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/*
* Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Neil Brown
* Copyright (C) 2010-2015 Red Hat, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* This file is released under the GPL.
*/
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include "md.h"
#include "raid1.h"
#include "raid5.h"
#include "raid10.h"
#include "bitmap.h"
#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
#define DM_MSG_PREFIX "raid"
#define MAX_RAID_DEVICES 253 /* raid4/5/6 limit */
static bool devices_handle_discard_safely = false;
/*
* The following flags are used by dm-raid.c to set up the array state.
* They must be cleared before md_run is called.
*/
#define FirstUse 10 /* rdev flag */
struct raid_dev {
/*
* Two DM devices, one to hold metadata and one to hold the
* actual data/parity. The reason for this is to not confuse
* ti->len and give more flexibility in altering size and
* characteristics.
*
* While it is possible for this device to be associated
* with a different physical device than the data_dev, it
* is intended for it to be the same.
* |--------- Physical Device ---------|
* |- meta_dev -|------ data_dev ------|
*/
struct dm_dev *meta_dev;
struct dm_dev *data_dev;
struct md_rdev rdev;
};
/*
* Flags for rs->ctr_flags field.
*/
#define CTR_FLAG_SYNC 0x1
#define CTR_FLAG_NOSYNC 0x2
#define CTR_FLAG_REBUILD 0x4
#define CTR_FLAG_DAEMON_SLEEP 0x8
#define CTR_FLAG_MIN_RECOVERY_RATE 0x10
#define CTR_FLAG_MAX_RECOVERY_RATE 0x20
#define CTR_FLAG_MAX_WRITE_BEHIND 0x40
#define CTR_FLAG_STRIPE_CACHE 0x80
#define CTR_FLAG_REGION_SIZE 0x100
#define CTR_FLAG_RAID10_COPIES 0x200
#define CTR_FLAG_RAID10_FORMAT 0x400
struct raid_set {
struct dm_target *ti;
uint32_t bitmap_loaded;
uint32_t ctr_flags;
struct mddev md;
struct raid_type *raid_type;
struct dm_target_callbacks callbacks;
struct raid_dev dev[0];
};
/* Supported raid types and properties. */
static struct raid_type {
const char *name; /* RAID algorithm. */
const char *descr; /* Descriptor text for logging. */
const unsigned parity_devs; /* # of parity devices. */
const unsigned minimal_devs; /* minimal # of devices in set. */
const unsigned level; /* RAID level. */
const unsigned algorithm; /* RAID algorithm. */
} raid_types[] = {
{"raid0", "RAID0 (striping)", 0, 2, 0, 0 /* NONE */},
{"raid1", "RAID1 (mirroring)", 0, 2, 1, 0 /* NONE */},
{"raid10", "RAID10 (striped mirrors)", 0, 2, 10, UINT_MAX /* Varies */},
{"raid4", "RAID4 (dedicated parity disk)", 1, 2, 5, ALGORITHM_PARITY_0},
{"raid5_la", "RAID5 (left asymmetric)", 1, 2, 5, ALGORITHM_LEFT_ASYMMETRIC},
{"raid5_ra", "RAID5 (right asymmetric)", 1, 2, 5, ALGORITHM_RIGHT_ASYMMETRIC},
{"raid5_ls", "RAID5 (left symmetric)", 1, 2, 5, ALGORITHM_LEFT_SYMMETRIC},
{"raid5_rs", "RAID5 (right symmetric)", 1, 2, 5, ALGORITHM_RIGHT_SYMMETRIC},
{"raid6_zr", "RAID6 (zero restart)", 2, 4, 6, ALGORITHM_ROTATING_ZERO_RESTART},
{"raid6_nr", "RAID6 (N restart)", 2, 4, 6, ALGORITHM_ROTATING_N_RESTART},
{"raid6_nc", "RAID6 (N continue)", 2, 4, 6, ALGORITHM_ROTATING_N_CONTINUE}
};
static char *raid10_md_layout_to_format(int layout)
{
/*
* Bit 16 and 17 stand for "offset" and "use_far_sets"
* Refer to MD's raid10.c for details
*/
if ((layout & 0x10000) && (layout & 0x20000))
return "offset";
if ((layout & 0xFF) > 1)
return "near";
return "far";
}
static unsigned raid10_md_layout_to_copies(int layout)
{
if ((layout & 0xFF) > 1)
return layout & 0xFF;
return (layout >> 8) & 0xFF;
}
static int raid10_format_to_md_layout(char *format, unsigned copies)
{
unsigned n = 1, f = 1;
if (!strcasecmp("near", format))
n = copies;
else
f = copies;
if (!strcasecmp("offset", format))
return 0x30000 | (f << 8) | n;
if (!strcasecmp("far", format))
return 0x20000 | (f << 8) | n;
return (f << 8) | n;
}
static struct raid_type *get_raid_type(char *name)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(raid_types); i++)
if (!strcmp(raid_types[i].name, name))
return &raid_types[i];
return NULL;
}
static struct raid_set *context_alloc(struct dm_target *ti, struct raid_type *raid_type, unsigned raid_devs)
{
unsigned i;
struct raid_set *rs;
if (raid_devs <= raid_type->parity_devs) {
ti->error = "Insufficient number of devices";
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
rs = kzalloc(sizeof(*rs) + raid_devs * sizeof(rs->dev[0]), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!rs) {
ti->error = "Cannot allocate raid context";
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
mddev_init(&rs->md);
rs->ti = ti;
rs->raid_type = raid_type;
rs->md.raid_disks = raid_devs;
rs->md.level = raid_type->level;
rs->md.new_level = rs->md.level;
rs->md.layout = raid_type->algorithm;
rs->md.new_layout = rs->md.layout;
rs->md.delta_disks = 0;
rs->md.recovery_cp = 0;
for (i = 0; i < raid_devs; i++)
md_rdev_init(&rs->dev[i].rdev);
/*
* Remaining items to be initialized by further RAID params:
* rs->md.persistent
* rs->md.external
* rs->md.chunk_sectors
* rs->md.new_chunk_sectors
* rs->md.dev_sectors
*/
return rs;
}
static void context_free(struct raid_set *rs)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
if (rs->dev[i].meta_dev)
dm_put_device(rs->ti, rs->dev[i].meta_dev);
md_rdev_clear(&rs->dev[i].rdev);
if (rs->dev[i].data_dev)
dm_put_device(rs->ti, rs->dev[i].data_dev);
}
kfree(rs);
}
/*
* For every device we have two words
* <meta_dev>: meta device name or '-' if missing
* <data_dev>: data device name or '-' if missing
*
* The following are permitted:
* - -
* - <data_dev>
* <meta_dev> <data_dev>
*
* The following is not allowed:
* <meta_dev> -
*
* This code parses those words. If there is a failure,
* the caller must use context_free to unwind the operations.
