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/*
* linux/mm/swap_state.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994 Linus Torvalds
* Swap reorganised 29.12.95, Stephen Tweedie
*
* Rewritten to use page cache, (C) 1998 Stephen Tweedie
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include <linux/pagevec.h>
#include <linux/migrate.h>
#include <linux/page_cgroup.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
/*
* swapper_space is a fiction, retained to simplify the path through
* vmscan's shrink_page_list.
*/
static const struct address_space_operations swap_aops = {
.writepage = swap_writepage,
.set_page_dirty = swap_set_page_dirty,
.migratepage = migrate_page,
};
static struct backing_dev_info swap_backing_dev_info = {
.name = "swap",
.capabilities = BDI_CAP_NO_ACCT_AND_WRITEBACK | BDI_CAP_SWAP_BACKED,
};
struct address_space swapper_space = {
.page_tree = RADIX_TREE_INIT(GFP_ATOMIC|__GFP_NOWARN),
.tree_lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(swapper_space.tree_lock),
.a_ops = &swap_aops,
.i_mmap_nonlinear = LIST_HEAD_INIT(swapper_space.i_mmap_nonlinear),
.backing_dev_info = &swap_backing_dev_info,
};
#define INC_CACHE_INFO(x) do { swap_cache_info.x++; } while (0)
static struct {
unsigned long add_total;
unsigned long del_total;
unsigned long find_success;
unsigned long find_total;
} swap_cache_info;
void show_swap_cache_info(void)
{
printk("%lu pages in swap cache\n", total_swapcache_pages);
printk("Swap cache stats: add %lu, delete %lu, find %lu/%lu\n",
swap_cache_info.add_total, swap_cache_info.del_total,
swap_cache_info.find_success, swap_cache_info.find_total);
printk("Free swap = %ldkB\n", nr_swap_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
printk("Total swap = %lukB\n", total_swap_pages << (PAGE_SHIFT - 10));
}
/*
* __add_to_swap_cache resembles add_to_page_cache_locked on swapper_space,
* but sets SwapCache flag and private instead of mapping and index.
*/
static int __add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry)
{
int error;
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(PageSwapCache(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
page_cache_get(page);
SetPageSwapCache(page);
set_page_private(page, entry.val);
spin_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
error = radix_tree_insert(&swapper_space.page_tree, entry.val, page);
if (likely(!error)) {
total_swapcache_pages++;
__inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
INC_CACHE_INFO(add_total);
}
spin_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
if (unlikely(error)) {
/*
* Only the context which have set SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag
* would call add_to_swap_cache().
* So add_to_swap_cache() doesn't returns -EEXIST.
*/
VM_BUG_ON(error == -EEXIST);
set_page_private(page, 0UL);
ClearPageSwapCache(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
return error;
}
int add_to_swap_cache(struct page *page, swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
int error;
error = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask);
if (!error) {
error = __add_to_swap_cache(page, entry);
radix_tree_preload_end();
}
return error;
}
/*
* This must be called only on pages that have
* been verified to be in the swap cache.
*/
void __delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapCache(page));
VM_BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));
radix_tree_delete(&swapper_space.page_tree, page_private(page));
set_page_private(page, 0);
ClearPageSwapCache(page);
total_swapcache_pages--;
__dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_FILE_PAGES);
INC_CACHE_INFO(del_total);
}
/**
* add_to_swap - allocate swap space for a page
* @page: page we want to move to swap
*
* Allocate swap space for the page and add the page to the
* swap cache. Caller needs to hold the page lock.
*/
int add_to_swap(struct page *page)
{
swp_entry_t entry;
int err;
VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
VM_BUG_ON(!PageUptodate(page));
entry = get_swap_page();
if (!entry.val)
return 0;
if (unlikely(PageTransHuge(page)))
if (unlikely(split_huge_page(page))) {
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
return 0;
}
/*
* Radix-tree node allocations from PF_MEMALLOC contexts could
* completely exhaust the page allocator. __GFP_NOMEMALLOC
* stops emergency reserves from being allocated.
*
* TODO: this could cause a theoretical memory reclaim
* deadlock in the swap out path.
*/
/*
* Add it to the swap cache and mark it dirty
*/
err = add_to_swap_cache(page, entry,
__GFP_HIGH|__GFP_NOMEMALLOC|__GFP_NOWARN);
if (!err) { /* Success */
SetPageDirty(page);
return 1;
} else { /* -ENOMEM radix-tree allocation failure */
/*
* add_to_swap_cache() doesn't return -EEXIST, so we can safely
* clear SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag.
*/
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
return 0;
}
}
/*
* This must be called only on pages that have
* been verified to be in the swap cache and locked.
* It will never put the page into the free list,
* the caller has a reference on the page.
*/
void delete_from_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
swp_entry_t entry;
entry.val = page_private(page);
spin_lock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
__delete_from_swap_cache(page);
spin_unlock_irq(&swapper_space.tree_lock);
swapcache_free(entry, page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
/*
* If we are the only user, then try to free up the swap cache.
