Permalink
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Find file Copy path
dcaaedf Oct 1, 2018
0 contributors

Users who have contributed to this file

4523 lines (3564 sloc) 174 KB
<#
Invoke-HostEnum
@andrewchiles
https://github.com/threatexpress/red-team-scripts
Future Additions
------------------
Re-work registry checking functions similar to Get-HostProfile
LLMNR and NetBIOS over TCP/IP Settings
RDP Settings HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server
StickyNotes
Win10 - %UserProfile%\AppData\Local\Packages\Microsoft.MicrosoftStickyNotes_8wekyb3d8bbwe\LocalState\plum.sqlite
Win7 - C:\Users\Username\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\StickyNotes\StickyNotes.snt
Tanium https://docs.tanium.com/client/client/troubleshooting.html
64-bit C:\Program Files (x86)\Tanium\Tanium Client\TaniumClient.exe
32-bit C:\Program Files\Tanium\Tanium Client\TaniumClient.exe
32-bit HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Tanium\Tanium Client
64-bit HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Wow6432Node\Tanium\Tanium Client
Windows Event Forwarding registry::HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\EventLog\EventForwarding\SubscriptionManager"
Add https://github.com/sekirkity/BrowserGather.git
User IdleTime https://stackoverflow.com/questions/15845508/get-idle-time-of-machine
Get all ConsoleHost history files
#>
#requires -version 2
function Invoke-HostEnum {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Performs local host and/or domain enumeration for situational awareness
Author: Andrew Chiles (@andrewchiles) leveraging functions by @mattifestation, @harmj0y, @tifkin_, Joe Bialek, rvrsh3ll, Beau Bullock, and Tim Medin
License: BSD 3-Clause
Depenencies: None
Requirements: None
https://github.com/threatexpress/red-team-scripts
.DESCRIPTION
A compilation of multiple system enumeration / situational awareness techniques collected over time.
If system is a member of a domain, it can perform additional enumeration. However, the included domain enumeration is limited with the intention that PowerView, BoodHound, etc will be also be used.
Report HTML file is written in the format of YYYYMMDD_HHMMSS_HOSTNAME.html in the current working directory.
Invoke-HostEnum is Powershell 2.0 compatible to ensure it functions on the widest variety of Windows targets
Enumerated Information:
- OS Details, Hostname, Uptime, Installdate
- Installed Applications and Patches
- Network Adapter Configuration, Network Shares, Listening Ports, Connections, Routing Table, DNS Cache, Firewall Status
- Running Processes and Installed Services
- Interesting Registry Entries
- Local Users, Groups, Administrators
- Personal Security Product Status, AV Processes
- Interesting file locations and keyword searches via file indexing
- Interesting Windows Logs (User logins)
- Basic Domain enumeration (users, groups, trusts, domain controllers, account policy, SPNs)
.PARAMETER All
Executes Local, Domain, and Privesc functions
.PARAMETER Local
Executes the local enumeration functions
.PARAMETER Domain
Executes the domain enumeration functions
.PARAMETER Privesc
Executes modified version of PowerUp privilege escalation enumeration (Invoke-AllChecks)
.PARAMETER Quick
Executes a brief initial survey that may be useful when initially accessing a host
Only enumerates basic system info, processes, av, network adapters, firewall state, network connections, users, and groups
Note: Not usable with -HTMLReport
.PARAMETER HTMLReport
Creates an HTML Report of enumeration results
.PARAMETER Verbose
Enables verbosity (Leverages Write-Verbose and output may differ depending on the console/agent you're using)
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Invoke-HostEnum -Local -HTMLReport -Verbose
Performs local system enumeration with verbosity and writes output to a HTML report
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Invoke-HostEnum -Domain -HTMLReport
Performs domain enumeration using net commands and saves the output to the current directory
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Invoke-HostEnum -Local -Domain
Performs local and domain enumeration functions and outputs the results to the console
.LINK
https://github.com/threatexpress/red-team-scripts
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[Switch]$All,
[Switch]$Local,
[Switch]$Domain,
[Switch]$Quick,
[Switch]$Privesc,
[Switch]$HTMLReport
)
# Ignore Errors and don't print to screen unless specified otherwise when calling Functions
$ErrorActionPreference = "SilentlyContinue"
# $All switch runs Local, Domain, and Privesc checks
If ($All) {$Local = $True; $Domain = $True; $Privesc = $True}
### Begin Main Execution
$Time = (Get-Date).ToUniversalTime()
[string]$StartTime = $Time|Get-Date -uformat %Y%m%d_%H%M%S
# Create filename for HTMLReport
If ($HTMLReport) {
[string]$Hostname = $ENV:COMPUTERNAME
[string]$FileName = $StartTime + '_' + $Hostname + '.html'
$HTMLReportFile = (Join-Path $PWD $FileName)
# Header for HTML table formatting
$HTMLReportHeader = @"
<style>
TABLE {border-width: 1px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;border-collapse: collapse;}
TH {border-width: 1px;padding: 3px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;background-color: #6495ED;}
TD {border-width: 1px;padding: 3px;border-style: solid;border-color: black;font-family:courier;}
TR:Nth-Child(Even) {Background-Color: #dddddd;}
.odd { background-color:#ffffff; }
.even { background-color:#dddddd; }
</style>
<style>
.aLine {
border-top:1px solid #6495ED};
height:1px;
margin:16px 0;
}
</style>
<title>System Report</title>
"@
# Attempt to write out HTML report header and exit if there isn't sufficient permission
Try {
ConvertTo-HTML -Title "System Report" -Head $HTMLReportHeader `
-Body "<H1>System Enumeration Report for $($Env:ComputerName) - $($Env:UserName)</H1>`n<div class='aLine'></div>" `
| Out-File $HTMLReportFile -ErrorAction Stop
}
Catch {
"`n[-] Error writing enumeration output to disk! Check your permissions on $PWD.`n$($Error[0])`n"; Return
}
}
# Print initial execution status
"[+] Invoke-HostEnum"
"[+] STARTTIME:`t$StartTime"
"[+] PID:`t$PID`n"
# Check user context of Powershell.exe process and alert if running as SYSTEM
$IsSystem = [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent().IsSystem
If ($IsSystem) {
"`n[*] Warning: Enumeration is running as SYSTEM and some enumeration techniques (Domain and User-context specific) may fail to yield desired results!`n"
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Note: Enumeration performed as 'SYSTEM' and report may contain incomplete results!</H2>" -as list | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
# Execute a quick system survey
If ($Quick) {
Write-Verbose "Performing quick enumeration..."
"`n[+] Host Summary`n"
$Results = Get-Sysinfo
$Results | Format-List
"`n[+] Running Processes`n"
$Results = Get-ProcessInfo
$Results | Format-Table ID, Name, Owner, Path -auto -wrap
"`n[+] Installed AV Product`n"
$Results = Get-AVInfo
$Results | Format-List
"`n[+] Potential AV Processes`n"
$Results = Get-AVProcesses
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
"`n[+] Installed Software:`n"
$Results = Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName, InstallDate, DisplayVersion, Publisher, InstallLocation
if ((Get-WmiObject Win32_OperatingSystem).OSArchitecture -eq "64-bit")
{
$Results += Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName, InstallDate, DisplayVersion, Publisher, InstallLocation
}
$Results = $Results | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName} | Sort-Object DisplayName
$Results | Format-Table -Auto -Wrap
"`n[+] System Drives:`n"
$Results = Get-PSDrive -psprovider filesystem | Select-Object Name, Root, Used, Free, Description, CurrentLocation
$Results | Format-Table -auto
"`n[+] Active TCP Connections:`n"
$Results = Get-ActiveTCPConnections | Select-Object LocalAddress, LocalPort, RemoteAddress, RemotePort, State, IPVersion
$Results | Format-Table -auto
"`n[+] Firewall Status:`n"
$Results = Get-FirewallStatus
$Results | Format-Table -auto
"`n[+] Local Users:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_UserAccount -Filter "Domain='$($env:ComputerName)'" | Select-Object Name, Domain, SID, AccountType, PasswordExpires, Disabled, Lockout, Status, Description | Sort-Object SID -Descending
$Results | Format-Table -auto -wrap
"`n[+] Local Administrators:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_groupuser -Filter "GroupComponent=""Win32_Group.Domain='$env:COMPUTERNAME',Name='Administrators'""" |
% {[wmi]$_.PartComponent} | Select-Object Name, Domain, SID, AccountType, PasswordExpires, Disabled, Lockout, Status, Description
"`n[+] Local Groups:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Group -Filter "Domain='$($env:ComputerName)'" | Select-Object Name,SID,Description
$Results | Format-Table -auto -wrap
"`n[+] Group Membership for ($($env:username))`n"
$Results = Get-UserGroupMembership | Sort-Object SID
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
}
# Execute local system enumeration functions
If ($Local) {
# Execute local enumeration functions and format for report
"`n[+] Host Summary`n"
$Results = Get-Sysinfo
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Host Summary</H2>" -as list | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Get Installed software, check for 64-bit applications
"`n[+] Installed Software:`n"
$Results = Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName, InstallDate, DisplayVersion, Publisher, InstallLocation
if ((Get-WmiObject Win32_OperatingSystem).OSArchitecture -eq "64-bit")
{
$Results += Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall\* | Select-Object DisplayName, InstallDate, DisplayVersion, Publisher, InstallLocation
}
$Results = $Results | Where-Object {$_.DisplayName} | Sort-Object DisplayName
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Installed Software</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Get installed patches
"`n[+] Installed Patches:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -class Win32_quickfixengineering | Select-Object HotFixID,Description,InstalledBy,InstalledOn | Sort-Object InstalledOn -Descending
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Installed Patches</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Process Information
"`n[+] Running Processes`n"
$Results = Get-ProcessInfo
$Results | Format-Table ID, Name, Owner, Path, CommandLine -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -Property ID, Name, Owner, MainWindowTitle, Path, CommandLine -PreContent "<H2>Process Information</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Services
"`n[+] Installed Services:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject win32_service | Select-Object Name, DisplayName, State, PathName
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Installed Services</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Environment variables
"`n[+] Environment Variables:`n"
$Results = Get-Childitem -path env:* | Select-Object Name, Value | Sort-Object name
$Results |Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Environment Variables</H2>"| Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# BIOS information
"`n[+] BIOS Information:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class win32_bios |Select-Object SMBIOSBIOSVersion, Manufacturer, Name, SerialNumber, Version
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>BIOS Information</H2>" -as List| Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Physical Computer Information
"`n[+] Computer Information:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -class Win32_ComputerSystem | Select-Object Domain, Manufacturer, Model, Name, PrimaryOwnerName, TotalPhysicalMemory, @{Label="Role";Expression={($_.Roles) -join ","}}
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Physical Computer Information</H2>" -as List | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# System Drives (Returns mapped drives too, but not their associated network path)
"`n[+] System Drives:`n"
$Results = Get-PSDrive -psprovider filesystem | Select-Object Name, Root, Used, Free, Description, CurrentLocation
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>System Drives</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Mapped Network Drives
"`n[+] Mapped Network Drives:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_MappedLogicalDisk | Select-Object Name, Caption, VolumeName, FreeSpace, ProviderName, FileSystem
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Mapped Network Drives</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
## Local Network Configuration
# Network Adapters
"`n[+] Network Adapters:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -class Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration |
Select-Object Description,@{Label="IPAddress";Expression={($_.IPAddress) -join ", "}},@{Label="IPSubnet";Expression={($_.IPSubnet) -join ", "}},@{Label="DefaultGateway";Expression={($_.DefaultIPGateway) -join ", "}},MACaddress,DHCPServer,DNSHostname | Sort-Object IPAddress -descending
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Network Adapters</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# DNS Cache
"`n[+] DNS Cache:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -query "Select * from MSFT_DNSClientCache" -Namespace "root\standardcimv2" | Select-Object Entry, Name, Data
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>DNS Cache</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Network Shares
"`n[+] Network Shares:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -class Win32_Share | Select-Object Name, Path, Description, Caption, Status
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Network Shares</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# TCP Network Connections
"`n[+] Active TCP Connections:`n"
$Results = Get-ActiveTCPConnections | Select-Object LocalAddress, LocalPort, RemoteAddress, RemotePort, State, IPVersion
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Active TCP Connections</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# IP Listeners
"`n[+] TCP/UDP Listeners:`n"
$Results = Get-ActiveListeners |Where-Object {$_.ListeningPort -LT 50000}| Select-Object Protocol, LocalAddress, ListeningPort, IPVersion
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>TCP/UDP Listeners</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Firewall Status
"`n[+] Firewall Status:`n"
$Results = Get-FirewallStatus
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Firewall Status</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# WMI Routing Table
"`n[+] Routing Table:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -class "Win32_IP4RouteTable" -namespace "root\CIMV2" |Select-Object Destination, Mask, Nexthop, InterfaceIndex, Metric1, Protocol, Type
