Skip to content
This repository

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
tree: c182ae42cc
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

file 401 lines (353 sloc) 10.557 kb
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401
/*
* linux/mm/swap_state.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
* Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie
*
* Rewritten to use page cache, (C) 1998 Stephen Tweedie
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <linux/page_cgroup.h>

#include <asm/pgtable.h>

/*
* swapper_space is a fiction, retained to simplify the path through
* vmscan's shrink_page_list.
*/
static const struct address_space_operations swap_aops = {
.writepage = swap_writepage,
.set_page_dirty = swap_set_page_dirty,
.migratepage = migrate_page,
};

static struct backing_dev_info swap_backing_dev_info = {
.name = "swap",
.capabilities = BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK | BDI_CAP_SWAP_BACKED,
};

struct address_space swapper_space = {
.page_tree = RADIX_TREE_INIT(GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_NOWARN),
.tree_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(swapper_space.tree_lock),
.a_ops = &swap_aops,
.i_mmap_nonlinear = LIST_HEAD_INIT(swapper_space.i_mmap_nonlinear),
.backing_dev_info = &swap_backing_dev_info,
};

#define INC_CACHE_INFO(x) do { swap_cache_info.x++; } while (0)

static struct {
unsigned long add_total;
unsigned long del_total;
unsigned long find_success;
unsigned long find_total;
} swap_cache_info;

void show_swap_cache_info(void)
{
printk("%lu pages in swap cache\n", total_swapcache_pages);
printk("Swap cache stats: add %lu, delete %lu, find %lu/%lu\n",
swap_cache_info.add_total, swap_cache_info.del_total,
swap_cache_info.find_success, swap_cache_info.find_total);
printk("Free swap = %ldkB\n", nr_swap_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
printk("Total swap = %lukB\n", total_swap_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
}

/*
* __add_to_swap_cache resembles add_to_page_cache_locked on swapper_space,
* but sets SwapCache flag and private instead of mapping and index.
*/
static int __add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry)
{
int error;

VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(PageSwapCache(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));

page_cache_get(page);
SetPageSwapCache(page);
set_page_private(page, entry.val);

spin_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&swapper_space.page_tree, entry.val, page);
if (likely(!error)) {
total_swapcache_pages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
INC_CACHE_INFO(add_total);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);

if (unlikely(error)) {
/*
* Only the context which have set SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag
* would call add_to_swap_cache().
* So add_to_swap_cache() doesn't returns -EEXIST.
*/
VM_BUG_ON(error == -EEXIST);
set_page_private(page, 0UL);
ClearPageSwapCache(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}

return error;
}


int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int error;

error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask);
if (!error) {
error = __add_to_swap_cache(page, entry);
radix_tree_preload_end();
}
return error;
}

/*
* This must be called only on pages that have
* been verified to be in the swap cache.
*/
void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapCache(page));
VM_BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));

radix_tree_delete(&swapper_space.page_tree, page_private(page));
set_page_private(page, 0);
ClearPageSwapCache(page);
total_swapcache_pages--;
__dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
INC_CACHE_INFO(del_total);
}

/**
* add_to_swap - allocate swap space for a page
* @page: page we want to move to swap
*
* Allocate swap space for the page and add the page to the
* swap cache. Caller needs to hold the page lock.
*/
int add_to_swap(struct page *page)
{
swp_entry_t entry;
int err;

VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageUptodate(page));

entry = get_swap_page();
if (!entry.val)
return 0;

if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page)))
if (unlikely(split_huge_page(page))) {
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
return 0;
}

/*
* Radix-tree node allocations from PF_MEMALLOC contexts could
* completely exhaust the page allocator. __GFP_NOMEMALLOC
* stops emergency reserves from being allocated.
*
* TODO: this could cause a theoretical memory reclaim
* deadlock in the swap out path.
*/
/*
* Add it to the swap cache and mark it dirty
*/
err = add_to_swap_cache(page, entry,
__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|__GFP_NOWARN);

if (!err) { /* Success */
SetPageDirty(page);
return 1;
} else { /* -ENOMEM radix-tree allocation failure */
/*
* add_to_swap_cache() doesn't return -EEXIST, so we can safely
* clear SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag.
*/
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
return 0;
}
}

