🎯 A lightweight framework for stateless UI in Flutter and Dart, and an alternative to Redux.
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🎯 A lightweight framework for UI state management in Flutter and Dart, and an alternative to Redux.

package:immutable_state can be used by itself easily, or with ready-made integrations like package:flutter_immutable_state.


UI state management in complex applications is a solved problem. Immutable application state, combined with asynchronous, functional updates, is generally the way to go.

Perhaps the most common implementation of such a pattern is Redux, which is commonly used with React.

Redux, though, comes with a lot of boilerplate, in addition to not being well-suited for an object-oriented language like Dart.

The solution outlined in immutable_state is simple - to use built-in functionality from dart:async to handle atomic updates.


The root of functionality in this package is the Immutable<T> class. It is a single-use-only, immutable wrapper around an arbitrary Dart object that fires an event when its value is updated. As one can imagine, this works well with value classes (immutable classes that override the == operator), whether hand-written, or generated through libraries like angel_serialize or built_value.

main() async {
  var imm = new Immutable<int>(2);
  print(imm.current); // Prints '2'
  imm.change((n) => n * 2);
  print(await imm.onChange.first); // Prints `4`
  imm.replace(4); // Shorthand for writing an entirely new value.

Properties and Nesting

The real value of package:immutable_state is the ability of Immutable<T> to create infinitely-nested wrappers over smaller parts of an overall application state. This is analogous to combineReducers from the ever-popular Redux.

For example, if you have an AppState class as follows:

class AppState {
  final TitleState titleState;


  bool operator ==(other) =>
      other is AppState && other.titleState == titleState;

  AppState changeTitleState(TitleState titleState) =>
      new AppState(titleState: titleState);

class TitleState {
  final String title;


  bool operator ==(other) => other is TitleState && other.title == title;

  TitleState changeTitle(String title) => new TitleState(title: title);

You will likely have components/widgets in your UI that solely deal with AppState.titleState, and therefore don't need access to the rest of the application state.

By calling Immutable<T>.property, you can create a scoped state that propagates changes to its parent:

main() async {
    var appState = new Immutable<AppState>(
      new AppState(
        titleState: new TitleState(
          title: 'Hello!',
    titleState = appState.property<TitleState>(
      (state) => state.titleState,
    // By default, property states are read-only, for convenience.
    // To handle changes, simply provide a `change`
    // callback that updates the parent state.
    titleState = appState.property<TitleState>(
      (state) => state.titleState,
      change: (state, titleState) => state.changeTitleState(titleState),

The returned value in the above example is an Immutable<TitleState>, and UI elements can use it without even knowing about the existence of the entire AppState. This separation of concerns can be very beneficial in complex applications with many parts of its application state.