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# encoding: utf-8
require 'uri'
require 'paperclip/url_generator'
module Paperclip
# The Attachment class manages the files for a given attachment. It saves
# when the model saves, deletes when the model is destroyed, and processes
# the file upon assignment.
class Attachment
include IOStream
def self.default_options
@default_options ||= {
:convert_options => {},
:default_style => :original,
:default_url => "/:attachment/:style/missing.png",
:restricted_characters => /[&$+,\/:;=?@<>\[\]\{\}\|\\\^~%# ]/,
:hash_data => ":class/:attachment/:id/:style/:updated_at",
:hash_digest => "SHA1",
:interpolator => Paperclip::Interpolations,
:only_process => [],
:path => ":rails_root/public:url",
:preserve_files => false,
:processors => [:thumbnail],
:source_file_options => {},
:storage => :filesystem,
:styles => {},
:url => "/system/:class/:attachment/:id_partition/:style/:filename",
:url_generator => Paperclip::UrlGenerator,
:use_default_time_zone => true,
:use_timestamp => true,
:whiny => Paperclip.options[:whiny] || Paperclip.options[:whiny_thumbnails]
}
end
attr_reader :name, :instance, :default_style, :convert_options, :queued_for_write, :whiny,
:options, :interpolator, :source_file_options, :whiny
attr_accessor :post_processing
# Creates an Attachment object. +name+ is the name of the attachment,
# +instance+ is the ActiveRecord object instance it's attached to, and
# +options+ is the same as the hash passed to +has_attached_file+.
#
# Options include:
#
# +url+ - a relative URL of the attachment. This is interpolated using +interpolator+
# +path+ - where on the filesystem to store the attachment. This is interpolated using +interpolator+
# +styles+ - a hash of options for processing the attachment. See +has_attached_file+ for the details
# +only_process+ - style args to be run through the post-processor. This defaults to the empty list
# +default_url+ - a URL for the missing image
# +default_style+ - the style to use when don't specify an argument to e.g. #url, #path
# +storage+ - the storage mechanism. Defaults to :filesystem
# +use_timestamp+ - whether to append an anti-caching timestamp to image URLs. Defaults to true
# +whiny+, +whiny_thumbnails+ - whether to raise when thumbnailing fails
# +use_default_time_zone+ - related to +use_timestamp+. Defaults to true
# +hash_digest+ - a string representing a class that will be used to hash URLs for obfuscation
# +hash_data+ - the relative URL for the hash data. This is interpolated using +interpolator+
# +hash_secret+ - a secret passed to the +hash_digest+
# +convert_options+ - flags passed to the +convert+ command for processing
# +source_file_options+ - flags passed to the +convert+ command that controls how the file is read
# +processors+ - classes that transform the attachment. Defaults to [:thumbnail]
# +preserve_files+ - whether to keep files on the filesystem when deleting to clearing the attachment. Defaults to false
# +interpolator+ - the object used to interpolate filenames and URLs. Defaults to Paperclip::Interpolations
# +url_generator+ - the object used to generate URLs, using the interpolator. Defaults to Paperclip::UrlGenerator
def initialize(name, instance, options = {})
@name = name
@instance = instance
options = self.class.default_options.merge(options)
@options = options
@post_processing = true
@queued_for_delete = []
@queued_for_write = {}
@errors = {}
@dirty = false
@interpolator = options[:interpolator]
@url_generator = options[:url_generator].new(self, @options)
@source_file_options = options[:source_file_options]
@whiny = options[:whiny]
initialize_storage
end
# What gets called when you call instance.attachment = File. It clears
# errors, assigns attributes, and processes the file. It
# also queues up the previous file for deletion, to be flushed away on
# #save of its host. In addition to form uploads, you can also assign
# another Paperclip attachment:
# new_user.avatar = old_user.avatar
def assign uploaded_file
ensure_required_accessors!
