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* builtin-annotate.c
* Builtin annotate command: Analyze the input file,
* look up and read DSOs and symbol information and display
* a histogram of results, along various sorting keys.
#include "builtin.h"
#include "util/util.h"
#include "util/color.h"
#include <linux/list.h>
#include "util/cache.h"
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include "util/symbol.h"
#include "perf.h"
#include "util/debug.h"
#include "util/evlist.h"
#include "util/evsel.h"
#include "util/annotate.h"
#include "util/event.h"
#include "util/parse-options.h"
#include "util/parse-events.h"
#include "util/thread.h"
#include "util/sort.h"
#include "util/hist.h"
#include "util/session.h"
#include "util/tool.h"
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
struct perf_annotate {
struct perf_tool tool;
char const *input_name;
bool force, use_tui, use_stdio;
bool full_paths;
bool print_line;
const char *sym_hist_filter;
const char *cpu_list;
static int perf_evsel__add_sample(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct addr_location *al,
struct perf_annotate *ann)
struct hist_entry *he;
int ret;
if (ann->sym_hist_filter != NULL &&
(al->sym == NULL ||
strcmp(ann->sym_hist_filter, al->sym->name) != 0)) {
/* We're only interested in a symbol named sym_hist_filter */
if (al->sym != NULL) {
return 0;
he = __hists__add_entry(&evsel->hists, al, NULL, 1);
if (he == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = 0;
if (he->ms.sym != NULL) {
struct annotation *notes = symbol__annotation(he->ms.sym);
if (notes->src == NULL && symbol__alloc_hist(he->ms.sym) < 0)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = hist_entry__inc_addr_samples(he, evsel->idx, al->addr);
evsel->hists.stats.total_period += sample->period;
hists__inc_nr_events(&evsel->hists, PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE);
return ret;
static int process_sample_event(struct perf_tool *tool,
union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct machine *machine)
struct perf_annotate *ann = container_of(tool, struct perf_annotate, tool);
struct addr_location al;
if (perf_event__preprocess_sample(event, machine, &al, sample,
symbol__annotate_init) < 0) {
pr_warning("problem processing %d event, skipping it.\n",
return -1;
if (ann->cpu_list && !test_bit(sample->cpu, ann->cpu_bitmap))
return 0;
if (!al.filtered && perf_evsel__add_sample(evsel, sample, &al, ann)) {
pr_warning("problem incrementing symbol count, "
"skipping event\n");
return -1;
return 0;
static int hist_entry__tty_annotate(struct hist_entry *he, int evidx,
struct perf_annotate *ann)
return symbol__tty_annotate(he->ms.sym, he->, evidx,
ann->print_line, ann->full_paths, 0, 0);
static void hists__find_annotations(struct hists *self, int evidx,
struct perf_annotate *ann)
struct rb_node *nd = rb_first(&self->entries), *next;
int key = K_RIGHT;
while (nd) {
struct hist_entry *he = rb_entry(nd, struct hist_entry, rb_node);
struct annotation *notes;
if (he->ms.sym == NULL || he->>dso->annotate_warned)
goto find_next;
notes = symbol__annotation(he->ms.sym);
if (notes->src == NULL) {
if (key == K_LEFT)
nd = rb_prev(nd);
nd = rb_next(nd);
if (use_browser > 0) {
key = hist_entry__tui_annotate(he, evidx, NULL, NULL, 0);
switch (key) {
case K_RIGHT:
next = rb_next(nd);
case K_LEFT:
next = rb_prev(nd);
if (next != NULL)
nd = next;
} else {
hist_entry__tty_annotate(he, evidx, ann);
nd = rb_next(nd);
* Since we have a hist_entry per IP for the same
* symbol, free he->ms.sym->src to signal we already
* processed this symbol.
