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CLANG9 Tools Chain

Liming Gao edited this page Nov 15, 2019 · 2 revisions

New Cross OS tool chain CLANGPDB

CLANGPDB tool chain is added to directly generate PE/COFF image (EFI image). This tool chain uses LLVM clang C compiler and lld linker, generates PE/COFF image and PDB compatible debug symbol format. Now, it supports IA32/X64 Archs. It must use LLVM 9 or above release. LLVM 9 is ready on http://releases.llvm.org/download.html#9.0.0.

CLANGPDB is the cross OS tool chain. It can work on Windows/Linux/Mac. For the same source code, with the same version LLVM tool chain, CLANGPDB can generate the same binary image. So, the developer can choose the different development environment and work on the same code base. Besides, EDKII project build also requires third party tools: nasm and iasl. They both keep the same version. If so, the same binary image can be generated on this different OS.

LLVM tool chain provides the compiler and linker. To build EDK2 project, some other tools are still required. On Windows OS, nmake and Visual Studio are required to call Makefile and compile BaseTools C tools. On Linux/Mac, binutils and gcc are required to make and compile BaseTools C tools. Because VS or GCC are mainly used to compile BaseTools and provide nmake/make tool, they can keep on the stable version without update.

To build source code, CLANGPDB tool chain (-t CLANGPDB) can be specified on Windows OS, set CLANG_HOST_BIN=n, set CLANG_BIN=LLVM installed directory CLANG_HOST_BIN is used CLANG_HOST_PREFIX. Prefix n is for nmake. For example:

  • set CLANG_HOST_BIN=n
  • set CLANG_BIN=C:\Program Files\LLVM\bin\
  • set IASL_PREFIX=C:\Asl\

On Linux/Mac, export CLANG_BIN=LLVM installed directory, CLANG_HOST_BIN is not required, because there is no prefix for make. For example:

  • export CLANG_BIN=/home/CLANG9/bin/

Now, CLANGPDB tool chain has been verified in Edk2 packages and Ovmf/Emulator with LLVM 9.0.0 on Windows/Linux/Mac OS. OVMF IA32/IA32X64 all boots to Shell on Windows/Linux/Mac OS. Emulator can boot to Shell on Windows only with CLANGPDB. Emulator build with -DWIN_HOST_BUILD=TRUE -t CLANGPDB on Windows OS. OVMF IA32X64 RELEASE build generates the same BIOS images on Windows/Linux/Mac OS. OVMF X64 boot issue is tracked on https://bugzilla.tianocore.org/show_bug.cgi?id=2024.

Cross OS/Host Reproducible Build

We enabled the reporducible build (https://reproducible-builds.org/) recently for edk2 MSVC and GCC/CLANG toolchains. And now we go further, CLANGPDB is the first Uefi toolchain to support "Cross OS/Host Reproducible Build", which is to generate exactly same firmware release binary across different operating systems. e.g. Linux, Windows. The magic behind it is the across OS llvm linker (lld). CLANGPDB is a perfect candidate for the Uefi defaut build toolchain in the future.

The "Cross OS/Host Reproducible Build" make the firmware binary to be real OS independent, which has several significant benefits for firmware:

  • Cut the validation/testing effort for different OS built bianry.
  • Easily to support customer and reproduce their build or runtime failures
  • Harden identical build results for firmware in different OS and make the binary security to be OS independent.

To support "cross OS binary reproducible" feature, besides the above same version LLVM 9, please make sure to use the same version iasl compiler between different OS. E.g.

Linux:

~$ iasl -v
Intel ACPI Component Architecture
ASL+ Optimizing Compiler/Disassembler version 20180105
Copyright (c) 2000 - 2018 Intel Corporation

Windows:

>c:\ASL\iasl.exe -v
Intel ACPI Component Architecture
ASL+ Optimizing Compiler/Disassembler version 20180105
Copyright (c) 2000 - 2018 Intel Corporation

The verbos build and run steps in Linux:

$ wget http://releases.llvm.org/9.0.0/clang+llvm-9.0.0-x86_64-linux-gnu-ubuntu-18.04.tar.xz
$ tar -xvf clang+llvm-9.0.0-x86_64-linux-gnu-ubuntu-18.04.tar.xz
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential git uuid-dev iasl nasm
$ git clone https://github.com/lgao4/edk2.git edk2
$ git checkout CLANGPDB
$ git submodule update --init
$ make -C BaseTools/
$ source edksetup.sh
$ export CLANG_BIN=~/Your/local/path/to/clang+llvm-9.0.0-x86_64-linux-gnu-ubuntu-18.04/bin/
$ build -p OvmfPkg/OvmfPkgIa32X64.dsc -a IA32 -a X64 -t CLANGPDB -b RELEASE
$ qemu-system-x86_64 -m 5120 -smp 1 -bios ~/your/local/path/to/edk2/Build/Ovmf3264/RELEASE_CLANGPDB/FV/OVMF.fd -global e1000.romfile=""  -machine q35 -serial mon:stdio -display none

The verbos build and run steps in Windows:

$ Download http://releases.llvm.org/9.0.0/LLVM-9.0.0-win64.exe and install it
$ Download Visual Studio 2015 or 2017 or 2019 and install it.
$ Download nasm compiler http://www.nasm.us/
$ Download iasl compiler https://acpica.org/downloads
$ git clone https://github.com/lgao4/edk2.git edk2
$ git checkout CLANGPDB
$ git submodule update --init
$ edksetup.bat Reconfig
$ edksetup.bat Rebuild
$ set CLANG_HOST_BIN=n
$ set CLANG_BIN=C:\Program Files\LLVM\bin\
$ set IASL_PREFIX=C:\Asl\
$ build -p OvmfPkg\OvmfPkgIa32X64.dsc -a IA32 -a X64 -t CLANGPDB -b RELEASE
$ qemu-system-x86_64 -m 5120 -smp 1 -bios RootDirectory\edk2\Build\Ovmf3264\RELEASE_CLANGPDB\FV\OVMF.fd -global e1000.romfile=""  -machine q35 -serial mon:stdio -display none
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