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Routing Table</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# WMI Net Sessions
"`n[+] Net Sessions:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject win32_networkconnection | Select-Object LocalName, RemoteName, RemotePath, Name, Status, ConnectionState, Persistent, UserName, Description
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Network Sessions</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Proxy Information
"`n[+] Proxy Configuration:`n"
$regkey = "HKCU:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings"
$Results = New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
Enabled = If ((Get-ItemProperty -Path $regkey).proxyEnable -eq 1) {"True"} else {"False"}
ProxyServer = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $regkey).proxyServer
AutoConfigURL = (Get-ItemProperty -Path $regkey).AutoConfigUrl
}
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Proxy Configuration</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
## Local User and Group Enumeration
#######################
# Local User Accounts
"`n[+] Local users:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_UserAccount -Filter "Domain='$($env:ComputerName)'" | Select-Object Name, Domain, SID, AccountType, PasswordExpires, Disabled, Lockout, Status, Description | Sort-Object SID -Descending
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Local Users</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Local Administrators
"`n[+] Local Administrators:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_groupuser -Filter "GroupComponent=""Win32_Group.Domain='$env:COMPUTERNAME',Name='Administrators'""" |
% {[wmi]$_.PartComponent} | Select-Object Name, Domain, SID, AccountType, PasswordExpires, Disabled, Lockout, Status, Description
$Results | Format-Table -auto -wrap
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Local Administrators</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Local Groups
"`n[+] Local Groups:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Group -Filter "Domain='$($env:ComputerName)'" | Select-Object Name,SID,Description
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Local Groups</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Local Group Membership
"`n[+] Local Group Membership:`n"
$Groups = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Group -Filter "Domain='$($env:ComputerName)'" | Select-Object -expand Name
Foreach ($Group in $Groups) {
$results = $Null
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_groupuser -Filter "GroupComponent=""Win32_Group.Domain='$env:COMPUTERNAME',Name='$Group'""" | % {[wmi]$_.PartComponent} | Select-Object Name, Domain, SID, AccountType, PasswordExpires, Disabled, Lockout, Status, Description
"[+] $Group - Members"
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Local Group Membership - $Group</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
# Explicit Logon Events (Requires admin)
"`n[+] Explicit Logon Events (4648) - Last 10 Days:`n"
$Results = Get-ExplicitLogonEvents -Days 10 | Select TimeCreated,TargetUserName,TargetDomainName,ProcessName,SubjectUserName,SubjectDomainName | Sort-Object TimeCreated
$Results | Format-Table -auto -wrap
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Explicit Logon Events (4648) - Last 10 Days</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Logon Events (Requires admin)
"`n[+] Logon Events (4624) - Last 200 Events:`n"
# Filter out NT Authority and Machine logons
$Results = Get-LogonEvents -MaxEvents 200 | Where-Object {$_.Target -NotLike "NT AUTHORITY*" -and $_.Target -NotLike "*$"} |Sort-Object TimeCreated
$Results | Format-Table -auto -wrap
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Logon Events (4624) - Last 200 Events</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
## AV Products
#########################
"`n[+] Installed AV Product`n"
$Results = Get-AVInfo
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Installed AV Product</H2>" -as list | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Potential Running AV Processes
"`n[+] Potential AV Processes`n"
$Results = Get-AVProcesses
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Potential AV Processes</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# If McAfee is installed then pull some recent logs
If ($Results.displayName -Match "mcafee") {
$Results = Get-McafeeLogs
$Results |Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Recent McAfee AV Logs</H2>" -as list | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
## Interesting Locations
#############################
"`n[+] Registry Keys`n"
$Results = Get-InterestingRegistryKeys
$Results
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Interesting Registry Keys</H2>`n<table><tr><td><PRE>$Results</PRE></td></tr></table>" -as list | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Interesting File Search (String formatted due to odd formatting issues with file listings)
"`n[+] Interesting Files:`n"
$Results = Get-InterestingFiles
$Results
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Interesting Files</H2>`n<table><tr><td><PRE>$Results</PRE></td></tr></table>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
## Current User Enumeration
############################
# Group Membership for Current User
"`n[+] Group Membership - $($Env:UserName)`n"
$Results = Get-UserGroupMembership | Sort-Object SID
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Group Membership - $($env:username)</H2>"| Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Browser History (IE, Firefox, Chrome)
"`n[+] Browser History`n"
$Results = Get-BrowserInformation | Where-Object{$_.Data -NotMatch "google" -And $_.Data -NotMatch "microsoft" -And $_.Data -NotMatch "chrome" -And $_.Data -NotMatch "youtube" }
$Results | Format-Table Browser, DataType, User, Data -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -Property Browser, DataType, User, Data, Name -PreContent "<H2>Browser History</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Open IE Tabs
"`n[+] Active Internet Explorer URLs - $($Env:UserName)`n"
$Results = Get-ActiveIEURLS
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Active Internet Explorer URLs - $($Env:UserName)</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Recycle Bin Files
"`n`n[+] Recycle Bin Contents - $($Env:UserName)`n"
$Results = Get-RecycleBin
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Recycle Bin Contents - $($Env:UserName)</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Clipboard Contents
Add-Type -Assembly PresentationCore
"`n[+] Clipboard Contents - $($Env:UserName):`n"
$Results = ''
$Results = ([Windows.Clipboard]::GetText()) -join "`r`n" | Out-String
$Results
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Clipboard Contents - $($Env:UserName)</H2><table><tr><td><PRE>$Results</PRE></td></tr></table>"| Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
# Simple Domain Enumeration
If ($Domain) {
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H1>Domain Report - $($env:USERDOMAIN)</H1><div class='aLine'></div>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Check if host is part of a domain before executing domain enumeration functions
If ((gwmi win32_computersystem).partofdomain){
Write-Verbose "Enumerating Windows Domain..."
"`n[+] Domain Mode`n"
$Results = ([System.Directoryservices.Activedirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()).DomainMode
$Results
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Mode: $Results</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# DA Level Accounts
"`n[+] Domain Administrators`n"
$Results = Get-DomainAdmins
$Results
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Administrators</H2><table><tr><td><PRE>$Results</PRE></td></tr></table>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain account password policy
"`n[+] Domain Account Policy`n"
$Results = Get-DomainAccountPolicy
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Account Policy</H2>" -as List | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain Controllers
"`n[+] Domain Controllers:`n"
$Results = ([System.Directoryservices.Activedirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()).DomainControllers | Select-Object Name,OSVersion,Domain,Forest,SiteName,IpAddress
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Controllers</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain Trusts
"`n[+] Domain Trusts:`n"
$Results = ([System.Directoryservices.Activedirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()).GetAllTrustRelationships()
$Results | Format-List
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Trusts</H2>" -as List | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain Users
"`n[+] Domain Users:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_UserAccount | Select-Object Name,Caption,SID,Fullname,Disabled,Lockout,Description |Sort-Object SID
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Users</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain Groups
"`n[+] Domain Groups:`n"
$Results = Get-WmiObject -Class Win32_Group | Select-Object Name,SID,Description | Sort-Object SID
$Results | Format-Table -Auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Domain Groups</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
# Domain Admins, Enterprise Admins, Server Admins, Backup Operators
# Get User SPNS
"`n[+] User Account SPNs`n"
$Results = $null
$Results = Get-UserSPNS -UniqueAccounts | Sort-Object PasswordLastSet -Unique
$Results | Format-Table -auto
If ($HTMLReport) {
$Results | ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>User Account SPNs</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
Else {
"`n[-] Host is not a member of a domain. Skipping domain checks...`n"
If ($HTMLReport) {
ConvertTo-HTML -Fragment -PreContent "<H2>Host is not a member of a domain. Domain checks skipped.</H2>" | Out-File -Append $HTMLReportFile
}
}
}
# Privilege Escalation Enumeration
If ($Privesc) {
If ($HTMLReport) {
Invoke-AllChecks -HTMLReport
}
Else {
Invoke-AllChecks
}
}
# Determine the execution duration
$Duration = New-Timespan -start $Time -end ((Get-Date).ToUniversalTime())
# Print report location and finish execution
"`n"
If ($HTMLReport) {
"[+] FILE:`t$HTMLReportFile"
"[+] FILESIZE:`t$((Get-Item $HTMLReportFile).length) Bytes"
}
"[+] DURATION:`t$Duration"
"[+] Invoke-HostEnum complete!"
}
function Get-SysInfo {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets basic system information from the host
#>
$os_info = gwmi Win32_OperatingSystem
$uptime = [datetime]::ParseExact($os_info.LastBootUpTime.SubString(0,14), "yyyyMMddHHmmss", $null)
$uptime = (Get-Date).Subtract($uptime)
$uptime = ("{0} Days, {1} Hours, {2} Minutes, {3} Seconds" -f ($uptime.Days, $uptime.Hours, $uptime.Minutes, $uptime.Seconds))
$date = Get-Date
$IsHighIntegrity = [bool]([Security.Principal.WindowsPrincipal] [Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()).IsInRole([Security.Principal.WindowsBuiltInRole] "Administrator")
$SysInfoHash = @{
HOSTNAME = $ENV:COMPUTERNAME
IPADDRESSES = (@([System.Net.Dns]::GetHostAddresses($ENV:HOSTNAME)) | %{$_.IPAddressToString}) -join ", "
OS = $os_info.caption + ' ' + $os_info.CSDVersion
ARCHITECTURE = $os_info.OSArchitecture
"DATE(UTC)" = $date.ToUniversalTime()| Get-Date -uformat "%Y%m%d%H%M%S"
"DATE(LOCAL)" = $date | Get-Date -uformat "%Y%m%d%H%M%S%Z"
INSTALLDATE = $os_info.InstallDate
UPTIME = $uptime
USERNAME = $ENV:USERNAME
DOMAIN = (GWMI Win32_ComputerSystem).domain
LOGONSERVER = $ENV:LOGONSERVER
PSVERSION = $PSVersionTable.PSVersion.ToString()
PSCOMPATIBLEVERSIONS = ($PSVersionTable.PSCompatibleVersions) -join ', '
PSSCRIPTBLOCKLOGGING = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\ScriptBlockLogging -EA 0).EnableScriptBlockLogging -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
PSTRANSCRIPTION = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\Transcription -EA 0).EnableTranscripting -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
PSTRANSCRIPTIONDIR = (Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\Transcription -EA 0).OutputDirectory
PSMODULELOGGING = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\ModuleLogging -EA 0).EnableModuleLogging -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
LSASSPROTECTION = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Lsa -EA 0).RunAsPPL -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
LAPS = If((Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft Services\AdmPwd" -EA 0).AdmPwdEnabled -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
UAC = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System -EA 0).EnableLUA -eq 1){"Enabled"} Else {"Disabled"}
# LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy = 1 disables local account token filtering
UACTOKENFILTERING = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System -EA 0).LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy -eq 1){"Disabled (PTH likely w/ local admins)"} Else {"Enabled"}
UACFILTERADMINTOKEN = If((Get-ItemProperty HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System -EA 0).FilterAdministratorToken -eq 1){"Enabled (RID500 protected)"} Else {"Disabled"}
HIGHINTEGRITY = $IsHighIntegrity
DENYRDPCONNECTIONS = [bool](Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Terminal Server" -EA 0).FDenyTSConnections
}
# PS feels the need to randomly re-order everything when converted to an object so let's presort
New-Object -TypeName PSobject -Property $SysInfoHash | Select-Object Hostname, OS, Architecture, "Date(UTC)", "Date(Local)", InstallDate, UpTime, IPAddresses, Domain, Username, LogonServer, PSVersion, PSCompatibleVersions, PSScriptBlockLogging, PSTranscription, PSTranscriptionDir, PSModuleLogging, LSASSProtection, LAPS, UAC, UACTOKENFILTERING, UACFILTERADMINTOKEN, HIGHINTEGRITY
}
function Get-ProcessInfo() {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets detailed process information via WMI
#>
# Extra work here to include process owner and commandline using WMI
Write-Verbose "Enumerating running processes..."
$owners = @{}
$commandline = @{}
gwmi win32_process |% {$owners[$_.handle] = $_.getowner().user}
gwmi win32_process |% {$commandline[$_.handle] = $_.commandline}
$procs = Get-Process | Sort-Object -property ID
$procs | ForEach-Object {$_|Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "Owner" -Value $owners[$_.id.tostring()] -force}
$procs | ForEach-Object {$_|Add-Member -MemberType NoteProperty -Name "CommandLine" -Value $commandline[$_.id.tostring()] -force}
Return $procs
}
function Get-UserGroupMembership {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Pulls local group membership for the current user
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating current user local group membership..."
