Markdown Here is a Google Chrome, Firefox, and Thunderbird extension that lets you write email† in Markdown‡ and render them before sending. It also supports syntax highlighting (just specify the language in a fenced code block).
Writing email with code in it is pretty tedious. Writing Markdown with code in it is easy. I found myself writing email in Markdown in the Github in-browser editor, then copying the preview into email. This is a pretty absurd workflow, so I decided create a tool to write and render Markdown right in the email.
†: And Google Groups posts, and Wordpress posts, and Evernote notes, and Postbox! See details.
‡: And TeX mathematical formulae!
Table of Contents
Chrome Web Store
Go to the Chrome Web Store page for Markdown Here and install normally.
After installing, make sure to reload your webmail or restart Chrome!
- Clone this repo.
- In Chrome, open the Extensions settings. (Wrench button, Tools, Extensions.)
- On the Extensions settings page, click the "Developer Mode" checkbox.
- Click the now-visible "Load unpacked extension…" button. Navigate to the directory where you cloned the repo, then the
srcdirectory under that.
- The Markdown Here extension should now be visible in your extensions list.
- Reload your webmail page (and maybe application) before trying to convert an email.
Firefox and Thunderbird
Mozilla Add-ons site
Go to the Firefox Add-ons page for Markdown Here and install normally.
Or go to the "Tools > Add-ons" menu and then search for "Markdown Here".
After installing, make sure to restart Firefox/Thunderbird!
Note: It takes up to a month for Mozilla to approve changes to the Firefox/Thunderbird extension, so updates (features, fixes) will lag behind what is shown here. You can manually choose to install the newest version before it's reviewed from the list of versions: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/markdown-here/versions/
- Clone this repo.
- Follow the instructions in the MDN "Setting up an extension development environment" article.
Install it, and then…
In Chrome or Firefox, log into your Gmail, Hotmail, or Yahoo account and start a new email. In Thunderbird, start a new message.
Make sure you're using the rich editor.
- In Gmail, click the "Rich formatting" link, if it's visible.
- In Thunderbird, make sure "Compose messages in HTML format" is enabled in your "Account Settings", "Composition & Addressing" pane.
Compose an email in Markdown. For example:
Right-click in the compose box and choose the "Markdown Toggle" item from the context menu. Or click the button that appears in your address bar. Or use the hotkey (CTRL+ALT+M by default).
You should see your email rendered correctly from Markdown into rich HTML.
Send your awesome email to everyone you know. It will appear to them the same way it looks to you.
Revert to Markdown
After rendering your Markdown to pretty HTML, you can still get back to your original Markdown. Just right-click anywhere in the newly rendered Markdown and click "Markdown Toggle" -- your email compose body will change back to the Markdown you had written.
Note that any changes you make to the pretty HTML will be lost when you revert to Markdown.
In Gmail, you can also use the browser's Undo command (CTRL+Z / CMD+Z, or from the Edit menu). Be warned that you might also lose the last few characters you entered.
In Gmail, Thunderbird, and Google Groups, you can use "Markdown Toggle" normally: just write your reply (top, bottom, inline, wherever) and then convert. The original email that you're replying to will be left alone. (Technically: Existing
blockquote blocks will be left intact.)
In Hotmail and Yahoo (which don't put the original in a
blockquote), and optionally in Gmail, Thunderbird, and Google Groups, you can ensure that only the part of the reply that you wrote gets converted by selecting what you want to convert and then clicking "Markdown Toggle" -- see the next section.
Sometimes you don't want to convert the entire email; sometimes your email isn't entirely Markdown. To convert only part of the email, select the text (with your mouse or keyboard), right-click on it, and click the "Markdown Toggle" menu item. Your selection is magically rendered into pretty HTML.
To revert back to Markdown, just put your cursor anywhere in the block of converted text, right click, and click the "Markdown Toggle" menu item again. Now it's magically back to the original Markdown.
Things to know about converting/reverting a selection
If you select only part of a block of text, only that text will be converted. The converted block will be wrapped in a paragraph element, so the original line will be broken up. You probably don't want to ever do this.
You can select and revert multiple converted blocks at the same time. One upshot of this is that you can select your entire email, click "Markdown Toggle", and all portions of it that you had converted will be reverted.