*/
static int dev_parms(struct raid_set *rs, char **argv)
{
int i;
int rebuild = 0;
int metadata_available = 0;
int ret = 0;
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++, argv += 2) {
rs->dev[i].rdev.raid_disk = i;
rs->dev[i].meta_dev = NULL;
rs->dev[i].data_dev = NULL;
/*
* There are no offsets, since there is a separate device
* for data and metadata.
*/
rs->dev[i].rdev.data_offset = 0;
rs->dev[i].rdev.mddev = &rs->md;
if (strcmp(argv[0], "-")) {
ret = dm_get_device(rs->ti, argv[0],
dm_table_get_mode(rs->ti->table),
&rs->dev[i].meta_dev);
rs->ti->error = "RAID metadata device lookup failure";
if (ret)
return ret;
rs->dev[i].rdev.sb_page = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!rs->dev[i].rdev.sb_page)
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (!strcmp(argv[1], "-")) {
if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags) &&
(!rs->dev[i].rdev.recovery_offset)) {
rs->ti->error = "Drive designated for rebuild not specified";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->ti->error = "No data device supplied with metadata device";
if (rs->dev[i].meta_dev)
return -EINVAL;
continue;
}
ret = dm_get_device(rs->ti, argv[1],
dm_table_get_mode(rs->ti->table),
&rs->dev[i].data_dev);
if (ret) {
rs->ti->error = "RAID device lookup failure";
return ret;
}
if (rs->dev[i].meta_dev) {
metadata_available = 1;
rs->dev[i].rdev.meta_bdev = rs->dev[i].meta_dev->bdev;
}
rs->dev[i].rdev.bdev = rs->dev[i].data_dev->bdev;
list_add(&rs->dev[i].rdev.same_set, &rs->md.disks);
if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
rebuild++;
}
if (metadata_available) {
rs->md.external = 0;
rs->md.persistent = 1;
rs->md.major_version = 2;
} else if (rebuild && !rs->md.recovery_cp) {
/*
* Without metadata, we will not be able to tell if the array
* is in-sync or not - we must assume it is not. Therefore,
* it is impossible to rebuild a drive.
*
* Even if there is metadata, the on-disk information may
* indicate that the array is not in-sync and it will then
* fail at that time.
*
* User could specify 'nosync' option if desperate.
*/
DMERR("Unable to rebuild drive while array is not in-sync");
rs->ti->error = "RAID device lookup failure";
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* validate_region_size
* @rs
* @region_size: region size in sectors. If 0, pick a size (4MiB default).
*
* Set rs->md.bitmap_info.chunksize (which really refers to 'region size').
* Ensure that (ti->len/region_size < 2^21) - required by MD bitmap.
*
* Returns: 0 on success, -EINVAL on failure.
*/
static int validate_region_size(struct raid_set *rs, unsigned long region_size)
{
unsigned long min_region_size = rs->ti->len / (1 << 21);
if (!region_size) {
/*
* Choose a reasonable default. All figures in sectors.
*/
if (min_region_size > (1 << 13)) {
/* If not a power of 2, make it the next power of 2 */
if (min_region_size & (min_region_size - 1))
region_size = 1 << fls(region_size);
DMINFO("Choosing default region size of %lu sectors",
region_size);
} else {
DMINFO("Choosing default region size of 4MiB");
region_size = 1 << 13; /* sectors */
}
} else {
/*
* Validate user-supplied value.
*/
if (region_size > rs->ti->len) {
rs->ti->error = "Supplied region size is too large";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (region_size < min_region_size) {
DMERR("Supplied region_size (%lu sectors) below minimum (%lu)",
region_size, min_region_size);
rs->ti->error = "Supplied region size is too small";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!is_power_of_2(region_size)) {
rs->ti->error = "Region size is not a power of 2";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (region_size < rs->md.chunk_sectors) {
rs->ti->error = "Region size is smaller than the chunk size";
return -EINVAL;
}
}
/*
* Convert sectors to bytes.
