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/*
* Access to GPIOs on TWL4030/TPS659x0 chips
*
* Copyright (C) 2006-2007 Texas Instruments, Inc.
* Copyright (C) 2006 MontaVista Software, Inc.
*
* Code re-arranged and cleaned up by:
* Syed Mohammed Khasim <x0khasim@ti.com>
*
* Initial Code:
* Andy Lowe / Nishanth Menon
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/irq.h>
#include <linux/gpio.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/irqdomain.h>
#include <linux/mfd/twl.h>
/*
* The GPIO "subchip" supports 18 GPIOs which can be configured as
* inputs or outputs, with pullups or pulldowns on each pin. Each
* GPIO can trigger interrupts on either or both edges.
*
* GPIO interrupts can be fed to either of two IRQ lines; this is
* intended to support multiple hosts.
*
* There are also two LED pins used sometimes as output-only GPIOs.
*/
/* genirq interfaces are not available to modules */
#ifdef MODULE
#define is_module() true
#else
#define is_module() false
#endif
/* GPIO_CTRL Fields */
#define MASK_GPIO_CTRL_GPIO0CD1 BIT(0)
#define MASK_GPIO_CTRL_GPIO1CD2 BIT(1)
#define MASK_GPIO_CTRL_GPIO_ON BIT(2)
/* Mask for GPIO registers when aggregated into a 32-bit integer */
#define GPIO_32_MASK 0x0003ffff
struct gpio_twl4030_priv {
struct gpio_chip gpio_chip;
struct mutex mutex;
int irq_base;
/* Bitfields for state caching */
unsigned int usage_count;
unsigned int direction;
unsigned int out_state;
};
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* To configure TWL4030 GPIO module registers
*/
static inline int gpio_twl4030_write(u8 address, u8 data)
{
return twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_GPIO, data, address);
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* LED register offsets from TWL_MODULE_LED base
* PWMs A and B are dedicated to LEDs A and B, respectively.
*/
#define TWL4030_LED_LEDEN_REG 0x00
#define TWL4030_PWMAON_REG 0x01
#define TWL4030_PWMAOFF_REG 0x02
#define TWL4030_PWMBON_REG 0x03
#define TWL4030_PWMBOFF_REG 0x04
/* LEDEN bits */
#define LEDEN_LEDAON BIT(0)
#define LEDEN_LEDBON BIT(1)
#define LEDEN_LEDAEXT BIT(2)
#define LEDEN_LEDBEXT BIT(3)
#define LEDEN_LEDAPWM BIT(4)
#define LEDEN_LEDBPWM BIT(5)
#define LEDEN_PWM_LENGTHA BIT(6)
#define LEDEN_PWM_LENGTHB BIT(7)
#define PWMxON_LENGTH BIT(7)
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* To read a TWL4030 GPIO module register
*/
static inline int gpio_twl4030_read(u8 address)
{
u8 data;
int ret = 0;
ret = twl_i2c_read_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_GPIO, &data, address);
return (ret < 0) ? ret : data;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static u8 cached_leden;
/* The LED lines are open drain outputs ... a FET pulls to GND, so an
* external pullup is needed. We could also expose the integrated PWM
* as a LED brightness control; we initialize it as "always on".
*/
static void twl4030_led_set_value(int led, int value)
{
u8 mask = LEDEN_LEDAON | LEDEN_LEDAPWM;
if (led)
mask <<= 1;
if (value)
cached_leden &= ~mask;
else
cached_leden |= mask;
WARN_ON_ONCE(twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, cached_leden,
TWL4030_LED_LEDEN_REG));
}
static int twl4030_set_gpio_direction(int gpio, int is_input)
{
u8 d_bnk = gpio >> 3;
u8 d_msk = BIT(gpio & 0x7);
u8 reg = 0;
u8 base = REG_GPIODATADIR1 + d_bnk;
int ret = 0;
ret = gpio_twl4030_read(base);
if (ret >= 0) {
if (is_input)
reg = ret & ~d_msk;
else
reg = ret | d_msk;
ret = gpio_twl4030_write(base, reg);
}
return ret;
}
static int twl4030_set_gpio_dataout(int gpio, int enable)
{
u8 d_bnk = gpio >> 3;
u8 d_msk = BIT(gpio & 0x7);
u8 base = 0;
if (enable)
base = REG_SETGPIODATAOUT1 + d_bnk;
else
base = REG_CLEARGPIODATAOUT1 + d_bnk;
return gpio_twl4030_write(base, d_msk);
}
static int twl4030_get_gpio_datain(int gpio)
{
u8 d_bnk = gpio >> 3;
u8 d_off = gpio & 0x7;
u8 base = 0;
int ret = 0;
base = REG_GPIODATAIN1 + d_bnk;
ret = gpio_twl4030_read(base);
if (ret > 0)
ret = (ret >> d_off) & 0x1;
return ret;
}
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static int twl_request(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
int status = 0;
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
/* Support the two LED outputs as output-only GPIOs. */
if (offset >= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
u8 ledclr_mask = LEDEN_LEDAON | LEDEN_LEDAEXT
| LEDEN_LEDAPWM | LEDEN_PWM_LENGTHA;
u8 reg = TWL4030_PWMAON_REG;
offset -= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX;
if (offset) {
ledclr_mask <<= 1;
reg = TWL4030_PWMBON_REG;
}
/* initialize PWM to always-drive */
/* Configure PWM OFF register first */
status = twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, 0x7f, reg + 1);
if (status < 0)
goto done;
/* Followed by PWM ON register */
status = twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, 0x7f, reg);
if (status < 0)
goto done;
/* init LED to not-driven (high) */
status = twl_i2c_read_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, &cached_leden,
TWL4030_LED_LEDEN_REG);
if (status < 0)
goto done;
cached_leden &= ~ledclr_mask;
status = twl_i2c_write_u8(TWL4030_MODULE_LED, cached_leden,
TWL4030_LED_LEDEN_REG);
if (status < 0)
goto done;
status = 0;
goto done;
}
/* on first use, turn GPIO module "on" */
if (!priv->usage_count) {
struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *pdata;
u8 value = MASK_GPIO_CTRL_GPIO_ON;
/* optionally have the first two GPIOs switch vMMC1
* and vMMC2 power supplies based on card presence.