notes->src = NULL;
static int __cmd_annotate(struct perf_annotate *ann)
int ret;
struct perf_session *session;
struct perf_evsel *pos;
u64 total_nr_samples;
session = perf_session__new(ann->input_name, O_RDONLY,
ann->force, false, &ann->tool);
if (session == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
if (ann->cpu_list) {
ret = perf_session__cpu_bitmap(session, ann->cpu_list,
if (ret)
goto out_delete;
ret = perf_session__process_events(session, &ann->tool);
if (ret)
goto out_delete;
if (dump_trace) {
perf_session__fprintf_nr_events(session, stdout);
goto out_delete;
if (verbose > 3)
perf_session__fprintf(session, stdout);
if (verbose > 2)
perf_session__fprintf_dsos(session, stdout);
total_nr_samples = 0;
list_for_each_entry(pos, &session->evlist->entries, node) {
struct hists *hists = &pos->hists;
u32 nr_samples = hists->stats.nr_events[PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE];
if (nr_samples > 0) {
total_nr_samples += nr_samples;
hists__find_annotations(hists, pos->idx, ann);
if (total_nr_samples == 0) {
ui__error("The %s file has no samples!\n", session->filename);
goto out_delete;
* Speed up the exit process, for large files this can
* take quite a while.
* XXX Enable this when using valgrind or if we ever
* librarize this command.
* Also experiment with obstacks to see how much speed
* up we'll get here.
* perf_session__delete(session);
return ret;
static const char * const annotate_usage[] = {
"perf annotate [<options>]",
int cmd_annotate(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __maybe_unused)
struct perf_annotate annotate = {
.tool = {
.sample = process_sample_event,
.mmap = perf_event__process_mmap,
.comm = perf_event__process_comm,
.fork = perf_event__process_task,
.ordered_samples = true,
.ordering_requires_timestamps = true,
const struct option options[] = {
OPT_STRING('i', "input", &annotate.input_name, "file",
"input file name"),
OPT_STRING('d', "dsos", &symbol_conf.dso_list_str, "dso[,dso...]",
"only consider symbols in these dsos"),
OPT_STRING('s', "symbol", &annotate.sym_hist_filter, "symbol",
"symbol to annotate"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "force", &annotate.force, "don't complain, do it"),
OPT_INCR('v', "verbose", &verbose,
"be more verbose (show symbol address, etc)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('D', "dump-raw-trace", &dump_trace,
"dump raw trace in ASCII"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "tui", &annotate.use_tui, "Use the TUI interface"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "stdio", &annotate.use_stdio, "Use the stdio interface"),
OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &symbol_conf.vmlinux_name,
"file", "vmlinux pathname"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('m', "modules", &symbol_conf.use_modules,
"load module symbols - WARNING: use only with -k and LIVE kernel"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('l', "print-line", &annotate.print_line,
"print matching source lines (may be slow)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('P', "full-paths", &annotate.full_paths,
"Don't shorten the displayed pathnames"),
OPT_STRING('C', "cpu", &annotate.cpu_list, "cpu", "list of cpus to profile"),
OPT_STRING(0, "symfs", &symbol_conf.symfs, "directory",
"Look for files with symbols relative to this directory"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "source", &symbol_conf.annotate_src,
"Interleave source code with assembly code (default)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "asm-raw", &symbol_conf.annotate_asm_raw,
"Display raw encoding of assembly instructions (default)"),
OPT_STRING('M', "disassembler-style", &disassembler_style, "disassembler style",
"Specify disassembler style (e.g. -M intel for intel syntax)"),
OPT_STRING(0, "objdump", &objdump_path, "path",
"objdump binary to use for disassembly and annotations"),
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, options, annotate_usage, 0);
if (annotate.use_stdio)
use_browser = 0;
else if (annotate.use_tui)
use_browser = 1;
symbol_conf.priv_size = sizeof(struct annotation);
symbol_conf.try_vmlinux_path = true;
if (symbol__init() < 0)
return -1;
setup_sorting(annotate_usage, options);
if (argc) {
* Special case: if there's an argument left then assume tha
* it's a symbol filter:
if (argc > 1)
usage_with_options(annotate_usage, options);
annotate.sym_hist_filter = argv[0];
return __cmd_annotate(&annotate);
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