/*
* This must be called only on pages that have
* been verified to be in the swap cache and locked.
* It will never put the page into the free list,
* the caller has a reference on the page.
*/
void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
swp_entry_t entry;

entry.val = page_private(page);

spin_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);

swapcache_free(entry, page);
page_cache_release(page);
}

/*
* If we are the only user, then try to free up the swap cache.
*
* Its ok to check for PageSwapCache without the page lock
* here because we are going to recheck again inside
* try_to_free_swap() _with_ the lock.
* - Marcelo
*/
static inline void free_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
if (PageSwapCache(page) && !page_mapped(page) && trylock_page(page)) {
try_to_free_swap(page);
unlock_page(page);
}
}

/*
* Perform a free_page(), also freeing any swap cache associated with
* this page if it is the last user of the page.
*/
void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
free_swap_cache(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}

/*
* Passed an array of pages, drop them all from swapcache and then release
* them. They are removed from the LRU and freed if this is their last use.
*/
void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **pages, int nr)
{
struct page **pagep = pages;

lru_add_drain();
while (nr) {
int todo = min(nr, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
int i;

for (i = 0; i < todo; i++)
free_swap_cache(pagep[i]);
release_pages(pagep, todo, 0);
pagep += todo;
nr -= todo;
}
}

/*
* Lookup a swap entry in the swap cache. A found page will be returned
* unlocked and with its refcount incremented - we rely on the kernel
* lock getting page table operations atomic even if we drop the page
* lock before returning.
*/
struct page * lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
{
struct page *page;

page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);

if (page)
INC_CACHE_INFO(find_success);

INC_CACHE_INFO(find_total);
return page;
}

/*
* Locate a page of swap in physical memory, reserving swap cache space
* and reading the disk if it is not already cached.
* A failure return means that either the page allocation failed or that
* the swap entry is no longer in use.
*/
struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
struct page *found_page, *new_page = NULL;
int err;

do {
/*
* First check the swap cache. Since this is normally
* called after lookup_swap_cache() failed, re-calling
* that would confuse statistics.
*/
found_page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
if (found_page)
break;

/*
* Get a new page to read into from swap.
*/
if (!new_page) {
new_page = alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr);
if (!new_page)
break; /* Out of memory */
}

/*
* call radix_tree_preload() while we can wait.
*/
err = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask & GFP_KERNEL);
if (err)
break;

/*
* Swap entry may have been freed since our caller observed it.
*/
err = swapcache_prepare(entry);
if (err == -EEXIST) { /* seems racy */
radix_tree_preload_end();
continue;
}
if (err) { /* swp entry is obsolete ? */
radix_tree_preload_end();
break;
}

/* May fail (-ENOMEM) if radix-tree node allocation failed. */
__set_page_locked(new_page);
SetPageSwapBacked(new_page);
err = __add_to_swap_cache(new_page, entry);
if (likely(!err)) {
radix_tree_preload_end();
/*
* Initiate read into locked page and return.
*/
lru_cache_add_anon(new_page);
swap_readpage(new_page);
return new_page;
}
radix_tree_preload_end();
ClearPageSwapBacked(new_page);
__clear_page_locked(new_page);
/*
* add_to_swap_cache() doesn't return -EEXIST, so we can safely
* clear SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag.
*/
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
} while (err != -ENOMEM);

if (new_page)
page_cache_release(new_page);
return found_page;
}

/**
* swapin_readahead - swap in pages in hope we need them soon
* @entry: swap entry of this memory
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags
* @vma: user vma this address belongs to
* @addr: target address for mempolicy
*
* Returns the struct page for entry and addr, after queueing swapin.
*
* Primitive swap readahead code. We simply read an aligned block of
* (1 << page_cluster) entries in the swap area. This method is chosen
* because it doesn't cost us any seek time. We also make sure to queue
* the 'original' request together with the readahead ones...
*
* This has been extended to use the NUMA policies from the mm triggering
* the readahead.
*
* Caller must hold down_read on the vma->vm_mm if vma is not NULL.
*/
struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
struct page *page;
unsigned long offset = swp_offset(entry);
unsigned long start_offset, end_offset;
unsigned long mask = (1UL << page_cluster) - 1;
struct blk_plug plug;

/* Read a page_cluster sized and aligned cluster around offset. */
start_offset = offset & ~mask;
end_offset = offset | mask;
if (!start_offset) /* First page is swap header. */
start_offset++;

blk_start_plug(&plug);
for (offset = start_offset; offset <= end_offset ; offset++) {
/* Ok, do the async read-ahead now */
page = read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry(swp_type(entry), offset),
gfp_mask, vma, addr);
if (!page)
continue;
page_cache_release(page);
}
blk_finish_plug(&plug);

lru_add_drain(); /* Push any new pages onto the LRU now */
return read_swap_cache_async(entry, gfp_mask, vma, addr);
}
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.