Permalink
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
3617 lines (2791 sloc) 151 KB
TC: A Tor control protocol (Version 1)
0. Scope
This document describes an implementation-specific protocol that is used
for other programs (such as frontend user-interfaces) to communicate with a
locally running Tor process. It is not part of the Tor onion routing
protocol.
This protocol replaces version 0 of TC, which is now deprecated. For
reference, TC is described in "control-spec-v0.txt". Implementors are
recommended to avoid using TC directly, but instead to use a library that
can easily be updated to use the newer protocol. (Version 0 is used by Tor
versions 0.1.0.x; the protocol in this document only works with Tor
versions in the 0.1.1.x series and later.)
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL
NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
"OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
RFC 2119.
1. Protocol outline
TC is a bidirectional message-based protocol. It assumes an underlying
stream for communication between a controlling process (the "client"
or "controller") and a Tor process (or "server"). The stream may be
implemented via TCP, TLS-over-TCP, a Unix-domain socket, or so on,
but it must provide reliable in-order delivery. For security, the
stream should not be accessible by untrusted parties.
In TC, the client and server send typed messages to each other over the
underlying stream. The client sends "commands" and the server sends
"replies".
By default, all messages from the server are in response to messages from
the client. Some client requests, however, will cause the server to send
messages to the client indefinitely far into the future. Such
"asynchronous" replies are marked as such.
Servers respond to messages in the order messages are received.
1.1. Forward-compatibility
This is an evolving protocol; new client and server behavior will be
allowed in future versions. To allow new backward-compatible behavior
on behalf of the client, we may add new commands and allow existing
commands to take new arguments in future versions. To allow new
backward-compatible server behavior, we note various places below
where servers speaking a future version of this protocol may insert
new data, and note that clients should/must "tolerate" unexpected
elements in these places. There are two ways that we do this:
* Adding a new field to a message:
For example, we might say "This message has three space-separated
fields; clients MUST tolerate more fields." This means that a
client MUST NOT crash or otherwise fail to parse the message or
other subsequent messages when there are more than three fields, and
that it SHOULD function at least as well when more fields are
provided as it does when it only gets the fields it accepts. The
most obvious way to do this is by ignoring additional fields; the
next-most-obvious way is to report additional fields verbatim to the
user, perhaps as part of an expert UI.
* Adding a new possible value to a list of alternatives:
For example, we might say "This field will be OPEN, CLOSED, or
CONNECTED. Clients MUST tolerate unexpected values." This means
that a client MUST NOT crash or otherwise fail to parse the message
or other subsequent messages when there are unexpected values, and
that it SHOULD try to handle the rest of the message as well as it
can. The most obvious way to do this is by pretending that each
list of alternatives has an additional "unrecognized value" element,
and mapping any unrecognized values to that element; the
next-most-obvious way is to create a separate "unrecognized value"
element for each unrecognized value.
Clients SHOULD NOT "tolerate" unrecognized alternatives by
pretending that the message containing them is absent. For example,
a stream closed for an unrecognized reason is nevertheless closed,
and should be reported as such.
(If some list of alternatives is given, and there isn't an explicit
statement that clients must tolerate unexpected values, clients still
must tolerate unexpected values. The only exception would be if there
were an explicit statement that no future values will ever be added.)
2. Message format
2.1. Description format
The message formats listed below use ABNF as described in RFC 2234.
The protocol itself is loosely based on SMTP (see RFC 2821).
We use the following nonterminals from RFC 2822: atom, qcontent
We define the following general-use nonterminals:
QuotedString = DQUOTE *qcontent DQUOTE
There are explicitly no limits on line length. All 8-bit characters
are permitted unless explicitly disallowed. In QuotedStrings,
backslashes and quotes must be escaped; other characters need not be
escaped.
Wherever CRLF is specified to be accepted from the controller, Tor MAY also
accept LF. Tor, however, MUST NOT generate LF instead of CRLF.
Controllers SHOULD always send CRLF.
2.1.1. Notes on an escaping bug
CString = DQUOTE *qcontent DQUOTE
Note that although these nonterminals have the same grammar, they
are interpreted differently. In a QuotedString, a backslash
followed by any character represents that character. But
in a CString, the escapes "\n", "\t", "\r", and the octal escapes
"\0" ... "\377" represent newline, tab, carriage return, and the
256 possible octet values respectively.
The use of CString in this document reflects a bug in Tor;
they should have been QuotedString instead. In the future, they
may migrate to use QuotedString instead. If they do, the
QuotedString implementation will never place a backslash before a
"n", "t", "r", or digit, to ensure that old controllers don't get
confused.
For future-proofing, controller implementors MAY use the following
rules to be compatible with buggy Tor implementations and with
future ones that implement the spec as intended:
Read \n \t \r and \0 ... \377 as C escapes.
Treat a backslash followed by any other character as that character.
Currently, many of the QuotedString instances below that Tor
outputs are in fact CStrings. We intend to fix this in future
versions of Tor, and document which ones were broken. (See
bugtracker ticket #14555 for a bit more information.)
Note that this bug exists only in strings generated by Tor for the
Tor controller; Tor should parse input QuotedStrings from the
controller correctly.
2.2. Commands from controller to Tor
Command = Keyword OptArguments CRLF / "+" Keyword OptArguments CRLF CmdData
Keyword = 1*ALPHA
OptArguments = [ SP *(SP / VCHAR) ]
A command is either a single line containing a Keyword and arguments, or a
multiline command whose initial keyword begins with +, and whose data
section ends with a single "." on a line of its own. (We use a special
character to distinguish multiline commands so that Tor can correctly parse
multi-line commands that it does not recognize.) Specific commands and
their arguments are described below in section 3.
2.3. Replies from Tor to the controller
Reply = SyncReply / AsyncReply
SyncReply = *(MidReplyLine / DataReplyLine) EndReplyLine
AsyncReply = *(MidReplyLine / DataReplyLine) EndReplyLine
MidReplyLine = StatusCode "-" ReplyLine
DataReplyLine = StatusCode "+" ReplyLine CmdData
EndReplyLine = StatusCode SP ReplyLine
ReplyLine = [ReplyText] CRLF
ReplyText = XXXX
StatusCode = 3DIGIT
Multiple lines in a single reply from Tor to the controller are guaranteed to
share the same status code. Specific replies are mentioned below in section 3,
and described more fully in section 4.
[Compatibility note: versions of Tor before 0.2.0.3-alpha sometimes
generate AsyncReplies of the form "*(MidReplyLine / DataReplyLine)".
This is incorrect, but controllers that need to work with these
versions of Tor should be prepared to get multi-line AsyncReplies with
the final line (usually "650 OK") omitted.]
2.4. General-use tokens
; CRLF means, "the ASCII Carriage Return character (decimal value 13)
; followed by the ASCII Linefeed character (decimal value 10)."
CRLF = CR LF
; How a controller tells Tor about a particular OR. There are four
; possible formats:
; $Fingerprint -- The router whose identity key hashes to the fingerprint.
; This is the preferred way to refer to an OR.
; $Fingerprint~Nickname -- The router whose identity key hashes to the
; given fingerprint, but only if the router has the given nickname.
; $Fingerprint=Nickname -- The router whose identity key hashes to the
; given fingerprint, but only if the router is Named and has the given
; nickname.
; Nickname -- The Named router with the given nickname, or, if no such
; router exists, any router whose nickname matches the one given.
; This is not a safe way to refer to routers, since Named status
; could under some circumstances change over time.
;
; The tokens that implement the above follow:
ServerSpec = LongName / Nickname
LongName = Fingerprint [ "~" Nickname ]
; For tors older than 0.3.1.3-alpha, LongName may have included an equal
; sign ("=") in lieu of a tilde ("~"). The presence of an equal sign
; denoted that the OR possessed the "Named" flag:
LongName = Fingerprint [ ( "=" / "~" ) Nickname ]
Fingerprint = "$" 40*HEXDIG
NicknameChar = "a"-"z" / "A"-"Z" / "0" - "9"
Nickname = 1*19 NicknameChar
; What follows is an outdated way to refer to ORs.
; Feature VERBOSE_NAMES replaces ServerID with LongName in events and
; GETINFO results. VERBOSE_NAMES can be enabled starting in Tor version
; 0.1.2.2-alpha and it is always-on in 0.2.2.1-alpha and later.
ServerID = Nickname / Fingerprint
; Unique identifiers for streams or circuits. Currently, Tor only
; uses digits, but this may change
StreamID = 1*16 IDChar
CircuitID = 1*16 IDChar
ConnID = 1*16 IDChar
QueueID = 1*16 IDChar
IDChar = ALPHA / DIGIT
Address = ip4-address / ip6-address / hostname (XXXX Define these)
; A "CmdData" section is a sequence of octets concluded by the terminating
; sequence CRLF "." CRLF. The terminating sequence may not appear in the
; body of the data. Leading periods on lines in the data are escaped with
; an additional leading period as in RFC 2821 section 4.5.2.
CmdData = *DataLine "." CRLF
DataLine = CRLF / "." 1*LineItem CRLF / NonDotItem *LineItem CRLF
LineItem = NonCR / 1*CR NonCRLF
NonDotItem = NonDotCR / 1*CR NonCRLF
; ISOTime, ISOTime2, and ISOTime2Frac are time formats as specified in
; ISO8601.
; example ISOTime: "2012-01-11 12:15:33"
; example ISOTime2: "2012-01-11T12:15:33"
; example ISOTime2Frac: "2012-01-11T12:15:33.51"
IsoDatePart = 4*DIGIT "-" 2*DIGIT "-" 2*DIGIT
IsoTimePart = 2*DIGIT ":" 2*DIGIT ":" 2*DIGIT
ISOTime = IsoDatePart " " IsoTimePart
ISOTime2 = IsoDatePart "T" IsoTimePart
ISOTime2Frac = IsoTime2 [ "." 1*DIGIT ]
; Numbers
LeadingDigit = "1" - "9"
UInt = LeadingDigit *Digit
3. Commands
All commands are case-insensitive, but most keywords are case-sensitive.
3.1. SETCONF
Change the value of one or more configuration variables. The syntax is:
"SETCONF" 1*(SP keyword ["=" value]) CRLF
value = String / QuotedString
Tor behaves as though it had just read each of the key-value pairs
from its configuration file. Keywords with no corresponding values have
their configuration values reset to 0 or NULL (use RESETCONF if you want
to set it back to its default). SETCONF is all-or-nothing: if there
is an error in any of the configuration settings, Tor sets none of them.
Tor responds with a "250 OK" reply on success.
If some of the listed keywords can't be found, Tor replies with a
"552 Unrecognized option" message. Otherwise, Tor responds with a
"513 syntax error in configuration values" reply on syntax error, or a
"553 impossible configuration setting" reply on a semantic error.
Some configuration options (e.g. "Bridge") take multiple values. Also,
some configuration keys (e.g. for hidden services and for entry
guard lists) form a context-sensitive group where order matters (see
GETCONF below). In these cases, setting _any_ of the options in a
SETCONF command is taken to reset all of the others. For example,
if two ORListenAddress values are configured, and a SETCONF command
arrives containing a single ORListenAddress value, the new command's
value replaces the two old values.
Sometimes it is not possible to change configuration options solely by
issuing a series of SETCONF commands, because the value of one of the
configuration options depends on the value of another which has not yet
been set. Such situations can be overcome by setting multiple configuration
options with a single SETCONF command (e.g. SETCONF ORPort=443
ORListenAddress=9001).
3.2. RESETCONF
Remove all settings for a given configuration option entirely, assign
its default value (if any), and then assign the String provided.
Typically the String is left empty, to simply set an option back to
its default. The syntax is:
"RESETCONF" 1*(SP keyword ["=" String]) CRLF
Otherwise it behaves like SETCONF above.
3.3. GETCONF
Request the value of a configuration variable. The syntax is:
"GETCONF" 1*(SP keyword) CRLF
If all of the listed keywords exist in the Tor configuration, Tor replies
with a series of reply lines of the form:
250 keyword=value
If any option is set to a 'default' value semantically different from an
empty string, Tor may reply with a reply line of the form:
250 keyword
Value may be a raw value or a quoted string. Tor will try to use unquoted
values except when the value could be misinterpreted through not being
quoted. (Right now, Tor supports no such misinterpretable values for
configuration options.)
If some of the listed keywords can't be found, Tor replies with a
"552 unknown configuration keyword" message.
If an option appears multiple times in the configuration, all of its
key-value pairs are returned in order.
Some options are context-sensitive, and depend on other options with
different keywords. These cannot be fetched directly. Currently there
is only one such option: clients should use the "HiddenServiceOptions"
virtual keyword to get all HiddenServiceDir, HiddenServicePort,
HiddenServiceVersion, and HiddenserviceAuthorizeClient option settings.
3.4. SETEVENTS
Request the server to inform the client about interesting events. The
syntax is:
"SETEVENTS" [SP "EXTENDED"] *(SP EventCode) CRLF
EventCode = 1*(ALPHA / "_") (see section 4.1.x for event types)
Any events *not* listed in the SETEVENTS line are turned off; thus, sending
SETEVENTS with an empty body turns off all event reporting.
The server responds with a "250 OK" reply on success, and a "552
Unrecognized event" reply if one of the event codes isn't recognized. (On
error, the list of active event codes isn't changed.)
If the flag string "EXTENDED" is provided, Tor may provide extra
information with events for this connection; see 4.1 for more information.
NOTE: All events on a given connection will be provided in extended format,
or none.
NOTE: "EXTENDED" was first supported in Tor 0.1.1.9-alpha; it is
always-on in Tor 0.2.2.1-alpha and later.
Each event is described in more detail in Section 4.1.
3.5. AUTHENTICATE
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"AUTHENTICATE" [ SP 1*HEXDIG / QuotedString ] CRLF
This command is used to authenticate to the server. The provided string is
one of the following:
* (For the HASHEDPASSWORD authentication method; see 3.21)
The original password represented as a QuotedString.
* (For the COOKIE is authentication method; see 3.21)
The contents of the cookie file, formatted in hexadecimal
* (For the SAFECOOKIE authentication method; see 3.21)
The HMAC based on the AUTHCHALLENGE message, in hexadecimal.
The server responds with "250 OK" on success or "515 Bad authentication" if
the authentication cookie is incorrect. Tor closes the connection on an
authentication failure.
The authentication token can be specified as either a quoted ASCII string,
or as an unquoted hexadecimal encoding of that same string (to avoid escaping
issues).
For information on how the implementation securely stores authentication
information on disk, see section 5.1.
Before the client has authenticated, no command other than
PROTOCOLINFO, AUTHCHALLENGE, AUTHENTICATE, or QUIT is valid. If the
controller sends any other command, or sends a malformed command, or
sends an unsuccessful AUTHENTICATE command, or sends PROTOCOLINFO or
AUTHCHALLENGE more than once, Tor sends an error reply and closes
the connection.
To prevent some cross-protocol attacks, the AUTHENTICATE command is still
required even if all authentication methods in Tor are disabled. In this
case, the controller should just send "AUTHENTICATE" CRLF.
(Versions of Tor before 0.1.2.16 and 0.2.0.4-alpha did not close the
connection after an authentication failure.)
3.6. SAVECONF
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"SAVECONF" [SP "FORCE"] CRLF
Instructs the server to write out its config options into its torrc. Server
returns "250 OK" if successful, or "551 Unable to write configuration
to disk" if it can't write the file or some other error occurs.
If the %include option is used on torrc, SAVECONF will not write the
configuration to disk. If the flag string "FORCE" is provided, the
configuration will be overwritten even if %include is used. Using %include
on defaults-torrc does not affect SAVECONF. (Introduced in 0.3.1.1-alpha.)
See also the "getinfo config-text" command, if the controller wants
to write the torrc file itself.
See also the "getinfo config-can-saveconf" command, to tell if the FORCE
flag will be required. (Also introduced in 0.3.1.1-alpha.)
3.7. SIGNAL
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"SIGNAL" SP Signal CRLF
Signal = "RELOAD" / "SHUTDOWN" / "DUMP" / "DEBUG" / "HALT" /
"HUP" / "INT" / "USR1" / "USR2" / "TERM" / "NEWNYM" /
"CLEARDNSCACHE" / "HEARTBEAT" / "ACTIVE" / "DORMANT"
The meaning of the signals are:
RELOAD -- Reload: reload config items.
SHUTDOWN -- Controlled shutdown: if server is an OP, exit immediately.
If it's an OR, close listeners and exit after
ShutdownWaitLength seconds.
DUMP -- Dump stats: log information about open connections and
circuits.
DEBUG -- Debug: switch all open logs to loglevel debug.
HALT -- Immediate shutdown: clean up and exit now.
CLEARDNSCACHE -- Forget the client-side cached IPs for all hostnames.
NEWNYM -- Switch to clean circuits, so new application requests
don't share any circuits with old ones. Also clears
the client-side DNS cache. (Tor MAY rate-limit its
response to this signal.)
