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<p class="mt-05e mb-15e ta-right c-ccc">Published by Dan on Jun 1, 2014</p>
<h1 class="center of-yh mb-1e"><a href="/sports/why-the-thrashers-left-atlanta.html">Why the Thrashers left Atlanta</a></h1>
<div class="alert b-ccc mb-0">
<p>Atlanta has become a hockey punchline. We've lost two NHL franchises: the Flames in 1980 and the Thrashers in 2011. Here's why the Thrashers leaving had more to do with America Online than with the city or its hockey fans.</p>
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<p class="center"><img src="/assets/sports/why-the-thrashers-left-atlanta/winnipeg-afa83ad0bba7fbd55126020831067d37.jpg" alt="Winnipeg. What's your excuse?"></p>
<ul>
<li>
<a href="#the-fans">The Fans</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="#the-team">The Team</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="#the-league">The League</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="#the-owners">The Owners</a>
</li>
<li>
<a href="#the-answer">The Answer</a>
</li>
</ul>
<h2 id="the-fans"><a href="#the-fans">The Fans</a></h2>
<p>If you ask someone in Atlanta "why the Thrashers left", you'll likely hear about all the empty seats at Philips Arena (home of the Thrashers). Just how bad was it? Let's take a look at who had worse attendance during the franchise's history:</p>
<table class="table table-bordered table-striped">
<thead>
<tr>
<th>Season</th>
<th>Teams with lower attendance than Atlanta</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2000">1999-2000</a>
</td>
<td>Dallas, Nashville, LA, Boston, Chicago, Florida, Edmonton, Pittsburgh, Calgary, New Jersey, Phoenix, Vancouver, Washington, Anaheim, Tampa Bay, Carolina, NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2001">2000-01</a>
</td>
<td>Chicago, Tampa Bay, Florida, Phoenix, Anaheim, Carolina, NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2002">2001-02</a>
</td>
<td>Phoenix, Anaheim</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2003">2002-03</a>
</td>
<td>Phoenix, Nashville</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2004">2003-04</a>
</td>
<td>New Jersey, Anaheim, Washington, NY Islanders, Chicago, Nashville, Carolina, Pittsburgh</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>2004-05</td>
<td>Season not played due to lockout</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2006">2005-06</a>
</td>
<td>Anaheim, Nashville, New Jersey, St. Louis, Washington, Chicago, NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2007">2006-07</a>
</td>
<td>Florida, Nashville, Phoenix, Boston, New Jersey, Washington, NY Islanders, Chicago, St. Louis</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2008">2007-08</a>
</td>
<td>New Jersey, Washington, Florida, Boston, Nashville, Columbus, Phoenix, NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2009">2008-09</a>
</td>
<td>NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2010">2009-10</a>
</td>
<td>NY Islanders, Phoenix</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>
<a href="http://espn.go.com/nhl/attendance/_/year/2011">2010-11</a>
</td>
<td>Phoenix, NY Islanders</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<p>Notice some current powerhouses: Chicago, Anaheim, and Boston showing up multiple times. They turned it around with good drafts, smart coach/manager changes, and even an ownership change. If poor attendance is the reason for relocating, why are the NY Islanders and Phoenix Coyotes still playing hockey?</p>
<p>Ask the fans of the North Stars, Nordiques, or Whalers how much fan support matters.</p>
<h2 id="the-team"><a href="#the-team">The Team</a></h2>
<p>In their inaugural season, the Thrashers finished with 14 wins and 57 loses, followed by 23 wins in 2001 and 19 wins in 2002. They didn't break .500 until 2006 and in 2007 earned their lone division title and playoff birth but were swept by the Rangers in the first round.</p>
<p>Don Waddell was the team's general manager for all but the very last season (he became team president). He is currently a scout for the Pittsburgh Penguins, a job he may have earned by <a href="http://www.post-gazette.com/sports/2008/02/26/Penguins-pull-blockbuster-trade-for-Marian-Hossa/stories/200802260247">trading Marian Hossa and Pascal Dupuis for Colby Armstrong, Erik Christensen, "highly regarded prospect" Angelo Esposito, and a 1st round pick.</a> Hossa and Dupuis have become major contributing forces in several Stanley Cup Championships. Armstrong and Christensen both play in Sweden now. Angelo Esposito never played in the NHL. Great scouting, Don. Good luck in Pittsburgh.</p>