*/
rs->md.bitmap_info.chunksize = (region_size << 9);
return 0;
}
/*
* validate_raid_redundancy
* @rs
*
* Determine if there are enough devices in the array that haven't
* failed (or are being rebuilt) to form a usable array.
*
* Returns: 0 on success, -EINVAL on failure.
*/
static int validate_raid_redundancy(struct raid_set *rs)
{
unsigned i, rebuild_cnt = 0;
unsigned rebuilds_per_group = 0, copies, d;
unsigned group_size, last_group_start;
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++)
if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags) ||
!rs->dev[i].rdev.sb_page)
rebuild_cnt++;
switch (rs->raid_type->level) {
case 1:
if (rebuild_cnt >= rs->md.raid_disks)
goto too_many;
break;
case 4:
case 5:
case 6:
if (rebuild_cnt > rs->raid_type->parity_devs)
goto too_many;
break;
case 10:
copies = raid10_md_layout_to_copies(rs->md.layout);
if (rebuild_cnt < copies)
break;
/*
* It is possible to have a higher rebuild count for RAID10,
* as long as the failed devices occur in different mirror
* groups (i.e. different stripes).
*
* When checking "near" format, make sure no adjacent devices
* have failed beyond what can be handled. In addition to the
* simple case where the number of devices is a multiple of the
* number of copies, we must also handle cases where the number
* of devices is not a multiple of the number of copies.
* E.g. dev1 dev2 dev3 dev4 dev5
* A A B B C
* C D D E E
*/
if (!strcmp("near", raid10_md_layout_to_format(rs->md.layout))) {
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks * copies; i++) {
if (!(i % copies))
rebuilds_per_group = 0;
d = i % rs->md.raid_disks;
if ((!rs->dev[d].rdev.sb_page ||
!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[d].rdev.flags)) &&
(++rebuilds_per_group >= copies))
goto too_many;
}
break;
}
/*
* When checking "far" and "offset" formats, we need to ensure
* that the device that holds its copy is not also dead or
* being rebuilt. (Note that "far" and "offset" formats only
* support two copies right now. These formats also only ever
* use the 'use_far_sets' variant.)
*
* This check is somewhat complicated by the need to account
* for arrays that are not a multiple of (far) copies. This
* results in the need to treat the last (potentially larger)
* set differently.
*/
group_size = (rs->md.raid_disks / copies);
last_group_start = (rs->md.raid_disks / group_size) - 1;
last_group_start *= group_size;
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
if (!(i % copies) && !(i > last_group_start))
rebuilds_per_group = 0;
if ((!rs->dev[i].rdev.sb_page ||
!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags)) &&
(++rebuilds_per_group >= copies))
goto too_many;
}
break;
default:
if (rebuild_cnt)
return -EINVAL;
}
return 0;
too_many:
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* Possible arguments are...
* <chunk_size> [optional_args]
*
* Argument definitions
* <chunk_size> The number of sectors per disk that
* will form the "stripe"
* [[no]sync] Force or prevent recovery of the
* entire array
* [rebuild <idx>] Rebuild the drive indicated by the index
* [daemon_sleep <ms>] Time between bitmap daemon work to
* clear bits
* [min_recovery_rate <kB/sec/disk>] Throttle RAID initialization
* [max_recovery_rate <kB/sec/disk>] Throttle RAID initialization
* [write_mostly <idx>] Indicate a write mostly drive via index
* [max_write_behind <sectors>] See '-write-behind=' (man mdadm)
* [stripe_cache <sectors>] Stripe cache size for higher RAIDs
* [region_size <sectors>] Defines granularity of bitmap
*
* RAID10-only options:
* [raid10_copies <# copies>] Number of copies. (Default: 2)
* [raid10_format <near|far|offset>] Layout algorithm. (Default: near)
*/
static int parse_raid_params(struct raid_set *rs, char **argv,
unsigned num_raid_params)
{
char *raid10_format = "near";
unsigned raid10_copies = 2;
unsigned i;
unsigned long value, region_size = 0;
sector_t sectors_per_dev = rs->ti->len;
sector_t max_io_len;
char *key;
/*
* First, parse the in-order required arguments
* "chunk_size" is the only argument of this type.
*/
if ((kstrtoul(argv[0], 10, &value) < 0)) {
rs->ti->error = "Bad chunk size";
return -EINVAL;
} else if (rs->raid_type->level == 1) {
if (value)
DMERR("Ignoring chunk size parameter for RAID 1");
value = 0;
} else if (!is_power_of_2(value)) {
rs->ti->error = "Chunk size must be a power of 2";
return -EINVAL;
} else if (value < 8) {
rs->ti->error = "Chunk size value is too small";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.new_chunk_sectors = rs->md.chunk_sectors = value;
argv++;
num_raid_params--;
/*
* We set each individual device as In_sync with a completed
* 'recovery_offset'. If there has been a device failure or
* replacement then one of the following cases applies:
*
* 1) User specifies 'rebuild'.
* - Device is reset when param is read.
* 2) A new device is supplied.
* - No matching superblock found, resets device.
