Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
..
Failed to load latest commit information.
Makefile
Makefile.32u4
README
config.h
matrix.c
unimap.c
unimap_rakuraku.c
unimap_trans.h

README

PC98 to USB keyboard protocol converter
=======================================
Target MCU is ATMega32u2 but other USB capable AVR will also work.


Connector
---------
On host/converter:

    8Pin mini DIN
       ___ ___
      /  |_|  \
     / 8  7  6 \
    | 5    4  3 |
     \_ 2   1 _/
       \_____/
     (receptacle)


Wiring: You can change this with editing config.h.

    Pin mini DIN        MCU
    ----------------------------------
    1  ~RST(TXD)        PD3
    2   GND             GND
    3  ~RDY             PD4
    4   RXD             PD2
    5  ~RTY             PD1
    6   NC
    7   NC
    8   5V              VCC




Protocol
--------
Signal: Asynchronous, Positive logic, 19200baud, Least bit first
Frame format: 1-Start bit(Lo), 8-Data bits, Odd-Parity, 1-Stop bit



Build Firmware
--------------
Just use 'make' to bild firmware for TMK PC98 converter.

    $ make clean
    $ make

To flash firmware

    $ make dfu

then push button on converter to flash firmware.

If you are using ATMega32u4 based board instead of premade TMK PC98 converter(ATMega32u2) use following commands.

    $ make -f Makefile.32u4 clean
    $ make -f Makefile.32u4
    $ make -f Makefile.32u4 dfu



PC98 Scan Codes
---------------
    ,---. ,---. ,------------------------. ,------------------------. ,------------------------.
    |Pau| |PrS| | F1 | F2 | F3 | F4 | F5 | | F6 | F7 | F8 | F9 | F10| | F11| F12| F13| F14| F15|
    `---' `---' `------------------------' `------------------------' `------------------------'
    ,-------------------------------------------------------------. ,-------.  ,---------------.
    | Esc|  1|  2|  3|  4|  5|  6|  7|  8|  9|  0|  -|  =|JPY|Bspc| |Ins|Del|  |Hom|End|  -|  /|
    |-------------------------------------------------------------| |-------|  |---------------|
    | Tab  |  Q|  W|  E|  R|  T|  Y|  U|  I|  O|  P|  [|  ]|      | |PgD|PgU|  |  7|  8|  9|  *|
    |-------------------------------------------------------`Enter| |-------|  |---------------|
    |Ctl|Cap|  A|  S|  D|  F|  G|  H|  J|  K|  L|  ;|  '|  \|     | |  Up   |  |  4|  5|  6|  +|
    |-------------------------------------------------------------| |-------|  |---------------|
    | Shift   |  Z|  X|  C|  V|  B|  N|  M|  ,|  .|  /| RO| Shift | |Lef|Rig|  |  1|  2|  3|  =|
    `-------------------------------------------------------------' |-------|  |---------------|
     ^3|Kana|Gui|Alt|MHEN|       Space        |HENK|Alt|Gui|App|^2  | Down  |  |  0|  ,|  .| ^1|
       `-------------------------------------------------------'    `-------'  `---------------'
    ^1: Enter on keypad is identical to Enter on alphanumeric portion.
    ^2: Right Alt is ALT on DIGITAL WAVE Dboard while Menu on PC-9821 keyboard.
        App is HOME key on PC98XL keyboard.
    ^3: Caps and Kana are locking keys, either mechanically or by firmware emulation.