HEARTBEAT -- Make Tor dump an unscheduled Heartbeat message to log.
DORMANT -- Tell Tor to become "dormant". A dormant Tor will
try to avoid CPU and network usage until it receives
user-initiated network request. (Don't use this
on relays or hidden services yet!)
ACTIVE -- Tell Tor to stop being "dormant", as if it had received
a user-initiated network request.
The server responds with "250 OK" if the signal is recognized (or simply
closes the socket if it was asked to close immediately), or "552
Unrecognized signal" if the signal is unrecognized.
Note that not all of these signals have POSIX signal equivalents. The
ones that do are as below. You may also use these POSIX names for the
signal that have them.
RELOAD: HUP
SHUTDOWN: INT
HALT: TERM
DUMP: USR1
DEBUG: USR2
[SIGNAL DORMANT and SIGNAL ACTIVE were added in 0.4.0.1-alpha.]
3.8. MAPADDRESS
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"MAPADDRESS" 1*(Address "=" Address SP) CRLF
The first address in each pair is an "original" address; the second is a
"replacement" address. The client sends this message to the server in
order to tell it that future SOCKS requests for connections to the original
address should be replaced with connections to the specified replacement
address. If the addresses are well-formed, and the server is able to
fulfill the request, the server replies with a 250 message:
250-OldAddress1=NewAddress1
250 OldAddress2=NewAddress2
containing the source and destination addresses. If request is
malformed, the server replies with "512 syntax error in command
argument". If the server can't fulfill the request, it replies with
"451 resource exhausted".
The client may decline to provide a body for the original address, and
instead send a special null address ("0.0.0.0" for IPv4, "::0" for IPv6, or
"." for hostname), signifying that the server should choose the original
address itself, and return that address in the reply. The server
should ensure that it returns an element of address space that is unlikely
to be in actual use. If there is already an address mapped to the
destination address, the server may reuse that mapping.
If the original address is already mapped to a different address, the old
mapping is removed. If the original address and the destination address
are the same, the server removes any mapping in place for the original
address.
Example:
C: MAPADDRESS 0.0.0.0=torproject.org 1.2.3.4=tor.freehaven.net
S: 250-127.192.10.10=torproject.org
S: 250 1.2.3.4=tor.freehaven.net
{Note: This feature is designed to be used to help Tor-ify applications
that need to use SOCKS4 or hostname-less SOCKS5. There are three
approaches to doing this:
1. Somehow make them use SOCKS4a or SOCKS5-with-hostnames instead.
2. Use tor-resolve (or another interface to Tor's resolve-over-SOCKS
feature) to resolve the hostname remotely. This doesn't work
with special addresses like x.onion or x.y.exit.
3. Use MAPADDRESS to map an IP address to the desired hostname, and then
arrange to fool the application into thinking that the hostname
has resolved to that IP.
This functionality is designed to help implement the 3rd approach.}
Mappings set by the controller last until the Tor process exits:
they never expire. If the controller wants the mapping to last only
a certain time, then it must explicitly un-map the address when that
time has elapsed.
3.9. GETINFO
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is as for GETCONF:
"GETINFO" 1*(SP keyword) CRLF
Unlike GETCONF, this message is used for data that are not stored in the Tor
configuration file, and that may be longer than a single line. On success,
one ReplyLine is sent for each requested value, followed by a final 250 OK
ReplyLine. If a value fits on a single line, the format is:
250-keyword=value
If a value must be split over multiple lines, the format is:
250+keyword=
value
.
The server sends a 551 or 552 error on failure.
Recognized keys and their values include:
"version" -- The version of the server's software, which MAY include the
name of the software, such as "Tor 0.0.9.4". The name of the software,
if absent, is assumed to be "Tor".
"config-file" -- The location of Tor's configuration file ("torrc").
"config-defaults-file" -- The location of Tor's configuration
defaults file ("torrc.defaults"). This file gets parsed before
torrc, and is typically used to replace Tor's default
configuration values. [First implemented in 0.2.3.9-alpha.]
"config-text" -- The contents that Tor would write if you send it
a SAVECONF command, so the controller can write the file to
disk itself. [First implemented in 0.2.2.7-alpha.]
"exit-policy/default" -- The default exit policy lines that Tor will
*append* to the ExitPolicy config option.
"exit-policy/reject-private/default" -- The default exit policy lines
that Tor will *prepend* to the ExitPolicy config option when
ExitPolicyRejectPrivate is 1.
"exit-policy/reject-private/relay" -- The relay-specific exit policy
lines that Tor will *prepend* to the ExitPolicy config option based
on the current values of ExitPolicyRejectPrivate and
ExitPolicyRejectLocalInterfaces. These lines are based on the public
addresses configured in the torrc and present on the relay's
interfaces. Will send 552 error if the server is not running as
onion router. Will send 551 on internal error which may be transient.
"exit-policy/ipv4"
"exit-policy/ipv6"
"exit-policy/full" -- This OR's exit policy, in IPv4-only, IPv6-only, or
all-entries flavors. Handles errors in the same way as "exit-policy/
reject-private/relay" does.
"desc/id/<OR identity>" or "desc/name/<OR nickname>" -- the latest
server descriptor for a given OR. (Note that modern Tor clients
do not download server descriptors by default, but download
microdescriptors instead. If microdescriptors are enabled, you'll
need to use "md" instead.)
"md/all" -- all known microdescriptors for the entire Tor network.
Each microdescriptor is terminated by a newline.
[First implemented in 0.3.5.1-alpha]
"md/id/<OR identity>" or "md/name/<OR nickname>" -- the latest
microdescriptor for a given OR. Empty if we have no microdescriptor for
that OR (because we haven't downloaded one, or it isn't in the
consensus). [First implemented in 0.2.3.8-alpha.]
"desc/download-enabled" -- "1" if we try to download router descriptors;
"0" otherwise. [First implemented in 0.3.2.1-alpha]
"md/download-enabled" -- "1" if we try to download microdescriptors;
"0" otherwise. [First implemented in 0.3.2.1-alpha]
"dormant" -- A nonnegative integer: zero if Tor is currently active and
building circuits, and nonzero if Tor has gone idle due to lack of use
or some similar reason. [First implemented in 0.2.3.16-alpha]
"desc-annotations/id/<OR identity>" -- outputs the annotations string
(source, timestamp of arrival, purpose, etc) for the corresponding
descriptor. [First implemented in 0.2.0.13-alpha.]
"extra-info/digest/<digest>" -- the extrainfo document whose digest (in
hex) is <digest>. Only available if we're downloading extra-info
documents.
"ns/id/<OR identity>" or "ns/name/<OR nickname>" -- the latest router
status info (v3 directory style) for a given OR. Router status
info is as given in dir-spec.txt, and reflects the latest
consensus opinion about the
router in question. Like directory clients, controllers MUST
tolerate unrecognized flags and lines. The published date and
descriptor digest are those believed to be best by this Tor,
not necessarily those for a descriptor that Tor currently has.
[First implemented in 0.1.2.3-alpha.]
[In 0.2.0.9-alpha this switched from v2 directory style to v3]
"ns/all" -- Router status info (v3 directory style) for all ORs we
that the consensus has an opinion about, joined by newlines.
[First implemented in 0.1.2.3-alpha.]
[In 0.2.0.9-alpha this switched from v2 directory style to v3]
"ns/purpose/<purpose>" -- Router status info (v3 directory style)
for all ORs of this purpose. Mostly designed for /ns/purpose/bridge
queries.
[First implemented in 0.2.0.13-alpha.]
[In 0.2.0.9-alpha this switched from v2 directory style to v3]
"desc/all-recent" -- the latest server descriptor for every router that
Tor knows about. (See md note about "desc/id" and "desc/name" above.)
"network-status" -- a space-separated list (v1 directory style)
of all known OR identities. This is in the same format as the
router-status line in v1 directories; see dir-spec-v1.txt section
3 for details. (If VERBOSE_NAMES is enabled, the output will
not conform to dir-spec-v1.txt; instead, the result will be a
space-separated list of LongName, each preceded by a "!" if it is
believed to be not running.) This option is deprecated; use
"ns/all" instead.
"address-mappings/all"
"address-mappings/config"
"address-mappings/cache"
"address-mappings/control" -- a \r\n-separated list of address
mappings, each in the form of "from-address to-address expiry".
The 'config' key returns those address mappings set in the
configuration; the 'cache' key returns the mappings in the
client-side DNS cache; the 'control' key returns the mappings set
via the control interface; the 'all' target returns the mappings
set through any mechanism.
Expiry is formatted as with ADDRMAP events, except that "expiry" is
always a time in UTC or the string "NEVER"; see section 4.1.7.
First introduced in 0.2.0.3-alpha.
"addr-mappings/*" -- as for address-mappings/*, but without the
expiry portion of the value. Use of this value is deprecated
since 0.2.0.3-alpha; use address-mappings instead.
"address" -- the best guess at our external IP address. If we
have no guess, return a 551 error. (Added in 0.1.2.2-alpha)
"fingerprint" -- the contents of the fingerprint file that Tor
writes as a relay, or a 551 if we're not a relay currently.
(Added in 0.1.2.3-alpha)
"circuit-status"
A series of lines as for a circuit status event. Each line is of
the form described in section 4.1.1, omitting the initial
"650 CIRC ". Note that clients must be ready to accept additional
arguments as described in section 4.1.
"stream-status"
A series of lines as for a stream status event. Each is of the form:
StreamID SP StreamStatus SP CircuitID SP Target CRLF
"orconn-status"
A series of lines as for an OR connection status event. In Tor
0.1.2.2-alpha with feature VERBOSE_NAMES enabled and in Tor
0.2.2.1-alpha and later by default, each line is of the form:
LongName SP ORStatus CRLF
In Tor versions 0.1.2.2-alpha through 0.2.2.1-alpha with feature
VERBOSE_NAMES turned off and before version 0.1.2.2-alpha, each line
is of the form:
ServerID SP ORStatus CRLF
"entry-guards"
A series of lines listing the currently chosen entry guards, if any.
In Tor 0.1.2.2-alpha with feature VERBOSE_NAMES enabled and in Tor
0.2.2.1-alpha and later by default, each line is of the form:
LongName SP Status [SP ISOTime] CRLF
In Tor versions 0.1.2.2-alpha through 0.2.2.1-alpha with feature
VERBOSE_NAMES turned off and before version 0.1.2.2-alpha, each line
is of the form:
ServerID2 SP Status [SP ISOTime] CRLF
ServerID2 = Nickname / 40*HEXDIG
The definition of Status is the same for both:
Status = "up" / "never-connected" / "down" /
"unusable" / "unlisted"
[From 0.1.1.4-alpha to 0.1.1.10-alpha, entry-guards was called
"helper-nodes". Tor still supports calling "helper-nodes", but it
is deprecated and should not be used.]
[Older versions of Tor (before 0.1.2.x-final) generated 'down' instead
of unlisted/unusable. Between 0.1.2.x-final and 0.2.6.3-alpha,
'down' was never generated.]
[XXXX ServerID2 differs from ServerID in not prefixing fingerprints
with a $. This is an implementation error. It would be nice to add
the $ back in if we can do so without breaking compatibility.]
"traffic/read" -- Total bytes read (downloaded).
"traffic/written" -- Total bytes written (uploaded).
"uptime" -- Uptime of the Tor daemon (in seconds). Added in
0.3.5.1-alpha.
"accounting/enabled"
"accounting/hibernating"
"accounting/bytes"
"accounting/bytes-left"
"accounting/interval-start"
"accounting/interval-wake"
"accounting/interval-end"
Information about accounting status. If accounting is enabled,
"enabled" is 1; otherwise it is 0. The "hibernating" field is "hard"
if we are accepting no data; "soft" if we're accepting no new
connections, and "awake" if we're not hibernating at all. The "bytes"
and "bytes-left" fields contain (read-bytes SP write-bytes), for the
start and the rest of the interval respectively. The 'interval-start'
and 'interval-end' fields are the borders of the current interval; the
'interval-wake' field is the time within the current interval (if any)
where we plan[ned] to start being active. The times are UTC.
"config/names"
A series of lines listing the available configuration options. Each is
of the form:
OptionName SP OptionType [ SP Documentation ] CRLF
OptionName = Keyword
OptionType = "Integer" / "TimeInterval" / "TimeMsecInterval" /
"DataSize" / "Float" / "Boolean" / "Time" / "CommaList" /
"Dependent" / "Virtual" / "String" / "LineList"
Documentation = Text
Note: The incorrect spelling "Dependant" was used from the time this key
was introduced in Tor 0.1.1.4-alpha until it was corrected in Tor
0.3.0.2-alpha. It is recommended that clients accept both spellings.
"config/defaults"
A series of lines listing default values for each configuration
option. Options which don't have a valid default don't show up
in the list. Introduced in Tor 0.2.4.1-alpha.
OptionName SP OptionValue CRLF
OptionName = Keyword
OptionValue = Text
"info/names"
A series of lines listing the available GETINFO options. Each is of
one of these forms:
OptionName SP Documentation CRLF
OptionPrefix SP Documentation CRLF
OptionPrefix = OptionName "/*"
The OptionPrefix form indicates a number of options beginning with the
prefix. So if "config/*" is listed, other options beginning with
"config/" will work, but "config/*" itself is not an option.
"events/names"
A space-separated list of all the events supported by this version of
Tor's SETEVENTS.
"features/names"
A space-separated list of all the features supported by this version
of Tor's USEFEATURE.
"signal/names"
A space-separated list of all the values supported by the SIGNAL
command.
"ip-to-country/ipv4-available"
"ip-to-country/ipv6-available"
"1" if the relevant geoip or geoip6 database is present; "0" otherwise.
This field was added in Tor 0.3.2.1-alpha.
"ip-to-country/*"
Maps IP addresses to 2-letter country codes. For example,
"GETINFO ip-to-country/18.0.0.1" should give "US".
"process/pid" -- Process id belonging to the main tor process.
"process/uid" -- User id running the tor process, -1 if unknown (this is
unimplemented on Windows, returning -1).
"process/user" -- Username under which the tor process is running,
providing an empty string if none exists (this is unimplemented on
Windows, returning an empty string).
"process/descriptor-limit" -- Upper bound on the file descriptor limit, -1
if unknown
"dir/status-vote/current/consensus" [added in Tor 0.2.1.6-alpha]
"dir/status/authority"
"dir/status/fp/<F>"
"dir/status/fp/<F1>+<F2>+<F3>"
"dir/status/all"
"dir/server/fp/<F>"
"dir/server/fp/<F1>+<F2>+<F3>"
"dir/server/d/<D>"
"dir/server/d/<D1>+<D2>+<D3>"
"dir/server/authority"
"dir/server/all"
A series of lines listing directory contents, provided according to the
specification for the URLs listed in Section 4.4 of dir-spec.txt. Note
that Tor MUST NOT provide private information, such as descriptors for
routers not marked as general-purpose. When asked for 'authority'
information for which this Tor is not authoritative, Tor replies with
an empty string.
Note that, as of Tor 0.2.3.3-alpha, Tor clients don't download server
descriptors anymore, but microdescriptors. So, a "551 Servers
unavailable" reply to all "GETINFO dir/server/*" requests is actually
correct. If you have an old program which absolutely requires server
descriptors to work, try setting UseMicrodescriptors 0 or
FetchUselessDescriptors 1 in your client's torrc.
"status/circuit-established"
"status/enough-dir-info"
"status/good-server-descriptor"
"status/accepted-server-descriptor"
"status/..."
These provide the current internal Tor values for various Tor
states. See Section 4.1.10 for explanations. (Only a few of the
status events are available as getinfo's currently. Let us know if
you want more exposed.)
"status/reachability-succeeded/or"
0 or 1, depending on whether we've found our ORPort reachable.
"status/reachability-succeeded/dir"
0 or 1, depending on whether we've found our DirPort reachable.
1 if there is no DirPort, and therefore no need for a reachability
check.
"status/reachability-succeeded"
"OR=" ("0"/"1") SP "DIR=" ("0"/"1")
Combines status/reachability-succeeded/*; controllers MUST ignore
unrecognized elements in this entry.
"status/bootstrap-phase"
Returns the most recent bootstrap phase status event
sent. Specifically, it returns a string starting with either
"NOTICE BOOTSTRAP ..." or "WARN BOOTSTRAP ...". Controllers should
use this getinfo when they connect or attach to Tor to learn its
current bootstrap state.
"status/version/recommended"
List of currently recommended versions.
"status/version/current"
Status of the current version. One of: new, old, unrecommended,
recommended, new in series, obsolete, unknown.
"status/version/num-concurring"
"status/version/num-versioning"
These options are deprecated; they no longer give useful information.
"status/clients-seen"
A summary of which countries we've seen clients from recently,
formatted the same as the CLIENTS_SEEN status event described in
Section 4.1.14. This GETINFO option is currently available only
for bridge relays.