if uploaded_file.is_a?(Paperclip::Attachment)
uploaded_filename = uploaded_file.original_filename
uploaded_file = uploaded_file.to_file(:original)
close_uploaded_file = uploaded_file.respond_to?(:close)
else
instance_write(:uploaded_file, uploaded_file) if uploaded_file
end
return nil unless valid_assignment?(uploaded_file)
uploaded_file.binmode if uploaded_file.respond_to? :binmode
self.clear
return nil if uploaded_file.nil?
uploaded_filename ||= uploaded_file.original_filename
stores_fingerprint = @instance.respond_to?("#{name}_fingerprint".to_sym)
@queued_for_write[:original] = to_tempfile(uploaded_file)
instance_write(:file_name, cleanup_filename(uploaded_filename.strip))
instance_write(:content_type, uploaded_file.content_type.to_s.strip)
instance_write(:file_size, uploaded_file.size.to_i)
instance_write(:fingerprint, generate_fingerprint(uploaded_file)) if stores_fingerprint
instance_write(:updated_at, Time.now)
@dirty = true
post_process(*@options[:only_process]) if post_processing
# Reset the file size if the original file was reprocessed.
instance_write(:file_size, @queued_for_write[:original].size.to_i)
instance_write(:fingerprint, generate_fingerprint(@queued_for_write[:original])) if stores_fingerprint
ensure
uploaded_file.close if close_uploaded_file
end
# Returns the public URL of the attachment with a given style. This does
# not necessarily need to point to a file that your Web server can access
# and can instead point to an action in your app, for example for fine grained
# security; this has a serious performance tradeoff.
#
# Options:
#
# +timestamp+ - Add a timestamp to the end of the URL. Default: true.
# +escape+ - Perform URI escaping to the URL. Default: true.
#
# Global controls (set on has_attached_file):
#
# +interpolator+ - The object that fills in a URL pattern's variables.
# +default_url+ - The image to show when the attachment has no image.
# +url+ - The URL for a saved image.
# +url_generator+ - The object that generates a URL. Default: Paperclip::UrlGenerator.
#
# As mentioned just above, the object that generates this URL can be passed
# in, for finer control. This object must respond to two methods:
#
# +#new(Paperclip::Attachment, options_hash)+
# +#for(style_name, options_hash)+
def url(style_name = default_style, options = {})
default_options = {:timestamp => @options[:use_timestamp], :escape => true}
if options == true || options == false # Backwards compatibility.
@url_generator.for(style_name, default_options.merge(:timestamp => options))
else
@url_generator.for(style_name, default_options.merge(options))
end
end
# Returns the path of the attachment as defined by the :path option. If the
# file is stored in the filesystem the path refers to the path of the file
# on disk. If the file is stored in S3, the path is the "key" part of the
# URL, and the :bucket option refers to the S3 bucket.
def path(style_name = default_style)
path = original_filename.nil? ? nil : interpolate(path_option, style_name)
path.respond_to?(:unescape) ? path.unescape : path
end
# Alias to +url+
def to_s style_name = default_style
url(style_name)
end
def default_style
@options[:default_style]
end
def styles
styling_option = @options[:styles]
if styling_option.respond_to?(:call) || !@normalized_styles
@normalized_styles = ActiveSupport::OrderedHash.new
(styling_option.respond_to?(:call) ? styling_option.call(self) : styling_option).each do |name, args|
@normalized_styles[name] = Paperclip::Style.new(name, args.dup, self)
end
end
@normalized_styles
end
def processors
processing_option = @options[:processors]
if processing_option.respond_to?(:call)
processing_option.call(instance)
else
processing_option
end
end
# Returns an array containing the errors on this attachment.
def errors
@errors
end
# Returns true if there are changes that need to be saved.
def dirty?
