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Asynchronous streams for Rust

Asynchronous stream of elements.

Provides two macros, stream! and try_stream!, allowing the caller to define asynchronous streams of elements. These are implemented using async & await notation. This crate works without unstable features.

The stream! macro returns an anonymous type implementing the Stream trait. The Item associated type is the type of the values yielded from the stream. The try_stream! also returns an anonymous type implementing the Stream trait, but the Item associated type is Result<T, Error>. The try_stream! macro supports using ? notation as part of the implementation.

Usage

A basic stream yielding numbers. Values are yielded using the yield keyword. The stream block must return ().

use async_stream::stream;

use futures_util::pin_mut;
use futures_util::stream::StreamExt;

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let s = stream! {
        for i in 0..3 {
            yield i;
        }
    };

    pin_mut!(s); // needed for iteration

    while let Some(value) = s.next().await {
        println!("got {}", value);
    }
}

Streams may be returned by using impl Stream<Item = T>:

use async_stream::stream;

use futures_core::stream::Stream;
use futures_util::pin_mut;
use futures_util::stream::StreamExt;

fn zero_to_three() -> impl Stream<Item = u32> {
    stream! {
        for i in 0..3 {
            yield i;
        }
    }
}

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let s = zero_to_three();
    pin_mut!(s); // needed for iteration

    while let Some(value) = s.next().await {
        println!("got {}", value);
    }
}

Streams may be implemented in terms of other streams - async-stream provides for await syntax to assist with this:

use async_stream::stream;

use futures_core::stream::Stream;
use futures_util::pin_mut;
use futures_util::stream::StreamExt;

fn zero_to_three() -> impl Stream<Item = u32> {
    stream! {
        for i in 0..3 {
            yield i;
        }
    }
}

fn double<S: Stream<Item = u32>>(input: S)
    -> impl Stream<Item = u32>
{
    stream! {
        for await value in input {
            yield value * 2;
        }
    }
}

#[tokio::main]
async fn main() {
    let s = double(zero_to_three());
    pin_mut!(s); // needed for iteration

    while let Some(value) = s.next().await {
        println!("got {}", value);
    }
}

Rust try notation (?) can be used with the try_stream! macro. The Item of the returned stream is Result with Ok being the value yielded and Err the error type returned by ?.

use tokio::net::{TcpListener, TcpStream};

use async_stream::try_stream;
use futures_core::stream::Stream;

use std::io;
use std::net::SocketAddr;

fn bind_and_accept(addr: SocketAddr)
    -> impl Stream<Item = io::Result<TcpStream>>
{
    try_stream! {
        let mut listener = TcpListener::bind(addr).await?;

        loop {
            let (stream, addr) = listener.accept().await?;
            println!("received on {:?}", addr);
            yield stream;
        }
    }
}

Implementation

The stream! and try_stream! macros are implemented using proc macros. The macro searches the syntax tree for instances of sender.send($expr) and transforms them into sender.send($expr).await.

The stream uses a lightweight sender to send values from the stream implementation to the caller. When entering the stream, an Option<T> is stored on the stack. A pointer to the cell is stored in a thread local and poll is called on the async block. When poll returns. sender.send(value) stores the value that cell and yields back to the caller.

Supported Rust Versions

async-stream is built against the latest stable release. The minimum supported version is 1.45 due to function-like procedural macros in expression, pattern, and statement positions.

License

This project is licensed under the MIT license.

Contribution

Unless you explicitly state otherwise, any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in async-stream by you, shall be licensed as MIT, without any additional terms or conditions.