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README.md

Elasticsearch Fixtures

Simple fixture loading for Elasticsearch on Node.js.

Build Status

Clear and load fixtures easily in your Elasticsearch instance, useful for unit Testing or other kind of testing.

Tested in Elasticsearch 0.x, 1.x, 2.x and 5.x.

Contents

Command-line Interface

It can be used out-of-box without any prior configuration, following examples run in localhost:9200 by default.

Examples

Load fixtures using a .json file:

fixtures.json

[{
  "name": "Dio",
  "standName": "The World",
  "age": 122
},{
  "name": "Jotaro",
  "standName": "Star Platinum",
  "age": 17
}]
$ esfix load my_index my_type fixtures.json

Clear all the data in my_index/my_type:

$ esfix clear my_index my_type

Both clear and load commands executed at once:

$ esfix clearAndLoad my_index my_type fixtures.json

Perform index/delete operations using the bulk API. The next command will index two documents, update one and delete another one:

fixtures-bulk.json

[
 { "index":  { "_id": 1 } },
 { "title": "Random title 1", "summary": "Random summary 1" },
 { "index":  { "_id": 2 } },
 { "title": "Random title 2", "summary": "Random summary 2" },
 { "update": { "_id": 3 } },
 { "doc": { "title": "New title" } },
 { "delete": { "_id": 4 } }
]
$ esfix bulk my_index my_type fixtures-bulk.json

Installation

Install it as a global module if only the CLI is going to be used:

npm install esfix -g

API

esfix <cmd> [--host <host>] [--log <log-type>]

By default, --host is set localhost:9200 and --log is set to info. Log levels are warn, info, debug and trace.

load

load <index> <type> <data-file> [-i] [-r]

Index documents.

By default, the documents will be inserted with a random ID set by Elasticsearch. If the document includes an _id field, it will be used as the document ID (not compatible with option -i). The bulk API is used under the hood.

-i, --incremental assign an incremental id starting from 1

-r, --refresh force a refresh each time an operation is executed

Examples

Index documents with an incremental id:

$ esfix load my_index my_type fixtures.json -i

Index documents using a .js file, this allows to insert some relative values like dates or other kind of logic:

fixtures.js

module.exports = [{
  name: 'Dio',
  standName: 'The World',
  age: 122,
  created: new Date() // current date
},{
  name: 'Jotaro',
  standName: 'Star Platinum',
  age: 17,
  created: new Date() // current date
}];
$ esfix load my_index my_type fixtures.json

clear

clear <index> [type] [-r]

Delete all the documents from the specified index. If type is specified, it will only delete all the documents included in that type.

-r, --refresh force a refresh each time an operation is executed

Example

Clear index my_index:

$ esfix clear my_index

clearAndLoad

clearAndLoad <index> <type> <data-file> [-i] [-r]

First executes clear command and then load command. Same functionality as them.

-i, --incremental assign an incremental id starting from 1 -r, --refresh force a refresh each time an operation is executed

Example

Clear all the data in my_index/my_type and load the data in fixtures.json:

$ esfix clearAndLoad my_index my_type fixtures.json

bulk

bulk [index] [type] <data-file> [-r]

Perform bulk index/delete operations.

The format of data-file is an array of:

action_and_meta_data
optional_source

The possible actions are index, create, delete and update. More information about bulk API here.

index and type are optional, they set default index and type for items which don’t provide ones.

-r, --refresh force a refresh each time an operation is executed

Examples

Index two documents in two different indexes:

fixtures.json

[
 { "index":  { "_index": "my_index", "_type": "my_type",  "_id": 1 } },
 { "name": "Yukko", "occupation": "student" },
 { "index":  { "_index": "my_index2", "_type": "my_type",  "_id": 1 } },
 { "name": "Sakamoto", "occupation": "mascot" }
]
$ esfix bulk fixtures.json

Delete and update documents in index my_index, delete does not expect a following line:

fixtures.json

[
 { "delete": { "_id": 1 } }
 { "delete": { "_id": 2 } }
 { "update": { "_id": 3 } },
 { "doc": { "occupation": "Pole dancer" } },
]
$ esfix bulk fixtures.json

Using a .js file we can, for example, index 1000 documents with a random age field with a value between 18 and 60:

// generated-fixtures.js
module.exports = (() => {
  const bulkData = [];
  for (let i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
    bulkData.push({ index: { } });
    bulkData.push({ name: `User ${i}`, age: Math.floor(Math.random() * 60) + 18 });
  }
  return bulkData;
})();
$ esfix bulk my_index my_type generated-fixtures.js

createIndex

createIndex <index> [data-file] [-f]

Create an index.

data-file is optional, settings and mappings can be specified there, the format is detailed here.