$UserIdentity = [System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()
$CurrentUserSids = $UserIdentity.Groups | Select-Object -expand value
$Groups = ForEach ($sid in $CurrentUserSids) {
$SIDObj = New-Object System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier("$sid")
$GroupObj = New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
SID = $sid
GroupName = $SIDObj.Translate([System.Security.Principal.NTAccount])
}
$GroupObj
}
$Groups
}
function Get-ActiveTCPConnections {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates active TCP connections for IPv4 and IPv6
Adapted from Beau Bullock's TCP code
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dafthack/HostRecon/master/HostRecon.ps1
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating active network connections..."
$IPProperties = [System.Net.NetworkInformation.IPGlobalProperties]::GetIPGlobalProperties()
$Connections = $IPProperties.GetActiveTcpConnections()
foreach($Connection in $Connections) {
if($Connection.LocalEndPoint.AddressFamily -eq "InterNetwork" ) { $IPType = "IPv4" } else { $IPType = "IPv6" }
New-Object -TypeName PSobject -Property @{
"LocalAddress" = $Connection.LocalEndPoint.Address
"LocalPort" = $Connection.LocalEndPoint.Port
"RemoteAddress" = $Connection.RemoteEndPoint.Address
"RemotePort" = $Connection.RemoteEndPoint.Port
"State" = $Connection.State
"IPVersion" = $IPType
}
}
}
function Get-ActiveListeners {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates active TCP/UDP listeners.
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating active TCP/UDP listeners..."
$IPProperties = [System.Net.NetworkInformation.IPGlobalProperties]::GetIPGlobalProperties()
$TcpListeners = $IPProperties.GetActiveTCPListeners()
$UdpListeners = $IPProperties.GetActiveUDPListeners()
ForEach($Connection in $TcpListeners) {
if($Connection.address.AddressFamily -eq "InterNetwork" ) { $IPType = "IPv4" } else { $IPType = "IPv6" }
New-Object -TypeName PSobject -Property @{
"Protocol" = "TCP"
"LocalAddress" = $Connection.Address
"ListeningPort" = $Connection.Port
"IPVersion" = $IPType
}
}
ForEach($Connection in $UdpListeners) {
if($Connection.address.AddressFamily -eq "InterNetwork" ) { $IPType = "IPv4" } else { $IPType = "IPv6" }
New-Object -TypeName PSobject -Property @{
"Protocol" = "UDP"
"LocalAddress" = $Connection.Address
"ListeningPort" = $Connection.Port
"IPVersion" = $IPType
}
}
}
function Get-FirewallStatus {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates local firewall status from registry
#>
$regkey = "HKLM:\System\ControlSet001\Services\SharedAccess\Parameters\FirewallPolicy"
New-Object -TypeName PSobject -Property @{
Standard = If ((Get-ItemProperty $regkey\StandardProfile).EnableFirewall -eq 1){"Enabled"}Else {"Disabled"}
Domain = If ((Get-ItemProperty $regkey\DomainProfile).EnableFirewall -eq 1){"Enabled"}Else {"Disabled"}
Public = If ((Get-ItemProperty $regkey\PublicProfile).EnableFirewall -eq 1){"Enabled"}Else {"Disabled"}
}
}
function Get-InterestingRegistryKeys {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Pulls potentially interesting registry keys
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating registry keys..."
# Recently typed "run" commands
"`n[+] Recent RUN Commands:`n"
Get-Itemproperty "HKCU:\software\microsoft\windows\currentversion\explorer\runmru" | Out-String
# HKLM SNMP Keys
"`n[+] SNMP community strings:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\snmp\parameters\validcommunities" | Format-List | Out-String
# HKCU SNMP Keys
"`n[+] SNMP community strings for current user:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKCU:\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\services\snmp\parameters\validcommunities"| Format-List |Out-String
# Putty Saved Session Keys
"`n[+] Putty saved sessions:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKCU:\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\Sessions\*" |Format-List | Out-String
"`n[+] Windows Update Settings:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate" |Format-List | Out-String
"`n[+] Kerberos Settings:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System\Kerberos\Parameters" |Format-List | Out-String
"`n[+] Wdigest Settings:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest" |Format-List | Out-String
"`n[+] Windows Installer Settings:`n"
Get-ItemProperty "HKLM:\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer" |Format-List | Out-String
Get-ItemProperty "HKCU:\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer" |Format-List | Out-String
"`n[+] Windows Policy Settings:`n"
Get-ChildItem registry::HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies -recurse | Out-String
Get-ChildItem registry::HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies -recurse | Out-String
Get-ChildItem registry::HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies -recurse | Out-String
Get-ChildItem registry::HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies -recurse | Out-String
}
function Get-IndexedFiles {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Uses the Windows indexing service to search for interesting files and often includes Outlook e-mails.
Code originally adapted from a Microsoft post, but can no longer locate the exact source. Doesn't work on all systems.
#>
param (
[Parameter(Mandatory=$true)][string]$Pattern)
if($Path -eq ""){$Path = $PWD;}
$pattern = $pattern -replace "\*", "%"
$path = $path + "\%"
$con = New-Object -ComObject ADODB.Connection
$rs = New-Object -ComObject ADODB.Recordset
# This directory indexing search doesn't work on some systems tested (i.e.Server 2K8r2)
# Using Try/Catch to break the search in case the provider isn't available
Try {
$con.Open("Provider=Search.CollatorDSO;Extended Properties='Application=Windows';")}
Catch {
"[-] Indexed file search provider not available";Break
}
$rs.Open("SELECT System.ItemPathDisplay FROM SYSTEMINDEX WHERE System.FileName LIKE '" + $pattern + "' " , $con)
While(-Not $rs.EOF){
$rs.Fields.Item("System.ItemPathDisplay").Value
$rs.MoveNext()
}
}
function Get-InterestingFiles {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Local filesystem enumeration
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating interesting files..."
# Get Indexed files containg $searchStrings (Experimental), edit this to desired list of "dirty words"
$SearchStrings = "*secret*","*creds*","*credential*","*.vmdk","*confidential*","*proprietary*","*pass*","*credentials*","web.config","KeePass.config*","*.kdbx","*.key","tnsnames.ora","ntds.dit","*.dll.config","*.exe.config"
$IndexedFiles = Foreach ($String in $SearchStrings) {Get-IndexedFiles $string}
"`n[+] Indexed File Search:`n"
"`n[+] Search Terms ($SearchStrings)`n`n"
$IndexedFiles |Format-List |Out-String -width 300
# Get Top Level file listing of all drives
"`n[+] All 'FileSystem' Drives - Top Level Listing:`n"
Get-PSdrive -psprovider filesystem |ForEach-Object {gci $_.Root} |Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get Program Files
"`n[+] System Drive - Program Files:`n"
GCI "$ENV:ProgramFiles\" | Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get Program Files (x86)
"`n[+] System Drive - Program Files (x86):`n"
GCI "$ENV:ProgramFiles (x86)\" | Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get %USERPROFILE%\Desktop top level file listing
"`n[+] Current User Desktop:`n"
GCI $ENV:USERPROFILE\Desktop | Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get %USERPROFILE%\Documents top level file listing
"`n[+] Current User Documents:`n"
GCI $ENV:USERPROFILE\Documents | Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get Files in the %USERPROFILE% directory with certain extensions or phrases
"`n[+] Current User Profile (*pass*,*diagram*,*.pdf,*.vsd,*.doc,*docx,*.xls,*.xlsx,*.kdbx,*.key,KeePass.config):`n"
GCI $ENV:USERPROFILE\ -recurse -include *pass*,*diagram*,*.pdf,*.vsd,*.doc,*docx,*.xls,*.xlsx,*.kdbx,*.key,KeePass.config | Select-Object Fullname,LastWriteTimeUTC,LastAccessTimeUTC,Length | Format-Table -auto | Out-String -width 300
# Get Powershell History
"`n[+] Current User Powershell Console History:`n`n"
(Get-Content $ENV:APPDATA\Microsoft\Windows\PowerShell\PSReadline\ConsoleHost_history.txt -EA 0 |select -last 50) -join "`r`n"
# Get Host File
"`n[+] Contents of Hostfile:`n`n"
(Get-Content -path "$($ENV:WINDIR)\System32\drivers\etc\hosts") -join "`r`n"
}
function Get-RecycleBin {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets the contents of the Recycle Bin for the current user
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating deleted files in Recycle Bin..."
Try {
$Shell = New-Object -ComObject Shell.Application
$Recycler = $Shell.NameSpace(0xa)
If (($Recycler.Items().Count) -gt 0) {
$Output += $Recycler.Items() | Sort ModifyDate -Descending | Select-Object Name, Path, ModifyDate, Size, Type
}
Else {
Write-Verbose "No deleted items found in Recycle Bin!`n"
}
}
Catch {Write-Verbose "[-] Error getting deleted items from Recycle Bin! $($Error[0])`n"}
Return $Output
}
function Get-AVInfo {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets the installed AV product and current status
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating installed AV product..."
$AntiVirusProduct = Get-WmiObject -Namespace "root\SecurityCenter2" -Class AntiVirusProduct -ComputerName $env:computername
switch ($AntiVirusProduct.productState) {
"262144" {$defstatus = "Up to date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
"262160" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
"266240" {$defstatus = "Up to date" ;$rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"266256" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"393216" {$defstatus = "Up to date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
"393232" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
"393488" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
"397312" {$defstatus = "Up to date" ;$rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"397328" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"397584" {$defstatus = "Out of date" ;$rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"397568" {$defstatus = "Up to date"; $rtstatus = "Enabled"}
"393472" {$defstatus = "Up to date" ;$rtstatus = "Disabled"}
default {$defstatus = "Unknown" ;$rtstatus = "Unknown"}
}
# Create hash-table
$ht = @{}
$ht.Computername = $env:computername
$ht.Name = $AntiVirusProduct.displayName
$ht.'Product GUID' = $AntiVirusProduct.instanceGuid
$ht.'Product Executable' = $AntiVirusProduct.pathToSignedProductExe
$ht.'Reporting Exe' = $AntiVirusProduct.pathToSignedReportingExe
$ht.'Definition Status' = $defstatus
$ht.'Real-time Protection Status' = $rtstatus
# Convert to PS object and then format as a string for file output
$Output = New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property $ht #|Format-List
Return $Output
}
function Get-McafeeLogs {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Searches Application log for "McLogEvent" Provider associated with McAfee AV products and selects the first 50 events from the last 14 days
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating Mcafee AV events..."
# Get events from the last two weeks
$date = (get-date).AddDays(-14)
$ProviderName = "McLogEvent"
# Try to get McAfee AV event logs
Try {
$McafeeLogs = Get-WinEvent -FilterHashTable @{ logname = "Application"; StartTime = $date; ProviderName = $ProviderName; }
$McafeeLogs |Select-Object -First 50 ID, Providername, DisplayName, TimeCreated, Level, UserID, ProcessID, Message
}
Catch {
Write-Verbose "[-] Error getting McAfee AV event logs! $($Error[0])`n"
}
}
function Get-AVProcesses {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Returns suspected AV processes based on name matching
AV process list adapted from Beau Bullock's HostRecon AV detection code
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dafthack/HostRecon/master/HostRecon.ps1
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating potential AV processes..."
$processes = Get-Process
$avlookuptable = @{
#explorer = "Explorer (testing)"
mcshield = "McAfee AV"
FrameworkService = "McAfee AV"
naPrdMgr = "McAfee AV"
windefend = "Windows Defender AV"
MSASCui = "Windows Defender AV"
msmpeng = "Windows Defender AV"
msmpsvc = "Windows Defender AV"
WRSA = "WebRoot AV"
savservice = "Sophos AV"
TMCCSF = "Trend Micro AV"
"symantec antivirus" = "Symantec AV"
ccSvcHst = "Symantec Endpoint Protection"
TaniumClient = "Tanium"
mbae = "MalwareBytes Anti-Exploit"
parity = "Bit9 application whitelisting"
cb = "Carbon Black behavioral analysis"
"bds-vision" = "BDS Vision behavioral analysis"
Triumfant = "Triumfant behavioral analysis"
CSFalcon = "CrowdStrike Falcon EDR"
ossec = "OSSEC intrusion detection"
TmPfw = "Trend Micro firewall"
dgagent = "Verdasys Digital Guardian DLP"
kvoop = "Forcepoint and others"
xagt = "FireEye Endpoint Agent"
}
ForEach ($process in $processes) {
ForEach ($key in $avlookuptable.keys){
if ($process.ProcessName -match $key){
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
AVProduct = ($avlookuptable).Get_Item($key)
ProcessName = $process.ProcessName
PID = $process.ID
}
}
}
}
}
function Get-DomainAdmins {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates admininistrator type accounts within the domain using code adapted from Dafthack HostRecon.ps1
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating Domain Administrators..."