* 3) Device failure was transient and returns on reload.
* - Failure noticed, resets device for bitmap replay.
* 4) Device hadn't completed recovery after previous failure.
* - Superblock is read and overrides recovery_offset.
*
* What is found in the superblocks of the devices is always
* authoritative, unless 'rebuild' or '[no]sync' was specified.
*/
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
set_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags);
rs->dev[i].rdev.recovery_offset = MaxSector;
}
/*
* Second, parse the unordered optional arguments
*/
for (i = 0; i < num_raid_params; i++) {
if (!strcasecmp(argv[i], "nosync")) {
rs->md.recovery_cp = MaxSector;
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_NOSYNC;
continue;
}
if (!strcasecmp(argv[i], "sync")) {
rs->md.recovery_cp = 0;
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_SYNC;
continue;
}
/* The rest of the optional arguments come in key/value pairs */
if ((i + 1) >= num_raid_params) {
rs->ti->error = "Wrong number of raid parameters given";
return -EINVAL;
}
key = argv[i++];
/* Parameters that take a string value are checked here. */
if (!strcasecmp(key, "raid10_format")) {
if (rs->raid_type->level != 10) {
rs->ti->error = "'raid10_format' is an invalid parameter for this RAID type";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (strcmp("near", argv[i]) &&
strcmp("far", argv[i]) &&
strcmp("offset", argv[i])) {
rs->ti->error = "Invalid 'raid10_format' value given";
return -EINVAL;
}
raid10_format = argv[i];
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_RAID10_FORMAT;
continue;
}
if (kstrtoul(argv[i], 10, &value) < 0) {
rs->ti->error = "Bad numerical argument given in raid params";
return -EINVAL;
}
/* Parameters that take a numeric value are checked here */
if (!strcasecmp(key, "rebuild")) {
if (value >= rs->md.raid_disks) {
rs->ti->error = "Invalid rebuild index given";
return -EINVAL;
}
clear_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[value].rdev.flags);
rs->dev[value].rdev.recovery_offset = 0;
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_REBUILD;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "write_mostly")) {
if (rs->raid_type->level != 1) {
rs->ti->error = "write_mostly option is only valid for RAID1";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (value >= rs->md.raid_disks) {
rs->ti->error = "Invalid write_mostly drive index given";
return -EINVAL;
}
set_bit(WriteMostly, &rs->dev[value].rdev.flags);
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "max_write_behind")) {
if (rs->raid_type->level != 1) {
rs->ti->error = "max_write_behind option is only valid for RAID1";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_MAX_WRITE_BEHIND;
/*
* In device-mapper, we specify things in sectors, but
* MD records this value in kB
*/
value /= 2;
if (value > COUNTER_MAX) {
rs->ti->error = "Max write-behind limit out of range";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.bitmap_info.max_write_behind = value;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "daemon_sleep")) {
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_DAEMON_SLEEP;
if (!value || (value > MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT)) {
rs->ti->error = "daemon sleep period out of range";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.bitmap_info.daemon_sleep = value;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "stripe_cache")) {
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_STRIPE_CACHE;
/*
* In device-mapper, we specify things in sectors, but
* MD records this value in kB
*/
value /= 2;
if ((rs->raid_type->level != 5) &&
(rs->raid_type->level != 6)) {
rs->ti->error = "Inappropriate argument: stripe_cache";
return -EINVAL;
}
if (raid5_set_cache_size(&rs->md, (int)value)) {
rs->ti->error = "Bad stripe_cache size";
return -EINVAL;
}
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "min_recovery_rate")) {
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_MIN_RECOVERY_RATE;
if (value > INT_MAX) {
rs->ti->error = "min_recovery_rate out of range";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.sync_speed_min = (int)value;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "max_recovery_rate")) {
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_MAX_RECOVERY_RATE;
if (value > INT_MAX) {
rs->ti->error = "max_recovery_rate out of range";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.sync_speed_max = (int)value;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "region_size")) {
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_REGION_SIZE;
region_size = value;
} else if (!strcasecmp(key, "raid10_copies") &&
(rs->raid_type->level == 10)) {
if ((value < 2) || (value > 0xFF)) {
rs->ti->error = "Bad value for 'raid10_copies'";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->ctr_flags |= CTR_FLAG_RAID10_COPIES;
raid10_copies = value;
} else {
DMERR("Unable to parse RAID parameter: %s", key);
rs->ti->error = "Unable to parse RAID parameters";
return -EINVAL;
}
}
if (validate_region_size(rs, region_size))
return -EINVAL;
if (rs->md.chunk_sectors)
max_io_len = rs->md.chunk_sectors;
else
max_io_len = region_size;
if (dm_set_target_max_io_len(rs->ti, max_io_len))
return -EINVAL;
if (rs->raid_type->level == 10) {
if (raid10_copies > rs->md.raid_disks) {
rs->ti->error = "Not enough devices to satisfy specification";
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* If the format is not "near", we only support
* two copies at the moment.
