates" and DataBinding

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README
README.
=======

This document is set up as follows:
	Licensing information
	About the framework
	Style Guidelines
		Classes
		Methods
		Properties and fields
	Future goals

Licensing information.
======================

The source code to the framework is provided to you free of charge and you may
do with it as you see fit. This includes copying, altering, deploying, etc.

By using any of the code provided in any way, you accept full responsibility
for anything you do with it.

Commercial support may be available in the future but the license will always
remain open.

The original author reserves the right to switch out the license to a proper
opensource license in the future.

About the framework.
====================

Hello and thanks for your interest in my little pet project!
a demonstration of this codes' demo project is available at:
	http://www.private-void.com/

This framework is built from the ground up to provide a toolkit that meets
these requirements:

- make the safer, faster, better way to do something the easiest way to do it.
	- make it easy to do data access with prepared statements that prevent
	  sql injection.

- provide total localization and internationalization support

- declarative programming where possible
	- make the no code way to handle user generated events a complete
	  no brainer by using easy to remember conventions

- seperation of controller logic from view code
	- make it incredibly difficult to put controller logic in a view while
	  making it incredibly easy to do databinding to views

- provide a very productive environment for producing highly specialized
  solutions. you can still do kitchen sink stuff, but the real power is in the
  expandability
	- standard form controls, including some fancy stuff with a solid base
	  that can be used to build entire applications in a single tag or just
	  allow you to build your own special type of button or textbox.

- provide the core for a web based IDE for the web (my dream project)
	- build a web application where the application can be designed
	  using a point and click UI that lets the designer do mockups that the
	  programmer can just attach code to where needed

- provide a standard way to "compile" all code and resources required for an
  application into one file to make deploys pushbutton easy

- high code quality standards
	- make it easy to assert that documentation is available on all key 
	  elements of code during development (classes, properties, methods)
	- use modern, namespaced objec oriented code following clear guidelines
	  and taking cues from the some of the best ideas out there including
	  Apples' Cocoa and Microsofts System.Web.Forms (without getting into the
	  religious thing of who does what best, they are both pretty awesome in
	  their own way).
	- think global, act in local scope

* note that when I say faster, I mean development time, not execution speed.


Style guidelines.
=================

1. Naming your entities.
	Classes
		All class names are PascalCased (words contracted with each initial 
		letter capitalised)
		
		Never shall the word 'public' be followed by whitespace and a dollar
		sign. (no public fields, ever. period.) this still applies if you
		want to put the word 'static' in between.

	Methods
		All method names are camelCased (words are contracted with the first
		letter of each word capitalized, except the first word.)
		
		Method parameters (argument names)
		Parameters shall be camelCased and typehinted where possible.
		They shall be mentioned in the methods' docblock using the @param
		annotation.

		Methods can contain variables, they too shall be named in camelCase.
		since methods inside methods are by definition private API, no mention
		of them is required, nor wanted in a methods docblock, but you should
		get into the habit of declaring them.
		
		Example code:

namespace examples
{
	use \DateTime;
	use red\Object;

	/**
	 * Person represents a real-world person
	 */
	class Person extends Object;
	{
		/**
		 * Holds this persons' birthdate
		 *
		 * @var DateTime
		 */
		private $birthDate = null;
	
		/**
		 * Get the number representing the years between this Persons' date of
		 * birth and today.
		 *
		 * @return integer 
		 */
		public function getYearsOfAge()
		{
			// sanity check, require a birth date to be available
			$valid = assert($this->getBirthDate() instanceof DateTime);
			
			// set a default value
			$result = 0;
			if ($valid)
			{
				$now = new DateTime();
				$interval = $now->diff($this->getBirthDate(), true);
				$result = $interval->y
			}
			
			// more sanity checking
			assert('$result > -1');
			return $result;
		}

		/**
		 * Determine if this person is 18y or older
		 *
		 * @return boolean
		 */
		public function isOverEighteen()
		{
			return $this->getYearsOfAge() >= 18;
		}
	}
}		
#EOF

	This sample code shows how to use docblock, naming convention for classes,
	methods, fields and property accessors. It is not meant to be considered
	working code, the sample would get too long for this document.
	
	Working example code will be provided as part of the framework.

	Properties and fields
		Fields (instance variables that are not publicly visible)
		
			Fields may be either private or protected. We're outlawing public
			even if php supports that notion.
			Field names shall be camelCased just like method names
		
		Properties (Instance variables or concrete pieces of instance logic
		that are externally available through getters and/or setters)
		
		a propperty accessor can be either a getter or a setter and will have
		the following traits:
			
			Getters:
				the first word in the camelCased method name shall be 'get'
				for all properties that do not denote a non-nullable boolean,
				a situation where the first word shall be 'is'.
				
				Examples on a class Person:
				-----------------------------------------------
				| Property name        | getter accessor name |
				|=============================================|
				| string Firstname     | getFirstName()       |
				| boolean OverEighteen | isOverEighteen()     |
				| integer Age          | getYearsOfAge()      |
				-----------------------------------------------

			Setters
			the first word in the camelCased method name shall be 'get'
			for all properties.
			
				Examples on a class Person:
				------------------------------------------------------------
				| Property name        | getter accessor name              |
				|==========================================================|
				| string Firstname     | setFirstName(MBString $firstName) |
				| boolean OverEighteen | setBirthDate(DateTime $date)      |
				| integer Age          | setBirthDate(DateTime $date)      |
				------------------------------------------------------------
				the last two are obviously tricky in that the getters don't
				just pass around instance information but contain actual logic
				that works with the instance data.

Future goals.
=============

The eventual goal of this project is to create a web application to build web
applications, until such time however, there are smaller goals to achieve.

- working demonstration project "Addressbook" that exposes the frameworks
  built in address book
- support many "standard" controls from buttons and textboxes to carousels
  and popovers
- provide support for framework native request handling to supply framework
  resources
- provide theming support
- provide phar support
- build a framework documentation website on this framework.
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