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A lightweight Java XML-RPC client for the use with Android. Since there is absolutely no dependency to any android specific library (and I assure, that it never will have any), it also works fine in normal Java applications. Read the README.md file for more information.

branch: master
README.md

What is aXMLRPC?

aXMLRPC is a Java library with a leightweight XML-RPC client. XML-RPC is a specification for making remote procedure calls over the HTTP protocol in an XML format. The specificationc an be found under http://www.xmlrpc.com/spec.

The library was developed for the use with Android. Since it has no dependencies to any Android library or any other 3rd-party library, it is fully functional in any common java virtual machine (not only on Android).

You can control the client with some flags to extend its functionality. See the section about flags.

How to include it?

How to include the aXMLRPC client into your project? There are four different ways to do that:

Include the source code

You can just include all the source code from the src directory into the sourcecode of your project. If you use git yourself, you can use submodules to include the code as a module to yours. So you will always stay up to date with the library.

Compile it as library

The library itself is a NetBeans project and can be compiled either with NetBeans or with ant. The resulting JAR file can be used as a dependency in your project. If you use NetBeans you can make a dependency directly to the project.

Use Maven

The library is also a valid Maven project. So you can use Maven to compile it. If you want to use it as a Maven project in NetBeans, you will have to delete the nbproject folder. Afterwards NetBeans will detect it as a Maven project (NetBeans restart required).

To use it on your Maven project, add it as a dependency on your pom.xml file:

<dependency>
    <groupId>de.timroes</groupId>
    <artifactId>aXMLRPC</artifactId>
    <version>X.Y.Z</version>
</dependency>

where X.Y.Z is the current aXMLRPC version and install it on your local Maven repository (since it's not available on the Maven repositories):

$ cd /path/to/aXMLRPC/
$ mvn clean install

Download the JAR library

You can download a compiled jar file from the below list and use it as a library for your project.

aXMLRPC v1.7.2

  • Bugfix in double representation
  • Allow usage of any Iterable for array parameters
  • Allow usage of BigDecimal as double parameters

aXMLRPC v1.7.1

  • Bugfix in String escaping (New default behavior: Escape Strings according to spec)
  • Bugfix in Float encoding

aXMLRPC v1.7.0

  • Added funtionality for custom TrustManagers

aXMLRPC v1.6.0

  • Added support for timeout
  • Minor code improvements

aXMLRPC v1.5.0

  • Added Proxy Support
  • Fixed #13, Support for cookie reading

aXMLRPC v1.4.0

  • Added FLAGS_IGNORE_NAMESPACE, FLAGS_DEFAULT_TYPE_STRING

aXMLRPC v1.3.5

  • Fixed bug in canceling async calls

aXMLRPC v1.3.4

  • Added getURL-method
  • Added FLAGS_IGNORE_SSL_ERRORS
  • Removed debugging information from JAR

aXMLRPC v1.3.3

  • Improved handling of 40X http errors

aXMLRPC v1.3.2

  • Fixed handling of 40x http errors

aXMLRPC v1.3.1

  • Fixed bug in XML struct creation
  • Method to clear HTTP basic auth login data

aXMLRPC v1.3.0

  • Flags to ignore SSL warnings
  • HTTP forwarding
  • Improved code quality

Real old versions:

How to use the library?

You can use the library by initiating an XMLRPCClient and make calls over it:

try {
    XMLRPCClient client = new XMLRPCClient(new URL("http://example.com/xmlrpc"));

    Boolean b = (Boolean)client.call("isServerOk");
    Integer i = (Integer)client.call("add", 5, 10);
} catch(XMLRPCServerException ex) {
    // The server throw an error.
} catch(XMLRPCException ex) {
    // An error occured in the client.
} catch(Exception ex) {
    // Any other exception
}

Instead of passing the parameters as seperated values, you can also pack them in an array and pass the array to the method, like in the following example:

// ... The try-catch has been ommited for clarity.
XMLRPCClient client = new XMLRPCClient(url, "MyUserAgentString");
client.call("someMethod", new Object[]{ o1, o2, o3 });
// ...

Asynchronous Calls

The above method calls are synchronous. So the method call will return when the server responded or an error occured. There is also a possibility for asynchronous server calls. You need to implement an XMLRPCCallback that will get noticed about the respone (or error) from the server. The callAsync method can be used to make asynchronous calls. It returns an identifier that will also be send to the XMLRPCCallback instance with the response of the server, so your application can make multiple calls concurrently and use one listener for them, that distinguish between the different request by their ids.

XMLRPCCallback listener = new XMLRPCCallback() {
    public void onResponse(long id, Object result) {
        // Handling the servers response
    }
    public void onError(long id, XMLRPCException error) {
        // Handling any error in the library
    }
    public void onServerError(long id, XMLRPCServerException error) {
        // Handling an error response from the server
    }
};

XMLRPCClient client = new XMLRPCClient(url);
long id = client.callAsync(listener, "add", 5, 10);

You will be also able to cancel an asynchonous call. Just use the cancel method on the XMLRPCClient instance, like in the following example. The listener will not be notified, if the call is canceled.