*/
if (strcmp("near", raid10_format) && (raid10_copies > 2)) {
rs->ti->error = "Too many copies for given RAID10 format.";
return -EINVAL;
}
/* (Len * #mirrors) / #devices */
sectors_per_dev = rs->ti->len * raid10_copies;
sector_div(sectors_per_dev, rs->md.raid_disks);
rs->md.layout = raid10_format_to_md_layout(raid10_format,
raid10_copies);
rs->md.new_layout = rs->md.layout;
} else if ((!rs->raid_type->level || rs->raid_type->level > 1) &&
sector_div(sectors_per_dev,
(rs->md.raid_disks - rs->raid_type->parity_devs))) {
rs->ti->error = "Target length not divisible by number of data devices";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs->md.dev_sectors = sectors_per_dev;
/* Assume there are no metadata devices until the drives are parsed */
rs->md.persistent = 0;
rs->md.external = 1;
return 0;
}
static void do_table_event(struct work_struct *ws)
{
struct raid_set *rs = container_of(ws, struct raid_set, md.event_work);
dm_table_event(rs->ti->table);
}
static int raid_is_congested(struct dm_target_callbacks *cb, int bits)
{
struct raid_set *rs = container_of(cb, struct raid_set, callbacks);
return mddev_congested(&rs->md, bits);
}
/*
* This structure is never routinely used by userspace, unlike md superblocks.
* Devices with this superblock should only ever be accessed via device-mapper.
*/
#define DM_RAID_MAGIC 0x64526D44
struct dm_raid_superblock {
__le32 magic; /* "DmRd" */
__le32 features; /* Used to indicate possible future changes */
__le32 num_devices; /* Number of devices in this array. (Max 64) */
__le32 array_position; /* The position of this drive in the array */
__le64 events; /* Incremented by md when superblock updated */
__le64 failed_devices; /* Bit field of devices to indicate failures */
/*
* This offset tracks the progress of the repair or replacement of
* an individual drive.
*/
__le64 disk_recovery_offset;
/*
* This offset tracks the progress of the initial array
* synchronisation/parity calculation.
*/
__le64 array_resync_offset;
/*
* RAID characteristics
*/
__le32 level;
__le32 layout;
__le32 stripe_sectors;
/* Remainder of a logical block is zero-filled when writing (see super_sync()). */
} __packed;
static int read_disk_sb(struct md_rdev *rdev, int size)
{
BUG_ON(!rdev->sb_page);
if (rdev->sb_loaded)
return 0;
if (!sync_page_io(rdev, 0, size, rdev->sb_page, READ, 1)) {
DMERR("Failed to read superblock of device at position %d",
rdev->raid_disk);
md_error(rdev->mddev, rdev);
return -EINVAL;
}
rdev->sb_loaded = 1;
return 0;
}
static void super_sync(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev)
{
int i;
uint64_t failed_devices;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb;
struct raid_set *rs = container_of(mddev, struct raid_set, md);
sb = page_address(rdev->sb_page);
failed_devices = le64_to_cpu(sb->failed_devices);
for (i = 0; i < mddev->raid_disks; i++)
if (!rs->dev[i].data_dev ||
test_bit(Faulty, &(rs->dev[i].rdev.flags)))
failed_devices |= (1ULL << i);
memset(sb + 1, 0, rdev->sb_size - sizeof(*sb));
sb->magic = cpu_to_le32(DM_RAID_MAGIC);
sb->features = cpu_to_le32(0); /* No features yet */
sb->num_devices = cpu_to_le32(mddev->raid_disks);
sb->array_position = cpu_to_le32(rdev->raid_disk);
sb->events = cpu_to_le64(mddev->events);
sb->failed_devices = cpu_to_le64(failed_devices);
sb->disk_recovery_offset = cpu_to_le64(rdev->recovery_offset);
sb->array_resync_offset = cpu_to_le64(mddev->recovery_cp);
sb->level = cpu_to_le32(mddev->level);
sb->layout = cpu_to_le32(mddev->layout);
sb->stripe_sectors = cpu_to_le32(mddev->chunk_sectors);
}
/*
* super_load
*
* This function creates a superblock if one is not found on the device
* and will decide which superblock to use if there's a choice.
*
* Return: 1 if use rdev, 0 if use refdev, -Exxx otherwise
*/
static int super_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev)
{
int ret;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb;
struct dm_raid_superblock *refsb;
uint64_t events_sb, events_refsb;
rdev->sb_start = 0;
rdev->sb_size = bdev_logical_block_size(rdev->meta_bdev);
if (rdev->sb_size < sizeof(*sb) || rdev->sb_size > PAGE_SIZE) {
DMERR("superblock size of a logical block is no longer valid");
return -EINVAL;
}
ret = read_disk_sb(rdev, rdev->sb_size);
if (ret)
return ret;
sb = page_address(rdev->sb_page);
/*
* Two cases that we want to write new superblocks and rebuild:
* 1) New device (no matching magic number)
* 2) Device specified for rebuild (!In_sync w/ offset == 0)
*/
if ((sb->magic != cpu_to_le32(DM_RAID_MAGIC)) ||
(!test_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags) && !rdev->recovery_offset)) {
super_sync(rdev->mddev, rdev);
set_bit(FirstUse, &rdev->flags);
/* Force writing of superblocks to disk */
set_bit(MD_CHANGE_DEVS, &rdev->mddev->flags);
/* Any superblock is better than none, choose that if given */
return refdev ? 0 : 1;
}
if (!refdev)
return 1;
events_sb = le64_to_cpu(sb->events);
refsb = page_address(refdev->sb_page);
events_refsb = le64_to_cpu(refsb->events);
return (events_sb > events_refsb) ? 1 : 0;
}
static int super_init_validation(struct mddev *mddev, struct md_rdev *rdev)
{
int role;
struct raid_set *rs = container_of(mddev, struct raid_set, md);
uint64_t events_sb;
uint64_t failed_devices;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb;
uint32_t new_devs = 0;
uint32_t rebuilds = 0;
struct md_rdev *r;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb2;
sb = page_address(rdev->sb_page);
events_sb = le64_to_cpu(sb->events);
failed_devices = le64_to_cpu(sb->failed_devices);
/*
* Initialise to 1 if this is a new superblock.
