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1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
1 Mono(tm) Binary Kernel Support for Linux
2 -----------------------------------------
3
4 To configure Linux to automatically execute Mono-based .NET binaries
5 (in the form of .exe files) without the need to use the mono CLR
6 wrapper, you can use the BINFMT_MISC kernel support.
7
8 This will allow you to execute Mono-based .NET binaries just like any
9 other program after you have done the following:
10
11 1) You MUST FIRST install the Mono CLR support, either by downloading
12 a binary package, a source tarball or by installing from CVS. Binary
13 packages for several distributions can be found at:
14
15 http://go-mono.com/download.html
16
17 Instructions for compiling Mono can be found at:
18
19 http://www.go-mono.com/compiling.html
20
21 Once the Mono CLR support has been installed, just check that
22 /usr/bin/mono (which could be located elsewhere, for example
23 /usr/local/bin/mono) is working.
24
25 2) You have to compile BINFMT_MISC either as a module or into
26 the kernel (CONFIG_BINFMT_MISC) and set it up properly.
27 If you choose to compile it as a module, you will have
28 to insert it manually with modprobe/insmod, as kmod
84eb8d0 Fix "can not" in Documentation and Kconfig
Matt LaPlante authored
29 cannot be easily supported with binfmt_misc.
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
30 Read the file 'binfmt_misc.txt' in this directory to know
31 more about the configuration process.
32
338cec3 @AdrianBunk [PATCH] merge some from Rusty's trivial patches
AdrianBunk authored
33 3) Add the following entries to /etc/rc.local or similar script
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
34 to be run at system startup:
35
36 # Insert BINFMT_MISC module into the kernel
37 if [ ! -e /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register ]; then
38 /sbin/modprobe binfmt_misc
39 # Some distributions, like Fedora Core, perform
40 # the following command automatically when the
970e248 @lucasdemarchi Documentation: remove references to /etc/modprobe.conf
lucasdemarchi authored
41 # binfmt_misc module is loaded into the kernel
42 # or during normal boot up (systemd-based systems).
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
43 # Thus, it is possible that the following line
970e248 @lucasdemarchi Documentation: remove references to /etc/modprobe.conf
lucasdemarchi authored
44 # is not needed at all.
45 mount -t binfmt_misc none /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc
1da177e Linux-2.6.12-rc2
Linus Torvalds authored
46 fi
47
48 # Register support for .NET CLR binaries
49 if [ -e /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register ]; then
50 # Replace /usr/bin/mono with the correct pathname to
51 # the Mono CLR runtime (usually /usr/local/bin/mono
52 # when compiling from sources or CVS).
53 echo ':CLR:M::MZ::/usr/bin/mono:' > /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc/register
54 else
55 echo "No binfmt_misc support"
56 exit 1
57 fi
58
59 4) Check that .exe binaries can be ran without the need of a
60 wrapper script, simply by launching the .exe file directly
61 from a command prompt, for example:
62
63 /usr/bin/xsd.exe
64
65 NOTE: If this fails with a permission denied error, check
66 that the .exe file has execute permissions.
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