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#' Add residuals to a data frame
#'
#' @param data A data frame used to generate the residuals
#' @param model,var `add_residuals` takes a single `model`; the
#' output column will be called `resid`
#' @param ... `gather_residuals` and `spread_residuals` take
#' multiple models. The name will be taken from either the argument
#' name of the name of the model.
#' @param .resid,.model The variable names used by `gather_residuals`.
#' @return A data frame. `add_residuals` adds a single new column,
#' `.resid`, to the input `data`. `spread_residuals` adds
#' one column for each model. `gather_predictions` adds two columns
#' `.model` and `.resid`, and repeats the input rows for
#' each model.
#' @export
#' @examples
#' df <- tibble::data_frame(
#' x = sort(runif(100)),
#' y = 5 * x + 0.5 * x ^ 2 + 3 + rnorm(length(x))
#' )
#' plot(df)
#'
#' m1 <- lm(y ~ x, data = df)
#' df %>% add_residuals(m1)
#'
#' m2 <- lm(y ~ poly(x, 2), data = df)
#' df %>% spread_residuals(m1, m2)
#' df %>% gather_residuals(m1, m2)
add_residuals <- function(data, model, var = "resid") {
data[[var]] <- residuals(model, data)
data
}
#' @rdname add_residuals
#' @export
spread_residuals <- function(data, ...) {
models <- tibble::lst(...)
for (nm in names(models)) {
data[[nm]] <- residuals(models[[nm]], data)
}
data
}
#' @rdname add_residuals
#' @export
gather_residuals <- function(data, ..., .resid = "resid", .model = "model") {
models <- tibble::lst(...)
df <- purrr::map2(models, .resid, add_residuals, data = data)
names(df) <- names(models)
dplyr::bind_rows(df, .id = .model)
}
residuals <- function(model, data) {
response(model, data) - stats::predict(model, data)
}