<h2 id="the-league"><a href="#the-league">The League</a></h2>
<p>The NHL made numerous decisions that hurt the Thrashers.</p>
<p>They created the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southeast_Division_%28NHL%29">Southeast Division</a> with Atlanta, Carolina, Florida, Tampa Bay, and Washington. The division lacked hockey history and rivalry. Washington was the oldest, founded in 1974 with its first winning season coming in 1983. Tampa Bay and Florida were established in 1992 and 1993 respectively, while Carolina moved from Hartford in 1997. <a href="http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/sports/hockey/nhl/2005-07-27-opening-night_x.htm">The league added more divisional games to the schedule</a>, hurting Atlanta's transplants from Chicago, <a href="http://www.nysun.com/new-york/40000-new-yorkers-flee-state-for-atlanta/81690/">New York</a>, Boston and Buffalo who would rarely get to see their family's team come to town. <a href=
"http://bleacherreport.com/articles/9813-atlanta-not-as-bad-a-sports-town-as-you-think">Read this for more information</a> on the dynamics of Atlanta's northeastern transplants.</p>
<p>The league promised Atlanta would host an all-star game to expose Atlanta's new fan-base to the stars of the league. The date was set to 2005, which was cancelled due to that year's lockout and couldn't be rescheduled until 2008.</p>
<p>In 2009, the NHL <a href="http://www.torontosun.com/2011/06/01/anatomy-of-an-nhl-deal">approached Mark Chipman</a> about moving the Phoenix Coyotes back to Winnipeg but provided an unrealistic timeline, so the NHL eventually took over ownership. The league then refused to sell to anyone wishing to relocate the team. Atlanta was not provided the same luxury, mostly because <a href="http://o.canada.com/sports/washington-redskins-snyder-rises-to-top-of-list-of-five-worst-sports-owners">the Thrashers had some of the worst owners in sports.</a></p>
<h2 id="the-owners"><a href="#the-owners">The Owners</a></h2>
<p><a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turner_Broadcasting_System">Turner Broadcasting Systems</a> is a staple of Atlanta sports, owning the Braves, Hawks, and Thrashers. However, Turner became a subsidiary of Time Warner in 1996, and four years later Time Warner made <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/media/8031227/AOL-merger-was-the-biggest-mistake-in-corporate-history-believes-Time-Warner-chief-Jeff-Bewkes.html">the biggest mistake in corporate history</a> getting purchased by America Online for $164 billion, who <a href="http://www.forbes.com/2002/07/25/accountingtracker.html">fraudulently inflated sales numbers to appear more financially viable</a>. In the midst of huge financial troubles, AOL Time Warner sold the Thrashers, the Hawks, and operating rights to Philips Arena to <a href=
"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlanta_Spirit">the Atlanta Spirit</a>, a new partnership between nine businessmen from Atlanta, Washington D.C., and Boston.</p>
<p>Two years after buying the team (2005), <a href="http://espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=2129751">the partnership developed a dispute involving a trade with the NBA's Phoenix Suns</a>. As a result, Boston-native and 30% partner Steve Belkin wanted to buy everyone out, and everyone else wanted to buy him out, so like all good businessmen they sued each other. A circuit court in Maryland (the corporate home of the <em>Atlanta</em> Spirit) ruled that Steve Belkin was <a href="http://www.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Daily/Issues/2006/11/Issue-46/Franchises/Maryland-Court-Of-Appeals-Will-Not-Hear-Atlanta-Spirit-Case.aspx">entitled to buy everyone out</a> but <a href="http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=4406076">was later overturned</a>. Belkin would be bought out, but no one agreed on a price.</p>
<p>From 2005-2010, the Atlanta Spirit spent more time in court than watching their team, except for partner Bud Seretean who died in 2007. In the process, <a href="http://www.ajc.com/news/sports/hockey/hawks-thrashers-co-owner-must-pay-2-million-by-nex/nQchb/">they say they lost $174 million</a>. In fact, the remaining owners became very vocal that hockey wasn't going to work in Atlanta, helping them lower the price of buying out Belkin. Don Waddell remained general manager through their distraction and apathy.</p>
