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#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/fdtable.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/bug.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/kcmp.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
/*
* We don't expose the real in-memory order of objects for security reasons.
* But still the comparison results should be suitable for sorting. So we
* obfuscate kernel pointers values and compare the production instead.
*
* The obfuscation is done in two steps. First we xor the kernel pointer with
* a random value, which puts pointer into a new position in a reordered space.
* Secondly we multiply the xor production with a large odd random number to
* permute its bits even more (the odd multiplier guarantees that the product
* is unique ever after the high bits are truncated, since any odd number is
* relative prime to 2^n).
*
* Note also that the obfuscation itself is invisible to userspace and if needed
* it can be changed to an alternate scheme.
*/
static unsigned long cookies[KCMP_TYPES][2] __read_mostly;
static long kptr_obfuscate(long v, int type)
{
return (v ^ cookies[type][0]) * cookies[type][1];
}
/*
* 0 - equal, i.e. v1 = v2
* 1 - less than, i.e. v1 < v2
* 2 - greater than, i.e. v1 > v2
* 3 - not equal but ordering unavailable (reserved for future)
*/
static int kcmp_ptr(void *v1, void *v2, enum kcmp_type type)
{
long ret;
ret = kptr_obfuscate((long)v1, type) - kptr_obfuscate((long)v2, type);
return (ret < 0) | ((ret > 0) << 1);
}
/* The caller must have pinned the task */
static struct file *
get_file_raw_ptr(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int idx)
{
struct file *file = NULL;
task_lock(task);
rcu_read_lock();
if (task->files)
file = fcheck_files(task->files, idx);
rcu_read_unlock();
task_unlock(task);
return file;
}
static void kcmp_unlock(struct mutex *m1, struct mutex *m2)
{
if (likely(m2 != m1))
mutex_unlock(m2);
mutex_unlock(m1);
}
static int kcmp_lock(struct mutex *m1, struct mutex *m2)
{
int err;
if (m2 > m1)
swap(m1, m2);
err = mutex_lock_killable(m1);
if (!err && likely(m1 != m2)) {
err = mutex_lock_killable_nested(m2, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
if (err)
mutex_unlock(m1);
}
return err;
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(kcmp, pid_t, pid1, pid_t, pid2, int, type,
unsigned long, idx1, unsigned long, idx2)
{
struct task_struct *task1, *task2;
int ret;
rcu_read_lock();
/*
* Tasks are looked up in caller's PID namespace only.
*/
task1 = find_task_by_vpid(pid1);
task2 = find_task_by_vpid(pid2);
if (!task1 || !task2)
goto err_no_task;
get_task_struct(task1);
get_task_struct(task2);
rcu_read_unlock();
/*
* One should have enough rights to inspect task details.
*/
ret = kcmp_lock(&task1->signal->cred_guard_mutex,
&task2->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
if (ret)
goto err;
if (!ptrace_may_access(task1, PTRACE_MODE_READ) ||
!ptrace_may_access(task2, PTRACE_MODE_READ)) {
ret = -EPERM;
goto err_unlock;
}
switch (type) {
case KCMP_FILE: {
struct file *filp1, *filp2;
filp1 = get_file_raw_ptr(task1, idx1);
filp2 = get_file_raw_ptr(task2, idx2);
if (filp1 && filp2)
ret = kcmp_ptr(filp1, filp2, KCMP_FILE);
else
ret = -EBADF;
break;
}
case KCMP_VM:
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->mm, task2->mm, KCMP_VM);
break;
case KCMP_FILES:
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->files, task2->files, KCMP_FILES);
break;
case KCMP_FS:
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->fs, task2->fs, KCMP_FS);
break;
case KCMP_SIGHAND:
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->sighand, task2->sighand, KCMP_SIGHAND);
break;
case KCMP_IO:
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->io_context, task2->io_context, KCMP_IO);
break;
case KCMP_SYSVSEM:
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSVIPC
ret = kcmp_ptr(task1->sysvsem.undo_list,
task2->sysvsem.undo_list,
KCMP_SYSVSEM);
#else
ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
#endif
break;
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
err_unlock:
kcmp_unlock(&task1->signal->cred_guard_mutex,
&task2->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
err:
put_task_struct(task1);
put_task_struct(task2);
return ret;
err_no_task:
rcu_read_unlock();
return -ESRCH;
}
static __init int kcmp_cookies_init(void)
{
int i;
get_random_bytes(cookies, sizeof(cookies));
for (i = 0; i < KCMP_TYPES; i++)
cookies[i][1] |= (~(~0UL >> 1) | 1);
return 0;
}
arch_initcall(kcmp_cookies_init);
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