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jsdom 0.2.0

A javascript implementation of the W3C DOM.

Install

npm install jsdom

or

git clone http://github.com/tmpvar/jsdom.git
cd jsdom
npm link .

Easymode

Bootstrapping a DOM is generally a difficult process involving many error prone steps. We didn't want jsdom to fall into the same trap and that is why a new method, jsdom.env(), has been added in jsdom 0.2.0 which should make everyone's lives easier.

// Count all of the links from the nodejs build page
var jsdom = require("jsdom");

jsdom.env("http://nodejs.org/dist/", [
  'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.5.min.js'
], function(errors, window) {
  console.log("there have been", window.$("a").length, "nodejs releases!");
});

or with raw html

// Run some jQuery on a html fragment
var jsdom = require('jsdom');

jsdom.env('<p><a class="the-link" href="http://jsdom.org>JSDOM\'s Homepage</a></p>', [
  'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.5.min.js'
], function(errors, window) {
  console.log("contents of a.the-link:", window.$("a.the-link").text());
});

or with a configuration object

// Print all of the news items on hackernews
var jsdom = require('jsdom');

jsdom.env('http://news.ycombinator.com/', [
  'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.5.min.js'
], function(errors, window) {
  var $ = window.$;

  console.log('HN Links');
  $('td.title:not(:last) a').each(function() {
    console.log(' -', $(this).text());
  });
});

How it works

jsdom.env is built for ease of use, which is rare in the world of the DOM! Since the web has some absolutely horrible javascript on it, as of jsdom 0.2.0 jsdom.env will not process external resources (scripts, images, etc). If you want to process the javascript use one of the methods below (jsdom.jsdom or jsdom.jQueryify)

jsdom.env(html, [scripts], [options], callback)
  • html (required) May be a url, html fragment, or file

  • scripts (optional) May contain files or urls

  • callback (required) Takes 2 arguments:

    • errors : array of errors
    • window : a brand new window

    example: jsdom.env(html, function(errors, window) {})

If you would like to specify a configuration object

jsdom.env({ /* config */ })
  • config.html : see html above
  • config.scripts : see scripts above
  • config.done : see callback above

For the hardcore

If you want to spawn a document/window and specify all sorts of options this is the section for you. This section covers the jsdom.jsdom method:

var jsdom  = require("jsdom").jsdom,
    doc    = jsdom(markup, level, options),
    window = doc.createWindow();
  • markup is a full html/xml document to be parsed
  • level is null (which means level3) by default, but you can pass another level if you'd like.

    var jsdom = require('jsdom'),
        doc   = jsdom.jsdom('<html><body></body></html>', jsdom.dom.level1.core)
    
  • options see the Flexibility section below

Flexibility

One of the goals of jsdom is to be as minimal and light as possible. This section details how someone can change the behavior of Documents on the fly. These features are baked into the DOMImplementation that every Document has, and may be tweaked in two ways:

  1. When you create a new Document using the jsdom builder (require('jsdom').jsdom())

    var jsdom = require('jsdom').jsdom,
        doc   = jsdom("<html><body></body></html>", null, {
          features: {
            FetchExternalResources : ['img']
          }
        });
    

    Do note, that this will only affect the document that is currently being created. All other documents will use the defaults specified below (see: Default Features)

  2. Previous to creating any documents you can modify the defaults for all future documents

    require('jsdom').defaultDocumentFeatures = {
      FetchExternalResources   : ['script'], 
      ProcessExternalResources : false,
      MutationEvents           : false,
      QuerySelector            : false
    }
    

Default Features

Default features are extremely important for jsdom as they lower the configuration requirement and present developers a set of consistent default behaviors. The following sections detail the available features, their defaults, and the values that jsdom uses.

FetchExternalResources Default: ['script'] Allowed: ['script', 'img', 'css', 'frame', 'link'] or false

Enables/Disables fetching files over the filesystem/http

ProcessExternalResources default: ['script'] allowed: ['script'] or false

Disabling this will disable script execution (currently only javascript).

MutationEvents default: '2.0' allowed : '2.0' or false

Initially enabled to be up to spec. Disable this if you do not need mutation events and want jsdom to be a bit more efficient.

Note: ProcessExternalResources requires this to be enabled

QuerySelector default : false allowed : true

This feature is backed by sizzle but currently causes problems with some libraries. Enable this if you want document.querySelector and friends, but be aware that many libraries feature detect for this, and it may cause you a bit of trouble.

More Examples

Creating a document-less window

var jsdom  = require("jsdom"),
    window = jsdom.createWindow();

console.log(window.document);
// output: undefined

Creating a document

var jsdom = require("jsdom"),
    doc   = new (jsdom.dom.level1.core.Document)();
console.log(doc.nodeName);
// outputs: #document

Creating a browser-like BOM/DOM/Window

var jsdom    = require("./lib/jsdom").jsdom,
    document = jsdom("<html><head></head><body>hello world</body></html>"),
    window   = document.createWindow();

console.log(window.document.innerHTML);
// output: '<html><head></head><body>hello world</body></html>'

console.log(window.innerWidth)
// output: 1024

console.log(typeof window.document.getElementsByClassName);
// outputs: function

jQueryify

var jsdom  = require("jsdom"),
    window = jsdom.jsdom().createWindow();

jsdom.jQueryify(window, 'http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.4.2.min.js' , function() {
  window.$('body').append('<div class="testing">Hello World, It works</div>');
  console.log(window.$('.testing').text());
});

W3C Test Compliance:

  • DOM Level 1 html/svg/xml (100%)
  • DOM Level 2 html/events/core (100%)
  • DOM Level 3 core (14%)

see: testlog for w3/jsdom test compliance

More

see: mailing list

see: plan for roadmap and thoughts about this project

see: project site for additional information

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