If you don't have anything selected when you click "Markdown Toggle", Markdown Here will check if there are converted blocks anywhere in the message and revert them. If there no converted blocks are found, it will convert the entire email.
The Markdown Here Options page can be accessed via the Chrome, Firefox, or Thunderbird extensions list. The available options include:
- Styling modifications for the rendered Markdown.
- Syntax highlighting theme selection and modification.
- TeX math formulae processing enabling and customization.
- What the hotkey should be.
For Chrome and Firefox, any changes made in the Markdown Here Options are automatically synchronized between your other installations of that browser (if you have the sync feature enabled in the browser).
Here are some common problems that people run into.
- Chrome/Firefox/Thunderbird: I just installed Markdown Here and the context menu item isn't showing up.
- Make sure you restarted Firefox or Thunderbird, and either restarted Chrome or reloaded your webmail page.
Short answer: Gmail and Thunderbird are great. More info about some clients can be found in the wiki.
Email received from Yahoo does not display with properly separated paragraphs. (Hotmail strips styling off
||No reply exclusion.|
|Yahoo||✓||✓||✓||No reply exclusion.|
|Google Groups||✓||✓||✓||Rendered version doesn't show in digest email. But that's probably true of manually-rich-edited posts as well.|
|Wordpress||Editor not exactly WYSIWYG, but Preview is accurate||See the Compatibility wiki page for full details and tips|
|Evernote (web interface)||✓||Seems to strip newlines from
|Postbox||✓||Inserts newlines in raw email, which can mess up code blocks.||✓||No options page. No reply exclusion.|
How Markdown Here behaves when composing an email. E.g., if rendering and reverting looks correct, styling is good, etc.
Negative effect that may occur when sending a rendered email from this email client. E.g., stripped tags and styles.
How well this email client displays rendered email that it receives (assuming the sender is perfect).
Notes and Miscellaneous
Available languages for syntax highlighting (and the way they should be written in the fenced code block) can be seen on the highlight.js demo page.
Images embedded inline in your Markdown will be retained when you "Markdown Toggle". Gmail allows you to put images inline in your email -- this can be much easier than referencing an external image.
Email signatures are automatically excluded from conversion. Specifically, anything after the semi-standard
'-- '(note the trailing space) is left alone.
- Note that Hotmail and Yahoo do not automatically add the
'-- 'to signatures, so you have to add it yourself.
- Note that Hotmail and Yahoo do not automatically add the
The "Markdown Toggle" menu item shows up for more element types than it can correctly render. This is intended to help people realize that they're not using a rich editor. Otherwise they just don't see the menu item and don't know why.
- The use of browser-specific styles (-moz-, -webkit-) should be avoided. If used, they may not render correctly for people reading the email in a different browser from the one where the email was sent.
- The use of state-dependent styles (like
a:hover) don't work because they don't match at the time the styles are made explicit. (In email, styles must be explicitly applied to all elements -- stylesheets get stripped.)
Building the Extension Bundles
"Building" is really just zipping. Create all archives relative to the
An important preparatory step is to remove any system-generated hidden files that shouldn't be
included in the release file (like Windows'
desktop.ini and OS X's
.DS_Store, etc.). This shell command will delete those unwanted files:
find . -name "desktop.ini" -or -name ".*" -and -not -name "." -and -not -name ".git*" -print0 | xargs -0 rm -rf
Create a file with a
.zip extension containing these files and directories:
manifest.json common/ chrome/
Create a file with a
.xpi extension containing these files and directories:
chrome.manifest install.rdf common/ firefox/
Feel free to create a feature request issue if what you want isn't already there. If you'd prefer a less formal approach to floating an idea, post to the "markdown-here" Google Group.
It also takes a fair bit of work to stay up-to-date with the latest changes in all the applications and web sites where Markdown Here works.
Markdown Here was coded on the shoulders of giants.
- Markdown-to-HTML: chjj / marked
- Syntax highlighting: isagalaev / highlight.js
- HTML-to-text: mtrimpe / jsHtmlToText
Other stuff not used, but to keep an eye on
Copyright 2013, Tatiana A. Fryntoff. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0).