@dirty
end
# Saves the file, if there are no errors. If there are, it flushes them to
# the instance's errors and returns false, cancelling the save.
def save
flush_deletes unless @options[:keep_old_files]
flush_writes
@dirty = false
true
end
# Clears out the attachment. Has the same effect as previously assigning
# nil to the attachment. Does NOT save. If you wish to clear AND save,
# use #destroy.
def clear
queue_existing_for_delete
@queued_for_write = {}
@errors = {}
end
# Destroys the attachment. Has the same effect as previously assigning
# nil to the attachment *and saving*. This is permanent. If you wish to
# wipe out the existing attachment but not save, use #clear.
def destroy
unless @options[:preserve_files]
clear
save
end
end
# Returns the uploaded file if present.
def uploaded_file
instance_read(:uploaded_file)
end
# Returns the name of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the
# <attachment>_file_name attribute of the model.
def original_filename
instance_read(:file_name)
end
# Returns the size of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the
# <attachment>_file_size attribute of the model.
def size
instance_read(:file_size) || (@queued_for_write[:original] && @queued_for_write[:original].size)
end
# Returns the hash of the file as originally assigned, and lives in the
# <attachment>_fingerprint attribute of the model.
def fingerprint
if instance_read(:fingerprint)
instance_read(:fingerprint)
elsif @instance.respond_to?("#{name}_fingerprint".to_sym)
@queued_for_write[:original] && generate_fingerprint(@queued_for_write[:original])
else
nil
end
end
# Returns the content_type of the file as originally assigned, and lives
# in the <attachment>_content_type attribute of the model.
def content_type
instance_read(:content_type)
end
# Returns the last modified time of the file as originally assigned, and
# lives in the <attachment>_updated_at attribute of the model.
def updated_at
time = instance_read(:updated_at)
time && time.to_f.to_i
end
# The time zone to use for timestamp interpolation. Using the default
# time zone ensures that results are consistent across all threads.
def time_zone
@options[:use_default_time_zone] ? Time.zone_default : Time.zone
end
# Returns a unique hash suitable for obfuscating the URL of an otherwise
# publicly viewable attachment.
def hash_key(style_name = default_style)
raise ArgumentError, "Unable to generate hash without :hash_secret" unless @options[:hash_secret]
require 'openssl' unless defined?(OpenSSL)
data = interpolate(@options[:hash_data], style_name)
OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest.const_get(@options[:hash_digest]).new, @options[:hash_secret], data)
end
def generate_fingerprint(source)
if source.respond_to?(:path) && source.path && !source.path.blank?
Digest::MD5.file(source.path).to_s
else
data = source.read
source.rewind if source.respond_to?(:rewind)
Digest::MD5.hexdigest(data)
end
end
# This method really shouldn't be called that often. It's expected use is
# in the paperclip:refresh rake task and that's it. It will regenerate all
# thumbnails forcefully, by reobtaining the original file and going through
# the post-process again.
def reprocess!(*style_args)
new_original = Tempfile.new("paperclip-reprocess")
new_original.binmode
if old_original = to_file(:original)
new_original.write( old_original.respond_to?(:get) ? old_original.get : old_original.read )
new_original.rewind
@queued_for_write = { :original => new_original }
instance_write(:updated_at, Time.now)
post_process(*style_args)
old_original.close if old_original.respond_to?(:close)
old_original.unlink if old_original.respond_to?(:unlink)
save
else
true
end
rescue Errno::EACCES => e
warn "#{e} - skipping file"
false
end
# Returns true if a file has been assigned.
def file?
!original_filename.blank?
end
alias :present? :file?
# Writes the attachment-specific attribute on the instance. For example,
# instance_write(:file_name, "me.jpg") will write "me.jpg" to the instance's
# "avatar_file_name" field (assuming the attachment is called avatar).
def instance_write(attr, value)
setter = :"#{name}_#{attr}="
responds = instance.respond_to?(setter)
self.instance_variable_set("@_#{setter.to_s.chop}", value)
instance.send(setter, value) if responds || attr.to_s == "file_name"
