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/*
* Detect Hung Task
*
* kernel/hung_task.c - kernel thread for detecting tasks stuck in D state
*
*/
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
/*
* The number of tasks checked:
*/
unsigned long __read_mostly sysctl_hung_task_check_count = PID_MAX_LIMIT;
/*
* Limit number of tasks checked in a batch.
*
* This value controls the preemptibility of khungtaskd since preemption
* is disabled during the critical section. It also controls the size of
* the RCU grace period. So it needs to be upper-bound.
*/
#define HUNG_TASK_BATCHING 1024
/*
* Zero means infinite timeout - no checking done:
*/
unsigned long __read_mostly sysctl_hung_task_timeout_secs = CONFIG_DEFAULT_HUNG_TASK_TIMEOUT;
unsigned long __read_mostly sysctl_hung_task_warnings = 10;
static int __read_mostly did_panic;
static struct task_struct *watchdog_task;
/*
* Should we panic (and reboot, if panic_timeout= is set) when a
* hung task is detected:
*/
unsigned int __read_mostly sysctl_hung_task_panic =
CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_HUNG_TASK_PANIC_VALUE;
static int __init hung_task_panic_setup(char *str)
{
sysctl_hung_task_panic = simple_strtoul(str, NULL, 0);
return 1;
}
__setup("hung_task_panic=", hung_task_panic_setup);
static int
hung_task_panic(struct notifier_block *this, unsigned long event, void *ptr)
{
did_panic = 1;
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
static struct notifier_block panic_block = {
.notifier_call = hung_task_panic,
};
static void check_hung_task(struct task_struct *t, unsigned long timeout)
{
unsigned long switch_count = t->nvcsw + t->nivcsw;
/*
* Ensure the task is not frozen.
* Also, skip vfork and any other user process that freezer should skip.
*/
if (unlikely(t->flags & (PF_FROZEN | PF_FREEZER_SKIP)))
return;
/*
* When a freshly created task is scheduled once, changes its state to
* TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE without having ever been switched out once, it
* musn't be checked.
*/
if (unlikely(!switch_count))
return;
if (switch_count != t->last_switch_count) {
t->last_switch_count = switch_count;
return;
}
if (!sysctl_hung_task_warnings)
return;
sysctl_hung_task_warnings--;
/*
* Ok, the task did not get scheduled for more than 2 minutes,
* complain:
*/
printk(KERN_ERR "INFO: task %s:%d blocked for more than "
"%ld seconds.\n", t->comm, t->pid, timeout);
printk(KERN_ERR "\"echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/hung_task_timeout_secs\""
" disables this message.\n");
sched_show_task(t);
debug_show_held_locks(t);
touch_nmi_watchdog();
if (sysctl_hung_task_panic) {
trigger_all_cpu_backtrace();
panic("hung_task: blocked tasks");
}
}
/*
* To avoid extending the RCU grace period for an unbounded amount of time,
* periodically exit the critical section and enter a new one.
*
* For preemptible RCU it is sufficient to call rcu_read_unlock in order
* to exit the grace period. For classic RCU, a reschedule is required.
*/
static bool rcu_lock_break(struct task_struct *g, struct task_struct *t)
{
bool can_cont;
get_task_struct(g);
get_task_struct(t);
rcu_read_unlock();
cond_resched();
rcu_read_lock();
can_cont = pid_alive(g) && pid_alive(t);
put_task_struct(t);
put_task_struct(g);
return can_cont;
}
/*
* Check whether a TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE does not get woken up for
* a really long time (120 seconds). If that happens, print out
* a warning.
*/
static void check_hung_uninterruptible_tasks(unsigned long timeout)
{
int max_count = sysctl_hung_task_check_count;
int batch_count = HUNG_TASK_BATCHING;
struct task_struct *g, *t;
/*
* If the system crashed already then all bets are off,
* do not report extra hung tasks:
*/
if (test_taint(TAINT_DIE) || did_panic)
return;
rcu_read_lock();
do_each_thread(g, t) {
if (!max_count--)
goto unlock;
if (!--batch_count) {
batch_count = HUNG_TASK_BATCHING;
if (!rcu_lock_break(g, t))
goto unlock;
}
/* use "==" to skip the TASK_KILLABLE tasks waiting on NFS */
if (t->state == TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE)
check_hung_task(t, timeout);
} while_each_thread(g, t);
unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
}
static unsigned long timeout_jiffies(unsigned long timeout)
{
/* timeout of 0 will disable the watchdog */
return timeout ? timeout * HZ : MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT;
}
/*
* Process updating of timeout sysctl
*/
int proc_dohung_task_timeout_secs(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer,
size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
int ret;
ret = proc_doulongvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
if (ret || !write)
goto out;
wake_up_process(watchdog_task);
out:
return ret;
}
/*
* kthread which checks for tasks stuck in D state
*/
static int watchdog(void *dummy)
{
set_user_nice(current, 0);
for ( ; ; ) {
unsigned long timeout = sysctl_hung_task_timeout_secs;
while (schedule_timeout_interruptible(timeout_jiffies(timeout)))
timeout = sysctl_hung_task_timeout_secs;
check_hung_uninterruptible_tasks(timeout);
}
return 0;
}
static int __init hung_task_init(void)
{
atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &panic_block);
watchdog_task = kthread_run(watchdog, NULL, "khungtaskd");
return 0;
}
module_init(hung_task_init);
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