$Domain = [System.Directoryservices.Activedirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()
Try {
$DAgroup = ([adsi]"WinNT://$domain/Domain Admins,group")
$Members = @($DAgroup.psbase.invoke("Members"))
[Array]$MemberNames = $Members | ForEach{([ADSI]$_).InvokeGet("Name")}
"`n[+] Domain Admins:`n"
$MemberNames
$EAgroup = ([adsi]"WinNT://$domain/Enterprise Admins,group")
$Members = @($EAgroup.psbase.invoke("Members"))
[Array]$MemberNames = $Members | ForEach{([ADSI]$_).InvokeGet("Name")}
"`n[+] Enterprise Admins:`n"
$MemberNames
$SAgroup = ([adsi]"WinNT://$domain/Schema Admins,group")
$Members = @($DAgroup.psbase.invoke("Members"))
[Array]$MemberNames = $Members | ForEach{([ADSI]$_).InvokeGet("Name")}
"`n[+] Schema Admins:`n"
$MemberNames
$DAgroup = ([adsi]"WinNT://$domain/Administrators,group")
$Members = @($DAgroup.psbase.invoke("Members"))
[Array]$MemberNames = $Members | ForEach{([ADSI]$_).InvokeGet("Name")}
"`n[+] Administrators:`n"
$MemberNames
}
Catch {
Write-Verbose "[-] Error connecting to the domain while retrieving group members."
}
}
function Get-DomainAccountPolicy {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates account policy from the domain with code adapted from Dafthack HostRecon.ps1
#>
Write-Verbose "Enumerating domain account policy"
$Domain = [System.Directoryservices.Activedirectory.Domain]::GetCurrentDomain()
Try {
$DomainContext = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.DirectoryContext("domain",$domain)
$DomainObject =[System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Domain]::GetDomain($DomainContext)
$CurrentDomain = [ADSI]"WinNT://$env:USERDOMAIN"
$Name = @{Name="DomainName";Expression={$_.Name}}
$MinPassLen = @{Name="Minimum Password Length";Expression={$_.MinPasswordLength}}
$MinPassAge = @{Name="Minimum Password Age (Days)";Expression={$_.MinPasswordAge.value/86400}}
$MaxPassAge = @{Name="Maximum Password Age (Days)";Expression={$_.MaxPasswordAge.value/86400}}
$PassHistory = @{Name="Enforce Password History (Passwords remembered)";Expression={$_.PasswordHistoryLength}}
$AcctLockoutThreshold = @{Name="Account Lockout Threshold";Expression={$_.MaxBadPasswordsAllowed}}
$AcctLockoutDuration = @{Name="Account Lockout Duration (Minutes)";Expression={if ($_.AutoUnlockInterval.value -eq -1) {'Account is locked out until administrator unlocks it.'} else {$_.AutoUnlockInterval.value/60}}}
$ResetAcctLockoutCounter = @{Name="Observation Window";Expression={$_.LockoutObservationInterval.value/60}}
$CurrentDomain | Select-Object $Name,$MinPassLen,$MinPassAge,$MaxPassAge,$PassHistory,$AcctLockoutThreshold,$AcctLockoutDuration,$ResetAcctLockoutCounter
}
Catch {
Write-Verbose "[-] Error connecting to the domain while retrieving password policy."
}
}
function Get-BrowserInformation {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Dumps Browser Information
Author: @424f424f
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: None
https://github.com/rvrsh3ll/Misc-Powershell-Scripts/blob/master/Get-BrowserData.ps1
.DESCRIPTION
Enumerates browser history or bookmarks for a Chrome, Internet Explorer,
and/or Firefox browsers on Windows machines.
.PARAMETER Browser
The type of browser to enumerate, 'Chrome', 'IE', 'Firefox' or 'All'
.PARAMETER Datatype
Type of data to enumerate, 'History' or 'Bookmarks'
.PARAMETER UserName
Specific username to search browser information for.
.PARAMETER Search
Term to search for
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-BrowserInformation
Enumerates browser information for all supported browsers for all current users.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-BrowserInformation -Browser IE -Datatype Bookmarks -UserName user1
Enumerates bookmarks for Internet Explorer for the user 'user1'.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-BrowserInformation -Browser All -Datatype History -UserName user1 -Search 'github'
Enumerates bookmarks for Internet Explorer for the user 'user1' and only returns
results matching the search term 'github'.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 0)]
[String[]]
[ValidateSet('Chrome','IE','FireFox', 'All')]
$Browser = 'All',
[Parameter(Position = 1)]
[String[]]
[ValidateSet('History','Bookmarks','All')]
$DataType = 'All',
[Parameter(Position = 2)]
[String]
$UserName = '',
[Parameter(Position = 3)]
[String]
$Search = ''
)
Write-Verbose "Enumerating web browser history..."
function ConvertFrom-Json20([object] $item){
#http://stackoverflow.com/a/29689642
Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Web.Extensions
$ps_js = New-Object System.Web.Script.Serialization.JavaScriptSerializer
return ,$ps_js.DeserializeObject($item)
}
function Get-ChromeHistory {
$Path = "$Env:systemdrive\Users\$UserName\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\History"
if (-not (Test-Path -Path $Path)) {
Write-Verbose "[-] Could not find Chrome History for username: $UserName"
}
$Regex = '(http|ftp|https|file)://([\w_-]+(?:(?:\.[\w_-]+)+))([\w.,@?^=%&:/~+#-]*[\w@?^=%&/~+#-])?'
$Value = Get-Content -Path "$Env:systemdrive\Users\$UserName\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\History"|Select-String -AllMatches $regex |% {$_.Matches}
$Value | ForEach-Object {
$Key = $_
if ($Key -match $Search){
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
User = $UserName
Browser = 'Chrome'
DataType = 'History'
Data = $_.Value
}
}
}
}
function Get-ChromeBookmarks {
$Path = "$Env:systemdrive\Users\$UserName\AppData\Local\Google\Chrome\User Data\Default\Bookmarks"
if (-not (Test-Path -Path $Path)) {
Write-Verbose "[-] Could not find Chrome Bookmarks for username: $UserName"
} else {
$Json = Get-Content $Path
$Output = ConvertFrom-Json20($Json)
$Jsonobject = $Output.roots.bookmark_bar.children
# Modified parsing to properly iterate of the array of dictionaries
$JsonObject | ForEach-Object {
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
User = $UserName
Browser = 'Chrome'
DataType = 'Bookmark'
Data = $_.item('url')
Name = $_.item('name')
}
}
}
}
function Get-InternetExplorerHistory {
#https://crucialsecurityblog.harris.com/2011/03/14/typedurls-part-1/
$Null = New-PSDrive -Name HKU -PSProvider Registry -Root HKEY_USERS -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
$Paths = Get-ChildItem 'HKU:\' -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | Where-Object { $_.Name -match 'S-1-5-21-[0-9]+-[0-9]+-[0-9]+-[0-9]+$' }
ForEach($Path in $Paths) {
$User = ([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier] $Path.PSChildName).Translate( [System.Security.Principal.NTAccount]) | Select -ExpandProperty Value
$Path = $Path | Select-Object -ExpandProperty PSPath
$UserPath = "$Path\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs"
if (-not (Test-Path -Path $UserPath)) {
Write-Verbose "[-] Could not find IE History for SID: $Path"
}
else {
Get-Item -Path $UserPath -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | ForEach-Object {
$Key = $_
$Key.GetValueNames() | ForEach-Object {
$Value = $Key.GetValue($_)
if ($Value -match $Search) {
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
User = $UserName
Browser = 'IE'
DataType = 'History'
Data = $Value
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
function Get-InternetExplorerBookmarks {
$URLs = Get-ChildItem -Path "$Env:systemdrive\Users\" -Filter "*.url" -Recurse -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
ForEach ($URL in $URLs) {
if ($URL.FullName -match 'Favorites') {
$User = $URL.FullName.split('\')[2]
Get-Content -Path $URL.FullName | ForEach-Object {
try {
if ($_.StartsWith('URL')) {
# parse the .url body to extract the actual bookmark location
$URL = $_.Substring($_.IndexOf('=') + 1)
if($URL -match $Search) {
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
User = $User
Browser = 'IE'
DataType = 'Bookmark'
Data = $URL
}
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Verbose "Error parsing url: $_"
}
}
}
}
}
function Get-FirefoxHistory {
$Path = "$Env:systemdrive\Users\$UserName\AppData\Roaming\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\"
if (-not (Test-Path -Path $Path)) {
Write-Verbose "[-] Could not find FireFox History for username: $UserName"
}
else {
$Profiles = Get-ChildItem -Path "$Path\*.default\" -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue
# Modified Regex to match SQLite DB
$Regex = '(http|ftp|https|file)://([\w_-]+(?:(?:\.[\w_-]+)+))([\w.,@?^=%&:/~+#-]*[\w@?^=%&/~+#-])?'
$Value = Get-Content $Profiles\places.sqlite | Select-String -Pattern $Regex -AllMatches | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Matches |Sort -Unique
$Value | ForEach-Object {
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
User = $UserName
Browser = 'Firefox'
DataType = 'History'
Data = $_.Value
}
}
}
}
if (!$UserName) {
$UserName = "$ENV:USERNAME"
}
if(($Browser -Contains 'All') -or ($Browser -Contains 'Chrome')) {
if (($DataType -Contains 'All') -or ($DataType -Contains 'History')) {
Get-ChromeHistory
}
if (($DataType -Contains 'All') -or ($DataType -Contains 'Bookmarks')) {
Get-ChromeBookmarks
}
}
if(($Browser -Contains 'All') -or ($Browser -Contains 'IE')) {
if (($DataType -Contains 'All') -or ($DataType -Contains 'History')) {
Get-InternetExplorerHistory
}
if (($DataType -Contains 'All') -or ($DataType -Contains 'Bookmarks')) {
Get-InternetExplorerBookmarks
}
}
if(($Browser -Contains 'All') -or ($Browser -Contains 'FireFox')) {
if (($DataType -Contains 'All') -or ($DataType -Contains 'History')) {
Get-FireFoxHistory
}
}
}
function Get-ActiveIEURLS {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Returns a list of URLs currently loaded in the browser
Source: http://windowsitpro.com/powershell/retrieve-information-open-browsing-sessions
#>
Param([switch]$Full, [switch]$Location, [switch]$Content)
Write-Verbose "Enumerating active Internet Explorer windows"
$urls = (New-Object -ComObject Shell.Application).Windows() |
Where-Object {$_.LocationUrl -match "(^https?://.+)|(^ftp://)"} |
Where-Object {$_.LocationUrl}
if ($urls) {
if($Full)
{
$urls
}
elseif($Location)
{
$urls | Select Location*
}
elseif($Content)
{
$urls | ForEach-Object {
$_.LocationName;
$_.LocationUrl;
$_.Document.body.innerText
}
}
else
{
$urls | Select-Object LocationUrl, LocationName
}
}
else {
Write-Verbose "[-] No active Internet Explorer windows found"
}
}
# End Browser Enumeration
function Get-ExplicitLogonEvents {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets 4648 Explicit Logon Events from Windows Event Log
Author: Lee Christensen (@tifkin_)
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[int]
$Days = 10
)
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{LogName='Security'; Id=4648; StartTime=(Get-Date).AddDays(-$Days)} | ?{!$_.Properties[5].Value.EndsWith('$')} | %{
$Properties = $_.Properties
New-Object PSObject -Property @{
TimeCreated = $_.TimeCreated
#SubjectUserSid = $Properties[0].Value.ToString()
SubjectUserName = $Properties[1].Value
SubjectDomainName = $Properties[2].Value
#SubjectLogonId = $Properties[3].Value
#LogonGuid = $Properties[4].Value.ToString()
TargetUserName = $Properties[5].Value
TargetDomainName = $Properties[6].Value
#TargetLogonGuid = $Properties[7].Value
#TargetServerName = $Properties[8].Value
#TargetInfo = $Properties[9].Value
#ProcessId = $Properties[10].Value
ProcessName = $Properties[11].Value
IpAddress = $Properties[12].Value
#IpPort = $Properties[13].Value
}
}
}
function Get-LogonEvents {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Gets 4624 Logon Events from Windows Event Log
Author: Lee Christensen (@tifkin_)
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[int]
$MaxEvents = 10
)
Get-WinEvent -FilterHashtable @{LogName='Security'; Id=4624} -MaxEvents $MaxEvents | %{
$Properties = $_.Properties
New-Object PSObject -Property @{
TimeCreated = $_.TimeCreated
#SubjectUserSid = $Properties[0].Value.ToString()
#SubjectUserName = $Properties[1].Value
#SubjectDomainName = $Properties[2].Value
#SubjectLogonId = $Properties[3].Value
#Subject = "$($Properties[2].Value)\$($Properties[1].Value)"
#TargetUserSid = $Properties[4].Value.ToString()
#TargetUserName = $Properties[5].Value
#TargetDomainName = $Properties[6].Value
#TargetLogonId = $Properties[7].Value
Target = "$($Properties[6].Value)\$($Properties[5].Value)"
LogonType = $Properties[8].Value
#LogonProcessName = $Properties[9].Value
AuthenticationPackageName = $Properties[10].Value
#WorkstationName = $Properties[11].Value
#LogonGuid = $Properties[12].Value
#TransmittedServices = $Properties[13].Value
#LmPackageName = $Properties[14].Value
#KeyLength = $Properties[15].Value
#ProcessId = $Properties[16].Value
#ProcessName = $Properties[17].Value
IpAddress = $Properties[18].Value
#ImpersonationLevel = $Properties[20].Value
#RestrictedAdminMode = $Properties[21].Value
#TargetOutboundUserName = $Properties[22].Value
#TargetOutboundDomainName = $Properties[23].Value
#VirtualAccount = $Properties[24].Value
#TargetLinkedLogonId = $Properties[25].Value
#ElevatedToken = $Properties[26].Value
}
}
}
function Get-UserSPNS {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
# Edits by Tim Medin
# File: GetUserSPNS.ps1
# Contents: Query the domain to find SPNs that use User accounts
# Comments: This is for use with Kerberoast https://github.com/nidem/kerberoast
# The password hash used with Computer accounts are infeasible to
# crack; however, if the User account associated with an SPN may have
# a crackable password. This tool will find those accounts. You do not
# need any special local or domain permissions to run this script.
# This script on a script supplied by Microsoft (details below).
# History: 2016/07/07 Tim Medin Add -UniqueAccounts parameter to only get unique SAMAccountNames
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[Parameter(Mandatory=$False,Position=1)] [string]$GCName,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$False)] [string]$Filter,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$False)] [switch]$Request,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$False)] [switch]$UniqueAccounts
)
Write-Verbose "Enumerating user SPNs for potential Kerberoast cracking..."