"status/fresh-relay-descs"
Provides fresh server and extra-info descriptors for our relay. Note
this is *not* the latest descriptors we've published, but rather what we
would generate if we needed to make a new descriptor right now.
"net/listeners/*"
A quoted, space-separated list of the locations where Tor is listening
for connections of the specified type. These can contain IPv4
network address...
"127.0.0.1:9050" "127.0.0.1:9051"
... or local unix sockets...
"unix:/home/my_user/.tor/socket"
... or IPv6 network addresses:
"[2001:0db8:7000:0000:0000:dead:beef:1234]:9050"
[New in Tor 0.2.2.26-beta.]
"net/listeners/or"
Listeners for OR connections. Talks Tor protocol as described in
tor-spec.txt.
"net/listeners/dir"
Listeners for Tor directory protocol, as decribed in dir-spec.txt.
"net/listeners/socks"
Listeners for onion proxy connections that talk SOCKS4/4a/5 protocol.
"net/listeners/trans"
Listeners for transparent connections redirected by firewall, such as
pf or netfilter.
"net/listeners/natd"
Listeners for transparent connections redirected by natd.
"net/listeners/dns"
Listeners for a subset of DNS protocol that Tor network supports.
"net/listeners/control"
Listeners for Tor control protocol, described herein.
"net/listeners/extor"
Listeners corresponding to Extended ORPorts for integration with
pluggable transports. See proposals 180 and 196.
"net/listeners/httptunnel"
Listeners for onion proxy connections that leverage HTTP CONNECT
tunnelling.
[The extor and httptunnel lists were added in 0.3.2.12, 0.3.3.10, and
0.3.4.6-rc.]
"dir-usage"
A newline-separated list of how many bytes we've served to answer
each type of directory request. The format of each line is:
Keyword 1*SP Integer 1*SP Integer
where the first integer is the number of bytes written, and the second
is the number of requests answered.
[This feature was added in Tor 0.2.2.1-alpha, and removed in
Tor 0.2.9.1-alpha. Even when it existed, it only provided
useful output when the Tor client was built with either the
INSTRUMENT_DOWNLOADS or RUNNING_DOXYGEN compile-time options.]
"bw-event-cache"
A space-separated summary of recent BW events in chronological order
from oldest to newest. Each event is represented by a comma-separated
tuple of "R,W", R is the number of bytes read, and W is the number of
bytes written. These entries each represent about one second's worth
of traffic.
[New in Tor 0.2.6.3-alpha]
"consensus/valid-after"
"consensus/fresh-until"
"consensus/valid-until"
Each of these produces an ISOTime describing part of the lifetime of
the current (valid, accepted) consensus that Tor has.
[New in Tor 0.2.6.3-alpha]
"hs/client/desc/id/<ADDR>"
Prints the content of the hidden service descriptor corresponding to
the given <ADDR> which is an onion address without the ".onion" part.
The client's cache is queried to find the descriptor. The format of
the descriptor is described in section 1.3 of the rend-spec.txt
document.
If <ADDR> is unrecognized or if not found in the cache, a 551 error is
returned.
[New in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
"hs/service/desc/id/<ADDR>"
Prints the content of the hidden service descriptor corresponding to
the given <ADDR> which is an onion address without the ".onion" part.
The service's local descriptor cache is queried to find the descriptor.
The format of the descriptor is described in section 1.3 of the
rend-spec.txt document.
If <ADDR> is unrecognized or if not found in the cache, a 551 error is
returned.
[New in Tor 0.2.7.2-alpha]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
"onions/current"
"onions/detached"
A newline-separated list of the Onion ("Hidden") Services created
via the "ADD_ONION" command. The 'current' key returns Onion Services
belonging to the current control connection. The 'detached' key
returns Onion Services detached from the parent control connection
(as in, belonging to no control connection).
The format of each line is:
HSAddress
[New in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha.]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
"network-liveness"
The string "up" or "down", indicating whether we currently believe the
network is reachable.
"downloads/"
The keys under downloads/ are used to query download statuses; they all
return either a sequence of newline-terminated hex encoded digests, or
a "serialized download status" as follows:
SerializedDownloadSatus =
-- when do we plan to next attempt to download this object?
"next-attempt-at" SP ISOTime CRLF
-- how many times have we failed since the last success?
"n-download-failures" SP UInt CRLF
-- how many times have we tried to download this?
"n-download-attempts" SP UInt CRLF
-- according to which schedule rule will we download this?
"schedule" SP DownloadSchedule CRLF
-- do we want to fetch this from an authority, or will any cache do?
"want-authority" SP DownloadWantAuthority CRLF
-- do we increase our download delay whenever we fail to fetch this,
-- or whenever we attempt fetching this?
"increment-on" SP DownloadIncrementOn CRLF
-- do we increase the download schedule deterministically, or at
-- random?
"backoff" SP DownloadBackoff CRLF
[
-- with an exponential backoff, where are we in the schedule?
"last-backoff-position" Uint CRLF
-- with an exponential backoff, what was our last delay?
"last-delay-used UInt CRLF
]
where
DownloadSchedule =
"DL_SCHED_GENERIC" / "DL_SCHED_CONSENSUS" / "DL_SCHED_BRIDGE"
DownloadWantAuthority =
"DL_WANT_ANY_DIRSERVER" / "DL_WANT_AUTHORITY"
DownloadIncrementOn =
"DL_SCHED_INCREMENT_FAILURE" / "DL_SCHED_INCREMENT_ATTEMPT"
DownloadBackoff =
"DL_SCHED_DETERMINISTIC" / "DL_SCHED_RANDOM_EXPONENTIAL"
The optional last two lines must be present if DownloadBackoff is
"DL_SCHED_RANDOM_EXPONENTIAL" and must be absent if DownloadBackoff
is "DL_SCHED_DETERMINISTIC".
In detail, the keys supported are:
"downloads/networkstatus/ns"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the NS-flavored consensus for
whichever bootstrap state Tor is currently in.
"downloads/networkstatus/ns/bootstrap"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the NS-flavored consensus at
bootstrap time, regardless of whether we are currently bootstrapping.
"downloads/networkstatus/ns/running"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the NS-flavored consensus when
running, regardless of whether we are currently bootstrapping.
"downloads/networkstatus/microdesc"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the microdesc-flavored consensus for
whichever bootstrap state Tor is currently in.
"downloads/networkstatus/microdesc/bootstrap"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the microdesc-flavored consensus at
bootstrap time, regardless of whether we are currently bootstrapping.
"downloads/networkstatus/microdesc/running"
The SerializedDownloadStatus for the microdesc-flavored consensus when
running, regardless of whether we are currently bootstrapping.
"downloads/cert/fps"
A newline-separated list of hex-encoded digests for authority
certificates for which we have download status available.
"downloads/cert/fp/<Fingerprint>"
A SerializedDownloadStatus for the default certificate for the
identity digest <Fingerprint> returned by the downloads/cert/fps key.
"downloads/cert/fp/<Fingerprint>/sks"
A newline-separated list of hex-encoded signing key digests for the
authority identity digest <Fingerprint> returned by the
downloads/cert/fps key.
"downloads/cert/fp/<Fingerprint>/<SKDigest>"
A SerializedDownloadStatus for the certificate for the identity
digest <Fingerprint> returned by the downloads/cert/fps key and signing
key digest <SKDigest> returned by the downloads/cert/fp/<Fingerprint>/
sks key.
"downloads/desc/descs"
A newline-separated list of hex-encoded router descriptor digests
[note, not identity digests - the Tor process may not have seen them
yet while downloading router descriptors]. If the Tor process is not
using a NS-flavored consensus, a 551 error is returned.
"downloads/desc/<Digest>"
A SerializedDownloadStatus for the router descriptor with digest
<Digest> as returned by the downloads/desc/descs key. If the Tor
process is not using a NS-flavored consensus, a 551 error is returned.
"downloads/bridge/bridges"
A newline-separated list of hex-encoded bridge identity digests. If
the Tor process is not using bridges, a 551 error is returned.
"downloads/bridge/<Digest>"
A SerializedDownloadStatus for the bridge descriptor with identity
digest <Digest> as returned by the downloads/bridge/bridges key. If
the Tor process is not using bridges, a 551 error is returned.
"sr/current"
"sr/previous"
The current or previous shared random value, as received in the
consensus, base-64 encoded. An empty value means that either
the consensus has no shared random value, or Tor has no consensus.
"current-time/local"
"current-time/utc"
The current system or UTC time, as returned by the system, in ISOTime2
format. (Introduced in 0.3.4.1-alpha.)
"config-can-saveconf"
0 or 1, depending on whether it is possible to use SAVECONF without the
FORCE flag. (Introduced in 0.3.1.1-alpha.)
Examples:
C: GETINFO version desc/name/moria1
S: 250+desc/name/moria=
S: [Descriptor for moria]
S: .
S: 250-version=Tor 0.1.1.0-alpha-cvs
S: 250 OK
3.10. EXTENDCIRCUIT
Sent from the client to the server. The format is:
"EXTENDCIRCUIT" SP CircuitID
[SP ServerSpec *("," ServerSpec)]
[SP "purpose=" Purpose] CRLF
This request takes one of two forms: either the CircuitID is zero, in
which case it is a request for the server to build a new circuit,
or the CircuitID is nonzero, in which case it is a request for the
server to extend an existing circuit with that ID according to the
specified path.
If the CircuitID is 0, the controller has the option of providing
a path for Tor to use to build the circuit. If it does not provide
a path, Tor will select one automatically from high capacity nodes
according to path-spec.txt.
If CircuitID is 0 and "purpose=" is specified, then the circuit's
purpose is set. Two choices are recognized: "general" and
"controller". If not specified, circuits are created as "general".
If the request is successful, the server sends a reply containing a
message body consisting of the CircuitID of the (maybe newly created)
circuit. The syntax is "250" SP "EXTENDED" SP CircuitID CRLF.
3.11. SETCIRCUITPURPOSE
Sent from the client to the server. The format is:
"SETCIRCUITPURPOSE" SP CircuitID SP "purpose=" Purpose CRLF
This changes the circuit's purpose. See EXTENDCIRCUIT above for details.
3.12. SETROUTERPURPOSE
Sent from the client to the server. The format is:
"SETROUTERPURPOSE" SP NicknameOrKey SP Purpose CRLF
This changes the descriptor's purpose. See +POSTDESCRIPTOR below
for details.
NOTE: This command was disabled and made obsolete as of Tor
0.2.0.8-alpha. It doesn't exist anymore, and is listed here only for
historical interest.
3.13. ATTACHSTREAM
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"ATTACHSTREAM" SP StreamID SP CircuitID [SP "HOP=" HopNum] CRLF
This message informs the server that the specified stream should be
associated with the specified circuit. Each stream may be associated with
at most one circuit, and multiple streams may share the same circuit.
Streams can only be attached to completed circuits (that is, circuits that
have sent a circuit status 'BUILT' event or are listed as built in a
GETINFO circuit-status request).
If the circuit ID is 0, responsibility for attaching the given stream is
returned to Tor.
If HOP=HopNum is specified, Tor will choose the HopNumth hop in the
circuit as the exit node, rather than the last node in the circuit.
Hops are 1-indexed; generally, it is not permitted to attach to hop 1.
Tor responds with "250 OK" if it can attach the stream, 552 if the
circuit or stream didn't exist, 555 if the stream isn't in an
appropriate state to be attached (e.g. it's already open), or 551 if
the stream couldn't be attached for another reason.
{Implementation note: Tor will close unattached streams by itself,
roughly two minutes after they are born. Let the developers know if
that turns out to be a problem.}
{Implementation note: By default, Tor automatically attaches streams to
circuits itself, unless the configuration variable
"__LeaveStreamsUnattached" is set to "1". Attempting to attach streams
via TC when "__LeaveStreamsUnattached" is false may cause a race between
Tor and the controller, as both attempt to attach streams to circuits.}
{Implementation note: You can try to attachstream to a stream that
has already sent a connect or resolve request but hasn't succeeded
yet, in which case Tor will detach the stream from its current circuit
before proceeding with the new attach request.}
3.14. POSTDESCRIPTOR
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"+POSTDESCRIPTOR" [SP "purpose=" Purpose] [SP "cache=" Cache]
CRLF Descriptor CRLF "." CRLF
This message informs the server about a new descriptor. If Purpose is
specified, it must be either "general", "controller", or "bridge",
else we return a 552 error. The default is "general".
If Cache is specified, it must be either "no" or "yes", else we
return a 552 error. If Cache is not specified, Tor will decide for
itself whether it wants to cache the descriptor, and controllers
must not rely on its choice.
The descriptor, when parsed, must contain a number of well-specified
fields, including fields for its nickname and identity.
If there is an error in parsing the descriptor, the server must send a
"554 Invalid descriptor" reply. If the descriptor is well-formed but
the server chooses not to add it, it must reply with a 251 message
whose body explains why the server was not added. If the descriptor
is added, Tor replies with "250 OK".
3.15. REDIRECTSTREAM
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"REDIRECTSTREAM" SP StreamID SP Address [SP Port] CRLF
Tells the server to change the exit address on the specified stream. If
Port is specified, changes the destination port as well. No remapping
is performed on the new provided address.
To be sure that the modified address will be used, this event must be sent
after a new stream event is received, and before attaching this stream to
a circuit.
Tor replies with "250 OK" on success.
3.16. CLOSESTREAM
Sent from the client to the server. The syntax is:
"CLOSESTREAM" SP StreamID SP Reason *(SP Flag) CRLF
Tells the server to close the specified stream. The reason should be one
of the Tor RELAY_END reasons given in tor-spec.txt, as a decimal. Flags is
not used currently; Tor servers SHOULD ignore unrecognized flags. Tor may
hold the stream open for a while to flush any data that is pending.
Tor replies with "250 OK" on success, or a 512 if there aren't enough
arguments, or a 552 if it doesn't recognize the StreamID or reason.
3.17. CLOSECIRCUIT
The syntax is:
"CLOSECIRCUIT" SP CircuitID *(SP Flag) CRLF
Flag = "IfUnused"
Tells the server to close the specified circuit. If "IfUnused" is
provided, do not close the circuit unless it is unused.
Other flags may be defined in the future; Tor SHOULD ignore unrecognized
flags.
Tor replies with "250 OK" on success, or a 512 if there aren't enough
arguments, or a 552 if it doesn't recognize the CircuitID.
3.18. QUIT
Tells the server to hang up on this controller connection. This command
can be used before authenticating.
3.19. USEFEATURE
Adding additional features to the control protocol sometimes will break
backwards compatibility. Initially such features are added into Tor and
disabled by default. USEFEATURE can enable these additional features.
The syntax is:
"USEFEATURE" *(SP FeatureName) CRLF
FeatureName = 1*(ALPHA / DIGIT / "_" / "-")
Feature names are case-insensitive.
Once enabled, a feature stays enabled for the duration of the connection
to the controller. A new connection to the controller must be opened to
disable an enabled feature.
Features are a forward-compatibility mechanism; each feature will eventually
become a standard part of the control protocol. Once a feature becomes part
of the protocol, it is always-on. Each feature documents the version it was
introduced as a feature and the version in which it became part of the
protocol.
Tor will ignore a request to use any feature that is always-on. Tor will give
a 552 error in response to an unrecognized feature.
EXTENDED_EVENTS
Same as passing 'EXTENDED' to SETEVENTS; this is the preferred way to
request the extended event syntax.
This feature was first introduced in 0.1.2.3-alpha. It is always-on
and part of the protocol in Tor 0.2.2.1-alpha and later.
VERBOSE_NAMES
Replaces ServerID with LongName in events and GETINFO results. LongName
provides a Fingerprint for all routers, an indication of Named status,
and a Nickname if one is known. LongName is strictly more informative
than ServerID, which only provides either a Fingerprint or a Nickname.
This feature was first introduced in 0.1.2.2-alpha. It is always-on and
part of the protocol in Tor 0.2.2.1-alpha and later.
3.20. RESOLVE
The syntax is
"RESOLVE" *Option *Address CRLF
Option = "mode=reverse"
Address = a hostname or IPv4 address
This command launches a remote hostname lookup request for every specified
request (or reverse lookup if "mode=reverse" is specified). Note that the
request is done in the background: to see the answers, your controller will
need to listen for ADDRMAP events; see 4.1.7 below.
[Added in Tor 0.2.0.3-alpha]
3.21. PROTOCOLINFO
The syntax is:
"PROTOCOLINFO" *(SP PIVERSION) CRLF
The server reply format is:
"250-PROTOCOLINFO" SP PIVERSION CRLF *InfoLine "250 OK" CRLF
InfoLine = AuthLine / VersionLine / OtherLine
AuthLine = "250-AUTH" SP "METHODS=" AuthMethod *("," AuthMethod)
*(SP "COOKIEFILE=" AuthCookieFile) CRLF
VersionLine = "250-VERSION" SP "Tor=" TorVersion OptArguments CRLF
AuthMethod =
"NULL" / ; No authentication is required
"HASHEDPASSWORD" / ; A controller must supply the original password
"COOKIE" / ; ... or supply the contents of a cookie file
"SAFECOOKIE" ; ... or prove knowledge of a cookie file's contents
AuthCookieFile = QuotedString
TorVersion = QuotedString
OtherLine = "250-" Keyword OptArguments CRLF
PIVERSION: 1*DIGIT
This command tells the controller what kinds of authentication are
supported.
