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Rummy 500

This repository contains a gRPC server that manages games of Rummy 500, and CLI and AI clients to connect to it. It was implemented over Christmas 2016 to prolong a family tournament with remote play, and as a way to learn about gRPC.

Server

The message protocol for the game server is defined in service.proto. The service provides APIs to create and join games, and to observe and play in games you have joined. Multiple games can be played simultaneously. A primitive form of authentication is provided by allowing players to join with a provided secret that must be used for all subsequent gameplay.

During a game, clients subscribe to game events to observe the play of others and to know when it is their turn. Game play events are pushed to subscribed clients using gRPC streaming.

Via gRPC-gateway, the server supports the same API over REST/JSON:

Game management

  • POST /v1/create/{game_name}
  • POST /v1/join/{game_name}/{player_name}
  • POST /v1/start/{game_name}

Game observation

  • GET /v1/subscribe/{game_name}
  • GET /v1/state/{game_name}
  • POST /v1/hand

Game play

  • POST /v1/pick_up_stock
  • POST /v1/pick_up_discard
  • POST /v1/play_cards
  • POST /v1/discard
  • POST /v1/call_rummy

This enables future development of a web interface.

State machine

Gameplay proceeds according to a state machine (see GameState in game.proto). The current player begins in state TURN_START and must issue either a PickUpStockRequest or a PickUpDiscardRequest to begin their turn. Once they have successfully picked up cards with a valid request, the turn state transitions to PICKED_UP_CARDS. The player may then play cards for points (if possible) by issuing a PlayCardsRequest, which transitions their state to PLAYED_CARDS. Finally, the player must discard a card with a DiscardCardRequest to end their turn.

The Game struct maintains the game invariants imposed by the rules of Rummy 500, such as enforcing that after a player has picked up from the discard they must play the bottom card for points before ending their turn.

CLI

clients/cli provides a command-line client that can be used to connect and play games interactively against other human or AI players.

$ ./cli -server :8081
Welcome to Rummy!

Main menu:
	1) Create a new game
	2) Join a game
	3) Quit
Please make a selection: 1
Enter game name: TestGame
Enter player name: Tim
Add CP? (y/n): y
Enter strategy name: greedy
Add CP? (y/n): n
Current players in game:
	0: Tim
	1: CP0-greedy
Start game? (y/n): y

Your turn!
Current hand: [3♥ 5♥ 7♦ 9♦ 7♣ 9♠ J♠]
Current discard pile: [5♣ 7♠]
All played melds:
	[10♥ 10♣ 10♠]
Current player status:
	Tim: 7 cards, 0 points
	CP0-greedy: 4 cards, 30 points

What would you like to do?
	1) Pick up a card from the stock
	2) Pick up card(s) from the discard pile
Selection: 2
How many cards would you like to pick up?: 3
Error picking up from discard: rpc error: code = Unknown desc = can't pick up 3 > 2 cards in discard pile

What would you like to do?
	1) Pick up a card from the stock
	2) Pick up card(s) from the discard pile
Selection: 1
Picked up: A♦
Current hand: 0:3♥ 1:5♥ 2:A♦ 3:7♦ 4:9♦ 5:7♣ 6:9♠ 7:J♠
Select cards to play as a meld or a rummy (e.g. 1,4,5). Leave empty to continue:
Current hand: 0:3♥ 1:5♥ 2:A♦ 3:7♦ 4:9♦ 5:7♣ 6:9♠ 7:J♠
Select card to discard: 7
CP0-greedy's turn.
CP0-greedy picked up a card from the stock.
CP0-greedy discarded: [6♦]

AI

Package clients/ai provides a simplified interface for implementing strategies that can play the game. To implement a new strategy, implement the Strategy interface and then add it to the registry in clients/ai/strategy/registry.go. A rudimentary greedy strategy is implemented in clients/ai/strategy/greedy.go.

Two or more strategies can be played against each other a large number of times using the driver in clients/ai/battle.

./battle -strategies nop,greedy -num_games 1000 -seed 123

Building

Regenerate the protos:

make proto

Build the server:

make server

Build the CLI:

make clients

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A game server and clients for the card game Rummy 500

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