Add-Type -AssemblyName System.IdentityModel
$GCs = @()
If ($GCName) {
$GCs += $GCName
} else { # find them
$ForestInfo = [System.DirectoryServices.ActiveDirectory.Forest]::GetCurrentForest()
$CurrentGCs = $ForestInfo.FindAllGlobalCatalogs()
ForEach ($GC in $CurrentGCs) {
#$GCs += $GC.Name
$GCs += $ForestInfo.ApplicationPartitions[0].SecurityReferenceDomain
}
}
if (-not $GCs) {
# no Global Catalogs Found
Write-Output "`n[-] No Global Catalogs Found!"
Return
}
ForEach ($GC in $GCs) {
$searcher = New-Object System.DirectoryServices.DirectorySearcher
$searcher.SearchRoot = "LDAP://" + $GC
$searcher.PageSize = 1000
$searcher.Filter = "(&(!objectClass=computer)(servicePrincipalName=*))"
$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("serviceprincipalname")
$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("name")
$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("samaccountname")
#$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("userprincipalname")
#$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("displayname")
$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("memberof")
$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("pwdlastset")
#$Null = $searcher.PropertiesToLoad.Add("distinguishedname")
$searcher.SearchScope = "Subtree"
$results = $searcher.FindAll()
[System.Collections.ArrayList]$accounts = @()
foreach ($result in $results) {
foreach ($spn in $result.Properties["serviceprincipalname"]) {
$o = Select-Object -InputObject $result -Property `
@{Name="ServicePrincipalName"; Expression={$spn.ToString()} }, `
@{Name="Name"; Expression={$result.Properties["name"][0].ToString()} }, `
#@{Name="UserPrincipalName"; Expression={$result.Properties["userprincipalname"][0].ToString()} }, `
@{Name="SAMAccountName"; Expression={$result.Properties["samaccountname"][0].ToString()} }, `
#@{Name="DisplayName"; Expression={$result.Properties["displayname"][0].ToString()} }, `
@{Name="MemberOf"; Expression={$result.Properties["memberof"][0].ToString()} }, `
@{Name="PasswordLastSet"; Expression={[datetime]::fromFileTime($result.Properties["pwdlastset"][0])} } #, `
#@{Name="DistinguishedName"; Expression={$result.Properties["distinguishedname"][0].ToString()} }
if ($UniqueAccounts) {
if (-not $accounts.Contains($result.Properties["samaccountname"][0].ToString())) {
$Null = $accounts.Add($result.Properties["samaccountname"][0].ToString())
$o
if ($Request) {
$Null = New-Object System.IdentityModel.Tokens.KerberosRequestorSecurityToken -ArgumentList $spn.ToString()
}
}
} else {
$o
if ($Request) {
$Null = New-Object System.IdentityModel.Tokens.KerberosRequestorSecurityToken -ArgumentList $spn.ToString()
}
}
}
}
}
}
###########
# PowerUp
###########
<#
Modified version of PowerUp (authored by @harmj0y) without the modification functions
PowerUp aims to be a clearinghouse of common Windows privilege escalation
vectors that rely on misconfigurations. See README.md for more information.
Author: @harmj0y
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: None
Link: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/PowerShellMafia/PowerSploit/master/Privesc/PowerUp.ps1
#>
#Requires -Version 2
########################################################
#
# PSReflect code for Windows API access
# Author: @mattifestation
# https://raw.githubusercontent.com/mattifestation/PSReflect/master/PSReflect.psm1
#
########################################################
function New-InMemoryModule
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Creates an in-memory assembly and module
Author: Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: None
.DESCRIPTION
When defining custom enums, structs, and unmanaged functions, it is
necessary to associate to an assembly module. This helper function
creates an in-memory module that can be passed to the 'enum',
'struct', and Add-Win32Type functions.
.PARAMETER ModuleName
Specifies the desired name for the in-memory assembly and module. If
ModuleName is not provided, it will default to a GUID.
.EXAMPLE
$Module = New-InMemoryModule -ModuleName Win32
#>
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 0)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[String]
$ModuleName = [Guid]::NewGuid().ToString()
)
$AppDomain = [Reflection.Assembly].Assembly.GetType('System.AppDomain').GetProperty('CurrentDomain').GetValue($null, @())
$LoadedAssemblies = $AppDomain.GetAssemblies()
foreach ($Assembly in $LoadedAssemblies) {
if ($Assembly.FullName -and ($Assembly.FullName.Split(',')[0] -eq $ModuleName)) {
return $Assembly
}
}
$DynAssembly = New-Object Reflection.AssemblyName($ModuleName)
$Domain = $AppDomain
$AssemblyBuilder = $Domain.DefineDynamicAssembly($DynAssembly, 'Run')
$ModuleBuilder = $AssemblyBuilder.DefineDynamicModule($ModuleName, $False)
return $ModuleBuilder
}
# A helper function used to reduce typing while defining function
# prototypes for Add-Win32Type.
function func
{
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory=$True)]
[String]
$DllName,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory=$True)]
[string]
$FunctionName,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory=$True)]
[Type]
$ReturnType,
[Parameter(Position = 3)]
[Type[]]
$ParameterTypes,
[Parameter(Position = 4)]
[Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]
$NativeCallingConvention,
[Parameter(Position = 5)]
[Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]
$Charset,
[String]
$EntryPoint,
[Switch]
$SetLastError
)
$Properties = @{
DllName = $DllName
FunctionName = $FunctionName
ReturnType = $ReturnType
}
if ($ParameterTypes) { $Properties['ParameterTypes'] = $ParameterTypes }
if ($NativeCallingConvention) { $Properties['NativeCallingConvention'] = $NativeCallingConvention }
if ($Charset) { $Properties['Charset'] = $Charset }
if ($SetLastError) { $Properties['SetLastError'] = $SetLastError }
if ($EntryPoint) { $Properties['EntryPoint'] = $EntryPoint }
New-Object PSObject -Property $Properties
}
function Add-Win32Type
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Creates a .NET type for an unmanaged Win32 function.
Author: Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: func
.DESCRIPTION
Add-Win32Type enables you to easily interact with unmanaged (i.e.
Win32 unmanaged) functions in PowerShell. After providing
Add-Win32Type with a function signature, a .NET type is created
using reflection (i.e. csc.exe is never called like with Add-Type).
The 'func' helper function can be used to reduce typing when defining
multiple function definitions.
.PARAMETER DllName
The name of the DLL.
.PARAMETER FunctionName
The name of the target function.
.PARAMETER EntryPoint
The DLL export function name. This argument should be specified if the
specified function name is different than the name of the exported
function.
.PARAMETER ReturnType
The return type of the function.
.PARAMETER ParameterTypes
The function parameters.
.PARAMETER NativeCallingConvention
Specifies the native calling convention of the function. Defaults to
stdcall.
.PARAMETER Charset
If you need to explicitly call an 'A' or 'W' Win32 function, you can
specify the character set.
.PARAMETER SetLastError
Indicates whether the callee calls the SetLastError Win32 API
function before returning from the attributed method.
.PARAMETER Module
The in-memory module that will host the functions. Use
New-InMemoryModule to define an in-memory module.
.PARAMETER Namespace
An optional namespace to prepend to the type. Add-Win32Type defaults
to a namespace consisting only of the name of the DLL.
.EXAMPLE
$Mod = New-InMemoryModule -ModuleName Win32
$FunctionDefinitions = @(
(func kernel32 GetProcAddress ([IntPtr]) @([IntPtr], [String]) -Charset Ansi -SetLastError),
(func kernel32 GetModuleHandle ([Intptr]) @([String]) -SetLastError),
(func ntdll RtlGetCurrentPeb ([IntPtr]) @())
)
$Types = $FunctionDefinitions | Add-Win32Type -Module $Mod -Namespace 'Win32'
$Kernel32 = $Types['kernel32']
$Ntdll = $Types['ntdll']
$Ntdll::RtlGetCurrentPeb()
$ntdllbase = $Kernel32::GetModuleHandle('ntdll')
$Kernel32::GetProcAddress($ntdllbase, 'RtlGetCurrentPeb')
.NOTES
Inspired by Lee Holmes' Invoke-WindowsApi http://poshcode.org/2189
When defining multiple function prototypes, it is ideal to provide
Add-Win32Type with an array of function signatures. That way, they
are all incorporated into the same in-memory module.
#>
[OutputType([Hashtable])]
Param(
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[String]
$DllName,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[String]
$FunctionName,
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[String]
$EntryPoint,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Type]
$ReturnType,
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Type[]]
$ParameterTypes,
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]
$NativeCallingConvention = [Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention]::StdCall,
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]
$Charset = [Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet]::Auto,
[Parameter(ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Switch]
$SetLastError,
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]
$Module,
[ValidateNotNull()]
[String]
$Namespace = ''
)
BEGIN
{
$TypeHash = @{}
}
PROCESS
{
if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])
{
if ($Namespace)
{
$TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.GetType("$Namespace.$DllName")
}
else
{
$TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.GetType($DllName)
}
}
else
{
# Define one type for each DLL
if (!$TypeHash.ContainsKey($DllName))
{
if ($Namespace)
{
$TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.DefineType("$Namespace.$DllName", 'Public,BeforeFieldInit')
}
else
{
$TypeHash[$DllName] = $Module.DefineType($DllName, 'Public,BeforeFieldInit')
}
}
$Method = $TypeHash[$DllName].DefineMethod(
$FunctionName,
'Public,Static,PinvokeImpl',
$ReturnType,
$ParameterTypes)
# Make each ByRef parameter an Out parameter
$i = 1
foreach($Parameter in $ParameterTypes)
{
if ($Parameter.IsByRef)
{
[void] $Method.DefineParameter($i, 'Out', $null)
}
$i++
}
$DllImport = [Runtime.InteropServices.DllImportAttribute]
$SetLastErrorField = $DllImport.GetField('SetLastError')
$CallingConventionField = $DllImport.GetField('CallingConvention')
$CharsetField = $DllImport.GetField('CharSet')
$EntryPointField = $DllImport.GetField('EntryPoint')
if ($SetLastError) { $SLEValue = $True } else { $SLEValue = $False }
if ($PSBoundParameters['EntryPoint']) { $ExportedFuncName = $EntryPoint } else { $ExportedFuncName = $FunctionName }
# Equivalent to C# version of [DllImport(DllName)]
$Constructor = [Runtime.InteropServices.DllImportAttribute].GetConstructor([String])
$DllImportAttribute = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($Constructor,
$DllName, [Reflection.PropertyInfo[]] @(), [Object[]] @(),
[Reflection.FieldInfo[]] @($SetLastErrorField,
$CallingConventionField,
$CharsetField,
$EntryPointField),
[Object[]] @($SLEValue,
([Runtime.InteropServices.CallingConvention] $NativeCallingConvention),
([Runtime.InteropServices.CharSet] $Charset),
$ExportedFuncName))
$Method.SetCustomAttribute($DllImportAttribute)
}
}
END
{
if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])
{
return $TypeHash
}
$ReturnTypes = @{}
foreach ($Key in $TypeHash.Keys)
{
$Type = $TypeHash[$Key].CreateType()
$ReturnTypes[$Key] = $Type
}
return $ReturnTypes
}
}
function psenum
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Creates an in-memory enumeration for use in your PowerShell session.
