A full modbus protocol written in python
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Pymodbus is a full Modbus protocol implementation using twisted for its asynchronous communications core. It can also be used without any third party dependencies (aside from pyserial) if a more lightweight project is needed. Furthermore, it should work fine under any python version > 2.3 with a python 3.0 branch currently being maintained as well.


Client Features

  • Full read/write protocol on discrete and register
  • Most of the extended protocol (diagnostic/file/pipe/setting/information)
  • TCP, UDP, Serial ASCII, Serial RTU, and Serial Binary
  • asynchronous(powered by twisted) and synchronous versions
  • Payload builder/decoder utilities

Server Features

  • Can function as a fully implemented modbus server
  • TCP, UDP, Serial ASCII, Serial RTU, and Serial Binary
  • asynchronous(powered by twisted) and synchronous versions
  • Full server control context (device information, counters, etc)
  • A number of backing contexts (database, redis, a slave device)

Use Cases

Although most system administrators will find little need for a Modbus server on any modern hardware, they may find the need to query devices on their network for status (PDU, PDR, UPS, etc). Since the library is written in python, it allows for easy scripting and/or integration into their existing solutions.

Continuing, most monitoring software needs to be stress tested against hundreds or even thousands of devices (why this was originally written), but getting access to that many is unwieldy at best. The pymodbus server will allow a user to test as many devices as their base operating system will allow (allow in this case means how many Virtual IP addresses are allowed).

For more information please browse the project documentation: http://readthedocs.org/docs/pymodbus/en/latest/index.html

Example Code

For those of you that just want to get started fast, here you go:

from pymodbus.client.sync import ModbusTcpClient

client = ModbusClient('')
client.write_coil(1, True)
result = client.read_coils(1,1)
print result.bits[0]

For more advanced examples, check out the examples included in the respository. If you have created any utilities that meet a specific need, feel free to submit them so others can benefit.

Also, if you have questions, please ask them on the mailing list so that others can benefit from the results and so that I can trace them. I get a lot of email and sometimes these requests get lost in the noise: http://groups.google.com/group/pymodbus


You can install using pip or easy install by issuing the following commands in a terminal window (make sure you have correct permissions or a virtualenv currently running):

easy_install -U pymodbus
pip install  -U pymodbus

Otherwise you can pull the trunk source and install from there:

git clone git://github.com/bashwork/pymodbus.git
cd pymodbus
python setup.py install

Either method will install all the required dependencies (at their appropriate versions) for your current python distribution.

Current Work In Progress

Since I don't have access to any live modbus devices anymore it is a bit hard to test on live hardware. However, if you would like your device tested, I accept devices via mail or by IP address.

That said, the current work mainly involves polishing the library as I get time doing such tasks as:

  • Fixing bugs/feature requests
  • Architecture documentation
  • Functional testing against any reference I can find
  • The remaining edges of the protocol (that I think no one uses)

License Information

Pymodbus is built on top of code developed from/by:
  • Copyright (c) 2001-2005 S.W.A.C. GmbH, Germany.
  • Copyright (c) 2001-2005 S.W.A.C. Bohemia s.r.o., Czech Republic.
  • Hynek Petrak <hynek@swac.cz>
  • Twisted Matrix

Released under the BSD License