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# Cursor movement
- h - move left
- j - move down
- k - move up
- l - move right
- ctrl-b - page up
- ctrl-f - page down
- % - jump to matching brace
- w - jump by start of words (punctuation considered words)
- W - jump by words (spaces separate words)
- e - jump to end of words (punctuation considered words)
- E - jump to end of words (no punctuation)
- b - jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
- B - jump backward by words (no punctuation)
- 0 - (zero) start of line
- ^ - first non-blank character of line
- $ - end of line
- gg - Go to first line
- [N]G - Go To line N. No N: last line
- Note: Prefix a cursor movement command with a number to repeat it. For example,
- 4j moves down 4 lines.
-
+ h - move left
+ j - move down
+ k - move up
+ l - move right
+ ctrl-b - page up
+ ctrl-f - page down
+ % - jump to matching brace
+ w - jump by start of words (punctuation considered words)
+ W - jump by words (spaces separate words)
+ e - jump to end of words (punctuation considered words)
+ E - jump to end of words (no punctuation)
+ b - jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
+ B - jump backward by words (no punctuation)
+ 0 - (zero) start of line
+ ^ - first non-blank character of line
+ $ - end of line
+ gg - Go to first line
+ [N]G - Go To line N. No N: last line
+ Note: Prefix a cursor movement command with a number to repeat it. For example,
+ 4j moves down 4 lines.
+
# Insert Mode - Inserting/Appending text
- i - start insert mode at cursor
- I - insert at the beginning of the line
- a - append after the cursor
- A - append at the end of the line
- o - open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
- O - open blank line above current line
- ea - append at end of word
- Esc - exit insert mode
-
+ i - start insert mode at cursor
+ I - insert at the beginning of the line
+ a - append after the cursor
+ A - append at the end of the line
+ o - open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
+ O - open blank line above current line
+ ea - append at end of word
+ Esc - exit insert mode
+
# Editing
-
- r - replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
- J - join line below to the current one
- cc - change (replace) an entire line
- cw - change (replace) to the end of word
- c$ - change (replace) to the end of line
- s - delete character at cursor and subsitute text
- S - delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
- xp - transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
- u - undo
- ctrl-r - redo
- . - repeat last command
- ~ - switch case
- g~iw - switch case of current word
- gUiw - make current word uppercase
- guiw - make current word lowercase
- >> - indent line one column to right
- << - indet line one column to left
- == - auto-indent current line
- ddp - swap current line with next
- ddkP - swap current line with previous
+
+ r - replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
+ J - join line below to the current one
+ cc - change (replace) an entire line
+ cw - change (replace) to the end of word
+ c$ - change (replace) to the end of line
+ s - delete character at cursor and subsitute text
+ S - delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
+ xp - transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
+ u - undo
+ ctrl-r - redo
+ . - repeat last command
+ ~ - switch case
+ g~iw - switch case of current word
+ gUiw - make current word uppercase
+ guiw - make current word lowercase
+ >> - indent line one column to right
+ << - indet line one column to left
+ == - auto-indent current line
+ ddp - swap current line with next
+ ddkP - swap current line with previous
# Cut and Paste
- dd - delete (cut) a line
- dw - delete the current word
- x - delete current character
- X - delete previous character
- D - delete from cursor to end of line
- yy - yank (copy) a line
- 2yy - yank 2 lines
- yw - yank word
- y$ - yank to end of line
- p - put (paste) the clipboard after cursor/current line
- P - put (paste) before cursor/current line
- :set paste - avoid unexpected effects in pasting
+ dd - delete (cut) a line
+ dw - delete the current word
+ x - delete current character
+ X - delete previous character
+ D - delete from cursor to end of line
+ yy - yank (copy) a line
+ 2yy - yank 2 lines
+ yw - yank word
+ y$ - yank to end of line
+ p - put (paste) the clipboard after cursor/current line
+ P - put (paste) before cursor/current line
+ :set paste - avoid unexpected effects in pasting
# Visual Mode - Marking text
- v - start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
- V - start Linewise visual mode
- o - move to other end of marked area
- U - upper case of marked area
- ctrl+v - start visual block mode
- O - move to Other corner of block
- aw - mark a word
- ab - a () block (with braces)
- aB - a {} block (with brackets)
- ib - inner () block
- iB - inner {} block
- Esc - exit visual mode
+ v - start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
+ V - start Linewise visual mode
+ o - move to other end of marked area
+ U - upper case of marked area
+ ctrl+v - start visual block mode
+ O - move to Other corner of block
+ aw - mark a word
+ ab - a () block (with braces)
+ aB - a {} block (with brackets)
+ ib - inner () block
+ iB - inner {} block
+ Esc - exit visual mode
# Visual Mode - Commands
- > - shift right
- < - shift left
- c - change (replace) marked text
- y - yank (copy) marked text
- d - delete (cut) marked text
- ~ - switch case
+ > - shift right
+ < - shift left
+ c - change (replace) marked text
+ y - yank (copy) marked text
+ d - delete (cut) marked text
+ ~ - switch case
# Visual Mode - Cut and paste
- 1. Place the cursor at the start of your text.
