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Working Together

A guide for working well together.

Pair Programming


  • Agree Scope (Pairing for two hours? Until the ticket is complete? Just get past the bug?)
  • Agree Physical/Virtual Location ("Will we both be comfortable here?")
  • Agree Working Environment (Two keyboards? Text editor and other tools)
  • Agree Pairing Style (Time-based? Ping pong?)


  • Keep the chat going (Think aloud. Encourage/support)
  • Keep switching (Follow the pairing style)
  • Keep both involved ("Could we do this another way?")
  • Keep breaking (Have a break, have a…)
  • Keep checking in ("Could we search for a guide separately?")


  • Ask for Feedback (What did we do well? What could we have done better? It’ll feel weird, do it anyway)

Meeting Guidelines

We've compiled some guidelines from various sources to help people feel included and respected during meetings. You can download a double-sided printout of these guides to display in your meeting rooms.

  • Be kind: Treat each other with respect.
  • Remote matters: Listen for and solicit input from remote members so their voice is heard.
    • Ensure the space is set up so everyone can see each others' faces.
    • Enunciate and speak loud enough so that remote members can hear you clearly.
  • Introduce everyone: Don't assume everyone has met before. Introductions help break the ice and give an opportunity for voices to be heard.
  • Pay Attention: Be present with others during a meeting, but also engage and communicate in the way you feel most comfortable.
  • Be respectful of others' schedules: Try to start and end meetings on time.
  • Step up, step back: After you speak, let others speak. If you are speaking often, make sure others have had a chance to say something.
  • Apply the Shine Theory: Notice if someone is being cut off or ignored. Help shine the light back on that contributor by repeating their idea, giving clear support and credit to its source.
  • Give credit: Acknowledge input from others and highlight contributors. Show encouragement and, if you agree with something, call it out. Ensure that even the quiet voices are heard and supported.
  • Why am I talking?: Make sure that the thing you're about to say has not already been said. If it has and has been ignored, clarify that you are amplifying an under-recognized idea.
  • One mic: Let one person speak at a time, and let them complete their full thought before responding. Don't interrupt.
  • Clarify what you hear: Use phrases like "What I heard you say was..." or "My feedback for that is..."
  • Speak as I: Try to speak from the I perspective. Don't speak for others.
  • Disagree: You don't have to agree with everybody, but be aware of how you frame your feedback. Criticize the idea, not the person.
  • Everyone can participate: Assuming someone doesn't want to participate can be exclusionary. Give people the opportunity to decline an invitation.
  • Speak up: Follow up if team members treat others disrespectfully. If you don't feel comfortable addressing someone directly, speak with your manager or Chief People Officer.
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