*
* Its ok to check for PageSwapCache without the page lock
* here because we are going to recheck again inside
* try_to_free_swap() _with_ the lock.
* - Marcelo
*/
static inline void free_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
if (PageSwapCache(page) && !page_mapped(page) && trylock_page(page)) {
try_to_free_swap(page);
unlock_page(page);
}
}
/*
* Perform a free_page(), also freeing any swap cache associated with
* this page if it is the last user of the page.
*/
void free_page_and_swap_cache(struct page *page)
{
free_swap_cache(page);
page_cache_release(page);
}
/*
* Passed an array of pages, drop them all from swapcache and then release
* them. They are removed from the LRU and freed if this is their last use.
*/
void free_pages_and_swap_cache(struct page **pages, int nr)
{
struct page **pagep = pages;
lru_add_drain();
while (nr) {
int todo = min(nr, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
int i;
for (i = 0; i < todo; i++)
free_swap_cache(pagep[i]);
release_pages(pagep, todo, 0);
pagep += todo;
nr -= todo;
}
}
/*
* Lookup a swap entry in the swap cache. A found page will be returned
* unlocked and with its refcount incremented - we rely on the kernel
* lock getting page table operations atomic even if we drop the page
* lock before returning.
*/
struct page * lookup_swap_cache(swp_entry_t entry)
{
struct page *page;
page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
if (page)
INC_CACHE_INFO(find_success);
INC_CACHE_INFO(find_total);
return page;
}
/*
* Locate a page of swap in physical memory, reserving swap cache space
* and reading the disk if it is not already cached.
* A failure return means that either the page allocation failed or that
* the swap entry is no longer in use.
*/
struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
struct page *found_page, *new_page = NULL;
int err;
do {
/*
* First check the swap cache. Since this is normally
* called after lookup_swap_cache() failed, re-calling
* that would confuse statistics.
*/
found_page = find_get_page(&swapper_space, entry.val);
if (found_page)
break;
/*
* Get a new page to read into from swap.
*/
if (!new_page) {
new_page = alloc_page_vma(gfp_mask, vma, addr);
if (!new_page)
break; /* Out of memory */
}
/*
* call radix_tree_preload() while we can wait.
*/
err = radix_tree_preload(gfp_mask & GFP_KERNEL);
if (err)
break;
/*
* Swap entry may have been freed since our caller observed it.
*/
err = swapcache_prepare(entry);
if (err == -EEXIST) { /* seems racy */
radix_tree_preload_end();
continue;
}
if (err) { /* swp entry is obsolete ? */
radix_tree_preload_end();
break;
}
/* May fail (-ENOMEM) if radix-tree node allocation failed. */
__set_page_locked(new_page);
SetPageSwapBacked(new_page);
err = __add_to_swap_cache(new_page, entry);
if (likely(!err)) {
radix_tree_preload_end();
/*
* Initiate read into locked page and return.
*/
lru_cache_add_anon(new_page);
swap_readpage(new_page);
return new_page;
}
radix_tree_preload_end();
ClearPageSwapBacked(new_page);
__clear_page_locked(new_page);
/*
* add_to_swap_cache() doesn't return -EEXIST, so we can safely
* clear SWAP_HAS_CACHE flag.
*/
swapcache_free(entry, NULL);
} while (err != -ENOMEM);
if (new_page)
page_cache_release(new_page);
return found_page;
}
/**
* swapin_readahead - swap in pages in hope we need them soon
* @entry: swap entry of this memory
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags
* @vma: user vma this address belongs to
* @addr: target address for mempolicy
*
* Returns the struct page for entry and addr, after queueing swapin.
*
* Primitive swap readahead code. We simply read an aligned block of
* (1 << page_cluster) entries in the swap area. This method is chosen
* because it doesn't cost us any seek time. We also make sure to queue
* the 'original' request together with the readahead ones...
*
* This has been extended to use the NUMA policies from the mm triggering
* the readahead.
*
* Caller must hold down_read on the vma->vm_mm if vma is not NULL.
*/
struct page *swapin_readahead(swp_entry_t entry, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr)
{
struct page *page;
unsigned long offset = swp_offset(entry);
unsigned long start_offset, end_offset;
unsigned long mask = (1UL << page_cluster) - 1;
struct blk_plug plug;
/* Read a page_cluster sized and aligned cluster around offset. */
start_offset = offset & ~mask;
end_offset = offset | mask;
if (!start_offset) /* First page is swap header. */
start_offset++;
blk_start_plug(&plug);
for (offset = start_offset; offset <= end_offset ; offset++) {
/* Ok, do the async read-ahead now */
page = read_swap_cache_async(swp_entry(swp_type(entry), offset),
gfp_mask, vma, addr);
if (!page)
continue;
page_cache_release(page);
}
blk_finish_plug(&plug);
lru_add_drain(); /* Push any new pages onto the LRU now */
return read_swap_cache_async(entry, gfp_mask, vma, addr);
}
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