Skip to content
Switch branches/tags


mRUBiS is an exemplar for self-adaptive software, particularly for developing, evaluating, and comparing adaptation engines that perform model-based architectural self-adaptation.

mRUBiS has been accepted as an exemplar to SEAMS'18. A pre-print of the paper is available:

Thomas Vogel. "mRUBiS: An Exemplar for Model-Based Architectural Self-Healing and Self-Optimization". In: International Symposium on Software Engineering for Adaptive and Self-Managing Systems. SEAMS ’18. ACM, 2018..


Self-adaptive software systems are often structured into an adaptation engine that manages an adaptable software by operating on a runtime model that represents the architecture of the software (model-based architectural self-adaptation). Despite the popularity of such approaches, existing exemplars provide application programming interfaces but no runtime model to develop adaptation engines. Consequently, there does not exist any exemplar that supports developing, evaluating, an comparing model-based self-adaptation off the shelf. For this purpose, we present mRUBiS.


mRUBiS is an extensible exemplar for model-based architectural self-healing and self-optimization. It simulates the mRUBiS marketplace as the adaptable software and therefore provides and maintains an architectural runtime model of the software. This model can be directly used by adaptation engines to realize and perform self-adaptation.

Particularly, mRUBiS supports injecting issues into the model, which should be handled by self-adaptation, and validating the model to assess the self-adaptation. mRUBiS allows developers to explore variants of adaptation engines (e.g., event-driven self-adaptation similar to event-condition-action rules) and to evaluate the effectiveness, efficiency, and scalability of self-adaptation. Finally, developers can use their favorite technologies to implement the adaptation engines such as pure code or even model-driven techniques (e.g., OCL and Story Diagrams) that operate on the architectural runtime model.

The architectural runtime model is expressed by the CompArch language, for which we provide a modeling editor. The language is based on the Eclipse Modeling Framework (EMF) so that the technologies used to implement the adaptation engine must be compatible with EMF.

mRUBiS Simulator

mRUBiS is extensible. Developers can implement their individual scenarios to specify the simulation, injectors to inject issues into the model, validators to validiate the model after a self-adaptation, and utility functions to compute the utility of the adaptable software based on the CompArch model. Since the CompArch language and the core simulator is independent of the specific system, they even allow developers to specify other component-based software than mRUBiS.

Installing mRUBiS

mRUBiS has been developed as an Eclipse plug-in. Use the Eclipse Oxygen.2 (4.7.2) Release with the Eclipse Modeling Tools package and install the mRUBiS plug-in using the following Eclipse update site:

mRUBiS has been developed and tested on Ubuntu 16.04, only basic tests have been made with Windows.

More information

Relation to mRUBiS-EJB3

While this exemplar simulates mRUBiS as the adaptable software to have a light-weight environment for experimenting with model-based self-adaptation solutions, there exists a real prototype of mRUBiS. This prototype is implemented with EJB3 technology and can be deployed to the GlassFish application server. The prototype is called mRUBiS-EJB3.


mRUBiS: An Exemplar for Model-Based Architectural Self-Healing and Self-Optimization





No releases published


No packages published