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#' Sequential, diverging and qualitative colour scales from ColorBrewer
#'
#' @description
#' The `brewer` scales provide sequential, diverging and qualitative
#' colour schemes from ColorBrewer. These are particularly well suited to
#' display discrete values on a map. See \url{https://colorbrewer2.org} for
#' more information.
#'
#' @note
#' The `distiller` scales extend `brewer` scales by smoothly
#' interpolating 7 colours from any palette to a continuous scale. The `fermenter`
#' scales provide binned versions of the `brewer` scales.
#'
#' @details
#' The `brewer` scales were carefully designed and tested on discrete data.
#' They were not designed to be extended to continuous data, but results often
#' look good. Your mileage may vary.
#'
#' @section Palettes:
#' The following palettes are available for use with these scales:
#' \describe{
#' \item{Diverging}{BrBG, PiYG, PRGn, PuOr, RdBu, RdGy, RdYlBu, RdYlGn, Spectral}
#' \item{Qualitative}{Accent, Dark2, Paired, Pastel1, Pastel2, Set1, Set2, Set3}
#' \item{Sequential}{Blues, BuGn, BuPu, GnBu, Greens, Greys, Oranges,
#' OrRd, PuBu, PuBuGn, PuRd, Purples, RdPu, Reds, YlGn, YlGnBu, YlOrBr, YlOrRd}
#' }
#' Modify the palette through the `palette` argument.
#'
#' @inheritParams scales::brewer_pal
#' @inheritParams scale_colour_hue
#' @inheritParams scale_colour_gradient
#' @inheritParams scales::gradient_n_pal
#' @param palette If a string, will use that named palette. If a number, will index into
#' the list of palettes of appropriate `type`. The list of available palettes can found
#' in the Palettes section.
#' @param ... Other arguments passed on to [discrete_scale()], [continuous_scale()],
#' or [binned_scale()], for `brewer`, `distiller`, and `fermenter` variants
#' respectively, to control name, limits, breaks, labels and so forth.
#' @family colour scales
#' @rdname scale_brewer
#' @export
#' @examples
#' set.seed(596)
#' dsamp <- diamonds[sample(nrow(diamonds), 1000), ]
#' (d <- ggplot(dsamp, aes(carat, price)) +
#' geom_point(aes(colour = clarity)))
#' d + scale_colour_brewer()
#'
#' # Change scale label
#' d + scale_colour_brewer("Diamond\nclarity")
#'
#' # Select brewer palette to use, see ?scales::brewer_pal for more details
#' d + scale_colour_brewer(palette = "Greens")
#' d + scale_colour_brewer(palette = "Set1")
#'
#' \donttest{
#' # scale_fill_brewer works just the same as
#' # scale_colour_brewer but for fill colours
#' p <- ggplot(diamonds, aes(x = price, fill = cut)) +
#' geom_histogram(position = "dodge", binwidth = 1000)
#' p + scale_fill_brewer()
#' # the order of colour can be reversed
#' p + scale_fill_brewer(direction = -1)
#' # the brewer scales look better on a darker background
#' p +
#' scale_fill_brewer(direction = -1) +
#' theme_dark()
#' }
#'
#' # Use distiller variant with continous data
#' v <- ggplot(faithfuld) +
#' geom_tile(aes(waiting, eruptions, fill = density))
#' v
#' v + scale_fill_distiller()
#' v + scale_fill_distiller(palette = "Spectral")
#'
#' # or use blender variants to discretise continuous data
#' v + scale_fill_fermenter()
#'
scale_colour_brewer <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = 1, aesthetics = "colour") {
discrete_scale(aesthetics, "brewer", brewer_pal(type, palette, direction), ...)
}
#' @export
#' @rdname scale_brewer
scale_fill_brewer <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = 1, aesthetics = "fill") {
discrete_scale(aesthetics, "brewer", brewer_pal(type, palette, direction), ...)
}
#' @export
#' @rdname scale_brewer
scale_colour_distiller <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = -1, values = NULL, space = "Lab", na.value = "grey50", guide = "colourbar", aesthetics = "colour") {
# warn about using a qualitative brewer palette to generate the gradient
type <- match.arg(type, c("seq", "div", "qual"))
if (type == "qual") {
warn("Using a discrete colour palette in a continuous scale.\n Consider using type = \"seq\" or type = \"div\" instead")
}
continuous_scale(aesthetics, "distiller",
gradient_n_pal(brewer_pal(type, palette, direction)(7), values, space), na.value = na.value, guide = guide, ...)
# NB: 6-7 colours per palette gives nice gradients; more results in more saturated colours which do not look as good
# For diverging scales, you need an odd number to make sure the mid-point is in the center
}
#' @export
#' @rdname scale_brewer
scale_fill_distiller <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = -1, values = NULL, space = "Lab", na.value = "grey50", guide = "colourbar", aesthetics = "fill") {
type <- match.arg(type, c("seq", "div", "qual"))
if (type == "qual") {
warn("Using a discrete colour palette in a continuous scale.\n Consider using type = \"seq\" or type = \"div\" instead")
}
continuous_scale(aesthetics, "distiller",
gradient_n_pal(brewer_pal(type, palette, direction)(7), values, space), na.value = na.value, guide = guide, ...)
}
#' @export
#' @rdname scale_brewer
scale_colour_fermenter <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = -1, na.value = "grey50", guide = "coloursteps", aesthetics = "colour") {
# warn about using a qualitative brewer palette to generate the gradient
type <- match.arg(type, c("seq", "div", "qual"))
if (type == "qual") {
warn("Using a discrete colour palette in a binned scale.\n Consider using type = \"seq\" or type = \"div\" instead")
}
binned_scale(aesthetics, "fermenter", binned_pal(brewer_pal(type, palette, direction)), na.value = na.value, guide = guide, ...)
}
#' @export
#' @rdname scale_brewer
scale_fill_fermenter <- function(..., type = "seq", palette = 1, direction = -1, na.value = "grey50", guide = "coloursteps", aesthetics = "fill") {
type <- match.arg(type, c("seq", "div", "qual"))
if (type == "qual") {
warn("Using a discrete colour palette in a binned scale.\n Consider using type = \"seq\" or type = \"div\" instead")
}
binned_scale(aesthetics, "fermenter", binned_pal(brewer_pal(type, palette, direction)), na.value = na.value, guide = guide, ...)
}
# icon.brewer <- function() {
# rectGrob(c(0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 0.9), width = 0.21,
# gp = gpar(fill = RColorBrewer::brewer.pal(5, "PuOr"), col = NA)
# )
# }