- 2. ma (marks the location as point 'a')
- 3. Place the cursor at the end of your text.
- 4. d'a (cuts back to location 'a')
+ 1. Place the cursor at the start of your text.
+ 2. ma (marks the location as point 'a')
+ 3. Place the cursor at the end of your text.
+ 4. d'a (cuts back to location 'a')
# Exiting
- :w - write (save) the file, but don't exit
- :wq - write (save) and quit
- :x - same as :wq
- :q - quit (fails if anything has changed)
- :q! - quit and throw away changes
+ :w - write (save) the file, but don't exit
+ :wq - write (save) and quit
+ :x - same as :wq
+ :q - quit (fails if anything has changed)
+ :q! - quit and throw away changes
# Search/Replace
- /pattern - search for pattern
- ?pattern - search backward for pattern
- n - repeat search in same direction
- N - repeat search in opposite direction
- :%s/old/new/g - replace all old with new throughout file
- :%s/old/new/gc - replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations
-
+ /pattern - search for pattern
+ ?pattern - search backward for pattern
+ n - repeat search in same direction
+ N - repeat search in opposite direction
+ :%s/old/new/g - replace all old with new throughout file
+ :%s/old/new/gc - replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations
+
# Working with multiple files
- :e filename - Edit a file in a new buffer
- :n **/*.pl - Open all perl files under the current directory, recursively
- :tabe filename - Edit a file in a new tab (Vim7, gVim)
- :bnext (or :bn) - go to next buffer
- :bprev (or :bp) - go to previous buffer
- :bd - delete a buffer (close a file)
- :sp filename - Open a file in a new buffer and split window
- ctrl-w s - Split windows
- ctrl-w w - switch between windows
- ctrl-w q - Quit a window
- ctrl-w v - Split windows vertically
+ :e filename - Edit a file in a new buffer
+ :n **/*.pl - Open all perl files under the current directory, recursively
+ :tabe filename - Edit a file in a new tab (Vim7, gVim)
+ :bnext (or :bn) - go to next buffer
+ :bprev (or :bp) - go to previous buffer
+ :bd - delete a buffer (close a file)
+ :sp filename - Open a file in a new buffer and split window
+ ctrl-w s - Split windows
+ ctrl-w w - switch between windows
+ ctrl-w q - Quit a window
+ ctrl-w v - Split windows vertically
# Tabs (Vim7)
- gt - Next tab
- gT - Previous tab
- :tabr - First tab
- :tabl - Last tab
- :tabm [N] - Move current tab after tab N. No N: last. N=0: first.
- $vim -p file1 file2 fileN - Open multiple files in different tabs (vim7)
+ gt - Next tab
+ gT - Previous tab
+ :tabr - First tab
+ :tabl - Last tab
+ :tabm [N] - Move current tab after tab N. No N: last. N=0: first.
+ $vim -p file1 file2 fileN - Open multiple files in different tabs (vim7)
# Command Line Options
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