Multi-database ORM
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JugglingDB is cross-db ORM, providing common interface to access most popular database formats. Currently supported are: mysql, mongodb, redis, neo4j and js-memory-storage (yep, self-written engine for test-usage only). You can add your favorite database adapter, checkout one of the existing adapters to learn how, it's super-easy, I guarantee.


git clone git://


var Schema = require('./jugglingdb').Schema;
var s = new Schema('redis');
// define models
var Post = schema.define('Post', {
    title:     { type: String, length: 255 },
    content:   { type: Schema.Text },
    date:      { type: Date,    default: },
    published: { type: Boolean, default: false }
// simplier way to describe model
var User = schema.define('User', {
    name:         String,
    bio:          Schema.Text,
    approved:     Boolean,
    joinedAt:     Date,
    age:          Number

// setup relationships
User.hasMany(Post,   {as: 'posts',  foreignKey: 'userId'});
// creates instance methods:
// user.posts(conds)
// // like new Post({userId:});
// user.posts.create(data) // build and save

Post.belongsTo(User, {as: 'author', foreignKey: 'userId'});
// creates instance methods:
// -- getter when called with function
// -- sync getter when called without params
// -- setter when called with object

s.automigrate(); // required only for mysql NOTE: it will drop User and Post tables

// work with models:
var user = new User; (err) {
    var post ={title: 'Hello world'});;

// Common API methods

// just instantiate model
new Post
// save model (of course async)
// all posts
// all posts by user
// the same as prev
// same as new Post({userId:});
// save as Post.create({userId:}, cb);
// find instance by id
User.find(1, cb)
// count instances
// destroy instance
// destroy all instances

// Setup validations
User.validatesPresenceOf('name', 'email')
User.validatesLengthOf('password', {min: 5, message: {min: 'Password is too short'}});
User.validatesInclusionOf('gender', {in: ['male', 'female']});
User.validatesExclusionOf('domain', {in: ['www', 'billing', 'admin']});
User.validatesNumericalityOf('age', {int: true});

user.isValid() // false
user.errors // hash of errors {attr: [errmessage, errmessage, ...], attr: ...}

Read the tests for usage examples: ./test/common_test.js Validations: ./test/validations_test.js

Your own database adapter

To use custom adapter, pass it's package name as first argument to Schema constructor:

mySchema = new Schema('couch-db-adapter', {host:.., port:...});

Make sure, your adapter can be required (just put it into ./node_modules):


Running tests

All tests are written using nodeunit:

nodeunit test/common_test.js

If you run this line, of course it will fall, because it requres different databases to be up and running, but you can use js-memory-engine out of box! Specify ONLY env var:

ONLY=memory nodeunit test/common_test.js

of course, if you have redis running, you can run

ONLY=redis nodeunit test/common_test.js

Package structure

Now all common logic described in ./lib/*.js, and database-specific stuff in ./lib/adapters/*.js. It's super-tiny, right?

Project status

This project was written in one weekend (1,2 oct 2011), and of course does not claim to be production-ready, but I plan to use this project as default ORM for RailwayJS in nearest future. So, if you are familiar with some database engines - please help me to improve adapter for that database.

For example, I know, mysql implementation sucks now, 'cause I'm not digging too deep into SequelizeJS code, and I think it would be better to replace sequelize with something low-level in nearest future, such as mysql package from npm.


If you have found a bug please write unit test, and make sure all other tests still pass before pushing code to repo.



  • transparent interface to APIs
  • -before and -after hooks on save, update, destroy
  • scopes
  • default values
  • more relationships stuff
  • docs


  • riak
  • couchdb
  • low-level mysql
  • postgres
  • sqlite