*/
mddev->events = events_sb ? : 1;
/*
* Reshaping is not currently allowed
*/
if (le32_to_cpu(sb->level) != mddev->level) {
DMERR("Reshaping arrays not yet supported. (RAID level change)");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (le32_to_cpu(sb->layout) != mddev->layout) {
DMERR("Reshaping arrays not yet supported. (RAID layout change)");
DMERR(" 0x%X vs 0x%X", le32_to_cpu(sb->layout), mddev->layout);
DMERR(" Old layout: %s w/ %d copies",
raid10_md_layout_to_format(le32_to_cpu(sb->layout)),
raid10_md_layout_to_copies(le32_to_cpu(sb->layout)));
DMERR(" New layout: %s w/ %d copies",
raid10_md_layout_to_format(mddev->layout),
raid10_md_layout_to_copies(mddev->layout));
return -EINVAL;
}
if (le32_to_cpu(sb->stripe_sectors) != mddev->chunk_sectors) {
DMERR("Reshaping arrays not yet supported. (stripe sectors change)");
return -EINVAL;
}
/* We can only change the number of devices in RAID1 right now */
if ((rs->raid_type->level != 1) &&
(le32_to_cpu(sb->num_devices) != mddev->raid_disks)) {
DMERR("Reshaping arrays not yet supported. (device count change)");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!(rs->ctr_flags & (CTR_FLAG_SYNC | CTR_FLAG_NOSYNC)))
mddev->recovery_cp = le64_to_cpu(sb->array_resync_offset);
/*
* During load, we set FirstUse if a new superblock was written.
* There are two reasons we might not have a superblock:
* 1) The array is brand new - in which case, all of the
* devices must have their In_sync bit set. Also,
* recovery_cp must be 0, unless forced.
* 2) This is a new device being added to an old array
* and the new device needs to be rebuilt - in which
* case the In_sync bit will /not/ be set and
* recovery_cp must be MaxSector.
*/
rdev_for_each(r, mddev) {
if (!test_bit(In_sync, &r->flags)) {
DMINFO("Device %d specified for rebuild: "
"Clearing superblock", r->raid_disk);
rebuilds++;
} else if (test_bit(FirstUse, &r->flags))
new_devs++;
}
if (!rebuilds) {
if (new_devs == mddev->raid_disks) {
DMINFO("Superblocks created for new array");
set_bit(MD_ARRAY_FIRST_USE, &mddev->flags);
} else if (new_devs) {
DMERR("New device injected "
"into existing array without 'rebuild' "
"parameter specified");
return -EINVAL;
}
} else if (new_devs) {
DMERR("'rebuild' devices cannot be "
"injected into an array with other first-time devices");
return -EINVAL;
} else if (mddev->recovery_cp != MaxSector) {
DMERR("'rebuild' specified while array is not in-sync");
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* Now we set the Faulty bit for those devices that are
* recorded in the superblock as failed.
*/
rdev_for_each(r, mddev) {
if (!r->sb_page)
continue;
sb2 = page_address(r->sb_page);
sb2->failed_devices = 0;
/*
* Check for any device re-ordering.
*/
if (!test_bit(FirstUse, &r->flags) && (r->raid_disk >= 0)) {
role = le32_to_cpu(sb2->array_position);
if (role != r->raid_disk) {
if (rs->raid_type->level != 1) {
rs->ti->error = "Cannot change device "
"positions in RAID array";
return -EINVAL;
}
DMINFO("RAID1 device #%d now at position #%d",
role, r->raid_disk);
}
/*
* Partial recovery is performed on
* returning failed devices.
*/
if (failed_devices & (1 << role))
set_bit(Faulty, &r->flags);
}
}
return 0;
}
static int super_validate(struct raid_set *rs, struct md_rdev *rdev)
{
struct mddev *mddev = &rs->md;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb = page_address(rdev->sb_page);
/*
* If mddev->events is not set, we know we have not yet initialized
* the array.
*/
if (!mddev->events && super_init_validation(mddev, rdev))
return -EINVAL;
/* Enable bitmap creation for RAID levels != 0 */
mddev->bitmap_info.offset = (rs->raid_type->level) ? to_sector(4096) : 0;
rdev->mddev->bitmap_info.default_offset = mddev->bitmap_info.offset;
if (!test_bit(FirstUse, &rdev->flags)) {
rdev->recovery_offset = le64_to_cpu(sb->disk_recovery_offset);
if (rdev->recovery_offset != MaxSector)
clear_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags);
}
/*
* If a device comes back, set it as not In_sync and no longer faulty.