XMLRPCClient client = new XMLRPCClient(url);
long id = client.callAsync(listener, "method", params);
// ...
client.cancel(id);

The data types

The specification give some data tags for the server response. If you want to work on the type you must cast the returning Object from the call method to its specific type. Which type to cast which XML server response, tells the following list:

i4,int => Integer

boolean => Boolean

string => String

double => Double

dateTime.iso8601 => Date

base64 => byte[] (Byte[] won't work)

array => Object[]

struct => Map<String,Object>

i8 => Long (see Flags)

Flags

The client takes as second parameter (or third if an user agent is given) a combination of multiple flags. It could work like the following example:

// ...
XMLRPCClient client = new XMLRPCClient(url, 
    XMLRPCClient.FLAGS_STRICT | XMLRPCClient.FLAGS_8BYTE_INT);
// ...

The following flags are implemented:

FLAGS_STRICT

The client should parse responses strict to specification. It will check if the given content-type is right. The method name in a call must only contain of A-Z, a-z, 0-9, _, ., :, / Normally this is not needed.

FLAGS_8BYTE_INT

The client will be able to handle 8 byte integer values (longs). The xml type tag <i8> will be used. This is not in the specification but some libraries and servers support this behaviour. If this isn't enabled you cannot recieve 8 byte integers and if you try to send a long, the value must be within the 4 byte integer range.

FLAGS_ENABLE_COOKIES

With this flag, the client will be able to handle cookies, meaning saving cookies from the server and sending it with every other request again. This is needed for some XML-RPC interfaces that support login.

FLAGS_NIL

The client will be able to send null values. A null value will be send as <nil/>. This extension is described under: http://ontosys.com/xml-rpc/extensions.php

FLAGS_IGNORE_STATUSCODE

With this flag enabled, the XML-RPC client will ignore the HTTP status code of the response from the server. According to specification the status code must be 200. This flag is only needed for the use with not standard compliant servers.

FLAGS_FORWARD

With this flag enabled, the client will forward the request, if the 301 or 302 HTTP status code has been received. If this flag is not set, the client will throw an exception on these HTTP status codes.

FLAGS_SSL_IGNORE_INVALID_HOST

With this flag enabled, the client will ignore, if the URL doesn't match the SSL Certificate. This should be used with caution. Normally the URL should always match the URL in the SSL certificate, even with self signed certificates.

FLAGS_SSL_INGORE_INVALID_CERT

With this flag enabled, the client will ignore all unverified SSL/TLS certificates. This must be used, if you use self-signed certificates or certificated from unknown (or untrusted) authorities.

FLAGS_DEFAULT_TYPE_STRING

With this flag enabled, a value with a missing type tag, will be parsed as a string element. This is just for incoming messages. Outgoing messages will still be generated according to specification.

FLAGS_IGNORE_NAMESPACES

With this flag enabled, the client ignores all namespaces used within the response from the server.

FLAGS_USE_SYSTEM_PROXY

With this flag enabled, the XMLRPCClient will use the system http proxy to connect to the XML-RPC server.

FLAGS_NO_STRING_ENCODE

By default outgoing string values will be encoded according to specification. Meaning the & sign will be encoded to &amp; and the "less then" sign to &lt;. If you set this flag, the encoding won't be done for outgoing string values. See FLAGS_NO_STRING_ENCODE for the counterpart.

FLAGS_NO_STRING_DECODE

This prevents the decoding of incoming strings, meaning &amp; and &lt; won't be decoded to the & sign and the "less then" sign. See FLAGS_NO_STRING_ENCODE for the counterpart.

Meta Flags

This can be used exactly the same as normal flags. But each meta flag is just a collection of different other flags. There is no functional difference in using a meta flag or all the containing flags. For detailed documentation on the single flags read the above section.

FLAGS_SSL_IGNORE_ERRORS

This flag disables all SSL warnings. It is an alternative to use FLAGS_SSL_IGNORE_INVALID_CERT | FLAGS_SSL_IGNORE_INVALID_HOST.

FLAGS_APACHE_WS

This flag should be used if the server is an apache ws xmlrpc server. This will set some flags, so that the not standard conform behavior of the server will be ignored. This will enable the following flags: FLAGS_IGNORE_NAMESPACES, FLAGS_NIL, FLAGS_DEFAULT_TYPE_STRING

License

The library is licensed under MIT License. See the LICENSE file for the license text.

For the uninformed reader: What does MIT mean?

  • You can copy this, modify it, distribute it, sell it, eat it.
  • You don't need to notice me about anything of the above.
  • If you make changes to it, it would be nice (but not obliged), if you would share it with me again.
  • Put the copyright notice and the LICENSE file in any copy you make.

Bugs?

If you find a bug or wish some enhancements for the library, please fill an issue here on github or contact me otherwise (www.timroes.de).

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