<p>Finally in December 2010, <a href="http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=5948836">Michael Gearon and Bruce Levenson became the lead owners buying out Belkin</a>, but the group wasn't finished suing. <a href="http://espn.go.com/nba/story/_/id/6969369/atlanta-hawks-ownership-group-city-law-settle-malpractice-lawsuit">They sued their lawfirm for $195 million</a>, blaming them for botching the contract between them and Belkin. In this lawsuit, they claim the bad contract thwarted their attempts to sell the Thrashers <strong>for six years</strong>, dating back to 2005 (two years after buying the team).</p>
<p>With the ownership status now clear, the Atlanta Spirit quickly moved to sell the team, but they would not be selling the rights to Philips Arena. Unsurprisingly, <a href="http://www.ajc.com/news/sports/hockey/gearon-search-for-local-investors-failed/nQty7/">no one wanted to become a partner or the tenant of a lawsuit happy landlord.</a> At the end of the 2010-11 season, the NHL jumped at the chance to rid themselves of these owners along with taking a $60 million relocation fee (one they would not receive if moving the league-owned Coyotes back to Winnepeg).</p>
<h2 id="the-answer"><a href="#the-answer">The Answer</a></h2>
<p>The fans didn't break any attendance records, but they were never the worst. The team wasn't great, and its long-time general manager and president could only land a scouting job after Winnipeg fired him. The NHL scheduled around 40% of each season (<a href="http://www.hockey-reference.com/teams/ATL/2008_headtohead.html">32 games a year</a>) versus the same young division then purchased the Coyotes to keep them in Phoenix (a team Atlanta out-attended 8 of 11 seasons). All annoying but none are the reason the Thrashers left Atlanta.</p>
<p><strong>The Thrashers moved because AOL Time Warner sold them to a dysfunctional ownership group that were only interested in basketball and arena rights.</strong> Here's some further reading:</p>
<ul>
<li>EPSN: <a href="http://sports.espn.go.com/nhl/columns/story?id=6611534">Owners to blame for Thrashers' failure</a>
</li>
<li>USA Today: <a href="http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/sports/hockey/nhl/2011-05-31-winnipeg-gain-atlanta-pain_N.htm">Winnipeg's hockey gain is Atlanta's difficult loss</a>
</li>
<li>Bleacher Report: <a href="http://bleacherreport.com/articles/712210-franchise-assassins-how-the-atlanta-sprit-group-killed-the-thrashers">How the Atlanta Spirit Group Killed the Atlanta Thrashers</a>
</li>
</ul>
<p>If you love this disaster, you'll also love what happened to the Atlanta Braves when AOL Time Warner sold them to Liberty Media, including <a href="http://sports.yahoo.com/news/dodgers---7-billion-tv-deal-will-widen-chasm-between-mlb-s-rich-and-poor-040842261.html">"sport's worst TV contract"</a>, <a href="http://deadspin.com/opponents-barred-from-speaking-as-cobb-county-approves-1582556255">brash political manipulation</a>, and <a href="http://deadspin.com/braves-president-stadium-deal-had-to-be-done-in-secret-1582023678">back-room dealings</a>. I miss <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ted_Turner">Ted Turner</a>, but at least we have <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Blank">Arthur Blank</a>.</p>
<div class="alert alert-info mt-4e">
<p><span class="label label-info">Update</span> On September 7, 2014, Bruce Levenson announced he would sell his interest in the Atlanta Spirit, explaining the reason was a racially insensitive e-mail he sent to the Hawks GM in 2012 (one year after selling the Thrashers), saying the team's low ticket sales were due to the Hawks alienating the white suburbanites. <a href="http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/nba/hawks/2014/09/07/bruce-levenson-racist-email-atlanta-owner-sell-team/15241591/">usatoday.com</a></p>
<p class="mt-2e"><span class="label label-info">Update</span> On January 2, 2015, the Atlanta Spirit put the Atlanta Hawks along with the Philips Arena rights up for sale. <a href="http://www.ajc.com/news/sports/basketball/breaking-news-100-percent-of-hawks-up-for-sale/njfLd/">ajc.com</a></p>
<p class="mt-2e"><span class="label label-info">Update</span> On June 24, 2015, the NBA approved the sale of the Atlanta Hawks to an ownership group led by Tony Ressler. <a href="http://www.nba.com/2015/news/06/24/sale-of-hawks-unanimously-approved/index.html?ls=iref:nbahpts">nba.com</a></p>
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