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/*
* Filename: cfag12864b-example.c
* Version: 0.1.0
* Description: cfag12864b LCD userspace example program
* License: GPLv2
*
* Author: Copyright (C) Miguel Ojeda Sandonis
* Date: 2006-10-31
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*
*/

/*
* ------------------------
* start of cfag12864b code
* ------------------------
*/

#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>

#define CFAG12864B_WIDTH (128)
#define CFAG12864B_HEIGHT (64)
#define CFAG12864B_SIZE (128 * 64 / 8)
#define CFAG12864B_BPB (8)
#define CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y) ((y) * CFAG12864B_WIDTH / \
CFAG12864B_BPB + (x) / CFAG12864B_BPB)
#define CFAG12864B_BIT(n) (((unsigned char) 1) << (n))

#undef CFAG12864B_DOCHECK
#ifdef CFAG12864B_DOCHECK
#define CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y) ((x) < CFAG12864B_WIDTH && \
(y) < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT)
#else
#define CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y) (1)
#endif

int cfag12864b_fd;
unsigned char * cfag12864b_mem;
unsigned char cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_SIZE];

/*
* init a cfag12864b framebuffer device
*
* No error: return = 0
* Unable to open: return = -1
* Unable to mmap: return = -2
*/
static int cfag12864b_init(char *path)
{
cfag12864b_fd = open(path, O_RDWR);
if (cfag12864b_fd == -1)
return -1;

cfag12864b_mem = mmap(0, CFAG12864B_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_SHARED, cfag12864b_fd, 0);
if (cfag12864b_mem == MAP_FAILED) {
close(cfag12864b_fd);
return -2;
}

return 0;
}

/*
* exit a cfag12864b framebuffer device
*/
static void cfag12864b_exit(void)
{
munmap(cfag12864b_mem, CFAG12864B_SIZE);
close(cfag12864b_fd);
}

/*
* set (x, y) pixel
*/
static void cfag12864b_set(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
{
if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] |=
CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB);
}

/*
* unset (x, y) pixel
*/
static void cfag12864b_unset(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
{
if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] &=
~CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB);
}

/*
* is set (x, y) pixel?
*
* Pixel off: return = 0
* Pixel on: return = 1
*/
static unsigned char cfag12864b_isset(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
{
if (CFAG12864B_CHECK(x, y))
if (cfag12864b_buffer[CFAG12864B_ADDRESS(x, y)] &
CFAG12864B_BIT(x % CFAG12864B_BPB))
return 1;

return 0;
}

/*
* not (x, y) pixel
*/
static void cfag12864b_not(unsigned char x, unsigned char y)
{
if (cfag12864b_isset(x, y))
cfag12864b_unset(x, y);
else
cfag12864b_set(x, y);
}

/*
* fill (set all pixels)
*/
static void cfag12864b_fill(void)
{
unsigned short i;

for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_SIZE; i++)
cfag12864b_buffer[i] = 0xFF;
}

/*
* clear (unset all pixels)
*/
static void cfag12864b_clear(void)
{
unsigned short i;

for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_SIZE; i++)
cfag12864b_buffer[i] = 0;
}

/*
* format a [128*64] matrix
*
* Pixel off: src[i] = 0
* Pixel on: src[i] > 0
*/
static void cfag12864b_format(unsigned char * matrix)
{
unsigned char i, j, n;

for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; i++)
for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_WIDTH / CFAG12864B_BPB; j++) {
cfag12864b_buffer[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH / CFAG12864B_BPB +
j] = 0;
for (n = 0; n < CFAG12864B_BPB; n++)
if (matrix[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH +
j * CFAG12864B_BPB + n])
cfag12864b_buffer[i * CFAG12864B_WIDTH /
CFAG12864B_BPB + j] |=
CFAG12864B_BIT(n);
}
}

/*
* blit buffer to lcd
*/
static void cfag12864b_blit(void)
{
memcpy(cfag12864b_mem, cfag12864b_buffer, CFAG12864B_SIZE);
}

/*
* ----------------------
* end of cfag12864b code
* ----------------------
*/

#include <stdio.h>

#define EXAMPLES 6

static void example(unsigned char n)
{
unsigned short i, j;
unsigned char matrix[CFAG12864B_WIDTH * CFAG12864B_HEIGHT];

if (n > EXAMPLES)
return;

printf("Example %i/%i - ", n, EXAMPLES);

switch (n) {
case 1:
printf("Draw points setting bits");
cfag12864b_clear();
for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i += 2)
for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j += 2)
cfag12864b_set(i, j);
break;

case 2:
printf("Clear the LCD");
cfag12864b_clear();
break;

case 3:
printf("Draw rows formatting a [128*64] matrix");
memset(matrix, 0, CFAG12864B_WIDTH * CFAG12864B_HEIGHT);
for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i++)
for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j += 2)
matrix[j * CFAG12864B_WIDTH + i] = 1;
cfag12864b_format(matrix);
break;

case 4:
printf("Fill the lcd");
cfag12864b_fill();
break;

case 5:
printf("Draw columns unsetting bits");
for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i += 2)
for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j++)
cfag12864b_unset(i, j);
break;

case 6:
printf("Do negative not-ing all bits");
for (i = 0; i < CFAG12864B_WIDTH; i++)
for (j = 0; j < CFAG12864B_HEIGHT; j ++)
cfag12864b_not(i, j);
break;
}

puts(" - [Press Enter]");
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
unsigned char n;

if (argc != 2) {
printf(
"Sintax: %s fbdev\n"
"Usually: /dev/fb0, /dev/fb1...\n", argv[0]);
return -1;
}

if (cfag12864b_init(argv[1])) {
printf("Can't init %s fbdev\n", argv[1]);
return -2;
}

for (n = 1; n <= EXAMPLES; n++) {
example(n);
cfag12864b_blit();
while (getchar() != '\n');
}

cfag12864b_exit();

return 0;
}
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