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#!/usr/bin/env python3
import time
from datetime import timedelta
from html.parser import HTMLParser
from urllib.parse import urljoin, urldefrag
from tornado import gen, httpclient, ioloop, queues
base_url = "http://www.tornadoweb.org/en/stable/"
concurrency = 10
async def get_links_from_url(url):
"""Download the page at `url` and parse it for links.
Returned links have had the fragment after `#` removed, and have been made
absolute so, e.g. the URL 'gen.html#tornado.gen.coroutine' becomes
'http://www.tornadoweb.org/en/stable/gen.html'.
"""
response = await httpclient.AsyncHTTPClient().fetch(url)
print("fetched %s" % url)
html = response.body.decode(errors="ignore")
return [urljoin(url, remove_fragment(new_url)) for new_url in get_links(html)]
def remove_fragment(url):
pure_url, frag = urldefrag(url)
return pure_url
def get_links(html):
class URLSeeker(HTMLParser):
def __init__(self):
HTMLParser.__init__(self)
self.urls = []
def handle_starttag(self, tag, attrs):
href = dict(attrs).get("href")
if href and tag == "a":
self.urls.append(href)
url_seeker = URLSeeker()
url_seeker.feed(html)
return url_seeker.urls
async def main():
q = queues.Queue()
start = time.time()
fetching, fetched = set(), set()
async def fetch_url(current_url):
if current_url in fetching:
return
print("fetching %s" % current_url)
fetching.add(current_url)
urls = await get_links_from_url(current_url)
fetched.add(current_url)
for new_url in urls:
# Only follow links beneath the base URL
if new_url.startswith(base_url):
await q.put(new_url)
async def worker():
async for url in q:
if url is None:
return
try:
await fetch_url(url)
except Exception as e:
print("Exception: %s %s" % (e, url))
finally:
q.task_done()
await q.put(base_url)
# Start workers, then wait for the work queue to be empty.
workers = gen.multi([worker() for _ in range(concurrency)])
await q.join(timeout=timedelta(seconds=300))
assert fetching == fetched
print("Done in %d seconds, fetched %s URLs." % (time.time() - start, len(fetched)))
# Signal all the workers to exit.
for _ in range(concurrency):
await q.put(None)
await workers
if __name__ == "__main__":
io_loop = ioloop.IOLoop.current()
io_loop.run_sync(main)