*/
pdata = dev_get_platdata(chip->parent);
if (pdata)
value |= pdata->mmc_cd & 0x03;
status = gpio_twl4030_write(REG_GPIO_CTRL, value);
}
done:
if (!status)
priv->usage_count |= BIT(offset);
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
return status;
}
static void twl_free(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
if (offset >= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
twl4030_led_set_value(offset - TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, 1);
goto out;
}
priv->usage_count &= ~BIT(offset);
/* on last use, switch off GPIO module */
if (!priv->usage_count)
gpio_twl4030_write(REG_GPIO_CTRL, 0x0);
out:
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
}
static int twl_direction_in(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
int ret;
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
ret = twl4030_set_gpio_direction(offset, 1);
else
ret = -EINVAL; /* LED outputs can't be set as input */
if (!ret)
priv->direction &= ~BIT(offset);
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
return ret;
}
static int twl_get(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
int ret;
int status = 0;
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
if (!(priv->usage_count & BIT(offset))) {
ret = -EPERM;
goto out;
}
if (priv->direction & BIT(offset))
status = priv->out_state & BIT(offset);
else
status = twl4030_get_gpio_datain(offset);
ret = (status < 0) ? status : !!status;
out:
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
return ret;
}
static void twl_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX)
twl4030_set_gpio_dataout(offset, value);
else
twl4030_led_set_value(offset - TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, value);
if (value)
priv->out_state |= BIT(offset);
else
priv->out_state &= ~BIT(offset);
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
}
static int twl_direction_out(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset, int value)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
int ret = 0;
mutex_lock(&priv->mutex);
if (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX) {
ret = twl4030_set_gpio_direction(offset, 0);
if (ret) {
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
return ret;
}
}
/*
* LED gpios i.e. offset >= TWL4030_GPIO_MAX are always output
*/
priv->direction |= BIT(offset);
mutex_unlock(&priv->mutex);
twl_set(chip, offset, value);
return ret;
}
static int twl_to_irq(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned offset)
{
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
return (priv->irq_base && (offset < TWL4030_GPIO_MAX))
? (priv->irq_base + offset)
: -EINVAL;
}
static const struct gpio_chip template_chip = {
.label = "twl4030",
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.request = twl_request,
.free = twl_free,
.direction_input = twl_direction_in,
.get = twl_get,
.direction_output = twl_direction_out,
.set = twl_set,
.to_irq = twl_to_irq,
.can_sleep = true,
};
/*----------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static int gpio_twl4030_pulls(u32 ups, u32 downs)
{
u8 message[5];
unsigned i, gpio_bit;
/* For most pins, a pulldown was enabled by default.
* We should have data that's specific to this board.
*/
for (gpio_bit = 1, i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
u8 bit_mask;
unsigned j;
for (bit_mask = 0, j = 0; j < 8; j += 2, gpio_bit <<= 1) {
if (ups & gpio_bit)
bit_mask |= 1 << (j + 1);
else if (downs & gpio_bit)
bit_mask |= 1 << (j + 0);
}
message[i] = bit_mask;
}
return twl_i2c_write(TWL4030_MODULE_GPIO, message,
REG_GPIOPUPDCTR1, 5);
}
static int gpio_twl4030_debounce(u32 debounce, u8 mmc_cd)
{
u8 message[3];
/* 30 msec of debouncing is always used for MMC card detect,
* and is optional for everything else.