-f, --force will delete the index if it exists, and it will be re-created

Example

Delete if exists, and create an index with the following settings and mappings:

index-info.json

{
  "settings" : {
    "number_of_shards" : 1
  },
  "mappings" : {
    "my_type" : {
      "properties" : {
        "age" : { "type" : "short" }
      }
    }
  }
}
$ esfix createIndex my_index index-info.json -f

addMapping

addMapping <index> <type> <data-file>

Add mapping to a type. Index must exists in order to work. data-file format is specified here:

Example

Add mapping to index my_index and type my_type

mapping-info.json

{
  "properties": {
    "age": {
      "type": "byte"
    }
  }
}
$ esfix addMapping my_index my_type mapping-info.json

help

help

Show help page.

Used as module

It can be required in your code, useful to automate unit tests.

All the methods from the CLI can be used here, but there are some small differences. In the CLI, by default, after each operation the index is not refreshes, but when used as a module it is refreshed everytime; for unit testing usually we need the data without any lag.

All methods return a Promise if a callback is not specified.

Examples

Index two documents with an incremental id:

const esfix = require('esfix');
const loader = esfix.bootstrap('my_index', 'my_type');

const data = [{
  name: 'Jotaro',
  standName: 'Star Platinum'
}, {
  name: 'Jolyne',
  standName: 'Stone Free'
}];

const options = {
  incremental: true
};

loader.load(data, options)
  .then(() => {
    console.log('Documents were indexed');
  })
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

Prepare a fresh index, for example, to execute a Unit Test:

const esfix = require('esfix');
const loader = esfix.bootstrap('users', 'user');

const indexInfo = require('./fixtures/users/index-info.json');
const userData = require('./fixtures/users/data.json');

loader.createIndex(indexInfo, { force: true })
  .then(() => loader.load(userData))
  .then(() => {
    console.log('Documents were indexed');
  })
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

Installation

npm install esfix

API

bootstrap(index, type, config)

Returns a new Loader instance, configured to interact by default with the specified index and type.

config parameter is optional, by default it will contain { host: 'localhost:9200' }. A list of available options is specified in the driver official documentation.

const loader = require('esfix').bootstrap('my_index', 'my_type');
const loader = require('esfix').bootstrap('my_index', 'my_type', {
  host: 'http://foo.bar:0000',
  log: 'trace'
});

Instance methods

load(data, [options], [callback])

Add documents into the specified index and type.

data contains an array of objects the documents to add to the index. It assigns a random _id (Elasticsearch default behaviour).

options is optional. options.incremental: true insert documents assigning an incremental _id from 1 instead of a random one. It will overwrite existent documents with the same _id. options.noRefresh: true avoid refreshing the index after each operation.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

const data = [{
  name: 'Jotaro',
  standName: 'Star Platinum'
}, {
  name: 'Jolyne',
  standName: 'Stone Free'
}];

const options = {
  incremental: true
};

loader.load(data, options)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

Also, it is possible to add the desired _id inside each document (can't be used altogether with incremental: true).

const data = [{
  _id: 1,
  name: 'Jotaro',
  standName: 'Star Platinum'
}, {
  _id: 2,
  name: 'Jolyne',
  standName: 'Stone Free'
}];

loader.load(data, options)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

clear([callback])

Delete all the documents in the index and type specified when bootstraping. It only deletes the document, the type mapping is kept intact.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

loader.clear()
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

clearAndLoad(data, [options], [callback])

Delete all the documents in the index and type specified and load new ones. Basically executes first .clear() and then .load() (check them to see more details).

data contains an array of objects the documents to add to the index. It assigns a random _id (Elasticsearch default behaviour).

options is optional. options.incremental: true insert documents assigning an incremental _id from 1 instead of a random one. It will overwrite existent documents with the same _id. options.noRefresh: true avoid refreshing the index after each operation.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

const data = [{
  name: 'Josuke',
  standName: 'Crazy Diamond'
}, {
  name: 'Joseph',
  standName: 'Hermit Purple'
}];

loader.clearAndLoad(data)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

bulk(data, [options], [callback])

Perform many index/delete operations in a single API call using the Elasticsearch bulk API. The possible actions are index, create, delete and update.

data is an array of objects, the format is specified here. A JSONLines string or Buffer can be used as well.

options is optional. options.noRefresh: true avoid refreshing the index after each operation.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

const data = [
  // action description
  { index: { _id: 1 } },
   // the document to index
  { title: 'foo' },
  // action description
  { update: { _id: 2 } },
  // the document to update
  { doc: { title: 'foo' } },
  // action description
  { delete: { _id: 3 } },
  // no document needed for this delete
];
loader.bulk(data)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

createIndex([data], [callback])

Delete index and create it again.

data is optional: providing type mappings while recreating the index is possible, as well as other settings, format is specified here.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

For example, can be useful to get a fresh index with a particular mapping each time a unit test is executed.

const data = {
  mappings: {
    my_type: {
      properties: {
        name: {
          type: 'string'
        }
      }
    }
  }
};

loader.createIndex(data)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

addMapping(data, [callback])

Provide a mapping to the specified type when bootstraping. The index must already exist.

data format is specified here.

callback is optional, in case it is not set a Promise is returned.

const data = {
  properties: {
    name: {
      type: 'string'
    }
  }
};
loader.addMapping(data)
  .catch(err => {
    // error handling
  });

License

MIT © Antonio V

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