Tor MAY give its InfoLines in any order; controllers MUST ignore InfoLines
with keywords they do not recognize. Controllers MUST ignore extraneous
data on any InfoLine.
PIVERSION is there in case we drastically change the syntax one day. For
now it should always be "1". Controllers MAY provide a list of the
protocolinfo versions they support; Tor MAY select a version that the
controller does not support.
AuthMethod is used to specify one or more control authentication
methods that Tor currently accepts.
AuthCookieFile specifies the absolute path and filename of the
authentication cookie that Tor is expecting and is provided iff the
METHODS field contains the method "COOKIE" and/or "SAFECOOKIE".
Controllers MUST handle escape sequences inside this string.
All authentication cookies are 32 bytes long. Controllers MUST NOT
use the contents of a non-32-byte-long file as an authentication
cookie.
If the METHODS field contains the method "SAFECOOKIE", every
AuthCookieFile must contain the same authentication cookie.
The COOKIE authentication method exposes the user running a
controller to an unintended information disclosure attack whenever
the controller has greater filesystem read access than the process
that it has connected to. (Note that a controller may connect to a
process other than Tor.) It is almost never safe to use, even if
the controller's user has explicitly specified which filename to
read an authentication cookie from. For this reason, the COOKIE
authentication method has been deprecated and will be removed from
a future version of Tor.
The VERSION line contains the Tor version.
[Unlike other commands besides AUTHENTICATE, PROTOCOLINFO may be used (but
only once!) before AUTHENTICATE.]
[PROTOCOLINFO was not supported before Tor 0.2.0.5-alpha.]
3.22. LOADCONF
The syntax is:
"+LOADCONF" CRLF ConfigText CRLF "." CRLF
This command allows a controller to upload the text of a config file
to Tor over the control port. This config file is then loaded as if
it had been read from disk.
[LOADCONF was added in Tor 0.2.1.1-alpha.]
3.23. TAKEOWNERSHIP
The syntax is:
"TAKEOWNERSHIP" CRLF
This command instructs Tor to shut down when this control
connection is closed. This command affects each control connection
that sends it independently; if multiple control connections send
the TAKEOWNERSHIP command to a Tor instance, Tor will shut down when
any of those connections closes.
(As of Tor 0.2.5.2-alpha, Tor does not wait a while for circuits to
close when shutting down because of an exiting controller. If you
want to ensure a clean shutdown--and you should!--then send "SIGNAL
SHUTDOWN" and wait for the Tor process to close.)
This command is intended to be used with the
__OwningControllerProcess configuration option. A controller that
starts a Tor process which the user cannot easily control or stop
should 'own' that Tor process:
* When starting Tor, the controller should specify its PID in an
__OwningControllerProcess on Tor's command line. This will
cause Tor to poll for the existence of a process with that PID,
and exit if it does not find such a process. (This is not a
completely reliable way to detect whether the 'owning
controller' is still running, but it should work well enough in
most cases.)
* Once the controller has connected to Tor's control port, it
should send the TAKEOWNERSHIP command along its control
connection. At this point, *both* the TAKEOWNERSHIP command and
the __OwningControllerProcess option are in effect: Tor will
exit when the control connection ends *and* Tor will exit if it
detects that there is no process with the PID specified in the
__OwningControllerProcess option.
* After the controller has sent the TAKEOWNERSHIP command, it
should send "RESETCONF __OwningControllerProcess" along its
control connection. This will cause Tor to stop polling for the
existence of a process with its owning controller's PID; Tor
will still exit when the control connection ends.
[TAKEOWNERSHIP was added in Tor 0.2.2.28-beta.]
3.24. AUTHCHALLENGE
The syntax is:
"AUTHCHALLENGE" SP "SAFECOOKIE"
SP ClientNonce
CRLF
ClientNonce = 2*HEXDIG / QuotedString
This command is used to begin the authentication routine for the
SAFECOOKIE method of authentication.
If the server accepts the command, the server reply format is:
"250 AUTHCHALLENGE"
SP "SERVERHASH=" ServerHash
SP "SERVERNONCE=" ServerNonce
CRLF
ServerHash = 64*64HEXDIG
ServerNonce = 64*64HEXDIG
The ClientNonce, ServerHash, and ServerNonce values are
encoded/decoded in the same way as the argument passed to the
AUTHENTICATE command. ServerNonce MUST be 32 bytes long.
ServerHash is computed as:
HMAC-SHA256("Tor safe cookie authentication server-to-controller hash",
CookieString | ClientNonce | ServerNonce)
(with the HMAC key as its first argument)
After a controller sends a successful AUTHCHALLENGE command, the
next command sent on the connection must be an AUTHENTICATE command,
and the only authentication string which that AUTHENTICATE command
will accept is:
HMAC-SHA256("Tor safe cookie authentication controller-to-server hash",
CookieString | ClientNonce | ServerNonce)
[Unlike other commands besides AUTHENTICATE, AUTHCHALLENGE may be
used (but only once!) before AUTHENTICATE.]
[AUTHCHALLENGE was added in Tor 0.2.3.13-alpha.]
3.25. DROPGUARDS
The syntax is:
"DROPGUARDS" CRLF
Tells the server to drop all guard nodes. Do not invoke this command
lightly; it can increase vulnerability to tracking attacks over time.
Tor replies with "250 OK" on success.
[DROPGUARDS was added in Tor 0.2.5.2-alpha.]
3.26. HSFETCH
The syntax is:
"HSFETCH" SP (HSAddress / "v" Version "-" DescId)
*[SP "SERVER=" Server] CRLF
HSAddress = 16*Base32Character
Version = "2"
DescId = 32*Base32Character
Server = LongName
This command launches hidden service descriptor fetch(es) for the given
HSAddress or DescId.
If a DescId is specified, at least one Server MUST also be provided,
otherwise a 512 error is returned. If no DescId and Server(s) are specified,
it behaves like a normal Tor client descriptor fetch. If one or more
Server are given, they are used instead triggering a fetch on each of them
in parallel.
The caching behavior when fetching a descriptor using this command is
identical to normal Tor client behavior.
Details on how to compute a descriptor id (DescId) can be found in
rend-spec.txt section 1.3.
If any values are unrecognized, a 513 error is returned and the command is
stopped. On success, Tor replies "250 OK" then Tor MUST eventually follow
this with both a HS_DESC and HS_DESC_CONTENT events with the results. If
SERVER is specified then events are emitted for each location.
Examples are:
C: HSFETCH v2-gezdgnbvgy3tqolbmjrwizlgm5ugs2tl
SERVER=9695DFC35FFEB861329B9F1AB04C46397020CE31
S: 250 OK
C: HSFETCH ajkhdsfuygaesfaa
S: 250 OK
[HSFETCH was added in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha]
3.27. ADD_ONION
The syntax is:
"ADD_ONION" SP KeyType ":" KeyBlob
[SP "Flags=" Flag *("," Flag)]
[SP "MaxStreams=" NumStreams]
1*(SP "Port=" VirtPort ["," Target])
*(SP "ClientAuth=" ClientName [":" ClientBlob]) CRLF
KeyType =
"NEW" / ; The server should generate a key of algorithm KeyBlob
"RSA1024" / ; The server should use the 1024 bit RSA key provided
in as KeyBlob
"ED25519-V3"; The server should use the ed25519 v3 key provided in as
KeyBlob
KeyBlob =
"BEST" / ; The server should generate a key using the "best"
supported algorithm (KeyType == "NEW")
"RSA1024" / ; The server should generate a 1024 bit RSA key
(KeyType == "NEW")
"ED25519-V3"; The server should generate an ed25519 private key
(KeyType == "NEW")
String ; A serialized private key (without whitespace)
Flag =
"DiscardPK" / ; The server should not include the newly generated
private key as part of the response.
"Detach" / ; Do not associate the newly created Onion Service
to the current control connection.
"BasicAuth" / ; Client authorization is required using the "basic"
method.
"NonAnonymous" /; Add a non-anonymous Single Onion Service. Tor
checks this flag matches its configured hidden
service anonymity mode.
"MaxStreamsCloseCircuit"; Close the circuit is the maximum streams
allowed is reached.
NumStreams = A value between 0 and 65535 which is used as the maximum
streams that can be attached on a rendezvous circuit. Setting
it to 0 means unlimited which is also the default behavior.
VirtPort = The virtual TCP Port for the Onion Service (As in the
HiddenServicePort "VIRTPORT" argument).
Target = The (optional) target for the given VirtPort (As in the
optional HiddenServicePort "TARGET" argument).
ClientName = An identifier 1 to 16 characters long, using only
characters in A-Za-z0-9+-_ (no spaces).
ClientBlob = Authorization data for the client, in an opaque format
specific to the authorization method.
The server reply format is:
"250-ServiceID=" ServiceID CRLF
["250-PrivateKey=" KeyType ":" KeyBlob CRLF]
*("250-ClientAuth=" ClientName ":" ClientBlob CRLF)
"250 OK" CRLF
ServiceID = The Onion Service address without the trailing ".onion"
suffix
Tells the server to create a new Onion ("Hidden") Service, with the
specified private key and algorithm. If a KeyType of "NEW" is selected,
the server will generate a new keypair using the selected algorithm.
The "Port" argument's VirtPort and Target values have identical
semantics to the corresponding HiddenServicePort configuration values.
The server response will only include a private key if the server was
requested to generate a new keypair, and also the "DiscardPK" flag was
not specified. (Note that if "DiscardPK" flag is specified, there is no
way to recreate the generated keypair and the corresponding Onion
Service at a later date).
If client authorization is enabled using the "BasicAuth" flag, the
service will not be accessible to clients without valid authorization
data (configured with the "HidServAuth" option). The list of authorized
clients is specified with one or more "ClientAuth" parameters. If
"ClientBlob" is not specified for a client, a new credential will be
randomly generated and returned.
Tor instances can either be in anonymous hidden service mode, or
non-anonymous single onion service mode. All hidden services on the same
tor instance have the same anonymity. To guard against unexpected loss
of anonymity, Tor checks that the ADD_ONION "NonAnonymous" flag matches
the current hidden service anonymity mode. The hidden service anonymity
mode is configured using the Tor options HiddenServiceSingleHopMode and
HiddenServiceNonAnonymousMode. If both these options are 1, the
"NonAnonymous" flag must be provided to ADD_ONION. If both these options
are 0 (the Tor default), the flag must NOT be provided.
Once created the new Onion Service will remain active until either the
Onion Service is removed via "DEL_ONION", the server terminates, or the
control connection that originated the "ADD_ONION" command is closed.
It is possible to override disabling the Onion Service on control
connection close by specifying the "Detach" flag.
It is the Onion Service server application's responsibility to close
existing client connections if desired after the Onion Service is
removed.
(The KeyBlob format is left intentionally opaque, however for "RSA1024"
keys it is currently the Base64 encoded DER representation of a PKCS#1
RSAPrivateKey, with all newlines removed. For a "ED25519-V3" key is
the Base64 encoding of the concatenation of the 32-byte ed25519 secret
scalar in little-endian and the 32-byte ed25519 PRF secret.)
[Note: The ED25519-V3 format is not the same as, e.g., SUPERCOP
ed25519/ref, which stores the concatenation of the 32-byte ed25519
hash seed concatenated with the 32-byte public key, and which derives
the secret scalar and PRF secret by expanding the hash seed with
SHA-512. Our key blinding scheme is incompatible with storing
private keys as seeds, so we store the secret scalar alongside the
PRF secret, and just pay the cost of recomputing the public key when
importing an ED25519-V3 key.]
(The "NEW:BEST" option obeys the HiddenServiceVersion torrc option default
value. Currently it is 2.)
Examples:
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK Port=80
S: 250-ServiceID=exampleonion1234
S: 250 OK
C: ADD_ONION RSA1024:[Blob Redacted] Port=80,192.168.1.1:8080
S: 250-ServiceID=sampleonion12456
S: 250 OK
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Port=22 Port=80,8080
S: 250-ServiceID=testonion1234567
S: 250-PrivateKey=RSA1024:[Blob Redacted]
S: 250 OK
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK,BasicAuth Port=22
ClientAuth=alice:[Blob Redacted] ClientAuth=bob
S: 250-ServiceID=testonion1234567
S: 250-ClientAuth=bob:[Blob Redacted]
S: 250 OK
Examples with Tor in anonymous onion service mode:
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK Port=22
S: 250-ServiceID=testonion1234567
S: 250 OK
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK,NonAnonymous Port=22
S: 512 Tor is in anonymous hidden service mode
Examples with Tor in non-anonymous onion service mode:
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK Port=22
S: 512 Tor is in non-anonymous hidden service mode
C: ADD_ONION NEW:BEST Flags=DiscardPK,NonAnonymous Port=22
S: 250-ServiceID=testonion1234567
S: 250 OK
[ADD_ONION was added in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha.]
[ClientAuth was added in Tor 0.2.9.1-alpha.]
[NonAnonymous was added in Tor 0.2.9.3-alpha.]
[MaxStreams and MaxStreamsCloseCircuit were added in Tor 0.2.7.2-alpha]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
3.28. DEL_ONION
The syntax is:
"DEL_ONION" SP ServiceID CRLF
ServiceID = The Onion Service address without the trailing ".onion"
suffix
Tells the server to remove an Onion ("Hidden") Service, that was
previously created via an "ADD_ONION" command. It is only possible to
remove Onion Services that were created on the same control connection
as the "DEL_ONION" command, and those that belong to no control
connection in particular (The "Detach" flag was specified at creation).
If the ServiceID is invalid, or is neither owned by the current control
connection nor a detached Onion Service, the server will return a 552.
It is the Onion Service server application's responsibility to close
existing client connections if desired after the Onion Service has been
removed via "DEL_ONION".
Tor replies with "250 OK" on success, or a 512 if there are an invalid
number of arguments, or a 552 if it doesn't recognize the ServiceID.
[DEL_ONION was added in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha.]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
3.29. HSPOST
The syntax is:
"+HSPOST" *[SP "SERVER=" Server] [SP "HSADDRESS=" HSAddress]
CRLF Descriptor CRLF "." CRLF
Server = LongName
HSAddress = 56*Base32Character
Descriptor = The text of the descriptor formatted as specified
in rend-spec.txt section 1.3.
The "HSAddress" key is optional and only applies for v3 descriptors. A 513
error is returned if used with v2.
This command launches a hidden service descriptor upload to the specified
HSDirs. If one or more Server arguments are provided, an upload is triggered
on each of them in parallel. If no Server options are provided, it behaves
like a normal HS descriptor upload and will upload to the set of responsible
HS directories.
If any value is unrecognized, a 552 error is returned and the command is
stopped. If there is an error in parsing the descriptor, the server
must send a "554 Invalid descriptor" reply.
On success, Tor replies "250 OK" then Tor MUST eventually follow
this with a HS_DESC event with the result for each upload location.
Examples are:
C: +HSPOST SERVER=9695DFC35FFEB861329B9F1AB04C46397020CE31
[DESCRIPTOR]
.
S: 250 OK
[HSPOST was added in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha]
4. Replies
Reply codes follow the same 3-character format as used by SMTP, with the
first character defining a status, the second character defining a
subsystem, and the third designating fine-grained information.
The TC protocol currently uses the following first characters:
2yz Positive Completion Reply
The command was successful; a new request can be started.
4yz Temporary Negative Completion reply
The command was unsuccessful but might be reattempted later.
5yz Permanent Negative Completion Reply
The command was unsuccessful; the client should not try exactly
that sequence of commands again.
6yz Asynchronous Reply
Sent out-of-order in response to an earlier SETEVENTS command.
The following second characters are used:
x0z Syntax
Sent in response to ill-formed or nonsensical commands.
x1z Protocol
Refers to operations of the Tor Control protocol.
x5z Tor
Refers to actual operations of Tor system.
The following codes are defined:
250 OK
251 Operation was unnecessary
[Tor has declined to perform the operation, but no harm was done.]
451 Resource exhausted
500 Syntax error: protocol
510 Unrecognized command
511 Unimplemented command
512 Syntax error in command argument
513 Unrecognized command argument
514 Authentication required
515 Bad authentication
550 Unspecified Tor error
551 Internal error
[Something went wrong inside Tor, so that the client's
request couldn't be fulfilled.]
552 Unrecognized entity
[A configuration key, a stream ID, circuit ID, event,
mentioned in the command did not actually exist.]
