Python3.2 Test Automation Framework
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Python 3.2 Test Automation Framework
a lightweight, general-purpose test automation framework
tom lichtenberg


Optional Dependencies:

py3selenium2 => for running Selenium/WebDriver tests
PyMySQL3.0.4 => for storing test results in a MySQL database
beautifulsoup4 => for lovely parsing of XML and/or HTML

Setup notes:

I installed on 64-bit Windows 7:
  Python 3.2.2 from
  py3selenium2 from
    (hopefully an official python3 binding for selenium will appear at some point; this one seems to be missing some things)
    (unzip and copy it into Python32\Lib\site-packages)
  pymysql from

Usage notes:
Required: set an environment variable named PYTAF_HOME to the main pytaf directory

to make sure you have things up and running, do the following:

in a terminal window
   cd to %PYTAF_HOME%/src
   c:\python32\python -c api_config.json -t test_api

you should see more or less this output:
   starting test: test_api
   start time:    2012-04-06 11:31:52.425000
  this is one dandy function you got here!
  RESULT ===> PASSED: test_api
  Tests Run: 1
  Passed:    1
  Failed:    0
  PASSED test_api

Configuration Files:

You must pass a "-c <config_file>.json" argument to pytaf, and that file must exist in the PYTAF_HOME/config directory
All source files are assumed to live in the PYTAF_HOME/src directory

The config file contains two sections, a global settings section, and a tests section. For example:

    "url": ""
            "module": "apitest",
               { "name": "test_api",  "params":  { "some_variable": "some_value" } }      

A python dictionary object is passed along to each test method,
containing the global settings portion of the config file, and 
the test method's specific params dictionary.

The tests section of the config file may include an optional "excludes"
element, which looks just like the "includes" but contains modules and
tests you may not want to run just yet.

Command-line configuration overrides:

A number of global configuration settings can be overridden from the command-line.
This can be very useful, especially for Api or Selenium/WebDriver tests, where you might
want to direct tests to a url or use a different browser than is specified in the config file.
For example, to run the simple web test using Chrome instead of Firefox:
   c:\python32\python -c webtest_config.json -t test_web -b *googlechrome
(note, this test assumes you have a Selenium server running on localhost:4444)

You can also use the -t option to specify one or more (comma-separated) tests from the
config file, to run only a subset of the tests defined. Conversely, you can use the -e
option to exclude one or more (comma-separated) tests from the run.

-b, --browser is used for Selenium/Webdriver tests to specify the browser type, and can be in the form of '*firefox' or
'*firefox,10,WINDOWS' (specifying the version and platform as well as browser name)
-c, --config is required and all other arguments are optional. The config file must reside in $PYTAF_HOME/config
-d, --db defines whether to write the test results to a database. the default is False
-e, --excluded to optionally exclude a test or tests (comma-separated list)
-l, --logfile redirects stdout to the specified log file
-m, --modules if specified denotes a comma-separated list of modules to be included from the config file
-s, --selenium_server is used to override the selenium_host:selenium_port settings for the Selenium Server
-t, --test is set to None (by default), in which case pytaf will attempt to run all the 
tests in the test config file, otherwise it will attempt to run the test(s) specified 
(multiple tests are set with a comma-separated list of their names)
-u, --url is used to override the url in the config file settings. 
-y, --test_type is used to designate a 'load' test as opposed to a regular test, and can be leveraged for other specialized test types
-z, --load_test_settings is used to override global load_test_settings, which are only for "-y load" tests, 
and consists of a colon-separated string designating exactly five fields => duration:max_threads:ramp_steps:ramp_interval:throttle_rate (e.g. 3600:500:10:30:1)

Test Method Template:
pytaf does not enforce a strict unit testing methodology. Instead, it can run any python method in any
python module, and all it asks in return is a tuple containing a boolean and a string, which 
tell the framework whether the test passed or failed (True or False) and, if failed, an error
message to report.

The sample tests included in the project are written to the same convention, but only the
return tuple format is enforced by pytaf. The convention followed here has been proven useful,
so you may want to give it a try. 

Essentially, the entire test is contained within a try block - any exception at all will be trapped
and reported as a test failure with a stack trace. Therefore there is no need for assert statements.
Instead, any non-fatal errors found along the way are added, as strings, to an 'errors' array. If
the errors array is not empty, the test will fail and all of the errors will be returned to pytaf.
Using this approach, you can easily track multiple errors in a test case instead of only one at a 
time, as you get when using explicit asserts.

Finally, a finally block is implemented for any cleanup operations.

For example:

from weblib import WebLib
def test_web(args = {}):
        # initialize the error strings array
        errors = []

        # parse the global settings and test method params from the args provided
        settings = args['settings']
        params = args['params']

        # do some selenium specific test stuff ...
        goto_url = params.get('url', '')
        lib = WebLib(settings)
        element = lib.driver.find_element_by_id('gbqfq')
        if element == None:
            errors.append('did not find the google input element')
            print('found the google input element')

        # call the utility method to verify the absence or errors or pack up the error messages if any
        return pytaf_utils.verify(len(errors) == 0, 'there were errors: %s' % errors)     
        # fail on any exception and include a stack trace
        return (False, pytaf_utils.formatExceptionInfo())
        # cleanup

load testing:

Pytaf includes a load testing option through which test cases can be run concurrently and in parallel. The
command-line option '-y load' is sufficient to run this option with default settings. Load test settings
can be specified in the 'settings' element in a test configuration file.

the command-line may also override load_test_settings with -z --loadtest_settings, which are in the form of:
     duration,max_threads,ramp_steps,ramp_interval,throttle_rate e.g. 3600,500,10,30,1
which would run the load test for 1 hour (3600 seconds) ramping up to a total of 500 threads in 10 steps
(each step would add 50 threads (500/10)) and these batches of threads would be added in
30 second installments. The final value (throttle_rate=1) is used tobrake the entire load test operation 
by sleeping in each thread for that amount (in seconds) between chunks of test case allocations.