Author: Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: None
.DESCRIPTION
The 'psenum' function facilitates the creation of enums entirely in
memory using as close to a "C style" as PowerShell will allow.
.PARAMETER Module
The in-memory module that will host the enum. Use
New-InMemoryModule to define an in-memory module.
.PARAMETER FullName
The fully-qualified name of the enum.
.PARAMETER Type
The type of each enum element.
.PARAMETER EnumElements
A hashtable of enum elements.
.PARAMETER Bitfield
Specifies that the enum should be treated as a bitfield.
.EXAMPLE
$Mod = New-InMemoryModule -ModuleName Win32
$ImageSubsystem = psenum $Mod PE.IMAGE_SUBSYSTEM UInt16 @{
UNKNOWN = 0
NATIVE = 1 # Image doesn't require a subsystem.
WINDOWS_GUI = 2 # Image runs in the Windows GUI subsystem.
WINDOWS_CUI = 3 # Image runs in the Windows character subsystem.
OS2_CUI = 5 # Image runs in the OS/2 character subsystem.
POSIX_CUI = 7 # Image runs in the Posix character subsystem.
NATIVE_WINDOWS = 8 # Image is a native Win9x driver.
WINDOWS_CE_GUI = 9 # Image runs in the Windows CE subsystem.
EFI_APPLICATION = 10
EFI_BOOT_SERVICE_DRIVER = 11
EFI_RUNTIME_DRIVER = 12
EFI_ROM = 13
XBOX = 14
WINDOWS_BOOT_APPLICATION = 16
}
.NOTES
PowerShell purists may disagree with the naming of this function but
again, this was developed in such a way so as to emulate a "C style"
definition as closely as possible. Sorry, I'm not going to name it
New-Enum. :P
#>
[OutputType([Type])]
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]
$Module,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[String]
$FullName,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory=$True)]
[Type]
$Type,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[Hashtable]
$EnumElements,
[Switch]
$Bitfield
)
if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])
{
return ($Module.GetType($FullName))
}
$EnumType = $Type -as [Type]
$EnumBuilder = $Module.DefineEnum($FullName, 'Public', $EnumType)
if ($Bitfield)
{
$FlagsConstructor = [FlagsAttribute].GetConstructor(@())
$FlagsCustomAttribute = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($FlagsConstructor, @())
$EnumBuilder.SetCustomAttribute($FlagsCustomAttribute)
}
foreach ($Key in $EnumElements.Keys)
{
# Apply the specified enum type to each element
$null = $EnumBuilder.DefineLiteral($Key, $EnumElements[$Key] -as $EnumType)
}
$EnumBuilder.CreateType()
}
# A helper function used to reduce typing while defining struct
# fields.
function field
{
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 0, Mandatory=$True)]
[UInt16]
$Position,
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory=$True)]
[Type]
$Type,
[Parameter(Position = 2)]
[UInt16]
$Offset,
[Object[]]
$MarshalAs
)
@{
Position = $Position
Type = $Type -as [Type]
Offset = $Offset
MarshalAs = $MarshalAs
}
}
function struct
{
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Creates an in-memory struct for use in your PowerShell session.
Author: Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: field
.DESCRIPTION
The 'struct' function facilitates the creation of structs entirely in
memory using as close to a "C style" as PowerShell will allow. Struct
fields are specified using a hashtable where each field of the struct
is comprosed of the order in which it should be defined, its .NET
type, and optionally, its offset and special marshaling attributes.
One of the features of 'struct' is that after your struct is defined,
it will come with a built-in GetSize method as well as an explicit
converter so that you can easily cast an IntPtr to the struct without
relying upon calling SizeOf and/or PtrToStructure in the Marshal
class.
.PARAMETER Module
The in-memory module that will host the struct. Use
New-InMemoryModule to define an in-memory module.
.PARAMETER FullName
The fully-qualified name of the struct.
.PARAMETER StructFields
A hashtable of fields. Use the 'field' helper function to ease
defining each field.
.PARAMETER PackingSize
Specifies the memory alignment of fields.
.PARAMETER ExplicitLayout
Indicates that an explicit offset for each field will be specified.
.EXAMPLE
$Mod = New-InMemoryModule -ModuleName Win32
$ImageDosSignature = psenum $Mod PE.IMAGE_DOS_SIGNATURE UInt16 @{
DOS_SIGNATURE = 0x5A4D
OS2_SIGNATURE = 0x454E
OS2_SIGNATURE_LE = 0x454C
VXD_SIGNATURE = 0x454C
}
$ImageDosHeader = struct $Mod PE.IMAGE_DOS_HEADER @{
e_magic = field 0 $ImageDosSignature
e_cblp = field 1 UInt16
e_cp = field 2 UInt16
e_crlc = field 3 UInt16
e_cparhdr = field 4 UInt16
e_minalloc = field 5 UInt16
e_maxalloc = field 6 UInt16
e_ss = field 7 UInt16
e_sp = field 8 UInt16
e_csum = field 9 UInt16
e_ip = field 10 UInt16
e_cs = field 11 UInt16
e_lfarlc = field 12 UInt16
e_ovno = field 13 UInt16
e_res = field 14 UInt16[] -MarshalAs @('ByValArray', 4)
e_oemid = field 15 UInt16
e_oeminfo = field 16 UInt16
e_res2 = field 17 UInt16[] -MarshalAs @('ByValArray', 10)
e_lfanew = field 18 Int32
}
# Example of using an explicit layout in order to create a union.
$TestUnion = struct $Mod TestUnion @{
field1 = field 0 UInt32 0
field2 = field 1 IntPtr 0
} -ExplicitLayout
.NOTES
PowerShell purists may disagree with the naming of this function but
again, this was developed in such a way so as to emulate a "C style"
definition as closely as possible. Sorry, I'm not going to name it
New-Struct. :P
#>
[OutputType([Type])]
Param
(
[Parameter(Position = 1, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateScript({($_ -is [Reflection.Emit.ModuleBuilder]) -or ($_ -is [Reflection.Assembly])})]
$Module,
[Parameter(Position = 2, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[String]
$FullName,
[Parameter(Position = 3, Mandatory=$True)]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
[Hashtable]
$StructFields,
[Reflection.Emit.PackingSize]
$PackingSize = [Reflection.Emit.PackingSize]::Unspecified,
[Switch]
$ExplicitLayout
)
if ($Module -is [Reflection.Assembly])
{
return ($Module.GetType($FullName))
}
[Reflection.TypeAttributes] $StructAttributes = 'AnsiClass,
Class,
Public,
Sealed,
BeforeFieldInit'
if ($ExplicitLayout)
{
$StructAttributes = $StructAttributes -bor [Reflection.TypeAttributes]::ExplicitLayout
}
else
{
$StructAttributes = $StructAttributes -bor [Reflection.TypeAttributes]::SequentialLayout
}
$StructBuilder = $Module.DefineType($FullName, $StructAttributes, [ValueType], $PackingSize)
$ConstructorInfo = [Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetConstructors()[0]
$SizeConst = @([Runtime.InteropServices.MarshalAsAttribute].GetField('SizeConst'))
$Fields = New-Object Hashtable[]($StructFields.Count)
# Sort each field according to the orders specified
# Unfortunately, PSv2 doesn't have the luxury of the
# hashtable [Ordered] accelerator.
foreach ($Field in $StructFields.Keys)
{
$Index = $StructFields[$Field]['Position']
$Fields[$Index] = @{FieldName = $Field; Properties = $StructFields[$Field]}
}
foreach ($Field in $Fields)
{
$FieldName = $Field['FieldName']
$FieldProp = $Field['Properties']
$Offset = $FieldProp['Offset']
$Type = $FieldProp['Type']
$MarshalAs = $FieldProp['MarshalAs']
$NewField = $StructBuilder.DefineField($FieldName, $Type, 'Public')
if ($MarshalAs)
{
$UnmanagedType = $MarshalAs[0] -as ([Runtime.InteropServices.UnmanagedType])
if ($MarshalAs[1])
{
$Size = $MarshalAs[1]
$AttribBuilder = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo,
$UnmanagedType, $SizeConst, @($Size))
}
else
{
$AttribBuilder = New-Object Reflection.Emit.CustomAttributeBuilder($ConstructorInfo, [Object[]] @($UnmanagedType))
}
$NewField.SetCustomAttribute($AttribBuilder)
}
if ($ExplicitLayout) { $NewField.SetOffset($Offset) }
}
# Make the struct aware of its own size.
# No more having to call [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::SizeOf!
$SizeMethod = $StructBuilder.DefineMethod('GetSize',
'Public, Static',
[Int],
[Type[]] @())
$ILGenerator = $SizeMethod.GetILGenerator()
# Thanks for the help, Jason Shirk!
$ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldtoken, $StructBuilder)
$ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,
[Type].GetMethod('GetTypeFromHandle'))
$ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,
[Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal].GetMethod('SizeOf', [Type[]] @([Type])))
$ILGenerator.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ret)
# Allow for explicit casting from an IntPtr
# No more having to call [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::PtrToStructure!
$ImplicitConverter = $StructBuilder.DefineMethod('op_Implicit',
'PrivateScope, Public, Static, HideBySig, SpecialName',
$StructBuilder,
[Type[]] @([IntPtr]))
$ILGenerator2 = $ImplicitConverter.GetILGenerator()
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Nop)
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldarg_0)
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ldtoken, $StructBuilder)
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,
[Type].GetMethod('GetTypeFromHandle'))
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Call,
[Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal].GetMethod('PtrToStructure', [Type[]] @([IntPtr], [Type])))
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Unbox_Any, $StructBuilder)
$ILGenerator2.Emit([Reflection.Emit.OpCodes]::Ret)
$StructBuilder.CreateType()
}
########################################################
#
# PowerUp Helpers
#
########################################################
function Get-ModifiablePath {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Parses a passed string containing multiple possible file/folder paths and returns
the file paths where the current user has modification rights.
Author: @harmj0y
License: BSD 3-Clause
.DESCRIPTION
Takes a complex path specification of an initial file/folder path with possible
configuration files, 'tokenizes' the string in a number of possible ways, and
enumerates the ACLs for each path that currently exists on the system. Any path that
the current user has modification rights on is returned in a custom object that contains
the modifiable path, associated permission set, and the IdentityReference with the specified
rights. The SID of the current user and any group he/she are a part of are used as the
comparison set against the parsed path DACLs.
.PARAMETER Path
The string path to parse for modifiable files. Required
.PARAMETER LiteralPaths
Switch. Treat all paths as literal (i.e. don't do 'tokenization').
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> '"C:\Temp\blah.exe" -f "C:\Temp\config.ini"' | Get-ModifiablePath
Path Permissions IdentityReference
---- ----------- -----------------
C:\Temp\blah.exe {ReadAttributes, ReadCo... NT AUTHORITY\Authentic...
C:\Temp\config.ini {ReadAttributes, ReadCo... NT AUTHORITY\Authentic...
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-ChildItem C:\Vuln\ -Recurse | Get-ModifiablePath
Path Permissions IdentityReference
---- ----------- -----------------
C:\Vuln\blah.bat {ReadAttributes, ReadCo... NT AUTHORITY\Authentic...
C:\Vuln\config.ini {ReadAttributes, ReadCo... NT AUTHORITY\Authentic...
...