553 Invalid configuration value
[The client tried to set a configuration option to an
incorrect, ill-formed, or impossible value.]
554 Invalid descriptor
555 Unmanaged entity
650 Asynchronous event notification
Unless specified to have specific contents, the human-readable messages
in error replies should not be relied upon to match those in this document.
4.1. Asynchronous events
These replies can be sent after a corresponding SETEVENTS command has been
received. They will not be interleaved with other Reply elements, but they
can appear between a command and its corresponding reply. For example,
this sequence is possible:
C: SETEVENTS CIRC
S: 250 OK
C: GETCONF SOCKSPORT ORPORT
S: 650 CIRC 1000 EXTENDED moria1,moria2
S: 250-SOCKSPORT=9050
S: 250 ORPORT=0
But this sequence is disallowed:
C: SETEVENTS CIRC
S: 250 OK
C: GETCONF SOCKSPORT ORPORT
S: 250-SOCKSPORT=9050
S: 650 CIRC 1000 EXTENDED moria1,moria2
S: 250 ORPORT=0
Clients MUST tolerate more arguments in an asynchronous reply than
expected, and MUST tolerate more lines in an asynchronous reply than
expected. For instance, a client that expects a CIRC message like:
650 CIRC 1000 EXTENDED moria1,moria2
must tolerate:
650-CIRC 1000 EXTENDED moria1,moria2 0xBEEF
650-EXTRAMAGIC=99
650 ANONYMITY=high
If clients receives extended events (selected by USEFEATUERE
EXTENDED_EVENTS in Tor 0.1.2.2-alpha..Tor-0.2.1.x, and always-on in
Tor 0.2.2.x and later), then each event line as specified below may be
followed by additional arguments and additional lines. Additional
lines will be of the form:
"650" ("-"/" ") KEYWORD ["=" ARGUMENTS] CRLF
Additional arguments will be of the form
SP KEYWORD ["=" ( QuotedString / * NonSpDquote ) ]
Clients MUST tolerate events with arguments and keywords they do not
recognize, and SHOULD process those events as if any unrecognized
arguments and keywords were not present.
Clients SHOULD NOT depend on the order of keyword=value arguments,
and SHOULD NOT depend on there being no new keyword=value arguments
appearing between existing keyword=value arguments, though as of this
writing (Jun 2011) some do. Thus, extensions to this protocol should
add new keywords only after the existing keywords, until all
controllers have been fixed. At some point this "SHOULD NOT" might
become a "MUST NOT".
4.1.1. Circuit status changed
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CIRC" SP CircuitID SP CircStatus [SP Path]
[SP "BUILD_FLAGS=" BuildFlags] [SP "PURPOSE=" Purpose]
[SP "HS_STATE=" HSState] [SP "REND_QUERY=" HSAddress]
[SP "TIME_CREATED=" TimeCreated]
[SP "REASON=" Reason [SP "REMOTE_REASON=" Reason]]
[SP "SOCKS_USERNAME=" EscapedUsername]
[SP "SOCKS_PASSWORD=" EscapedPassword]
CRLF
CircStatus =
"LAUNCHED" / ; circuit ID assigned to new circuit
"BUILT" / ; all hops finished, can now accept streams
"GUARD_WAIT" / ; all hops finished, waiting to see if a
; circuit with a better guard will be usable.
"EXTENDED" / ; one more hop has been completed
"FAILED" / ; circuit closed (was not built)
"CLOSED" ; circuit closed (was built)
Path = LongName *("," LongName)
; In Tor versions 0.1.2.2-alpha through 0.2.2.1-alpha with feature
; VERBOSE_NAMES turned off and before version 0.1.2.2-alpha, Path
; is as follows:
; Path = ServerID *("," ServerID)
BuildFlags = BuildFlag *("," BuildFlag)
BuildFlag = "ONEHOP_TUNNEL" / "IS_INTERNAL" /
"NEED_CAPACITY" / "NEED_UPTIME"
Purpose = "GENERAL" / "HS_CLIENT_INTRO" / "HS_CLIENT_REND" /
"HS_SERVICE_INTRO" / "HS_SERVICE_REND" / "TESTING" /
"CONTROLLER" / "MEASURE_TIMEOUT"
HSState = "HSCI_CONNECTING" / "HSCI_INTRO_SENT" / "HSCI_DONE" /
"HSCR_CONNECTING" / "HSCR_ESTABLISHED_IDLE" /
"HSCR_ESTABLISHED_WAITING" / "HSCR_JOINED" /
"HSSI_CONNECTING" / "HSSI_ESTABLISHED" /
"HSSR_CONNECTING" / "HSSR_JOINED"
EscapedUsername = QuotedString
EscapedPassword = QuotedString
HSAddress = 16*Base32Character / 56*Base32Character
Base32Character = ALPHA / "2" / "3" / "4" / "5" / "6" / "7"
TimeCreated = ISOTime2Frac
Seconds = 1*DIGIT
Microseconds = 1*DIGIT
Reason = "NONE" / "TORPROTOCOL" / "INTERNAL" / "REQUESTED" /
"HIBERNATING" / "RESOURCELIMIT" / "CONNECTFAILED" /
"OR_IDENTITY" / "OR_CONN_CLOSED" / "TIMEOUT" /
"FINISHED" / "DESTROYED" / "NOPATH" / "NOSUCHSERVICE" /
"MEASUREMENT_EXPIRED"
The path is provided only when the circuit has been extended at least one
hop.
The "BUILD_FLAGS" field is provided only in versions 0.2.3.11-alpha
and later. Clients MUST accept build flags not listed above.
Build flags are defined as follows:
ONEHOP_TUNNEL (one-hop circuit, used for tunneled directory conns)
IS_INTERNAL (internal circuit, not to be used for exiting streams)
NEED_CAPACITY (this circuit must use only high-capacity nodes)
NEED_UPTIME (this circuit must use only high-uptime nodes)
The "PURPOSE" field is provided only in versions 0.2.1.6-alpha and
later, and only if extended events are enabled (see 3.19). Clients
MUST accept purposes not listed above. Purposes are defined as
follows:
GENERAL (circuit for AP and/or directory request streams)
HS_CLIENT_INTRO (HS client-side introduction-point circuit)
HS_CLIENT_REND (HS client-side rendezvous circuit; carries AP streams)
HS_SERVICE_INTRO (HS service-side introduction-point circuit)
HS_SERVICE_REND (HS service-side rendezvous circuit)
TESTING (reachability-testing circuit; carries no traffic)
CONTROLLER (circuit built by a controller)
MEASURE_TIMEOUT (circuit being kept around to see how long it takes)
The "HS_STATE" field is provided only for hidden-service circuits,
and only in versions 0.2.3.11-alpha and later. Clients MUST accept
hidden-service circuit states not listed above. Hidden-service
circuit states are defined as follows:
HSCI_* (client-side introduction-point circuit states)
HSCI_CONNECTING (connecting to intro point)
HSCI_INTRO_SENT (sent INTRODUCE1; waiting for reply from IP)
HSCI_DONE (received reply from IP relay; closing)
HSCR_* (client-side rendezvous-point circuit states)
HSCR_CONNECTING (connecting to or waiting for reply from RP)
HSCR_ESTABLISHED_IDLE (established RP; waiting for introduction)
HSCR_ESTABLISHED_WAITING (introduction sent to HS; waiting for rend)
HSCR_JOINED (connected to HS)
HSSI_* (service-side introduction-point circuit states)
HSSI_CONNECTING (connecting to intro point)
HSSI_ESTABLISHED (established intro point)
HSSR_* (service-side rendezvous-point circuit states)
HSSR_CONNECTING (connecting to client's rend point)
HSSR_JOINED (connected to client's RP circuit)
The "SOCKS_USERNAME" and "SOCKS_PASSWORD" fields indicate the credentials
that were used by a SOCKS client to connect to Tor's SOCKS port and
initiate this circuit. (Streams for SOCKS clients connected with different
usernames and/or passwords are isolated on separate circuits if the
IsolateSOCKSAuth flag is active; see Proposal 171.)
The "REND_QUERY" field is provided only for hidden-service-related
circuits, and only in versions 0.2.3.11-alpha and later. Clients
MUST accept hidden service addresses in formats other than that
specified above.
The "TIME_CREATED" field is provided only in versions 0.2.3.11-alpha and
later. TIME_CREATED is the time at which the circuit was created or
cannibalized.
The "REASON" field is provided only for FAILED and CLOSED events, and only
if extended events are enabled (see 3.19). Clients MUST accept reasons
not listed above. Reasons are as given in tor-spec.txt, except for:
NOPATH (Not enough nodes to make circuit)
MEASUREMENT_EXPIRED (As "TIMEOUT", except that we had left the circuit
open for measurement purposes to see how long it
would take to finish.)
The "REMOTE_REASON" field is provided only when we receive a DESTROY or
TRUNCATE cell, and only if extended events are enabled. It contains the
actual reason given by the remote OR for closing the circuit. Clients MUST
accept reasons not listed above. Reasons are as listed in tor-spec.txt.
4.1.2. Stream status changed
The syntax is:
"650" SP "STREAM" SP StreamID SP StreamStatus SP CircuitID SP Target
[SP "REASON=" Reason [ SP "REMOTE_REASON=" Reason ]]
[SP "SOURCE=" Source] [ SP "SOURCE_ADDR=" Address ":" Port ]
[SP "PURPOSE=" Purpose]
CRLF
StreamStatus =
"NEW" / ; New request to connect
"NEWRESOLVE" / ; New request to resolve an address
"REMAP" / ; Address re-mapped to another
"SENTCONNECT" / ; Sent a connect cell along a circuit
"SENTRESOLVE" / ; Sent a resolve cell along a circuit
"SUCCEEDED" / ; Received a reply; stream established
"FAILED" / ; Stream failed and not retriable
"CLOSED" / ; Stream closed
"DETACHED" ; Detached from circuit; still retriable
Target = TargetAddress ":" Port
Port = an integer from 0 to 65535 inclusive
TargetAddress = Address / "(Tor_internal)"
The circuit ID designates which circuit this stream is attached to. If
the stream is unattached, the circuit ID "0" is given. The target
indicates the address which the stream is meant to resolve or connect to;
it can be "(Tor_internal)" for a virtual stream created by the Tor program
to talk to itself.
Reason = "MISC" / "RESOLVEFAILED" / "CONNECTREFUSED" /
"EXITPOLICY" / "DESTROY" / "DONE" / "TIMEOUT" /
"NOROUTE" / "HIBERNATING" / "INTERNAL"/ "RESOURCELIMIT" /
"CONNRESET" / "TORPROTOCOL" / "NOTDIRECTORY" / "END" /
"PRIVATE_ADDR"
The "REASON" field is provided only for FAILED, CLOSED, and DETACHED
events, and only if extended events are enabled (see 3.19). Clients MUST
accept reasons not listed above. Reasons are as given in tor-spec.txt,
except for:
END (We received a RELAY_END cell from the other side of this
stream.)
PRIVATE_ADDR (The client tried to connect to a private address like
127.0.0.1 or 10.0.0.1 over Tor.)
[XXXX document more. -NM]
The "REMOTE_REASON" field is provided only when we receive a RELAY_END
cell, and only if extended events are enabled. It contains the actual
reason given by the remote OR for closing the stream. Clients MUST accept
reasons not listed above. Reasons are as listed in tor-spec.txt.
"REMAP" events include a Source if extended events are enabled:
Source = "CACHE" / "EXIT"
Clients MUST accept sources not listed above. "CACHE" is given if
the Tor client decided to remap the address because of a cached
answer, and "EXIT" is given if the remote node we queried gave us
the new address as a response.
The "SOURCE_ADDR" field is included with NEW and NEWRESOLVE events if
extended events are enabled. It indicates the address and port
that requested the connection, and can be (e.g.) used to look up the
requesting program.
Purpose = "DIR_FETCH" / "DIR_UPLOAD" / "DNS_REQUEST" /
"USER" / "DIRPORT_TEST"
The "PURPOSE" field is provided only for NEW and NEWRESOLVE events, and
only if extended events are enabled (see 3.19). Clients MUST accept
purposes not listed above. The purposes above are defined as:
"DIR_FETCH" -- This stream is generated internally to Tor for
fetching directory information.
"DIR_UPLOAD" -- An internal stream for uploading information to
a directory authority.
"DIRPORT_TEST" -- A stream we're using to test our own directory
port to make sure it's reachable.
"DNS_REQUEST" -- A user-initiated DNS request.
"USER" -- This stream is handling user traffic, OR it's internal
to Tor, but it doesn't match one of the purposes above.
4.1.3. OR Connection status changed
The syntax is:
"650" SP "ORCONN" SP (LongName / Target) SP ORStatus [ SP "REASON="
Reason ] [ SP "NCIRCS=" NumCircuits ] [ SP "ID=" ConnID ] CRLF
ORStatus = "NEW" / "LAUNCHED" / "CONNECTED" / "FAILED" / "CLOSED"
; In Tor versions 0.1.2.2-alpha through 0.2.2.1-alpha with feature
; VERBOSE_NAMES turned off and before version 0.1.2.2-alpha, OR
; Connection is as follows:
"650" SP "ORCONN" SP (ServerID / Target) SP ORStatus [ SP "REASON="
Reason ] [ SP "NCIRCS=" NumCircuits ] CRLF
NEW is for incoming connections, and LAUNCHED is for outgoing
connections. CONNECTED means the TLS handshake has finished (in
either direction). FAILED means a connection is being closed that
hasn't finished its handshake, and CLOSED is for connections that
have handshaked.
A LongName or ServerID is specified unless it's a NEW connection, in
which case we don't know what server it is yet, so we use Address:Port.
If extended events are enabled (see 3.19), optional reason and
circuit counting information is provided for CLOSED and FAILED
events.
Reason = "MISC" / "DONE" / "CONNECTREFUSED" /
"IDENTITY" / "CONNECTRESET" / "TIMEOUT" / "NOROUTE" /
"IOERROR" / "RESOURCELIMIT" / "PT_MISSING"
NumCircuits counts both established and pending circuits.
The ORStatus values are as follows:
NEW -- We have received a new incoming OR connection, and are starting
the server-side handshake.
LAUNCHED -- We have launched a new outgoing OR connection, and are
starting the client-side handshake.
CONNECTED -- The OR connection has been connected and the handshake is
done.
FAILED -- Our attempt to open the OR connection failed.
CLOSED -- The OR connection closed in an unremarkable way.
The Reason values for closed/failed OR connections are:
DONE -- The OR connection has shut down cleanly.
CONNECTREFUSED -- We got an ECONNREFUSED while connecting to the target
OR.
IDENTITY -- We connected to the OR, but found that its identity was
not what we expected.
CONNECTRESET -- We got an ECONNRESET or similar IO error from the
connection with the OR.
TIMEOUT -- We got an ETIMEOUT or similar IO error from the connection
with the OR, or we're closing the connection for being idle for too
long.
NOROUTE -- We got an ENOTCONN, ENETUNREACH, ENETDOWN, EHOSTUNREACH, or
similar error while connecting to the OR.
IOERROR -- We got some other IO error on our connection to the OR.
RESOURCELIMIT -- We don't have enough operating system resources (file
descriptors, buffers, etc) to connect to the OR.
PT_MISSING -- No pluggable transport was available.
MISC -- The OR connection closed for some other reason.
[First added ID parameter in 0.2.5.2-alpha]
4.1.4. Bandwidth used in the last second
The syntax is:
"650" SP "BW" SP BytesRead SP BytesWritten *(SP Type "=" Num) CRLF
BytesRead = 1*DIGIT
BytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
Type = "DIR" / "OR" / "EXIT" / "APP" / ...
Num = 1*DIGIT
BytesRead and BytesWritten are the totals. [In a future Tor version,
we may also include a breakdown of the connection types that used
bandwidth this second (not implemented yet).]
4.1.5. Log messages
The syntax is:
"650" SP Severity SP ReplyText CRLF
or
"650+" Severity CRLF Data 650 SP "OK" CRLF
Severity = "DEBUG" / "INFO" / "NOTICE" / "WARN"/ "ERR"
4.1.6. New descriptors available
This event is generated when new router descriptors (not microdescs or
extrainfos or anything else) are received.
Syntax:
"650" SP "NEWDESC" 1*(SP LongName) CRLF
; In Tor versions 0.1.2.2-alpha through 0.2.2.1-alpha with feature
; VERBOSE_NAMES turned off and before version 0.1.2.2-alpha, it
; is as follows:
"650" SP "NEWDESC" 1*(SP ServerID) CRLF
4.1.7. New Address mapping
These events are generated when a new address mapping is entered in
Tor's address map cache, or when the answer for a RESOLVE command is
found. Entries can be created by a successful or failed DNS lookup,
a successful or failed connection attempt, a RESOLVE command,
a MAPADDRESS command, the AutomapHostsOnResolve feature, or the
TrackHostExits feature.
