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# coding: utf-8
from __future__ import unicode_literals
import re
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
from rest_framework import exceptions
from rest_framework.compat import unicode_http_header
from rest_framework.reverse import _reverse
from rest_framework.settings import api_settings
from rest_framework.templatetags.rest_framework import replace_query_param
from rest_framework.utils.mediatypes import _MediaType
class BaseVersioning(object):
default_version = api_settings.DEFAULT_VERSION
allowed_versions = api_settings.ALLOWED_VERSIONS
version_param = api_settings.VERSION_PARAM
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
msg = '{cls}.determine_version() must be implemented.'
raise NotImplementedError(msg.format(
cls=self.__class__.__name__
))
def reverse(self, viewname, args=None, kwargs=None, request=None, format=None, **extra):
return _reverse(viewname, args, kwargs, request, format, **extra)
def is_allowed_version(self, version):
if not self.allowed_versions:
return True
return ((version is not None and version == self.default_version) or
(version in self.allowed_versions))
class AcceptHeaderVersioning(BaseVersioning):
"""
GET /something/ HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/json; version=1.0
"""
invalid_version_message = _('Invalid version in "Accept" header.')
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
media_type = _MediaType(request.accepted_media_type)
version = media_type.params.get(self.version_param, self.default_version)
version = unicode_http_header(version)
if not self.is_allowed_version(version):
raise exceptions.NotAcceptable(self.invalid_version_message)
return version
# We don't need to implement `reverse`, as the versioning is based
# on the `Accept` header, not on the request URL.
class URLPathVersioning(BaseVersioning):
"""
To the client this is the same style as `NamespaceVersioning`.
The difference is in the backend - this implementation uses
Django's URL keyword arguments to determine the version.
An example URL conf for two views that accept two different versions.
urlpatterns = [
url(r'^(?P<version>[v1|v2]+)/users/$', users_list, name='users-list'),
url(r'^(?P<version>[v1|v2]+)/users/(?P<pk>[0-9]+)/$', users_detail, name='users-detail')
]
GET /1.0/something/ HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/json
"""
invalid_version_message = _('Invalid version in URL path.')
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
version = kwargs.get(self.version_param, self.default_version)
if not self.is_allowed_version(version):
raise exceptions.NotFound(self.invalid_version_message)
return version
def reverse(self, viewname, args=None, kwargs=None, request=None, format=None, **extra):
if request.version is not None:
kwargs = {} if (kwargs is None) else kwargs
kwargs[self.version_param] = request.version
return super(URLPathVersioning, self).reverse(
viewname, args, kwargs, request, format, **extra
)
class NamespaceVersioning(BaseVersioning):
"""
To the client this is the same style as `URLPathVersioning`.
The difference is in the backend - this implementation uses
Django's URL namespaces to determine the version.
An example URL conf that is namespaced into two separate versions
# users/urls.py
urlpatterns = [
url(r'^/users/$', users_list, name='users-list'),
url(r'^/users/(?P<pk>[0-9]+)/$', users_detail, name='users-detail')
]
# urls.py
urlpatterns = [
url(r'^v1/', include('users.urls', namespace='v1')),
url(r'^v2/', include('users.urls', namespace='v2'))
]
GET /1.0/something/ HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/json
"""
invalid_version_message = _('Invalid version in URL path. Does not match any version namespace.')
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
resolver_match = getattr(request, 'resolver_match', None)
if resolver_match is None or not resolver_match.namespace:
return self.default_version
# Allow for possibly nested namespaces.
possible_versions = resolver_match.namespace.split(':')
for version in possible_versions:
if self.is_allowed_version(version):
return version
raise exceptions.NotFound(self.invalid_version_message)
def reverse(self, viewname, args=None, kwargs=None, request=None, format=None, **extra):
if request.version is not None:
viewname = self.get_versioned_viewname(viewname, request)
return super(NamespaceVersioning, self).reverse(
viewname, args, kwargs, request, format, **extra
)
def get_versioned_viewname(self, viewname, request):
return request.version + ':' + viewname
class HostNameVersioning(BaseVersioning):
"""
GET /something/ HTTP/1.1
Host: v1.example.com
Accept: application/json
"""
hostname_regex = re.compile(r'^([a-zA-Z0-9]+)\.[a-zA-Z0-9]+\.[a-zA-Z0-9]+$')
invalid_version_message = _('Invalid version in hostname.')
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
hostname, separator, port = request.get_host().partition(':')
match = self.hostname_regex.match(hostname)
if not match:
return self.default_version
version = match.group(1)
if not self.is_allowed_version(version):
raise exceptions.NotFound(self.invalid_version_message)
return version
# We don't need to implement `reverse`, as the hostname will already be
# preserved as part of the REST framework `reverse` implementation.
class QueryParameterVersioning(BaseVersioning):
"""
GET /something/?version=0.1 HTTP/1.1
Host: example.com
Accept: application/json
"""
invalid_version_message = _('Invalid version in query parameter.')
def determine_version(self, request, *args, **kwargs):
version = request.query_params.get(self.version_param, self.default_version)
if not self.is_allowed_version(version):
raise exceptions.NotFound(self.invalid_version_message)
return version
def reverse(self, viewname, args=None, kwargs=None, request=None, format=None, **extra):
url = super(QueryParameterVersioning, self).reverse(
viewname, args, kwargs, request, format, **extra
)
if request.version is not None:
return replace_query_param(url, self.version_param, request.version)
return url