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Abstract migration framework for node
JavaScript
branch: master

Readme.md

migrate

Abstract migration framework for node

Installation

$ npm install migrate

Usage

Usage: migrate [options] [command]

Options:

   -c, --chdir <path>      change the working directory
   --state-file <path>     set path to state file (migrations/.migrate)
   --template-file <path>  set path to template file to use for new migrations

Commands:

   down             migrate down
   up               migrate up (the default command)
   create [title]   create a new migration file with optional [title]

Programmatic usage

var migrate = require('migrate');
var set = migrate.load('migration/.migrate', 'migration');

set.up(function (err) {
  if (err) throw err;

  console.log('Migration completed');
});

Creating Migrations

To create a migration, execute migrate create with an optional title. node-migrate will create a node module within ./migrations/ which contains the following two exports:

exports.up = function(next){
  next();
};

exports.down = function(next){
  next();
};

All you have to do is populate these, invoking next() when complete, and you are ready to migrate!

For example:

$ migrate create add-pets
$ migrate create add-owners

The first call creates ./migrations/{timestamp in milliseconds}-add-pets.js, which we can populate:

  var db = require('./db');

  exports.up = function(next){
    db.rpush('pets', 'tobi');
    db.rpush('pets', 'loki');
    db.rpush('pets', 'jane', next);
  };

  exports.down = function(next){
    db.rpop('pets');
    db.rpop('pets');
    db.rpop('pets', next);
  };

The second creates ./migrations/{timestamp in milliseconds}-add-owners.js, which we can populate:

  var db = require('./db');

  exports.up = function(next){
    db.rpush('owners', 'taylor');
    db.rpush('owners', 'tj', next);
  };

  exports.down = function(next){
    db.rpop('owners');
    db.rpop('owners', next);
  };

Running Migrations

When first running the migrations, all will be executed in sequence.

$ migrate
up : migrations/1316027432511-add-pets.js
up : migrations/1316027432512-add-jane.js
up : migrations/1316027432575-add-owners.js
up : migrations/1316027433425-coolest-pet.js
migration : complete

Subsequent attempts will simply output "complete", as they have already been executed in this machine. node-migrate knows this because it stores the current state in ./migrations/.migrate which is typically a file that SCMs like GIT should ignore.

$ migrate
migration : complete

If we were to create another migration using migrate create, and then execute migrations again, we would execute only those not previously executed:

$ migrate
up : migrates/1316027433455-coolest-owner.js

You can also run migrations incrementally by specifying a migration.

$ migrate up 1316027433425-coolest-pet.js
up : migrations/1316027432511-add-pets.js
up : migrations/1316027432512-add-jane.js
up : migrations/1316027432575-add-owners.js
up : migrations/1316027433425-coolest-pet.js
migration : complete

This will run up-migrations upto (and including) 1316027433425-coolest-pet.js. Similarly you can run down-migrations upto (and including) a specific migration, instead of migrating all the way down.

$ migrate down 1316027432512-add-jane.js
down : migrations/1316027432575-add-owners.js
down : migrations/1316027432512-add-jane.js
migration : complete

API

migrate.load(stateFile, migrationsDirectory)

Returns a Set populated with migration scripts from the migrationsDirectory and state loaded from stateFile.

Set.up([migration, ]cb)

Migrates up to the specified migration or, if none is specified, to the latest migration. Calls the callback cb, possibly with an error err, when done.

Set.down([migration, ]cb)

Migrates down to the specified migration or, if none is specified, to the first migration. Calls the callback cb, possibly with an error err, when done.

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2011 TJ Holowaychuk <tj@vision-media.ca>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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