Syntax:
"650" SP "ADDRMAP" SP Address SP NewAddress SP Expiry
[SP "error=" ErrorCode] [SP "EXPIRES=" UTCExpiry] [SP "CACHED=" Cached]
CRLF
NewAddress = Address / "<error>"
Expiry = DQUOTE ISOTime DQUOTE / "NEVER"
ErrorCode = "yes" / "internal" / "Unable to launch resolve request"
UTCExpiry = DQUOTE IsoTime DQUOTE
Cached = DQUOTE "YES" DQUOTE / DQUOTE "NO" DQUOTE
Error and UTCExpiry are only provided if extended events are enabled.
The values for Error are mostly useless. Future values will be
chosen to match 1*(ALNUM / "_"); the "Unable to launch resolve request"
value is a bug in Tor before 0.2.4.7-alpha.
Expiry is expressed as the local time (rather than UTC). This is a bug,
left in for backward compatibility; new code should look at UTCExpiry
instead. (If Expiry is "NEVER", UTCExpiry is omitted.)
Cached indicates whether the mapping will be stored until it expires, or if
it is just a notification in response to a RESOLVE command.
4.1.8. Descriptors uploaded to us in our role as authoritative dirserver
[NOTE: This feature was removed in Tor 0.3.2.1-alpha.]
Tor generates this event when it's an directory authority, and
somebody has just uploaded a server descriptor.
Syntax:
"650" "+" "AUTHDIR_NEWDESCS" CRLF Action CRLF Message CRLF
Descriptor CRLF "." CRLF "650" SP "OK" CRLF
Action = "ACCEPTED" / "DROPPED" / "REJECTED"
Message = Text
The Descriptor field is the text of the server descriptor; the Action
field is "ACCEPTED" if we're accepting the descriptor as the new
best valid descriptor for its router, "REJECTED" if we aren't taking
the descriptor and we're complaining to the uploading relay about
it, and "DROPPED" if we decide to drop the descriptor without
complaining. The Message field is a human-readable string
explaining why we chose the Action. (It doesn't contain newlines.)
4.1.9. Our descriptor changed
Syntax:
"650" SP "DESCCHANGED" CRLF
[First added in 0.1.2.2-alpha.]
4.1.10. Status events
Status events (STATUS_GENERAL, STATUS_CLIENT, and STATUS_SERVER) are sent
based on occurrences in the Tor process pertaining to the general state of
the program. Generally, they correspond to log messages of severity Notice
or higher. They differ from log messages in that their format is a
specified interface.
Syntax:
"650" SP StatusType SP StatusSeverity SP StatusAction
[SP StatusArguments] CRLF
StatusType = "STATUS_GENERAL" / "STATUS_CLIENT" / "STATUS_SERVER"
StatusSeverity = "NOTICE" / "WARN" / "ERR"
StatusAction = 1*ALPHA
StatusArguments = StatusArgument *(SP StatusArgument)
StatusArgument = StatusKeyword '=' StatusValue
StatusKeyword = 1*(ALNUM / "_")
StatusValue = 1*(ALNUM / '_') / QuotedString
StatusAction is a string, and StatusArguments is a series of
keyword=value pairs on the same line. Values may be space-terminated
strings, or quoted strings.
These events are always produced with EXTENDED_EVENTS and
VERBOSE_NAMES; see the explanations in the USEFEATURE section
for details.
Controllers MUST tolerate unrecognized actions, MUST tolerate
unrecognized arguments, MUST tolerate missing arguments, and MUST
tolerate arguments that arrive in any order.
Each event description below is accompanied by a recommendation for
controllers. These recommendations are suggestions only; no controller
is required to implement them.
Compatibility note: versions of Tor before 0.2.0.22-rc incorrectly
generated "STATUS_SERVER" as "STATUS_SEVER". To be compatible with those
versions, tools should accept both.
Actions for STATUS_GENERAL events can be as follows:
CLOCK_JUMPED
"TIME=NUM"
Tor spent enough time without CPU cycles that it has closed all
its circuits and will establish them anew. This typically
happens when a laptop goes to sleep and then wakes up again. It
also happens when the system is swapping so heavily that Tor is
starving. The "time" argument specifies the number of seconds Tor
thinks it was unconscious for (or alternatively, the number of
seconds it went back in time).
This status event is sent as NOTICE severity normally, but WARN
severity if Tor is acting as a server currently.
{Recommendation for controller: ignore it, since we don't really
know what the user should do anyway. Hm.}
DANGEROUS_VERSION
"CURRENT=version"
"REASON=NEW/OBSOLETE/UNRECOMMENDED"
"RECOMMENDED=\"version, version, ...\""
Tor has found that directory servers don't recommend its version of
the Tor software. RECOMMENDED is a comma-and-space-separated string
of Tor versions that are recommended. REASON is NEW if this version
of Tor is newer than any recommended version, OBSOLETE if
this version of Tor is older than any recommended version, and
UNRECOMMENDED if some recommended versions of Tor are newer and
some are older than this version. (The "OBSOLETE" reason was called
"OLD" from Tor 0.1.2.3-alpha up to and including 0.2.0.12-alpha.)
{Controllers may want to suggest that the user upgrade OLD or
UNRECOMMENDED versions. NEW versions may be known-insecure, or may
simply be development versions.}
TOO_MANY_CONNECTIONS
"CURRENT=NUM"
Tor has reached its ulimit -n or whatever the native limit is on file
descriptors or sockets. CURRENT is the number of sockets Tor
currently has open. The user should really do something about
this. The "current" argument shows the number of connections currently
open.
{Controllers may recommend that the user increase the limit, or
increase it for them. Recommendations should be phrased in an
OS-appropriate way and automated when possible.}
BUG
"REASON=STRING"
Tor has encountered a situation that its developers never expected,
and the developers would like to learn that it happened. Perhaps
the controller can explain this to the user and encourage her to
file a bug report?
{Controllers should log bugs, but shouldn't annoy the user in case a
bug appears frequently.}
CLOCK_SKEW
SKEW="+" / "-" SECONDS
MIN_SKEW="+" / "-" SECONDS.
SOURCE="DIRSERV:" IP ":" Port /
"NETWORKSTATUS:" IP ":" Port /
"OR:" IP ":" Port /
"CONSENSUS"
If "SKEW" is present, it's an estimate of how far we are from the
time declared in the source. (In other words, if we're an hour in
the past, the value is -3600.) "MIN_SKEW" is present, it's a lower
bound. If the source is a DIRSERV, we got the current time from a
connection to a dirserver. If the source is a NETWORKSTATUS, we
decided we're skewed because we got a v2 networkstatus from far in
the future. If the source is OR, the skew comes from a NETINFO
cell from a connection to another relay. If the source is
CONSENSUS, we decided we're skewed because we got a networkstatus
consensus from the future.
{Tor should send this message to controllers when it thinks the
skew is so high that it will interfere with proper Tor operation.
Controllers shouldn't blindly adjust the clock, since the more
accurate source of skew info (DIRSERV) is currently
unauthenticated.}
BAD_LIBEVENT
"METHOD=" libevent method
"VERSION=" libevent version
"BADNESS=" "BROKEN" / "BUGGY" / "SLOW"
"RECOVERED=" "NO" / "YES"
Tor knows about bugs in using the configured event method in this
version of libevent. "BROKEN" libevents won't work at all;
"BUGGY" libevents might work okay; "SLOW" libevents will work
fine, but not quickly. If "RECOVERED" is YES, Tor managed to
switch to a more reliable (but probably slower!) libevent method.
{Controllers may want to warn the user if this event occurs, though
generally it's the fault of whoever built the Tor binary and there's
not much the user can do besides upgrade libevent or upgrade the
binary.}
DIR_ALL_UNREACHABLE
Tor believes that none of the known directory servers are
reachable -- this is most likely because the local network is
down or otherwise not working, and might help to explain for the
user why Tor appears to be broken.
{Controllers may want to warn the user if this event occurs; further
action is generally not possible.}
CONSENSUS_ARRIVED
Tor has received and validated a new consensus networkstatus.
(This event can be delayed a little while after the consensus
is received, if Tor needs to fetch certificates.)
Actions for STATUS_CLIENT events can be as follows:
BOOTSTRAP
"PROGRESS=" num
"TAG=" Keyword
"SUMMARY=" String
["WARNING=" String]
["REASON=" Keyword]
["COUNT=" num]
["RECOMMENDATION=" Keyword]
["HOST=" QuotedString]
["HOSTADDR=" QuotedString]
Tor has made some progress at establishing a connection to the
Tor network, fetching directory information, or making its first
circuit; or it has encountered a problem while bootstrapping. This
status event is especially useful for users with slow connections
or with connectivity problems.
"Progress" gives a number between 0 and 100 for how far through
the bootstrapping process we are. "Summary" is a string that can
be displayed to the user to describe the *next* task that Tor
will tackle, i.e., the task it is working on after sending the
status event. "Tag" is a string that controllers can use to
recognize bootstrap phases, if they want to do something smarter
than just blindly displaying the summary string; see Section 5
for the current tags that Tor issues.
The StatusSeverity describes whether this is a normal bootstrap
phase (severity notice) or an indication of a bootstrapping
problem (severity warn).
For bootstrap problems, we include the same progress, tag, and
summary values as we would for a normal bootstrap event, but we
also include "warning", "reason", "count", and "recommendation"
key/value combos. The "count" number tells how many bootstrap
problems there have been so far at this phase. The "reason"
string lists one of the reasons allowed in the ORCONN event. The
"warning" argument string with any hints Tor has to offer about
why it's having troubles bootstrapping.
The "reason" values are long-term-stable controller-facing tags to
identify particular issues in a bootstrapping step. The warning
strings, on the other hand, are human-readable. Controllers
SHOULD NOT rely on the format of any warning string. Currently
the possible values for "recommendation" are either "ignore" or
"warn" -- if ignore, the controller can accumulate the string in
a pile of problems to show the user if the user asks; if warn,
the controller should alert the user that Tor is pretty sure
there's a bootstrapping problem.
The "host" value is the identity digest (in hex) of the node we're
trying to connect to; the "hostaddr" is an address:port combination,
where 'address' is an ipv4 or ipv6 address.
Currently Tor uses recommendation=ignore for the first
nine bootstrap problem reports for a given phase, and then
uses recommendation=warn for subsequent problems at that
phase. Hopefully this is a good balance between tolerating
occasional errors and reporting serious problems quickly.
ENOUGH_DIR_INFO
Tor now knows enough network-status documents and enough server
descriptors that it's going to start trying to build circuits now.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will build
both exit and internal circuits. If not, Tor will only build internal
circuits.]
{Controllers may want to use this event to decide when to indicate
progress to their users, but should not interrupt the user's browsing
to tell them so.}
NOT_ENOUGH_DIR_INFO
We discarded expired statuses and server descriptors to fall
below the desired threshold of directory information. We won't
try to build any circuits until ENOUGH_DIR_INFO occurs again.
{Controllers may want to use this event to decide when to indicate
progress to their users, but should not interrupt the user's browsing
to tell them so.}
CIRCUIT_ESTABLISHED
Tor is able to establish circuits for client use. This event will
only be sent if we just built a circuit that changed our mind --
that is, prior to this event we didn't know whether we could
establish circuits.
{Suggested use: controllers can notify their users that Tor is
ready for use as a client once they see this status event. [Perhaps
controllers should also have a timeout if too much time passes and
this event hasn't arrived, to give tips on how to troubleshoot.
On the other hand, hopefully Tor will send further status events
if it can identify the problem.]}
CIRCUIT_NOT_ESTABLISHED
"REASON=" "EXTERNAL_ADDRESS" / "DIR_ALL_UNREACHABLE" / "CLOCK_JUMPED"
We are no longer confident that we can build circuits. The "reason"
keyword provides an explanation: which other status event type caused
our lack of confidence.
{Controllers may want to use this event to decide when to indicate
progress to their users, but should not interrupt the user's browsing
to do so.}
[Note: only REASON=CLOCK_JUMPED is implemented currently.]
DANGEROUS_PORT
"PORT=" port
"RESULT=" "REJECT" / "WARN"
A stream was initiated to a port that's commonly used for
vulnerable-plaintext protocols. If the Result is "reject", we
refused the connection; whereas if it's "warn", we allowed it.
{Controllers should warn their users when this occurs, unless they
happen to know that the application using Tor is in fact doing so
correctly (e.g., because it is part of a distributed bundle). They
might also want some sort of interface to let the user configure
their RejectPlaintextPorts and WarnPlaintextPorts config options.}
DANGEROUS_SOCKS
"PROTOCOL=" "SOCKS4" / "SOCKS5"
"ADDRESS=" IP:port
A connection was made to Tor's SOCKS port using one of the SOCKS
approaches that doesn't support hostnames -- only raw IP addresses.
If the client application got this address from gethostbyname(),
it may be leaking target addresses via DNS.
{Controllers should warn their users when this occurs, unless they
happen to know that the application using Tor is in fact doing so
correctly (e.g., because it is part of a distributed bundle).}
SOCKS_UNKNOWN_PROTOCOL
"DATA=string"
A connection was made to Tor's SOCKS port that tried to use it
for something other than the SOCKS protocol. Perhaps the user is
using Tor as an HTTP proxy? The DATA is the first few characters
sent to Tor on the SOCKS port.
{Controllers may want to warn their users when this occurs: it
indicates a misconfigured application.}
SOCKS_BAD_HOSTNAME
"HOSTNAME=QuotedString"
Some application gave us a funny-looking hostname. Perhaps
it is broken? In any case it won't work with Tor and the user
should know.
{Controllers may want to warn their users when this occurs: it
usually indicates a misconfigured application.}
Actions for STATUS_SERVER can be as follows:
EXTERNAL_ADDRESS
"ADDRESS=IP"
"HOSTNAME=NAME"
"METHOD=CONFIGURED/DIRSERV/RESOLVED/INTERFACE/GETHOSTNAME"
Our best idea for our externally visible IP has changed to 'IP'.
If 'HOSTNAME' is present, we got the new IP by resolving 'NAME'. If the
method is 'CONFIGURED', the IP was given verbatim as a configuration
option. If the method is 'RESOLVED', we resolved the Address
configuration option to get the IP. If the method is 'GETHOSTNAME',
we resolved our hostname to get the IP. If the method is 'INTERFACE',
we got the address of one of our network interfaces to get the IP. If
the method is 'DIRSERV', a directory server told us a guess for what
our IP might be.
{Controllers may want to record this info and display it to the user.}
CHECKING_REACHABILITY
"ORADDRESS=IP:port"
"DIRADDRESS=IP:port"
We're going to start testing the reachability of our external OR port
or directory port.
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status, but
the controller should not interrupt the user to tell them so.}
REACHABILITY_SUCCEEDED
"ORADDRESS=IP:port"
"DIRADDRESS=IP:port"
We successfully verified the reachability of our external OR port or
directory port (depending on which of ORADDRESS or DIRADDRESS is
given.)
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status, but
the controller should not interrupt the user to tell them so.}
GOOD_SERVER_DESCRIPTOR
We successfully uploaded our server descriptor to at least one
of the directory authorities, with no complaints.
{Originally, the goal of this event was to declare "every authority
has accepted the descriptor, so there will be no complaints
about it." But since some authorities might be offline, it's
harder to get certainty than we had thought. As such, this event
is equivalent to ACCEPTED_SERVER_DESCRIPTOR below. Controllers
should just look at ACCEPTED_SERVER_DESCRIPTOR and should ignore
this event for now.}
SERVER_DESCRIPTOR_STATUS
"STATUS=" "LISTED" / "UNLISTED"
We just got a new networkstatus consensus, and whether we're in
it or not in it has changed. Specifically, status is "listed"
if we're listed in it but previous to this point we didn't know
we were listed in a consensus; and status is "unlisted" if we
thought we should have been listed in it (e.g. we were listed in
the last one), but we're not.
{Moving from listed to unlisted is not necessarily cause for
alarm. The relay might have failed a few reachability tests,
or the Internet might have had some routing problems. So this
feature is mainly to let relay operators know when their relay
has successfully been listed in the consensus.}
[Not implemented yet. We should do this in 0.2.2.x. -RD]
NAMESERVER_STATUS
"NS=addr"
"STATUS=" "UP" / "DOWN"
"ERR=" message
One of our nameservers has changed status.
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status, but
the controller should not interrupt the user to tell them so.}
NAMESERVER_ALL_DOWN
All of our nameservers have gone down.
{This is a problem; if it happens often without the nameservers
coming up again, the user needs to configure more or better
nameservers.}
DNS_HIJACKED
Our DNS provider is providing an address when it should be saying
"NOTFOUND"; Tor will treat the address as a synonym for "NOTFOUND".
{This is an annoyance; controllers may want to tell admins that their
DNS provider is not to be trusted.}
DNS_USELESS
Our DNS provider is giving a hijacked address instead of well-known
websites; Tor will not try to be an exit node.
