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README.md

React on Rails Installation Guide

Guide for installing React on Rails 6 for the CVWO 2019/2020 winter assignment.

If you face any issues during installation, please feel free to browse or post on the forums as other applicants might have the same problems.

Introduction

What is React?

React is a JavaScript library created by Facebook. It is a User Interface (UI) library, which more simply put is a tool for building UI components (also known as frontend).

What is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails, also known as Rails, is a server-side (also known as backend) web application framework written in the Ruby language.

What is React on Rails?

Since the release of Rails 6 in August 2019, Webpacker (a javascript compiler) is built in to Rails by default. This has made it easier for React and Rails to be integrated together, giving rise to a full-stack framework known unofficially as React on Rails. Given the widespread popularity of React, we have decided to include it in this winter assignment.

Installation and Setup

1. Install and Setup Ruby on Rails

Install and setup the latest version of Ruby on Rails with a database.

We recommend following this Installation Guide by GoRails.

  • If asked to choose the method of installing Ruby, we recommend using rbenv as it is used by CVWO projects, though it is not a requirement.

  • For the choice of database, we recommend PostgreSQL as it is used by CVWO projects, but it is not a requirement.

At this point, you should be able to start building a simple Rails application (without React). You might want to checkout this introductory tutorial to Ruby on Rails before moving on, especially if you have no prior Rails experience.

2. Integrating React with Rails

The following commands create a new Rails application called my-app in the current directory.

  • If you are using PostgreSQL
rails new my-app --webpack=react -d postgresql
  • If you are using SQLite 3 (Rails default)
rails new my-app --webpack=react
  • If you are using MySQL
rails new my-app --webpack=react -d mysql

Move to the application directory

cd my-app

If you setup MySQL or Postgres with a username/password, modify the config/database.yml file to contain the username/password that you specified

Create the Database

rails db:create

Install the React Rails gem

bundle add react-rails

Generate a React installation

rails g react:install

At this point, if everything went well, you have successfully created a React on Rails application! Before moving on however, You might want to familiarize yourself with React, especially if you have no prior React experience. Do checkout this introductory tutorial to React.

3. A simple React on Rails application

Start the Rails application

To start the Rails application, use the following command:

rails server

Now go to your browser and go to localhost:3000. You should see a page that looks like this:

Rails Startup Page

Generating a Basic Rails controller

Generate a controller using the following command:

rails generate controller Welcome index

This command does a few things:

  • Creates a Controller file at app/controllers/welcome_controller.rb
  • Creates a View file at app/views/welcome/index.html.erb
  • Adds a route called get welcome index to the Routes file at config/routes.rb

Now if you were to go to your browser and go to localhost:3000/welcome/index, you should see a page that looks like this:

Welcome Index Page

Generating React components

The following command creates a React component called HelloWorld:

rails g react:component HelloWorld greeting:string

This creates a React Component file called "HelloWorld" at app/javascript/components/HelloWorld.js

Note: Your component is added to app/javascript/components/ by default.

Now go to the app/views/welcome/index.html.erb you created in the previous step and add the following line to the bottom of the file:

<%= react_component("HelloWorld", { greeting: "Hello from react-rails." }) %>

Now if you were to go to your browser and go to localhost:3000/welcome/index, you should see a page that looks like this:

Welcome Index Page

You have successfully integrated a React component into the file!

4. What now?

If you have made it this far, you are already halfway there!

Do note that the method above (embedding the React component directly into the View) is only one of many ways to integrate React with rails, though it is the simplest and most beginner friendly.

The more common and cleaner way to do it (and also how we do it in CVWO) is to use Rails as a data JSON API endpoint, with React reading the data from the endpoint. This guide provides a tutorial on a basic setup with such a design.

Now that you have a basic Rails setup, the rest is up to your imagination and a bit of wishful thinking. All the best for the rest of your assignment :)

Credit

© tiuweehan 2019

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