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[Parameter(Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipeline=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Alias('FullName')]
[String[]]
$Path,
[Switch]
$LiteralPaths
)
BEGIN {
# # false positives ?
# $Excludes = @("MsMpEng.exe", "NisSrv.exe")
# from http://stackoverflow.com/questions/28029872/retrieving-security-descriptor-and-getting-number-for-filesystemrights
$AccessMask = @{
[uint32]'0x80000000' = 'GenericRead'
[uint32]'0x40000000' = 'GenericWrite'
[uint32]'0x20000000' = 'GenericExecute'
[uint32]'0x10000000' = 'GenericAll'
[uint32]'0x02000000' = 'MaximumAllowed'
[uint32]'0x01000000' = 'AccessSystemSecurity'
[uint32]'0x00100000' = 'Synchronize'
[uint32]'0x00080000' = 'WriteOwner'
[uint32]'0x00040000' = 'WriteDAC'
[uint32]'0x00020000' = 'ReadControl'
[uint32]'0x00010000' = 'Delete'
[uint32]'0x00000100' = 'WriteAttributes'
[uint32]'0x00000080' = 'ReadAttributes'
[uint32]'0x00000040' = 'DeleteChild'
[uint32]'0x00000020' = 'Execute/Traverse'
[uint32]'0x00000010' = 'WriteExtendedAttributes'
[uint32]'0x00000008' = 'ReadExtendedAttributes'
[uint32]'0x00000004' = 'AppendData/AddSubdirectory'
[uint32]'0x00000002' = 'WriteData/AddFile'
[uint32]'0x00000001' = 'ReadData/ListDirectory'
}
$UserIdentity = [System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()
$CurrentUserSids = $UserIdentity.Groups | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Value
$CurrentUserSids += $UserIdentity.User.Value
$TranslatedIdentityReferences = @{}
}
PROCESS {
ForEach($TargetPath in $Path) {
$CandidatePaths = @()
# possible separator character combinations
$SeparationCharacterSets = @('"', "'", ' ', "`"'", '" ', "' ", "`"' ")
if($PSBoundParameters['LiteralPaths']) {
$TempPath = $([System.Environment]::ExpandEnvironmentVariables($TargetPath))
if(Test-Path -Path $TempPath -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue) {
$CandidatePaths += Resolve-Path -Path $TempPath | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Path
}
else {
# if the path doesn't exist, check if the parent folder allows for modification
try {
$ParentPath = Split-Path $TempPath -Parent
if($ParentPath -and (Test-Path -Path $ParentPath)) {
$CandidatePaths += Resolve-Path -Path $ParentPath -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Path
}
}
catch {
# because Split-Path doesn't handle -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue nicely
}
}
}
else {
ForEach($SeparationCharacterSet in $SeparationCharacterSets) {
$TargetPath.Split($SeparationCharacterSet) | Where-Object {$_ -and ($_.trim() -ne '')} | ForEach-Object {
if(($SeparationCharacterSet -notmatch ' ')) {
$TempPath = $([System.Environment]::ExpandEnvironmentVariables($_)).Trim()
if($TempPath -and ($TempPath -ne '')) {
if(Test-Path -Path $TempPath -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue) {
# if the path exists, resolve it and add it to the candidate list
$CandidatePaths += Resolve-Path -Path $TempPath | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Path
}
else {
# if the path doesn't exist, check if the parent folder allows for modification
try {
$ParentPath = (Split-Path -Path $TempPath -Parent).Trim()
if($ParentPath -and ($ParentPath -ne '') -and (Test-Path -Path $ParentPath )) {
$CandidatePaths += Resolve-Path -Path $ParentPath | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Path
}
}
catch {
# trap because Split-Path doesn't handle -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue nicely
}
}
}
}
else {
# if the separator contains a space
$CandidatePaths += Resolve-Path -Path $([System.Environment]::ExpandEnvironmentVariables($_)) -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Path | ForEach-Object {$_.Trim()} | Where-Object {($_ -ne '') -and (Test-Path -Path $_)}
}
}
}
}
$CandidatePaths | Sort-Object -Unique | ForEach-Object {
$CandidatePath = $_
Get-Acl -Path $CandidatePath | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Access | Where-Object {($_.AccessControlType -match 'Allow')} | ForEach-Object {
$FileSystemRights = $_.FileSystemRights.value__
$Permissions = $AccessMask.Keys | Where-Object { $FileSystemRights -band $_ } | ForEach-Object { $accessMask[$_] }
# the set of permission types that allow for modification
$Comparison = Compare-Object -ReferenceObject $Permissions -DifferenceObject @('GenericWrite', 'GenericAll', 'MaximumAllowed', 'WriteOwner', 'WriteDAC', 'WriteData/AddFile', 'AppendData/AddSubdirectory') -IncludeEqual -ExcludeDifferent
if($Comparison) {
if ($_.IdentityReference -notmatch '^S-1-5.*') {
if(-not ($TranslatedIdentityReferences[$_.IdentityReference])) {
# translate the IdentityReference if it's a username and not a SID
$IdentityUser = New-Object System.Security.Principal.NTAccount($_.IdentityReference)
$TranslatedIdentityReferences[$_.IdentityReference] = $IdentityUser.Translate([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier]) | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Value
}
$IdentitySID = $TranslatedIdentityReferences[$_.IdentityReference]
}
else {
$IdentitySID = $_.IdentityReference
}
if($CurrentUserSids -contains $IdentitySID) {
New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property @{
ModifiablePath = $CandidatePath
IdentityReference = $_.IdentityReference
Permissions = $Permissions
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
}
function Get-CurrentUserTokenGroupSid {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Returns all SIDs that the current user is a part of, whether they are disabled or not.
Author: @harmj0y
License: BSD 3-Clause
.DESCRIPTION
First gets the current process handle using the GetCurrentProcess() Win32 API call and feeds
this to OpenProcessToken() to open up a handle to the current process token. The API call
GetTokenInformation() is then used to enumerate the TOKEN_GROUPS for the current process
token. Each group is iterated through and the SID structure is converted to a readable
string using ConvertSidToStringSid(), and the unique list of SIDs the user is a part of
(disabled or not) is returned as a string array.
.LINK
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa446671(v=vs.85).aspx
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa379624(v=vs.85).aspx
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa379554(v=vs.85).aspx
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param()
$CurrentProcess = $Kernel32::GetCurrentProcess()
$TOKEN_QUERY= 0x0008
# open up a pseudo handle to the current process- don't need to worry about closing
[IntPtr]$hProcToken = [IntPtr]::Zero
$Success = $Advapi32::OpenProcessToken($CurrentProcess, $TOKEN_QUERY, [ref]$hProcToken);$LastError = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error()
if($Success) {
$TokenGroupsPtrSize = 0
# Initial query to determine the necessary buffer size
$Success = $Advapi32::GetTokenInformation($hProcToken, 2, 0, $TokenGroupsPtrSize, [ref]$TokenGroupsPtrSize)
[IntPtr]$TokenGroupsPtr = [System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::AllocHGlobal($TokenGroupsPtrSize)
# query the current process token with the 'TokenGroups=2' TOKEN_INFORMATION_CLASS enum to retrieve a TOKEN_GROUPS structure
$Success = $Advapi32::GetTokenInformation($hProcToken, 2, $TokenGroupsPtr, $TokenGroupsPtrSize, [ref]$TokenGroupsPtrSize);$LastError = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error()
if($Success) {
$TokenGroups = $TokenGroupsPtr -as $TOKEN_GROUPS
For ($i=0; $i -lt $TokenGroups.GroupCount; $i++) {
# convert each token group SID to a displayable string
$SidString = ''
$Result = $Advapi32::ConvertSidToStringSid($TokenGroups.Groups[$i].SID, [ref]$SidString);$LastError = [Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::GetLastWin32Error()
if($Result -eq 0) {
Write-Verbose "Error: $(([ComponentModel.Win32Exception] $LastError).Message)"
}
else {
$GroupSid = New-Object PSObject
$GroupSid | Add-Member Noteproperty 'SID' $SidString
# cast the atttributes field as our SidAttributes enum
$GroupSid | Add-Member Noteproperty 'Attributes' ($TokenGroups.Groups[$i].Attributes -as $SidAttributes)
$GroupSid
}
}
}
else {
Write-Warning ([ComponentModel.Win32Exception] $LastError)
}
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.Marshal]::FreeHGlobal($TokenGroupsPtr)
}
else {
Write-Warning ([ComponentModel.Win32Exception] $LastError)
}
}
function Test-ServiceDaclPermission {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Tests one or more passed services or service names against a given permission set,
returning the service objects where the current user have the specified permissions.
Author: @harmj0y, Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
.DESCRIPTION
Takes a service Name or a ServiceProcess.ServiceController on the pipeline, and first adds
a service Dacl to the service object with Add-ServiceDacl. All group SIDs for the current
user are enumerated services where the user has some type of permission are filtered. The
services are then filtered against a specified set of permissions, and services where the
current user have the specified permissions are returned.
.PARAMETER Name
An array of one or more service names to test against the specified permission set.
.PARAMETER Permissions
A manual set of permission to test again. One of:'QueryConfig', 'ChangeConfig', 'QueryStatus',
'EnumerateDependents', 'Start', 'Stop', 'PauseContinue', 'Interrogate', UserDefinedControl',
'Delete', 'ReadControl', 'WriteDac', 'WriteOwner', 'Synchronize', 'AccessSystemSecurity',
'GenericAll', 'GenericExecute', 'GenericWrite', 'GenericRead', 'AllAccess'
.PARAMETER PermissionSet
A pre-defined permission set to test a specified service against. 'ChangeConfig', 'Restart', or 'AllAccess'.
.OUTPUTS
ServiceProcess.ServiceController
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-Service | Test-ServiceDaclPermission
Return all service objects where the current user can modify the service configuration.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-Service | Test-ServiceDaclPermission -PermissionSet 'Restart'
Return all service objects that the current user can restart.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Test-ServiceDaclPermission -Permissions 'Start' -Name 'VulnSVC'
Return the VulnSVC object if the current user has start permissions.
.LINK
https://rohnspowershellblog.wordpress.com/2013/03/19/viewing-service-acls/
#>
[OutputType('ServiceProcess.ServiceController')]
param (
[Parameter(Position=0, Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipeline=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Alias('ServiceName')]
[String[]]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
$Name,
[String[]]
[ValidateSet('QueryConfig', 'ChangeConfig', 'QueryStatus', 'EnumerateDependents', 'Start', 'Stop', 'PauseContinue', 'Interrogate', 'UserDefinedControl', 'Delete', 'ReadControl', 'WriteDac', 'WriteOwner', 'Synchronize', 'AccessSystemSecurity', 'GenericAll', 'GenericExecute', 'GenericWrite', 'GenericRead', 'AllAccess')]
$Permissions,
[String]
[ValidateSet('ChangeConfig', 'Restart', 'AllAccess')]
$PermissionSet = 'ChangeConfig'
)
BEGIN {
$AccessMask = @{
'QueryConfig' = [uint32]'0x00000001'
'ChangeConfig' = [uint32]'0x00000002'
'QueryStatus' = [uint32]'0x00000004'
'EnumerateDependents' = [uint32]'0x00000008'
'Start' = [uint32]'0x00000010'
'Stop' = [uint32]'0x00000020'
'PauseContinue' = [uint32]'0x00000040'
'Interrogate' = [uint32]'0x00000080'
'UserDefinedControl' = [uint32]'0x00000100'
'Delete' = [uint32]'0x00010000'
'ReadControl' = [uint32]'0x00020000'
'WriteDac' = [uint32]'0x00040000'
'WriteOwner' = [uint32]'0x00080000'
'Synchronize' = [uint32]'0x00100000'
'AccessSystemSecurity' = [uint32]'0x01000000'
'GenericAll' = [uint32]'0x10000000'
'GenericExecute' = [uint32]'0x20000000'
'GenericWrite' = [uint32]'0x40000000'
'GenericRead' = [uint32]'0x80000000'
'AllAccess' = [uint32]'0x000F01FF'
}
$CheckAllPermissionsInSet = $False
if($PSBoundParameters['Permissions']) {
$TargetPermissions = $Permissions
}
else {
if($PermissionSet -eq 'ChangeConfig') {
$TargetPermissions = @('ChangeConfig', 'WriteDac', 'WriteOwner', 'GenericAll', ' GenericWrite', 'AllAccess')
}
elseif($PermissionSet -eq 'Restart') {
$TargetPermissions = @('Start', 'Stop')
$CheckAllPermissionsInSet = $True # so we check all permissions && style
}
elseif($PermissionSet -eq 'AllAccess') {
$TargetPermissions = @('GenericAll', 'AllAccess')
}
}
}
PROCESS {
ForEach($IndividualService in $Name) {
$TargetService = $IndividualService | Add-ServiceDacl
if($TargetService -and $TargetService.Dacl) {
# enumerate all group SIDs the current user is a part of
$UserIdentity = [System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent()
$CurrentUserSids = $UserIdentity.Groups | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Value
$CurrentUserSids += $UserIdentity.User.Value
ForEach($ServiceDacl in $TargetService.Dacl) {
if($CurrentUserSids -contains $ServiceDacl.SecurityIdentifier) {
if($CheckAllPermissionsInSet) {
$AllMatched = $True
ForEach($TargetPermission in $TargetPermissions) {
# check permissions && style
if (($ServiceDacl.AccessRights -band $AccessMask[$TargetPermission]) -ne $AccessMask[$TargetPermission]) {
# Write-Verbose "Current user doesn't have '$TargetPermission' for $($TargetService.Name)"
$AllMatched = $False
break
}
}
if($AllMatched) {
$TargetService
}
}
else {
ForEach($TargetPermission in $TargetPermissions) {
# check permissions || style
if (($ServiceDacl.AceType -eq 'AccessAllowed') -and ($ServiceDacl.AccessRights -band $AccessMask[$TargetPermission]) -eq $AccessMask[$TargetPermission]) {
Write-Verbose "Current user has '$TargetPermission' for $IndividualService"
$TargetService
break
}
}
}
}
}
}
else {
Write-Verbose "Error enumerating the Dacl for service $IndividualService"
}
}
}
}
########################################################
#
# Service enumeration
#
########################################################
function Get-ServiceUnquoted {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Returns the name and binary path for services with unquoted paths
that also have a space in the name.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> $services = Get-ServiceUnquoted
Get a set of potentially exploitable services.