{Controllers could warn the admin if the relay is running as an
exit node: the admin needs to configure a good DNS server.
Alternatively, this happens a lot in some restrictive environments
(hotels, universities, coffeeshops) when the user hasn't registered.}
BAD_SERVER_DESCRIPTOR
"DIRAUTH=addr:port"
"REASON=string"
A directory authority rejected our descriptor. Possible reasons
include malformed descriptors, incorrect keys, highly skewed clocks,
and so on.
{Controllers should warn the admin, and try to cope if they can.}
ACCEPTED_SERVER_DESCRIPTOR
"DIRAUTH=addr:port"
A single directory authority accepted our descriptor.
// actually notice
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status, but
the controller should not interrupt the user to tell them so.}
REACHABILITY_FAILED
"ORADDRESS=IP:port"
"DIRADDRESS=IP:port"
We failed to connect to our external OR port or directory port
successfully.
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status. The
controller should warn the admin and suggest reasonable steps to take.}
HIBERNATION_STATUS
"STATUS=" "AWAKE" | "SOFT" | "HARD"
Our bandwidth based accounting status has changed, and we are now
relaying traffic/rejecting new connections/hibernating.
{This event could affect the controller's idea of server status. The
controller MAY inform the admin, though presumably the accounting was
explicitly enabled for a reason.}
[This event was added in tor 0.2.9.0-alpha.]
4.1.11. Our set of guard nodes has changed
Syntax:
"650" SP "GUARD" SP Type SP Name SP Status ... CRLF
Type = "ENTRY"
Name = ServerSpec
(Identifies the guard affected)
Status = "NEW" | "UP" | "DOWN" | "BAD" | "GOOD" | "DROPPED"
The ENTRY type indicates a guard used for connections to the Tor
network.
The Status values are:
"NEW" -- This node was not previously used as a guard; now we have
picked it as one.
"DROPPED" -- This node is one we previously picked as a guard; we
no longer consider it to be a member of our guard list.
"UP" -- The guard now seems to be reachable.
"DOWN" -- The guard now seems to be unreachable.
"BAD" -- Because of flags set in the consensus and/or values in the
configuration, this node is now unusable as a guard.
"GOOD" -- Because of flags set in the consensus and/or values in the
configuration, this node is now usable as a guard.
Controllers must accept unrecognized types and unrecognized statuses.
4.1.12. Network status has changed
Syntax:
"650" "+" "NS" CRLF 1*NetworkStatus "." CRLF "650" SP "OK" CRLF
The event is used whenever our local view of a relay status changes.
This happens when we get a new v3 consensus (in which case the entries
we see are a duplicate of what we see in the NEWCONSENSUS event,
below), but it also happens when we decide to mark a relay as up or
down in our local status, for example based on connection attempts.
[First added in 0.1.2.3-alpha]
4.1.13. Bandwidth used on an application stream
The syntax is:
"650" SP "STREAM_BW" SP StreamID SP BytesWritten SP BytesRead SP
Time CRLF
BytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
BytesRead = 1*DIGIT
Time = ISOTime2Frac
BytesWritten and BytesRead are the number of bytes written and read
by the application since the last STREAM_BW event on this stream.
Note that from Tor's perspective, *reading* a byte on a stream means
that the application *wrote* the byte. That's why the order of "written"
vs "read" is opposite for stream_bw events compared to bw events.
The Time field is provided only in versions 0.3.2.1-alpha and later. It
records when Tor created the bandwidth event.
These events are generated about once per second per stream; no events
are generated for streams that have not written or read. These events
apply only to streams entering Tor (such as on a SOCKSPort, TransPort,
or so on). They are not generated for exiting streams.
4.1.14. Per-country client stats
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CLIENTS_SEEN" SP TimeStarted SP CountrySummary SP
IPVersions CRLF
We just generated a new summary of which countries we've seen clients
from recently. The controller could display this for the user, e.g.
in their "relay" configuration window, to give them a sense that they
are actually being useful.
Currently only bridge relays will receive this event, but once we figure
out how to sufficiently aggregate and sanitize the client counts on
main relays, we might start sending these events in other cases too.
TimeStarted is a quoted string indicating when the reported summary
counts from (in UTCS).
The CountrySummary keyword has as its argument a comma-separated,
possibly empty set of "countrycode=count" pairs. For example (without
linebreak),
650-CLIENTS_SEEN TimeStarted="2008-12-25 23:50:43"
CountrySummary=us=16,de=8,uk=8
The IPVersions keyword has as its argument a comma-separated set of
"protocol-family=count" pairs. For example,
IPVersions=v4=16,v6=40
Note that these values are rounded, not exact. The rounding
algorithm is specified in the description of "geoip-client-origins"
in dir-spec.txt.
4.1.15. New consensus networkstatus has arrived
The syntax is:
"650" "+" "NEWCONSENSUS" CRLF 1*NetworkStatus "." CRLF "650" SP
"OK" CRLF
A new consensus networkstatus has arrived. We include NS-style lines for
every relay in the consensus. NEWCONSENSUS is a separate event from the
NS event, because the list here represents every usable relay: so any
relay *not* mentioned in this list is implicitly no longer recommended.
[First added in 0.2.1.13-alpha]
4.1.16. New circuit buildtime has been set
The syntax is:
"650" SP "BUILDTIMEOUT_SET" SP Type SP "TOTAL_TIMES=" Total SP
"TIMEOUT_MS=" Timeout SP "XM=" Xm SP "ALPHA=" Alpha SP
"CUTOFF_QUANTILE=" Quantile SP "TIMEOUT_RATE=" TimeoutRate SP
"CLOSE_MS=" CloseTimeout SP "CLOSE_RATE=" CloseRate
CRLF
Type = "COMPUTED" / "RESET" / "SUSPENDED" / "DISCARD" / "RESUME"
Total = Integer count of timeouts stored
Timeout = Integer timeout in milliseconds
Xm = Estimated integer Pareto parameter Xm in milliseconds
Alpha = Estimated floating point Paredo parameter alpha
Quantile = Floating point CDF quantile cutoff point for this timeout
TimeoutRate = Floating point ratio of circuits that timeout
CloseTimeout = How long to keep measurement circs in milliseconds
CloseRate = Floating point ratio of measurement circuits that are closed
A new circuit build timeout time has been set. If Type is "COMPUTED",
Tor has computed the value based on historical data. If Type is "RESET",
initialization or drastic network changes have caused Tor to reset
the timeout back to the default, to relearn again. If Type is
"SUSPENDED", Tor has detected a loss of network connectivity and has
temporarily changed the timeout value to the default until the network
recovers. If type is "DISCARD", Tor has decided to discard timeout
values that likely happened while the network was down. If type is
"RESUME", Tor has decided to resume timeout calculation.
The Total value is the count of circuit build times Tor used in
computing this value. It is capped internally at the maximum number
of build times Tor stores (NCIRCUITS_TO_OBSERVE).
The Timeout itself is provided in milliseconds. Internally, Tor rounds
this value to the nearest second before using it.
[First added in 0.2.2.7-alpha]
4.1.17. Signal received
The syntax is:
"650" SP "SIGNAL" SP Signal CRLF
Signal = "RELOAD" / "DUMP" / "DEBUG" / "NEWNYM" / "CLEARDNSCACHE"
A signal has been received and actions taken by Tor. The meaning of each
signal, and the mapping to Unix signals, is as defined in section 3.7.
Future versions of Tor MAY generate signals other than those listed here;
controllers MUST be able to accept them.
If Tor chose to ignore a signal (such as NEWNYM), this event will not be
sent. Note that some options (like ReloadTorrcOnSIGHUP) may affect the
semantics of the signals here.
Note that the HALT (SIGTERM) and SHUTDOWN (SIGINT) signals do not currently
generate any event.
[First added in 0.2.3.1-alpha]
4.1.18. Configuration changed
The syntax is:
StartReplyLine *(MidReplyLine) EndReplyLine
StartReplyLine = "650-CONF_CHANGED" CRLF
MidReplyLine = "650-" KEYWORD ["=" VALUE] CRLF
EndReplyLine = "650 OK"
Tor configuration options have changed (such as via a SETCONF or RELOAD
signal). KEYWORD and VALUE specify the configuration option that was changed.
Undefined configuration options contain only the KEYWORD.
4.1.19. Circuit status changed slightly
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CIRC_MINOR" SP CircuitID SP CircEvent [SP Path]
[SP "BUILD_FLAGS=" BuildFlags] [SP "PURPOSE=" Purpose]
[SP "HS_STATE=" HSState] [SP "REND_QUERY=" HSAddress]
[SP "TIME_CREATED=" TimeCreated]
[SP "OLD_PURPOSE=" Purpose [SP "OLD_HS_STATE=" HSState]] CRLF
CircEvent =
"PURPOSE_CHANGED" / ; circuit purpose or HS-related state changed
"CANNIBALIZED" ; circuit cannibalized
Clients MUST accept circuit events not listed above.
The "OLD_PURPOSE" field is provided for both PURPOSE_CHANGED and
CANNIBALIZED events. The "OLD_HS_STATE" field is provided whenever
the "OLD_PURPOSE" field is provided and is a hidden-service-related
purpose.
Other fields are as specified in section 4.1.1 above.
[First added in 0.2.3.11-alpha]
4.1.20. Pluggable transport launched
The syntax is:
"650" SP "TRANSPORT_LAUNCHED" SP Type SP Name SP TransportAddress SP Port
Type = "server" | "client"
Name = The name of the pluggable transport
TransportAddress = An IPv4 or IPv6 address on which the pluggable
transport is listening for connections
Port = The TCP port on which it is listening for connections.
A pluggable transport called 'Name' of type 'Type' was launched
successfully and is now listening for connections on 'Address':'Port'.
4.1.21. Bandwidth used on an OR or DIR or EXIT connection
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CONN_BW" SP "ID=" ConnID SP "TYPE=" ConnType
SP "READ=" BytesRead SP "WRITTEN=" BytesWritten CRLF
ConnType = "OR" / ; Carrying traffic within the tor network. This can
either be our own (client) traffic or traffic we're
relaying within the network.
"DIR" / ; Fetching tor descriptor data, or transmitting
descriptors we're mirroring.
"EXIT" ; Carrying traffic between the tor network and an
external destination.
BytesRead = 1*DIGIT
BytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
Controllers MUST tolerate unrecognized connection types.
BytesWritten and BytesRead are the number of bytes written and read
by Tor since the last CONN_BW event on this connection.
These events are generated about once per second per connection; no
events are generated for connections that have not read or written.
These events are only generated if TestingTorNetwork is set.
[First added in 0.2.5.2-alpha]
4.1.22. Bandwidth used by all streams attached to a circuit
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CIRC_BW" SP "ID=" CircuitID SP "READ=" BytesRead SP
"WRITTEN=" BytesWritten SP "TIME=" Time SP
"DELIVERED_READ=" DeliveredBytesRead SP
"OVERHEAD_READ=" OverheadBytesRead SP
"DELIVERED_WRITTEN=" DeliveredBytesWritten CRLF
"OVERHEAD_WRITTEN=" OverheadBytesWritten SP
BytesRead = 1*DIGIT
BytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
OverheadBytesRead = 1*DIGIT
OverheadBytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
DeliveredBytesRead = 1*DIGIT
DeliveredBytesWritten = 1*DIGIT
Time = ISOTime2Frac
BytesRead and BytesWritten are the number of bytes read and written
on this circuit since the last CIRC_BW event. These bytes have not
necessarily been validated by Tor, and can include invalid cells,
dropped cells, and ignored cells (such as padding cells). These
values include the relay headers, but not circuit headers.
Circuit data that has been validated and processed by Tor is further
broken down into two categories: delivered payloads and overhead.
DeliveredBytesRead and DeliveredBytesWritten are the total relay cell
payloads transmitted since the last CIRC_BW event, not counting relay
cell headers or circuit headers. OverheadBytesRead and
OverheadBytesWritten are the extra unused bytes at the end of each
cell in order for it to be the fixed CELL_LEN bytes long.
The sum of DeliveredBytesRead and OverheadBytesRead MUST be less than
BytesRead, and the same is true for their written counterparts. This
sum represents the total relay cell bytes on the circuit that
have been validated by Tor, not counting relay headers and cell headers.
Subtracting this sum (plus relay cell headers) from the BytesRead
(or BytesWritten) value gives the byte count that Tor has decided to
reject due to protocol errors, or has otherwise decided to ignore.
The Time field is provided only in versions 0.3.2.1-alpha and later. It
records when Tor created the bandwidth event.
These events are generated about once per second per circuit; no events
are generated for circuits that had no attached stream writing or
reading.
[First added in 0.2.5.2-alpha]
[DELIVERED_READ, OVERHEAD_READ, DELIVERED_WRITTEN, and OVERHEAD_WRITTEN
were added in Tor 0.3.4.0-alpha]
4.1.23. Per-circuit cell stats
The syntax is:
"650" SP "CELL_STATS"
[ SP "ID=" CircuitID ]
[ SP "InboundQueue=" QueueID SP "InboundConn=" ConnID ]
[ SP "InboundAdded=" CellsByType ]
[ SP "InboundRemoved=" CellsByType SP
"InboundTime=" MsecByType ]
[ SP "OutboundQueue=" QueueID SP "OutboundConn=" ConnID ]
[ SP "OutboundAdded=" CellsByType ]
[ SP "OutboundRemoved=" CellsByType SP
"OutboundTime=" MsecByType ] CRLF
CellsByType, MsecByType = CellType ":" 1*DIGIT
0*( "," CellType ":" 1*DIGIT )
CellType = 1*( "a" - "z" / "0" - "9" / "_" )
Examples are:
650 CELL_STATS ID=14 OutboundQueue=19403 OutboundConn=15
OutboundAdded=create_fast:1,relay_early:2
OutboundRemoved=create_fast:1,relay_early:2
OutboundTime=create_fast:0,relay_early:0
650 CELL_STATS InboundQueue=19403 InboundConn=32
InboundAdded=relay:1,created_fast:1
InboundRemoved=relay:1,created_fast:1
InboundTime=relay:0,created_fast:0
OutboundQueue=6710 OutboundConn=18
OutboundAdded=create:1,relay_early:1
OutboundRemoved=create:1,relay_early:1
OutboundTime=create:0,relay_early:0
ID is the locally unique circuit identifier that is only included if the
circuit originates at this node.
Inbound and outbound refer to the direction of cell flow through the
circuit which is either to origin (inbound) or from origin (outbound).
InboundQueue and OutboundQueue are identifiers of the inbound and
outbound circuit queues of this circuit. These identifiers are only
unique per OR connection. OutboundQueue is chosen by this node and
matches InboundQueue of the next node in the circuit.
InboundConn and OutboundConn are locally unique IDs of inbound and
outbound OR connection. OutboundConn does not necessarily match
InboundConn of the next node in the circuit.
InboundQueue and InboundConn are not present if the circuit originates
at this node. OutboundQueue and OutboundConn are not present if the
circuit (currently) ends at this node.
InboundAdded and OutboundAdded are total number of cells by cell type
added to inbound and outbound queues. Only present if at least one cell
was added to a queue.
InboundRemoved and OutboundRemoved are total number of cells by
cell type processed from inbound and outbound queues. InboundTime and
OutboundTime are total waiting times in milliseconds of all processed
cells by cell type. Only present if at least one cell was removed from
a queue.
These events are generated about once per second per circuit; no
events are generated for circuits that have not added or processed any
cell. These events are only generated if TestingTorNetwork is set.
[First added in 0.2.5.2-alpha]
4.1.24. Token buckets refilled
The syntax is:
"650" SP "TB_EMPTY" SP BucketName [ SP "ID=" ConnID ] SP
"READ=" ReadBucketEmpty SP "WRITTEN=" WriteBucketEmpty SP
"LAST=" LastRefill CRLF
BucketName = "GLOBAL" / "RELAY" / "ORCONN"
ReadBucketEmpty = 1*DIGIT
WriteBucketEmpty = 1*DIGIT
LastRefill = 1*DIGIT
Examples are:
650 TB_EMPTY ORCONN ID=16 READ=0 WRITTEN=0 LAST=100
650 TB_EMPTY GLOBAL READ=93 WRITTEN=93 LAST=100
650 TB_EMPTY RELAY READ=93 WRITTEN=93 LAST=100
This event is generated when refilling a previously empty token
bucket. BucketNames "GLOBAL" and "RELAY" keywords are used for the
global or relay token buckets, BucketName "ORCONN" is used for the
token buckets of an OR connection. Controllers MUST tolerate
unrecognized bucket names.
ConnID is only included if the BucketName is "ORCONN".
If both global and relay buckets and/or the buckets of one or more OR
connections run out of tokens at the same time, multiple separate
events are generated.
ReadBucketEmpty (WriteBucketEmpty) is the time in millis that the read
(write) bucket was empty since the last refill. LastRefill is the
time in millis since the last refill.