*/
message[0] = (debounce & 0xff) | (mmc_cd & 0x03);
debounce >>= 8;
message[1] = (debounce & 0xff);
debounce >>= 8;
message[2] = (debounce & 0x03);
return twl_i2c_write(TWL4030_MODULE_GPIO, message,
REG_GPIO_DEBEN1, 3);
}
static int gpio_twl4030_remove(struct platform_device *pdev);
static struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *of_gpio_twl4030(struct device *dev,
struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *pdata)
{
struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *omap_twl_info;
omap_twl_info = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*omap_twl_info), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!omap_twl_info)
return NULL;
if (pdata)
*omap_twl_info = *pdata;
omap_twl_info->use_leds = of_property_read_bool(dev->of_node,
"ti,use-leds");
of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "ti,debounce",
&omap_twl_info->debounce);
of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "ti,mmc-cd",
(u32 *)&omap_twl_info->mmc_cd);
of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "ti,pullups",
&omap_twl_info->pullups);
of_property_read_u32(dev->of_node, "ti,pulldowns",
&omap_twl_info->pulldowns);
return omap_twl_info;
}
static int gpio_twl4030_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
struct device_node *node = pdev->dev.of_node;
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv;
int ret, irq_base;
priv = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(struct gpio_twl4030_priv),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!priv)
return -ENOMEM;
/* maybe setup IRQs */
if (is_module()) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "can't dispatch IRQs from modules\n");
goto no_irqs;
}
irq_base = devm_irq_alloc_descs(&pdev->dev, -1,
0, TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, 0);
if (irq_base < 0) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to alloc irq_descs\n");
return irq_base;
}
irq_domain_add_legacy(node, TWL4030_GPIO_MAX, irq_base, 0,
&irq_domain_simple_ops, NULL);
ret = twl4030_sih_setup(&pdev->dev, TWL4030_MODULE_GPIO, irq_base);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
priv->irq_base = irq_base;
no_irqs:
priv->gpio_chip = template_chip;
priv->gpio_chip.base = -1;
priv->gpio_chip.ngpio = TWL4030_GPIO_MAX;
priv->gpio_chip.parent = &pdev->dev;
mutex_init(&priv->mutex);
if (node)
pdata = of_gpio_twl4030(&pdev->dev, pdata);
if (pdata == NULL) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Platform data is missing\n");
return -ENXIO;
}
/*
* NOTE: boards may waste power if they don't set pullups
* and pulldowns correctly ... default for non-ULPI pins is
* pulldown, and some other pins may have external pullups
* or pulldowns. Careful!
*/
ret = gpio_twl4030_pulls(pdata->pullups, pdata->pulldowns);
if (ret)
dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "pullups %.05x %.05x --> %d\n",
pdata->pullups, pdata->pulldowns, ret);
ret = gpio_twl4030_debounce(pdata->debounce, pdata->mmc_cd);
if (ret)
dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "debounce %.03x %.01x --> %d\n",
pdata->debounce, pdata->mmc_cd, ret);
/*
* NOTE: we assume VIBRA_CTL.VIBRA_EN, in MODULE_AUDIO_VOICE,
* is (still) clear if use_leds is set.
*/
if (pdata->use_leds)
priv->gpio_chip.ngpio += 2;
ret = gpiochip_add_data(&priv->gpio_chip, priv);
if (ret < 0) {
dev_err(&pdev->dev, "could not register gpiochip, %d\n", ret);
priv->gpio_chip.ngpio = 0;
gpio_twl4030_remove(pdev);
goto out;
}
platform_set_drvdata(pdev, priv);
if (pdata->setup) {
int status;
status = pdata->setup(&pdev->dev, priv->gpio_chip.base,
TWL4030_GPIO_MAX);
if (status)
dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "setup --> %d\n", status);
}
out:
return ret;
}
/* Cannot use as gpio_twl4030_probe() calls us */
static int gpio_twl4030_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct twl4030_gpio_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
struct gpio_twl4030_priv *priv = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
int status;
if (pdata && pdata->teardown) {
status = pdata->teardown(&pdev->dev, priv->gpio_chip.base,
TWL4030_GPIO_MAX);
if (status) {
dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "teardown --> %d\n", status);
return status;
}
}
gpiochip_remove(&priv->gpio_chip);
if (is_module())
return 0;
/* REVISIT no support yet for deregistering all the IRQs */
WARN_ON(1);
return -EIO;
}
static const struct of_device_id twl_gpio_match[] = {
{ .compatible = "ti,twl4030-gpio", },
{ },
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, twl_gpio_match);
/* Note: this hardware lives inside an I2C-based multi-function device. */
MODULE_ALIAS("platform:twl4030_gpio");
static struct platform_driver gpio_twl4030_driver = {
.driver = {
.name = "twl4030_gpio",
.of_match_table = twl_gpio_match,
},
.probe = gpio_twl4030_probe,
.remove = gpio_twl4030_remove,
};
static int __init gpio_twl4030_init(void)
{
return platform_driver_register(&gpio_twl4030_driver);
}
subsys_initcall(gpio_twl4030_init);
static void __exit gpio_twl4030_exit(void)
{
platform_driver_unregister(&gpio_twl4030_driver);
}
module_exit(gpio_twl4030_exit);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Texas Instruments, Inc.");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO interface for TWL4030");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");