*/
if (test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
clear_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags);
clear_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags);
rdev->saved_raid_disk = rdev->raid_disk;
rdev->recovery_offset = 0;
}
clear_bit(FirstUse, &rdev->flags);
return 0;
}
/*
* Analyse superblocks and select the freshest.
*/
static int analyse_superblocks(struct dm_target *ti, struct raid_set *rs)
{
int ret;
struct raid_dev *dev;
struct md_rdev *rdev, *tmp, *freshest;
struct mddev *mddev = &rs->md;
freshest = NULL;
rdev_for_each_safe(rdev, tmp, mddev) {
/*
* Skipping super_load due to CTR_FLAG_SYNC will cause
* the array to undergo initialization again as
* though it were new. This is the intended effect
* of the "sync" directive.
*
* When reshaping capability is added, we must ensure
* that the "sync" directive is disallowed during the
* reshape.
*/
rdev->sectors = to_sector(i_size_read(rdev->bdev->bd_inode));
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_SYNC)
continue;
if (!rdev->meta_bdev)
continue;
ret = super_load(rdev, freshest);
switch (ret) {
case 1:
freshest = rdev;
break;
case 0:
break;
default:
dev = container_of(rdev, struct raid_dev, rdev);
if (dev->meta_dev)
dm_put_device(ti, dev->meta_dev);
dev->meta_dev = NULL;
rdev->meta_bdev = NULL;
if (rdev->sb_page)
put_page(rdev->sb_page);
rdev->sb_page = NULL;
rdev->sb_loaded = 0;
/*
* We might be able to salvage the data device
* even though the meta device has failed. For
* now, we behave as though '- -' had been
* set for this device in the table.
*/
if (dev->data_dev)
dm_put_device(ti, dev->data_dev);
dev->data_dev = NULL;
rdev->bdev = NULL;
list_del(&rdev->same_set);
}
}
if (!freshest)
return 0;
if (validate_raid_redundancy(rs)) {
rs->ti->error = "Insufficient redundancy to activate array";
return -EINVAL;
}
/*
* Validation of the freshest device provides the source of
* validation for the remaining devices.
*/
ti->error = "Unable to assemble array: Invalid superblocks";
if (super_validate(rs, freshest))
return -EINVAL;
rdev_for_each(rdev, mddev)
if ((rdev != freshest) && super_validate(rs, rdev))
return -EINVAL;
return 0;
}
/*
* Enable/disable discard support on RAID set depending on
* RAID level and discard properties of underlying RAID members.
*/
static void configure_discard_support(struct dm_target *ti, struct raid_set *rs)
{
int i;
bool raid456;
/* Assume discards not supported until after checks below. */
ti->discards_supported = false;
/* RAID level 4,5,6 require discard_zeroes_data for data integrity! */
raid456 = (rs->md.level == 4 || rs->md.level == 5 || rs->md.level == 6);
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
struct request_queue *q;
if (!rs->dev[i].rdev.bdev)
continue;
q = bdev_get_queue(rs->dev[i].rdev.bdev);
if (!q || !blk_queue_discard(q))
return;
if (raid456) {
if (!q->limits.discard_zeroes_data)
return;
if (!devices_handle_discard_safely) {
DMERR("raid456 discard support disabled due to discard_zeroes_data uncertainty.");
DMERR("Set dm-raid.devices_handle_discard_safely=Y to override.");
return;
}
}
}
/* All RAID members properly support discards */
ti->discards_supported = true;
/*
* RAID1 and RAID10 personalities require bio splitting,
* RAID0/4/5/6 don't and process large discard bios properly.
*/
ti->split_discard_bios = !!(rs->md.level == 1 || rs->md.level == 10);
ti->num_discard_bios = 1;
}
/*
* Construct a RAID4/5/6 mapping:
* Args:
* <raid_type> <#raid_params> <raid_params> \
* <#raid_devs> { <meta_dev1> <dev1> .. <meta_devN> <devN> }
*
* <raid_params> varies by <raid_type>. See 'parse_raid_params' for
* details on possible <raid_params>.
*/
static int raid_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
{
int ret;
struct raid_type *rt;
unsigned long num_raid_params, num_raid_devs;
struct raid_set *rs = NULL;
/* Must have at least <raid_type> <#raid_params> */
if (argc < 2) {
ti->error = "Too few arguments";
return -EINVAL;
}
/* raid type */
rt = get_raid_type(argv[0]);
if (!rt) {
ti->error = "Unrecognised raid_type";
return -EINVAL;
}
argc--;
argv++;
/* number of RAID parameters */
if (kstrtoul(argv[0], 10, &num_raid_params) < 0) {
ti->error = "Cannot understand number of RAID parameters";
return -EINVAL;
}
argc--;
argv++;
/* Skip over RAID params for now and find out # of devices */
if (num_raid_params >= argc) {
ti->error = "Arguments do not agree with counts given";
return -EINVAL;
}
if ((kstrtoul(argv[num_raid_params], 10, &num_raid_devs) < 0) ||
(num_raid_devs > MAX_RAID_DEVICES)) {
ti->error = "Cannot understand number of raid devices";
return -EINVAL;
}
argc -= num_raid_params + 1; /* +1: we already have num_raid_devs */
if (argc != (num_raid_devs * 2)) {
ti->error = "Supplied RAID devices does not match the count given";
return -EINVAL;
}
rs = context_alloc(ti, rt, (unsigned)num_raid_devs);
if (IS_ERR(rs))
return PTR_ERR(rs);
ret = parse_raid_params(rs, argv, (unsigned)num_raid_params);
if (ret)
goto bad;
argv += num_raid_params + 1;
ret = dev_parms(rs, argv);
if (ret)
goto bad;
rs->md.sync_super = super_sync;
ret = analyse_superblocks(ti, rs);
if (ret)
goto bad;
INIT_WORK(&rs->md.event_work, do_table_event);
ti->private = rs;
ti->num_flush_bios = 1;
/*
* Disable/enable discard support on RAID set.
