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Extends RabbitMQ Server with support for a new experimental exchange type, `x-udp`.

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README.md

RabbitMQ "UDP Exchange" Plugin

Extends RabbitMQ Server with support for a new experimental exchange type, x-udp.

Each created x-udp exchange listens on a specified UDP port for incoming messages, and relays them on to the queues bound to the exchange. It also takes messages published to the exchange and relays them on to a specified IP address and UDP port.

Prebuilt Binary Downloads

From time to time, I make a snapshot binary download of the plugin available: see http://eighty-twenty.org/tech/rabbitmq/binary-plugins.html. Expect plugins to have a GPG signature from tonygarnockjones@gmail.com, key available here, fingerprint 630A 8781 4B1F A5BA C30F A95D 6141 87C4 CEB5 3E0C.

Declaring an x-udp exchange

Call your exchange_declare command with the following arguments in the arguments table:

Key    Type    Optional? Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------
port   short   no        Port number to listen for incoming packets on
ip     string  yes       IP address to listen on; default is 0.0.0.0
format string  yes       Module to use for packet parsing and formatting; default "raw"

The ip string, if supplied, must be a numeric IPv4 address string of the form X.Y.Z.W. If ip is missing, the exchange will listen at the specified port on all interfaces.

Deleting an x-udp exchange

Deleting an x-udp exchange causes the system to stop listening for UDP packets on the exchange's configured port.

Packet formats

The format string in the arguments table of exchange_declare controls the packet parsing and formatting process. The possible values for the string are documented below.

If the format string is omitted, raw is assumed.

Raw packet format, format = "raw"

Messages arriving on the UDP socket associated with an x-udp exchange in raw mode are translated into AMQP messages and routed to bound queues. The routing_keys of the AMQP messages are of the form

ipv4.X.Y.Z.W.Port.Prefix

where X.Y.Z.W is the numeric IPv4 address string that the UDP packet was sent from, Port is the UDP port number that the packet was sent from, and Prefix is the first few bytes of the packet itself. AMQP routing_keys are not permitted to be longer than 255 bytes, so as much of the packet's body is placed in the routing_key as will fit. The remainder is discarded from the routing_key.

The body of each produced AMQP message is the entire body of the received UDP packet.

STOMP packet format, format = "stomp"

Messages arriving on the UDP socket associated with an x-udp exchange in stomp mode are parsed as if they were complete STOMP protocol frames. The routing_keys of the resulting AMQP messages are of the form

ipv4.X.Y.Z.W.Port.Command.Destination

where X.Y.Z.W is the numeric IPv4 address string that the UDP packet was sent from, Port is the UDP port number that the packet was sent from, Command is the command name from the STOMP frame, and Destination is the contents of a distinguished routing-key header field from the STOMP frame.

If the exchange was declared with a string-valued argument table entry named routing_key_header, then the value of that table entry is used as the STOMP header name to scan incoming frames for in calculating the AMQP routing key to use when delivering them on to bound queues. If the value of routing_key_header is the empty string, then none of the headers on an incoming STOMP frame are treated as the routing key; the Destination portion of the AMQP routing key is simply left empty, and the complete collection of STOMP headers is passed on to AMQP receivers as usual. If routing_key_header is not specified, then the STOMP destination header is used.

Value for routing_key_header   STOMP header used to extract routing key
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
missing                        "destination"
""                             none
"example"                      "example"

No matter the choice of routing_key_header, all the headers from the received STOMP frame are passed on as user headers in the AMQP message, and the body of each produced AMQP message is the entire body of the received STOMP frame.

Syslog packet format, format = "syslog"

(Contributed by Lionel Cons.)

Messages arriving on the UDP socket associated with an x-udp exchange in syslog mode are parsed as if they were in BSD syslog Protocol format (RFC 3164). The routing_keys of the resulting AMQP messages are of the form

ipv4.X.Y.Z.W.Port.Facility.Severity

where X.Y.Z.W and Port are as specified above, and Facility and Severity are respectively the numerical facility and severity of the syslog packet. The latter two also appear in the user headers of the messages.

Bindings from x-udp exchanges to AMQP queues

The routing_key of messages routed to queues is formatted as described above in order to make AMQP's topic routing syntax useful for selecting UDP messages to receive. All the normal topic routing_key patterns are available.

For example, to receive all packets sent from port 1234, you would bind your queue using a routing_key pattern of ipv4.*.*.*.*.1234.#. To simply receive all incoming packets, you would bind using a pattern of #.

When using the raw format, since the first few bytes of each packet are placed in the routing_key field, you can route based on packet prefix (so long as your data format uses "." in a compatible way). When using the stomp format, the routing_key field is computed based on the routing_key_header described above.

Routing messages from AMQP outbound via UDP

Raw UDP packets - format = "raw"

Messages published to a raw-mode x-udp exchange must have routing keys of the form

ipv4.X.Y.Z.W.Port

where X.Y.Z.W and Port are the numeric IP address and UDP port number to send the packet to, respectively. If there are other period-separated routing key segments following the Port segment of the key, they are ignored. The packet's body will be the body of the published AMQP message. The packet will be sent from the IP address and port number that the exchange itself was declared with.

STOMP UDP packets - format = "stomp"

Messages published to a stomp-mode x-udp exchange must have routing keys of the form

ipv4.X.Y.Z.W.Port.Command.Destination

as described above for raw-mode, except the Command, which is used as the command portion of the STOMP frame to be sent, and the Destination, which is optional, and used as the value for the routing_key_header, if any.

The AMQP user headers are converted into STOMP headers. A STOMP content-length header is added before sending. The body of the STOMP frame UDP packet is just the body of the published AMQP message. The packet will be sent from the IP address and port number that the exchange itself was declared with.

Syslog UDP packets - format = "syslog"

Outbound delivery of syslog-formatted packets is not yet implemented: syslog-format UDP exchanges will only be able to receive syslog packets.

Limitations

Note that there may be platform and network-specific limitations on the sizes of UDP packets that can be sent and received.

Licensing

This plugin is licensed under the MPL 2.0. The full license text is included with the source code for the package. If you have any questions regarding licensing, please contact tonygarnockjones@gmail.com.

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