.LINK
https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework/blob/master/modules/exploits/windows/local/trusted_service_path.rb
#>
[CmdletBinding()] param()
# find all paths to service .exe's that have a space in the path and aren't quoted
$VulnServices = Get-WmiObject -Class win32_service | Where-Object {$_} | Where-Object {($_.pathname -ne $null) -and ($_.pathname.trim() -ne '')} | Where-Object { (-not $_.pathname.StartsWith("`"")) -and (-not $_.pathname.StartsWith("'"))} | Where-Object {($_.pathname.Substring(0, $_.pathname.ToLower().IndexOf(".exe") + 4)) -match ".* .*"}
if ($VulnServices) {
ForEach ($Service in $VulnServices) {
$ModifiableFiles = $Service.pathname.split(' ') | Get-ModifiablePath
$ModifiableFiles | Where-Object {$_ -and $_.ModifiablePath -and ($_.ModifiablePath -ne '')} | Foreach-Object {
$ServiceRestart = Test-ServiceDaclPermission -PermissionSet 'Restart' -Name $Service.name
if($ServiceRestart) {
$CanRestart = $True
}
else {
$CanRestart = $False
}
$Out = New-Object PSObject
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ServiceName' $Service.name
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'Path' $Service.pathname
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ModifiablePath' $_
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'StartName' $Service.startname
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'AbuseFunction' "Write-ServiceBinary -Name '$($Service.name)' -Path <HijackPath>"
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'CanRestart' $CanRestart
$Out
}
}
}
}
function Get-ModifiableServiceFile {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates all services and returns vulnerable service files.
.DESCRIPTION
Enumerates all services by querying the WMI win32_service class. For each service,
it takes the pathname (aka binPath) and passes it to Get-ModifiablePath to determine
if the current user has rights to modify the service binary itself or any associated
arguments. If the associated binary (or any configuration files) can be overwritten,
privileges may be able to be escalated.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-ModifiableServiceFile
Get a set of potentially exploitable service binares/config files.
#>
[CmdletBinding()] param()
Get-WMIObject -Class win32_service | Where-Object {$_ -and $_.pathname} | ForEach-Object {
$ServiceName = $_.name
$ServicePath = $_.pathname
$ServiceStartName = $_.startname
$ServicePath | Get-ModifiablePath | ForEach-Object {
$ServiceRestart = Test-ServiceDaclPermission -PermissionSet 'Restart' -Name $ServiceName
if($ServiceRestart) {
$CanRestart = $True
}
else {
$CanRestart = $False
}
$Out = New-Object PSObject
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ServiceName' $ServiceName
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'Path' $ServicePath
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ModifiableFile' $_.ModifiablePath
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ModifiableFilePermissions' $($_.Permissions -join ", ")
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ModifiableFileIdentityReference' $_.IdentityReference
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'StartName' $ServiceStartName
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'AbuseFunction' "Install-ServiceBinary -Name '$ServiceName'"
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'CanRestart' $CanRestart
$Out
}
}
}
function Get-ModifiableService {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Enumerates all services and returns services for which the current user can modify the binPath.
.DESCRIPTION
Enumerates all services using Get-Service and uses Test-ServiceDaclPermission to test if
the current user has rights to change the service configuration.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-ModifiableService
Get a set of potentially exploitable services.
#>
[CmdletBinding()] param()
Get-Service | Test-ServiceDaclPermission -PermissionSet 'ChangeConfig' | ForEach-Object {
$ServiceDetails = $_ | Get-ServiceDetail
$ServiceRestart = $_ | Test-ServiceDaclPermission -PermissionSet 'Restart'
if($ServiceRestart) {
$CanRestart = $True
}
else {
$CanRestart = $False
}
$Out = New-Object PSObject
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ServiceName' $ServiceDetails.name
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'Path' $ServiceDetails.pathname
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'StartName' $ServiceDetails.startname
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'AbuseFunction' "Invoke-ServiceAbuse -Name '$($ServiceDetails.name)'"
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'CanRestart' $CanRestart
$Out
}
}
function Get-ServiceDetail {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Returns detailed information about a specified service by querying the
WMI win32_service class for the specified service name.
.DESCRIPTION
Takes an array of one or more service Names or ServiceProcess.ServiceController objedts on
the pipeline object returned by Get-Service, extracts out the service name, queries the
WMI win32_service class for the specified service for details like binPath, and outputs
everything.
.PARAMETER Name
An array of one or more service names to query information for.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-ServiceDetail -Name VulnSVC
Gets detailed information about the 'VulnSVC' service.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-Service VulnSVC | Get-ServiceDetail
Gets detailed information about the 'VulnSVC' service.
#>
param (
[Parameter(Position=0, Mandatory=$True, ValueFromPipeline=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Alias('ServiceName')]
[String[]]
[ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]
$Name
)
PROCESS {
ForEach($IndividualService in $Name) {
$TargetService = Get-Service -Name $IndividualService
Get-WmiObject -Class win32_service -Filter "Name='$($TargetService.Name)'" | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object {
try {
$_
}
catch{
Write-Verbose "Error: $_"
$null
}
}
}
}
}
########################################################
#
# DLL Hijacking
#
########################################################
function Find-ProcessDLLHijack {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Finds all DLL hijack locations for currently running processes.
Author: @harmj0y
License: BSD 3-Clause
.DESCRIPTION
Enumerates all currently running processes with Get-Process (or accepts an
input process object from Get-Process) and enumerates the loaded modules for each.
All loaded module name exists outside of the process binary base path, as those
are DLL load-order hijack candidates.
.PARAMETER Name
The name of a process to enumerate for possible DLL path hijack opportunities.
.PARAMETER ExcludeWindows
Exclude paths from C:\Windows\* instead of just C:\Windows\System32\*
.PARAMETER ExcludeProgramFiles
Exclude paths from C:\Program Files\* and C:\Program Files (x86)\*
.PARAMETER ExcludeOwned
Exclude processes the current user owns.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Find-ProcessDLLHijack
Finds possible hijackable DLL locations for all processes.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-Process VulnProcess | Find-ProcessDLLHijack
Finds possible hijackable DLL locations for the 'VulnProcess' processes.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Find-ProcessDLLHijack -ExcludeWindows -ExcludeProgramFiles
Finds possible hijackable DLL locations not in C:\Windows\* and
not in C:\Program Files\* or C:\Program Files (x86)\*
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Find-ProcessDLLHijack -ExcludeOwned
Finds possible hijackable DLL location for processes not owned by the
current user.
.LINK
https://www.mandiant.com/blog/malware-persistence-windows-registry/
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param(
[Parameter(Position=0, ValueFromPipeline=$True, ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName=$True)]
[Alias('ProcessName')]
[String[]]
$Name = $(Get-Process | Select-Object -Expand Name),
[Switch]
$ExcludeWindows,
[Switch]
$ExcludeProgramFiles,
[Switch]
$ExcludeOwned
)
BEGIN {
# the known DLL cache to exclude from our findings
# http://blogs.msdn.com/b/larryosterman/archive/2004/07/19/187752.aspx
$Keys = (Get-Item "HKLM:\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\KnownDLLs")
$KnownDLLs = $(ForEach ($KeyName in $Keys.GetValueNames()) { $Keys.GetValue($KeyName) }) | Where-Object { $_.EndsWith(".dll") }
$CurrentUser = [System.Security.Principal.WindowsIdentity]::GetCurrent().Name
# get the owners for all processes
$Owners = @{}
Get-WmiObject -Class win32_process | Where-Object {$_} | ForEach-Object { $Owners[$_.handle] = $_.getowner().user }
}
PROCESS {
ForEach ($ProcessName in $Name) {
$TargetProcess = Get-Process -Name $ProcessName
if($TargetProcess -and $TargetProcess.Path -and ($TargetProcess.Path -ne '') -and ($TargetProcess.Path -ne $Null)) {
try {
$BasePath = $TargetProcess.Path | Split-Path -Parent
$LoadedModules = $TargetProcess.Modules
$ProcessOwner = $Owners[$TargetProcess.Id.ToString()]
ForEach ($Module in $LoadedModules){
$ModulePath = "$BasePath\$($Module.ModuleName)"
# if the module path doesn't exist in the process base path folder
if ((-not $ModulePath.Contains('C:\Windows\System32')) -and (-not (Test-Path -Path $ModulePath)) -and ($KnownDLLs -NotContains $Module.ModuleName)) {
$Exclude = $False
if($PSBoundParameters['ExcludeWindows'] -and $ModulePath.Contains('C:\Windows')) {
$Exclude = $True
}
if($PSBoundParameters['ExcludeProgramFiles'] -and $ModulePath.Contains('C:\Program Files')) {
$Exclude = $True
}
if($PSBoundParameters['ExcludeOwned'] -and $CurrentUser.Contains($ProcessOwner)) {
$Exclude = $True
}
# output the process name and hijackable path if exclusion wasn't marked
if (-not $Exclude){
$Out = New-Object PSObject
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ProcessName' $TargetProcess.ProcessName
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ProcessPath' $TargetProcess.Path
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ProcessOwner' $ProcessOwner
$Out | Add-Member Noteproperty 'ProcessHijackableDLL' $ModulePath
$Out
}
}
}
}
catch {
Write-Verbose "Error: $_"
}
}
}
}
}
function Find-PathDLLHijack {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Finds all directories in the system %PATH% that are modifiable by the current user.
Author: @harmj0y
License: BSD 3-Clause
.DESCRIPTION
Enumerates the paths stored in Env:Path (%PATH) and filters each through Get-ModifiablePath
to return the folder paths the current user can write to. On Windows 7, if wlbsctrl.dll is
written to one of these paths, execution for the IKEEXT can be hijacked due to DLL search
order loading.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Find-PathDLLHijack
Finds all %PATH% .DLL hijacking opportunities.
.LINK
http://www.greyhathacker.net/?p=738
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param()
# use -LiteralPaths so the spaces in %PATH% folders are not tokenized
Get-Item Env:Path | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Value | ForEach-Object { $_.split(';') } | Where-Object {$_ -and ($_ -ne '')} | ForEach-Object {
$TargetPath = $_
$ModifiablePaths = $TargetPath | Get-ModifiablePath -LiteralPaths | Where-Object {$_ -and ($_ -ne $Null) -and ($_.ModifiablePath -ne $Null) -and ($_.ModifiablePath.Trim() -ne '')}
ForEach($ModifiablePath in $ModifiablePaths) {
if($ModifiablePath.ModifiablePath -ne $Null) {
$ModifiablePath | Add-Member Noteproperty '%PATH%' $_
$ModifiablePath.Permissions = $ModifiablePath.permissions -join ', '
$ModifiablePath
}
}
}
}
########################################################
#
# Registry Checks
#
########################################################
function Get-RegistryAlwaysInstallElevated {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
Checks if any of the AlwaysInstallElevated registry keys are set.
.DESCRIPTION
Returns $True if the HKLM:SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer\AlwaysInstallElevated
or the HKCU:SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer\AlwaysInstallElevated keys
are set, $False otherwise. If one of these keys are set, then all .MSI files run with
elevated permissions, regardless of current user permissions.
.EXAMPLE
PS C:\> Get-RegistryAlwaysInstallElevated
Returns $True if any of the AlwaysInstallElevated registry keys are set.
#>
[CmdletBinding()]
Param()
$OrigError = $ErrorActionPreference
$ErrorActionPreference = "SilentlyContinue"
if (Test-Path "HKLM:SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer") {
$HKLMval = (Get-ItemProperty -Path "HKLM:SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer" -Name AlwaysInstallElevated -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)
Write-Verbose "HKLMval: $($HKLMval.AlwaysInstallElevated)"
if ($HKLMval.AlwaysInstallElevated -and ($HKLMval.AlwaysInstallElevated -ne 0)){
$HKCUval = (Get-ItemProperty -Path "HKCU:SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\Installer" -Name AlwaysInstallElevated -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue)
Write-Verbose "HKCUval: $($HKCUval.AlwaysInstallElevated)"
if ($HKCUval.AlwaysInstallElevated -and ($HKCUval.AlwaysInstallElevated -ne 0)){
Write-Verbose "AlwaysInstallElevated enabled on this machine!"
$True
}
else{
Write-Verbose "AlwaysInstallElevated not enabled on this machine."
$False
}
}
else{
Write-Verbose "AlwaysInstallElevated not enabled on this machine."
$False