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# frozen_string_literal: true
require 'ipaddr'
require 'socket'
require 'resolv'
# Monkey-patch the HTTP.rb timeout class to avoid using a timeout block
# around the Socket#open method, since we use our own timeout blocks inside
# that method
class HTTP::Timeout::PerOperation
def connect(socket_class, host, port, nodelay = false)
@socket = socket_class.open(host, port)
@socket.setsockopt(Socket::IPPROTO_TCP, Socket::TCP_NODELAY, 1) if nodelay
end
end
class Request
REQUEST_TARGET = '(request-target)'
# We enforce a 5s timeout on DNS resolving, 5s timeout on socket opening
# and 5s timeout on the TLS handshake, meaning the worst case should take
# about 15s in total
TIMEOUT = { connect: 5, read: 10, write: 10 }.freeze
include RoutingHelper
def initialize(verb, url, **options)
raise ArgumentError if url.blank?
@verb = verb
@url = Addressable::URI.parse(url).normalize
@http_client = options.delete(:http_client)
@options = options.merge(socket_class: use_proxy? ? ProxySocket : Socket)
@options = @options.merge(Rails.configuration.x.http_client_proxy) if use_proxy?
@headers = {}
raise Mastodon::HostValidationError, 'Instance does not support hidden service connections' if block_hidden_service?
set_common_headers!
set_digest! if options.key?(:body)
end
def on_behalf_of(account, key_id_format = :uri, sign_with: nil)
raise ArgumentError, 'account must not be nil' if account.nil?
@account = account
@keypair = sign_with.present? ? OpenSSL::PKey::RSA.new(sign_with) : @account.keypair
@key_id_format = key_id_format
self
end
def add_headers(new_headers)
@headers.merge!(new_headers)
self
end
def perform
begin
response = http_client.public_send(@verb, @url.to_s, @options.merge(headers: headers))
rescue => e
raise e.class, "#{e.message} on #{@url}", e.backtrace[0]
end
begin
response = response.extend(ClientLimit)
# If we are using a persistent connection, we have to
# read every response to be able to move forward at all.
# However, simply calling #to_s or #flush may not be safe,
# as the response body, if malicious, could be too big
# for our memory. So we use the #body_with_limit method
response.body_with_limit if http_client.persistent?
yield response if block_given?
ensure
http_client.close unless http_client.persistent?
end
end
def headers
(@account ? @headers.merge('Signature' => signature) : @headers).without(REQUEST_TARGET)
end
class << self
def valid_url?(url)
begin
parsed_url = Addressable::URI.parse(url)
rescue Addressable::URI::InvalidURIError
return false
end
%w(http https).include?(parsed_url.scheme) && parsed_url.host.present?
end
def http_client
HTTP.use(:auto_inflate).timeout(TIMEOUT.dup).follow(max_hops: 2)
end
end
private
def set_common_headers!
@headers[REQUEST_TARGET] = "#{@verb} #{@url.path}"
@headers['User-Agent'] = Mastodon::Version.user_agent
@headers['Host'] = @url.host
@headers['Date'] = Time.now.utc.httpdate
@headers['Accept-Encoding'] = 'gzip' if @verb != :head
end
def set_digest!
@headers['Digest'] = "SHA-256=#{Digest::SHA256.base64digest(@options[:body])}"
end
def signature
algorithm = 'rsa-sha256'
signature = Base64.strict_encode64(@keypair.sign(OpenSSL::Digest.new('SHA256'), signed_string))
"keyId=\"#{key_id}\",algorithm=\"#{algorithm}\",headers=\"#{signed_headers.keys.join(' ').downcase}\",signature=\"#{signature}\""
end
def signed_string
signed_headers.map { |key, value| "#{key.downcase}: #{value}" }.join("\n")
end
def signed_headers
@headers.without('User-Agent', 'Accept-Encoding')
end
def key_id
case @key_id_format
when :acct
@account.to_webfinger_s
when :uri
[ActivityPub::TagManager.instance.uri_for(@account), '#main-key'].join
end
end
def http_client
@http_client ||= Request.http_client
end
def use_proxy?
Rails.configuration.x.http_client_proxy.present?
end
def block_hidden_service?
!Rails.configuration.x.access_to_hidden_service && /\.(onion|i2p)$/.match(@url.host)
end
module ClientLimit
def body_with_limit(limit = 1.megabyte)
raise Mastodon::LengthValidationError if content_length.present? && content_length > limit
if charset.nil?
encoding = Encoding::BINARY
else
begin
encoding = Encoding.find(charset)
rescue ArgumentError
encoding = Encoding::BINARY
end
end
contents = String.new(encoding: encoding)
while (chunk = readpartial)
contents << chunk
chunk.clear
raise Mastodon::LengthValidationError if contents.bytesize > limit
end
contents
end
end
class Socket < TCPSocket
class << self
def open(host, *args)
outer_e = nil
port = args.first
addresses = []
begin
addresses = [IPAddr.new(host)]
rescue IPAddr::InvalidAddressError
Resolv::DNS.open do |dns|
dns.timeouts = 5
addresses = dns.getaddresses(host).take(2)
end
end
socks = []
addr_by_socket = {}
addresses.each do |address|
begin
check_private_address(address)
sock = ::Socket.new(address.is_a?(Resolv::IPv6) ? ::Socket::AF_INET6 : ::Socket::AF_INET, ::Socket::SOCK_STREAM, 0)
sockaddr = ::Socket.pack_sockaddr_in(port, address.to_s)
sock.setsockopt(::Socket::IPPROTO_TCP, ::Socket::TCP_NODELAY, 1)
sock.connect_nonblock(sockaddr)
# If that hasn't raised an exception, we somehow managed to connect
# immediately, close pending sockets and return immediately
socks.each(&:close)
return sock
rescue IO::WaitWritable
socks << sock
addr_by_socket[sock] = sockaddr
rescue => e
outer_e = e
end
end
until socks.empty?
_, available_socks, = IO.select(nil, socks, nil, Request::TIMEOUT[:connect])
if available_socks.nil?
socks.each(&:close)
raise HTTP::TimeoutError, "Connect timed out after #{Request::TIMEOUT[:connect]} seconds"
end
available_socks.each do |sock|
socks.delete(sock)
begin
sock.connect_nonblock(addr_by_socket[sock])
rescue Errno::EISCONN
# Do nothing
rescue => e
sock.close
outer_e = e
next
end
socks.each(&:close)
return sock
end
end
if outer_e
raise outer_e
else
raise SocketError, "No address for #{host}"
end
end
alias new open
def check_private_address(address)
addr = IPAddr.new(address.to_s)
return if private_address_exceptions.any? { |range| range.include?(addr) }
raise Mastodon::HostValidationError if PrivateAddressCheck.private_address?(addr)
end
def private_address_exceptions
@private_address_exceptions = begin
(ENV['ALLOWED_PRIVATE_ADDRESSES'] || '').split(',').map { |addr| IPAddr.new(addr) }
end
end
end
end
class ProxySocket < Socket
class << self
def check_private_address(_address)
# Accept connections to private addresses as HTTP proxies will usually
# be on local addresses
nil
end
end
end
private_constant :ClientLimit, :Socket, :ProxySocket
end