end
# Reads the attachment-specific attribute on the instance. See instance_write
# for more details.
def instance_read(attr)
getter = :"#{name}_#{attr}"
responds = instance.respond_to?(getter)
cached = self.instance_variable_get("@_#{getter}")
return cached if cached
instance.send(getter) if responds || attr.to_s == "file_name"
end
private
def path_option
@options[:path].respond_to?(:call) ? @options[:path].call(self) : @options[:path]
end
def ensure_required_accessors! #:nodoc:
%w(file_name).each do |field|
unless @instance.respond_to?("#{name}_#{field}") && @instance.respond_to?("#{name}_#{field}=")
raise Paperclip::Error.new("#{@instance.class} model missing required attr_accessor for '#{name}_#{field}'")
end
end
end
def log message #:nodoc:
Paperclip.log(message)
end
def valid_assignment? file #:nodoc:
file.nil? || (file.respond_to?(:original_filename) && file.respond_to?(:content_type))
end
def initialize_storage #:nodoc:
storage_class_name = @options[:storage].to_s.downcase.camelize
begin
storage_module = Paperclip::Storage.const_get(storage_class_name)
rescue NameError
raise Errors::StorageMethodNotFound, "Cannot load storage module '#{storage_class_name}'"
end
self.extend(storage_module)
end
def extra_options_for(style) #:nodoc:
all_options = @options[:convert_options][:all]
all_options = all_options.call(instance) if all_options.respond_to?(:call)
style_options = @options[:convert_options][style]
style_options = style_options.call(instance) if style_options.respond_to?(:call)
[ style_options, all_options ].compact.join(" ")
end
def extra_source_file_options_for(style) #:nodoc:
all_options = @options[:source_file_options][:all]
all_options = all_options.call(instance) if all_options.respond_to?(:call)
style_options = @options[:source_file_options][style]
style_options = style_options.call(instance) if style_options.respond_to?(:call)
[ style_options, all_options ].compact.join(" ")
end
def post_process(*style_args) #:nodoc:
return if @queued_for_write[:original].nil?
instance.run_paperclip_callbacks(:post_process) do
instance.run_paperclip_callbacks(:"#{name}_post_process") do
post_process_styles(*style_args)
end
end
end
def post_process_styles(*style_args) #:nodoc:
post_process_style(:original, styles[:original]) if styles.include?(:original) && process_style?(:original, style_args)
styles.reject{ |name, style| name == :original }.each do |name, style|
post_process_style(name, style) if process_style?(name, style_args)
end
end
def post_process_style(name, style) #:nodoc:
begin
raise RuntimeError.new("Style #{name} has no processors defined.") if style.processors.blank?
@queued_for_write[name] = style.processors.inject(@queued_for_write[:original]) do |file, processor|
Paperclip.processor(processor).make(file, style.processor_options, self)
end
rescue Paperclip::Error => e
log("An error was received while processing: #{e.inspect}")
(@errors[:processing] ||= []) << e.message if @options[:whiny]
end
end
def process_style?(style_name, style_args) #:nodoc:
style_args.empty? || style_args.include?(style_name)
end
def interpolate(pattern, style_name = default_style) #:nodoc:
interpolator.interpolate(pattern, self, style_name)
end
def queue_existing_for_delete #:nodoc:
return if @options[:preserve_files] || !file?
@queued_for_delete += [:original, *styles.keys].uniq.map do |style|
path(style) if exists?(style)
end.compact
instance_write(:file_name, nil)
instance_write(:content_type, nil)
instance_write(:file_size, nil)
instance_write(:fingerprint, nil)
instance_write(:updated_at, nil)
end
def flush_errors #:nodoc:
@errors.each do |error, message|
[message].flatten.each {|m| instance.errors.add(name, m) }
end
end
# called by storage after the writes are flushed and before @queued_for_writes is cleared
def after_flush_writes
@queued_for_write.each do |style, file|
file.close unless file.closed?
file.unlink if file.respond_to?(:unlink) && file.path.present? && File.exist?(file.path)
end
end
def cleanup_filename(filename)
if @options[:restricted_characters]
filename.gsub(@options[:restricted_characters], '_')
end
end
end
end
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