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Limit the request processing rate between multiple NGINX instances backed by Redis
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README.md

Name

Build Status

lua-resty-redis-ratelimit - Limit the request processing rate between multiple NGINX instances backed by Redis.

Table of Contents

Status

Ready for testing. Probably production ready in most cases, though not yet proven in the wild. Please check the issues list and let me know if you have any problems / questions.

Description

This lua library is a request processing rate limit module for ngx_lua:

http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpLuaModule

It is used to limit the request processing rate per a defined key between multiple NGINX instances. The limitation is done using the "leaky bucket" method.

This module use Redis (>= 2.6.0) as the backend storage, so you also need the lua-resty-redis library work with it.

NOTICE: If you do not use the duration feature and the incoming traffic is evenly distrbuted, it is recommended that use the module resty.limit.req to avoid unnecessary network delays.

Synopsis

lua_package_path "/path/to/lua-resty-redis-ratelimit/lib/?.lua;;";

server {

    listen 9090;

    location /t {
        access_by_lua_block {
            local ratelimit = require "resty.redis.ratelimit"

            local lim, err = ratelimit.new("one", "2r/s", 0, 2)
            if not lim then
                ngx.log(ngx.ERR,
                        "failed to instantiate a resty.redis.ratelimit object: ", err)
                return ngx.exit(500)
            end

            -- NOTICE: the following call must be per-request.

            -- local redis = require "resty.redis"
            -- local red = redis:new()

            -- red:set_timeout(1000)

            -- local ok, err = red:connect("127.0.0.1", 6379)
            -- if not ok then
            --     ngx.log(ngx.ERR, "failed to connect redis: ", err)
            --     return ngx.exit(500)
            -- end

            local red = { host = "127.0.0.1", port = 6379, timeout = 1 }

            local key = ngx.var.binary_remote_addr
            local delay, err = lim:incoming(key, red)
            if not delay then
                if err == "rejected" then
                    return ngx.exit(503)
                end
                ngx.log(ngx.ERR, "failed to limit req: ", err)
                return ngx.exit(500)
            end

            if delay >= 0.001 then
                -- the 2nd return value holds the number of excess requests
                -- per second for the specified key.
                local excess = err

                ngx.sleep(delay)
            end
        '}

        echo Logged in;
    }

}

Methods

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new

syntax: obj, err = class.new(zone, rate, burst, duration)

Instantiates an object of this class. The class value is returned by the call require resty.redis.ratelimit.

This method takes the following arguments:

  • zone: Sets the namespace, in particular, we use <zone>:<key> string as a unique state identifier inside Redis.
  • rate: The rate is specified in requests per second (r/s). If a rate of less than one request per second is desired, it is specified in request per minute (r/m). For example, half-request per second is 30r/m.
  • burst: Defines how many requests can make in excess of the rate specified by the zone, default 0.
  • duration: The time delay (in seconds) before back to normal state, during this period, the request is always rejected, default 0.

On failure, this method returns nil and a string describing the error.

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incoming

syntax: delay, err = obj:incoming(key, redis)

Fires a new request incoming event and calculates the delay needed (if any) for the current request upon the specified key or whether the user should reject it immediately.

This method accepts the following arguments:

  • key: The key is any non-empty value of the specified variable.
  • redis: Sets the Redis configuration, host, port, timeout and so on (see below); Instead of the specific Redis configuration, you can also sets the connected Redis object directly.
- redis.host: Default 127.0.0.1.
- redis.port: Default 80.
- redis.timeout: Default 1s.
- redis.pass: Request for authentication in a password-protected Redis server.
- redis.dbid: Select the Redis logical database.

The return values depend on the following cases:

  1. If the request does not exceed the rate value specified in the new method, then this method returns 0 as the delay and the (zero) number of excessive requests per second at the current time.
  2. If the request exceeds the rate limit specified in the new method but not the rate + burst value, then this method returns a proper delay (in seconds) for the current request so that it still conform to the rate threshold as if it came a bit later rather than now. The 2nd return value indicating the number of excessive reqeusts per second at this point (including the current request).
  3. If the request exceeds the rate + burst limit, then this method returns nil and the error string "rejected".
  4. If an error occurred, then this method returns nil and a string describing the error. Such as "failed to create redis - connection refused".

This method never sleeps itself. It simply returns a delay if necessary and requires the caller to later invoke the ngx.sleep method to sleep.

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set_burst

syntax: obj:set_burst(burst)

Overwrites the burst threshold as specified in the new method.

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Author

Monkey Zhang timebug.info@gmail.com, UPYUN Inc.

Inspired from http://nginx.org/en/docs/http/ngx_http_limit_req_module.html.

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Copyright and License

This module is licensed under the 2-clause BSD license.

Copyright (c) 2014 - 2017, Monkey Zhang timebug.info@gmail.com, UPYUN Inc.

All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  • Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  • Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

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See Also

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