If a bucket went negative and if refilling tokens didn't make it go
positive again, there will be multiple consecutive TB_EMPTY events for
each refill interval during which the bucket contained zero tokens or
less. In such a case, ReadBucketEmpty or WriteBucketEmpty are capped
at LastRefill in order not to report empty times more than once.
These events are only generated if TestingTorNetwork is set.
[First added in 0.2.5.2-alpha]
4.1.25. HiddenService descriptors
The syntax is:
"650" SP "HS_DESC" SP Action SP HSAddress SP AuthType SP HsDir
[SP DescriptorID] [SP "REASON=" Reason] [SP "REPLICA=" Replica]
[SP "HSDIR_INDEX=" HSDirIndex]
Action = "REQUESTED" / "UPLOAD" / "RECEIVED" / "UPLOADED" / "IGNORE" /
"FAILED" / "CREATED"
HSAddress = 16*Base32Character / 56*Base32Character / "UNKNOWN"
AuthType = "NO_AUTH" / "BASIC_AUTH" / "STEALTH_AUTH" / "UNKNOWN"
HsDir = LongName / Fingerprint / "UNKNOWN"
DescriptorID = 32*Base32Character / 43*Base64Character
Reason = "BAD_DESC" / "QUERY_REJECTED" / "UPLOAD_REJECTED" / "NOT_FOUND" /
"UNEXPECTED" / "QUERY_NO_HSDIR"
Replica = 1*DIGIT
HSDirIndex = 64*HEXDIG
These events will be triggered when required HiddenService descriptor is
not found in the cache and a fetch or upload with the network is performed.
If the fetch was triggered with only a DescriptorID (using the HSFETCH
command for instance), the HSAddress only appears in the Action=RECEIVED
since there is no way to know the HSAddress from the DescriptorID thus
the value will be "UNKNOWN".
If we already had the v0 descriptor, the newly fetched v2 descriptor
will be ignored and a "HS_DESC" event with "IGNORE" action will be
generated.
For HsDir, LongName is always preferred. If HsDir cannot be found in node
list at the time event is sent, Fingerprint will be used instead.
If Action is "FAILED", Tor SHOULD send Reason field as well. Possible
values of Reason are:
- "BAD_DESC" - descriptor was retrieved, but found to be unparsable.
- "QUERY_REJECTED" - query was rejected by HS directory.
- "UPLOAD_REJECTED" - descriptor was rejected by HS directory.
- "NOT_FOUND" - HS descriptor with given identifier was not found.
- "UNEXPECTED" - nature of failure is unknown.
- "QUERY_NO_HSDIR" - No suitable HSDir were found for the query.
For "QUERY_NO_HSDIR", the HsDir will be set to "UNKNOWN" which was
introduced in tor 0.3.1.0-alpha.
If Action is "CREATED", Tor SHOULD send Replica field as well. The Replica
field contains the replica number of the generated descriptor. The Replica
number is specified in rend-spec.txt section 1.3 and determines the
descriptor ID of the descriptor.
For hidden service v3, the following applies:
The "HSDIR_INDEX=" is an optional field that is only for version 3
which contains the computed index of the HsDir the descriptor was
uploaded to or fetched from.
The "DescriptorID" key is the descriptor blinded key used for the index
value at the "HsDir".
The "REPLICA=" field is not used for the "CREATED" event because v3
doesn't use the replica number in the descriptor ID computation.
Because client authentication is not yet implemented, the "AuthType"
field is always "NO_AUTH".
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
4.1.26. HiddenService descriptors content
The syntax is:
"650" "+" "HS_DESC_CONTENT" SP HSAddress SP DescId SP HsDir CRLF
Descriptor CRLF "." CRLF "650" SP "OK" CRLF
HSAddress = 16*Base32Character / 56*Base32Character / "UNKNOWN"
DescId = 32*Base32Character / 32*Base64Character
HsDir = LongName / "UNKNOWN"
Descriptor = The text of the descriptor formatted as specified in
rend-spec.txt section 1.3 (v2) or rend-spec-v3.txt
section 2.4 (v3) or empty string on failure.
This event is triggered when a successfully fetched HS descriptor is
received. The text of that descriptor is then replied. If the HS_DESC
event is enabled, it is replied just after the RECEIVED action.
If a fetch fails, the Descriptor is an empty string and HSAddress is set
to "UNKNOWN". The HS_DESC event should be used to get more information on
the failed request.
If the fetch fails for the QUERY_NO_HSDIR reason from the HS_DESC event, the
HsDir is set to "UNKNOWN". This was introduced in 0.3.1.0-alpha.
It's expected to receive a reply relatively fast as in it's the time it
takes to fetch something over the Tor network. This can be between a
couple of seconds up to 60 seconds (not a hard limit). But, in any cases,
this event will reply either the descriptor's content or an empty one.
[HS_DESC_CONTENT was added in Tor 0.2.7.1-alpha]
[HS v3 support added 0.3.3.1-alpha]
4.1.27. Network liveness has changed
Syntax:
"650" SP "NETWORK_LIVENESS" SP Status CRLF
Status = "UP" / ; The network now seems to be reachable.
"DOWN" / ; The network now seems to be unreachable.
Controllers MUST tolerate unrecognized status types.
[NETWORK_LIVENESS was added in Tor 0.2.7.2-alpha]
5. Implementation notes
5.1. Authentication
If the control port is open and no authentication operation is enabled, Tor
trusts any local user that connects to the control port. This is generally
a poor idea.
If the 'CookieAuthentication' option is true, Tor writes a "magic
cookie" file named "control_auth_cookie" into its data directory (or
to another file specified in the 'CookieAuthFile' option). To
authenticate, the controller must demonstrate that it can read the
contents of the cookie file:
* Current versions of Tor support cookie authentication
using the "COOKIE" authentication method: the controller sends the
contents of the cookie file, encoded in hexadecimal. This
authentication method exposes the user running a controller to an
unintended information disclosure attack whenever the controller
has greater filesystem read access than the process that it has
connected to. (Note that a controller may connect to a process
other than Tor.) It is almost never safe to use, even if the
controller's user has explicitly specified which filename to read
an authentication cookie from. For this reason, the COOKIE
authentication method has been deprecated and will be removed from
Tor before some future version of Tor.
* 0.2.2.x versions of Tor starting with 0.2.2.36, and all versions of
Tor after 0.2.3.12-alpha, support cookie authentication using the
"SAFECOOKIE" authentication method, which discloses much less
information about the contents of the cookie file.
If the 'HashedControlPassword' option is set, it must contain the salted
hash of a secret password. The salted hash is computed according to the
S2K algorithm in RFC 2440 (OpenPGP), and prefixed with the s2k specifier.
This is then encoded in hexadecimal, prefixed by the indicator sequence
"16:". Thus, for example, the password 'foo' could encode to:
16:660537E3E1CD49996044A3BF558097A981F539FEA2F9DA662B4626C1C2
++++++++++++++++**^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
salt hashed value
indicator
You can generate the salt of a password by calling
'tor --hash-password <password>'
or by using the example code in the Python and Java controller libraries.
To authenticate under this scheme, the controller sends Tor the original
secret that was used to generate the password, either as a quoted string
or encoded in hexadecimal.
5.2. Don't let the buffer get too big.
With old versions of Tor (before 0.2.0.16-alpha), if you ask for
lots of events, and 16MB of them queue up on the buffer, the Tor
process will close the socket.
Newer Tor versions do not have this 16 MB buffer limit. However,
if you leave huge numbers of events unread, Tor may still run out
of memory, so you should still be careful about buffer size.
5.3. Backward compatibility with v0 control protocol.
The 'version 0' control protocol was replaced in Tor 0.1.1.x. Support
was removed in Tor 0.2.0.x. Every non-obsolete version of Tor now
supports the version 1 control protocol.
For backward compatibility with the "version 0" control protocol,
Tor used to check whether the third octet of the first command is zero.
(If it was, Tor assumed that version 0 is in use.)
This compatibility was removed in Tor 0.1.2.16 and 0.2.0.4-alpha.
5.4. Tor config options for use by controllers
Tor provides a few special configuration options for use by controllers.
These options are not saved to disk by SAVECONF. Most can be set and
examined by the SETCONF and GETCONF commands, but some (noted below) can
only be given in a torrc file or on the command line.
Generally, these options make Tor unusable by disabling a portion of Tor's
normal operations. Unless a controller provides replacement functionality
to fill this gap, Tor will not correctly handle user requests.
__AllDirActionsPrivate
If true, Tor will try to launch all directory operations through
anonymous connections. (Ordinarily, Tor only tries to anonymize
requests related to hidden services.) This option will slow down
directory access, and may stop Tor from working entirely if it does not
yet have enough directory information to build circuits.
(Boolean. Default: "0".)
__DisablePredictedCircuits
If true, Tor will not launch preemptive "general-purpose" circuits for
streams to attach to. (It will still launch circuits for testing and
for hidden services.)
(Boolean. Default: "0".)
__LeaveStreamsUnattached
If true, Tor will not automatically attach new streams to circuits;
instead, the controller must attach them with ATTACHSTREAM. If the
controller does not attach the streams, their data will never be routed.
(Boolean. Default: "0".)
__HashedControlSessionPassword
As HashedControlPassword, but is not saved to the torrc file by
SAVECONF. Added in Tor 0.2.0.20-rc.
__ReloadTorrcOnSIGHUP
If this option is true (the default), we reload the torrc from disk
every time we get a SIGHUP (from the controller or via a signal).
Otherwise, we don't. This option exists so that controllers can keep
their options from getting overwritten when a user sends Tor a HUP for
some other reason (for example, to rotate the logs).
(Boolean. Default: "1")
__OwningControllerProcess
If this option is set to a process ID, Tor will periodically check
whether a process with the specified PID exists, and exit if one
does not. Added in Tor 0.2.2.28-beta. This option's intended use
is documented in section 3.23 with the related TAKEOWNERSHIP
command.
Note that this option can only specify a single process ID, unlike
the TAKEOWNERSHIP command which can be sent along multiple control
connections.
(String. Default: unset.)
__OwningControllerFD
If this option is a valid socket, Tor will start with an open control
connection on this socket. Added in Tor 0.3.3.1-alpha.
This socket will be an owning controller, as if it had already called
TAKEOWNERSHIP. It will be automatically authenticated. This option
should only be used by other programs that are starting Tor.
This option cannot be changed via SETCONF; it must be set in a torrc or
via the command line.
(Integer. Default: -1.)
__DisableSignalHandlers
If this option is set to true during startup, then Tor will not install
any signal handlers to watch for POSIX signals. The SIGNAL controller
command will still work.
This option is meant for embedding Tor inside another process, when
the controlling process would rather handle signals on its own.
This option cannot be changed via SETCONF; it must be set in a torrc or
via the command line.
(Boolean. Default: 0.)
5.5. Phases from the Bootstrap status event.
This section describes the various bootstrap phases currently reported
by Tor. Controllers should not assume that the percentages and tags
listed here will continue to match up, or even that the tags will stay
in the same order. Some phases might also be skipped (not reported)
if the associated bootstrap step is already complete, or if the phase
no longer is necessary. Only "starting" and "done" are guaranteed to
exist in all future versions.
Current Tor versions enter these phases in order, monotonically.
Future Tors MAY revisit earlier stages.
[XXXX: do we revisit earlier stages if the network fails?]
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will build both
exit and internal circuits. When bootstrap completes, Tor will be ready
to handle an application requesting an exit circuit to services like the
World Wide Web.
If the consensus does not contain Exits, Tor will only build internal
circuits. In this case, earlier statuses will have included "internal"
as indicated above. When bootstrap completes, Tor will be ready to handle
an application requesting an internal circuit to hidden services at
".onion" addresses.
If a future consensus contains Exits, exit circuits may become available.]
Phase 0:
tag=starting summary="Starting"
Tor starts out in this phase.
Phase 5:
tag=conn_dir summary="Connecting to directory server"
Tor sends this event as soon as Tor has chosen a directory server --
e.g. one of the authorities if bootstrapping for the first time or
after a long downtime, or one of the relays listed in its cached
directory information otherwise.
Tor will stay at this phase until it has successfully established
a TCP connection with some directory server. Problems in this phase
generally happen because Tor doesn't have a network connection, or
because the local firewall is dropping SYN packets.
Phase 10:
tag=handshake_dir summary="Finishing handshake with directory server"
This event occurs when Tor establishes a TCP connection with a relay or
authority used as a directory server (or its https proxy if it's using
one). Tor remains in this phase until the TLS handshake with the relay
or authority is finished.
Problems in this phase generally happen because Tor's firewall is
doing more sophisticated MITM attacks on it, or doing packet-level
keyword recognition of Tor's handshake.
Phase 15:
tag=onehop_create summary="Establishing an encrypted directory connection"
Once TLS is finished with a relay, Tor will send a CREATE_FAST cell
to establish a one-hop circuit for retrieving directory information.
It will remain in this phase until it receives the CREATED_FAST cell
back, indicating that the circuit is ready.
Phase 20:
tag=requesting_status summary="Asking for networkstatus consensus"
Once we've finished our one-hop circuit, we will start a new stream
for fetching the networkstatus consensus. We'll stay in this phase
until we get the 'connected' relay cell back, indicating that we've
established a directory connection.
Phase 25:
tag=loading_status summary="Loading networkstatus consensus"
Once we've established a directory connection, we will start fetching
the networkstatus consensus document. This could take a while; this
phase is a good opportunity for using the "progress" keyword to indicate
partial progress.
This phase could stall if the directory server we picked doesn't
have a copy of the networkstatus consensus so we have to ask another,
or it does give us a copy but we don't find it valid.
Phase 40:
tag=loading_keys summary="Loading authority key certs"
Sometimes when we've finished loading the networkstatus consensus,
we find that we don't have all the authority key certificates for the
keys that signed the consensus. At that point we put the consensus we
fetched on hold and fetch the keys so we can verify the signatures.
Phase 45
tag=requesting_descriptors summary="Asking for relay descriptors
[ for internal paths]"
Once we have a valid networkstatus consensus and we've checked all
its signatures, we start asking for relay descriptors. We stay in this
phase until we have received a 'connected' relay cell in response to
a request for descriptors.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will ask for
descriptors for both exit and internal paths. If not, Tor will only ask
for descriptors for internal paths. In this case, this status will
include "internal" as indicated above.]
Phase 50:
tag=loading_descriptors summary="Loading relay descriptors[ for internal
paths]"
We will ask for relay descriptors from several different locations,
so this step will probably make up the bulk of the bootstrapping,
especially for users with slow connections. We stay in this phase until
we have descriptors for a significant fraction of the usable relays
listed in the networkstatus consensus (this can be between 25% and 95%
depending on Tor's configuration and network consensus parameters).
This phase is also a good opportunity to use the "progress" keyword to
indicate partial steps.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will download
descriptors for both exit and internal paths. If not, Tor will only
download descriptors for internal paths. In this case, this status will
include "internal" as indicated above.]
Phase 80:
tag=conn_or summary="Connecting to the Tor network[ internally]"
Once we have a valid consensus and enough relay descriptors, we choose
entry guard(s) and start trying to build some circuits. This step
is similar to the "conn_dir" phase above; the only difference is
the context.
If a Tor starts with enough recent cached directory information,
its first bootstrap status event will be for the conn_or phase.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will build both
exit and internal circuits. If not, Tor will only build internal circuits.
In this case, this status will include "internal(ly)" as indicated above.]
Phase 85:
tag=handshake_or summary="Finishing handshake with first hop[ of internal
circuit]"
This phase is similar to the "handshake_dir" phase, but it gets reached
if we finish a TCP connection to a Tor relay and we have already reached
the "conn_or" phase. We'll stay in this phase until we complete a TLS
handshake with a Tor relay.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor may be finishing
a handshake with the first hop if either an exit or internal circuit. In
this case, it won't specify which type. If the consensus contains no Exits,
Tor will only build internal circuits. In this case, this status will
include "internal" as indicated above.]
Phase 90:
tag=circuit_create summary="Establishing a[n internal] Tor circuit"
Once we've finished our TLS handshake with the first hop of a circuit,
we will set about trying to make some 3-hop circuits in case we need them
soon.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will build both
exit and internal circuits. If not, Tor will only build internal circuits.
In this case, this status will include "internal" as indicated above.]
Phase 100:
tag=done summary="Done"
A full 3-hop circuit has been established. Tor is ready to handle
application connections now.
[Newer versions of Tor (0.2.6.2-alpha and later):
If the consensus contains Exits (the typical case), Tor will build both
exit and internal circuits. At this stage, Tor will be ready to handle
an application requesting an exit circuit to services like the World
Wide Web.
If the consensus does not contain Exits, Tor will only build internal
circuits. In this case, earlier statuses will have included "internal"
as indicated above. At this stage, Tor will be ready to handle an
application requesting an internal circuit to hidden services at ".onion"
addresses.
If a future consensus contains Exits, exit circuits may become available.]