    ,---. ,---. ,------------------------. ,------------------------. ,------------------------.
    | 60| | 61| | 62 | 63 | 64 | 65 | 66 | | 67 | 68 | 69 | 6A | 6B | | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 |
    `---' `---' `------------------------' `------------------------' `------------------------'
    ,-------------------------------------------------------------. ,-------.  ,---------------.
    | 00 | 01| 02| 03| 04| 05| 06| 07| 08| 09| 0A| 0B| 0C| 0D| 0E | | 38| 39|  | 3E| 3F| 4D| 41|
    |-------------------------------------------------------------| |-------|  |---------------|
    |  0F  | 10| 11| 12| 13| 14| 15| 16| 17| 18| 19| 1A| 1B|      | | 36| 37|  | 42| 43| 44| 45|
    |-------------------------------------------------------`  1C | |-------|  |---------------|
    | 74| 71| 1D| 1E| 1F| 20| 21| 22| 23| 24| 25| 26| 27| 28|     | |   3A  |  | 46| 47| 48| 49|
    |-------------------------------------------------------------| |-------|  |---------------|
    |   70    | 29| 2A| 2B| 2C| 2D| 2E| 2F| 30| 31| 32| 33| 70/7D | | 3B| 3C|  | 4A| 4B| 4C| 4D|
    `-------------------------------------------------------------' |-------|  |---------------|
       | 72 | 77| 73| 51 |        34          | 35 | 79| 78| 5E|    |   3D  |  | 4E| 4F| 50| 1C|
       `-------------------------------------------------------'    `-------'  `---------------'
    5E: HOME on PC98XL keyboard
    79: ALT on DIGITAL WAVE Dboard
    77,78,79: Left Win, right Win and Application on PC-9821 keyboard



PC98 keyboard commands
----------------------
http://www.webtech.co.jp/company/doc/undocumented_mem/io_kb.txt

response from keyboard:
    FAh: ACK
    FCh: NACK

Inhibit repeating key:
    9Ch, 70h

LED control:
    9Dh 7xh

    second byte:
    0111 xxxx
         |||`- NumLock
         ||`-- ?
         |`--- CapsLock
         `---- Kana

Enabling Win and App key on PC-9821 keyboard:
    95h, 03h



Raku Raku keyboard support
--------------------------
NEC PC-9801-98-S02 - raku raku keyboard:
https://deskthority.net/photos-f62/nec-pc-9801-98-s02-t5212.html

To build firmware for the keyboard

    $ make KEYMAP=rakuraku clean
    $ make KEYMAP=rakuraku
    $ make KEYMAP=rakuraku dfu

Its scan code map is very different from standard types. This is not tested.



Other PC98 converter projects and resource
------------------------------------------
PC-9800シリーズ テクニカルデータブック HARDWARE 編 1993年 p139, p343
https://archive.org/stream/PC9800TechnicalDataBookHARDWARE1993/PC-9800TechnicalDataBook_HARDWARE1993#page/n151
https://archive.org/stream/PC9800TechnicalDataBookHARDWARE1993/PC-9800TechnicalDataBook_HARDWARE1993#page/n355

PC98 to USB
http://davy.nyacom.net/kbd98usb/

PC98 to PS/2
http://www.tsp.ne.jp/~sawada/mago/c_gka98at.htm
http://www.tsp.ne.jp/~sawada/mago/src/gka98at.asm

scan code:
http://ixsvr.dyndns.org/usb2pc98



NOTES
-----
### Tested on
- PC-9801V
- DIGITAL WAVE Dboard


### RDY
PC98 host keeps RDY line high to prevent keyboard from sending data while processing.

https://archive.org/stream/PC9800TechnicalDataBookHARDWARE1993/PC-9800TechnicalDataBook_HARDWARE1993#page/n359

PC-9801V keyboard requires RDY pulse as acknowledgement from host, it doesn't next data without this. Dboard doens't need this.


### Inhibit key repeating
The command(9Ch, 70h) works with Raku Raku keybaord but not with Dboard.

### LED indicater
Dboard has LEDs but replys with FA to 9D command but ignore it. The LED indicates just its internal states. Dboard replays with FA to 9C command but it doesn't seem to understand repeat setting.

PC-9801V has no LEDs and doesn't accept LED command. It replys with 9D to 9D command. PC-9801V doesn't accept repeat setting command. It replys with 9C to 9C command.


## PC-9801V
Note that you have to connect this keyboard with converter before plug in USB port. It seems this keyboard requires for host to send any command before starting to send scan code.