*/
configure_discard_support(ti, rs);
/* Has to be held on running the array */
mddev_lock_nointr(&rs->md);
ret = md_run(&rs->md);
rs->md.in_sync = 0; /* Assume already marked dirty */
mddev_unlock(&rs->md);
if (ret) {
ti->error = "Fail to run raid array";
goto bad;
}
if (ti->len != rs->md.array_sectors) {
ti->error = "Array size does not match requested target length";
ret = -EINVAL;
goto size_mismatch;
}
rs->callbacks.congested_fn = raid_is_congested;
dm_table_add_target_callbacks(ti->table, &rs->callbacks);
mddev_suspend(&rs->md);
return 0;
size_mismatch:
md_stop(&rs->md);
bad:
context_free(rs);
return ret;
}
static void raid_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
list_del_init(&rs->callbacks.list);
md_stop(&rs->md);
context_free(rs);
}
static int raid_map(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
struct mddev *mddev = &rs->md;
mddev->pers->make_request(mddev, bio);
return DM_MAPIO_SUBMITTED;
}
static const char *decipher_sync_action(struct mddev *mddev)
{
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, &mddev->recovery))
return "frozen";
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, &mddev->recovery) ||
(!mddev->ro && test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery))) {
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, &mddev->recovery))
return "reshape";
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, &mddev->recovery)) {
if (!test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery))
return "resync";
else if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, &mddev->recovery))
return "check";
return "repair";
}
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, &mddev->recovery))
return "recover";
}
return "idle";
}
static void raid_status(struct dm_target *ti, status_type_t type,
unsigned status_flags, char *result, unsigned maxlen)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
unsigned raid_param_cnt = 1; /* at least 1 for chunksize */
unsigned sz = 0;
int i, array_in_sync = 0;
sector_t sync;
switch (type) {
case STATUSTYPE_INFO:
DMEMIT("%s %d ", rs->raid_type->name, rs->md.raid_disks);
if (rs->raid_type->level) {
if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, &rs->md.recovery))
sync = rs->md.curr_resync_completed;
else
sync = rs->md.recovery_cp;
if (sync >= rs->md.resync_max_sectors) {
/*
* Sync complete.
*/
array_in_sync = 1;
sync = rs->md.resync_max_sectors;
} else if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &rs->md.recovery)) {
/*
* If "check" or "repair" is occurring, the array has
* undergone and initial sync and the health characters
* should not be 'a' anymore.
*/
array_in_sync = 1;
} else {
/*
* The array may be doing an initial sync, or it may
* be rebuilding individual components. If all the
* devices are In_sync, then it is the array that is
* being initialized.
*/
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++)
if (!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
array_in_sync = 1;
}
} else {
/* RAID0 */
array_in_sync = 1;
sync = rs->md.resync_max_sectors;
}
/*
* Status characters:
* 'D' = Dead/Failed device
* 'a' = Alive but not in-sync
* 'A' = Alive and in-sync
*/
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
if (test_bit(Faulty, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
DMEMIT("D");
else if (!array_in_sync ||
!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
DMEMIT("a");
else
DMEMIT("A");
}
/*
* In-sync ratio:
* The in-sync ratio shows the progress of:
* - Initializing the array
* - Rebuilding a subset of devices of the array
* The user can distinguish between the two by referring
* to the status characters.
*/
DMEMIT(" %llu/%llu",
(unsigned long long) sync,
(unsigned long long) rs->md.resync_max_sectors);
/*
* Sync action:
* See Documentation/device-mapper/dm-raid.c for
* information on each of these states.
*/
DMEMIT(" %s", decipher_sync_action(&rs->md));
/*
* resync_mismatches/mismatch_cnt
* This field shows the number of discrepancies found when
* performing a "check" of the array.
*/
DMEMIT(" %llu",
(strcmp(rs->md.last_sync_action, "check")) ? 0 :
(unsigned long long)
atomic64_read(&rs->md.resync_mismatches));
break;
case STATUSTYPE_TABLE:
/* The string you would use to construct this array */
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
if ((rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_REBUILD) &&
rs->dev[i].data_dev &&
!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
raid_param_cnt += 2; /* for rebuilds */
if (rs->dev[i].data_dev &&
test_bit(WriteMostly, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
raid_param_cnt += 2;
}
raid_param_cnt += (hweight32(rs->ctr_flags & ~CTR_FLAG_REBUILD) * 2);
if (rs->ctr_flags & (CTR_FLAG_SYNC | CTR_FLAG_NOSYNC))
raid_param_cnt--;
DMEMIT("%s %u %u", rs->raid_type->name,
raid_param_cnt, rs->md.chunk_sectors);
if ((rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_SYNC) &&
(rs->md.recovery_cp == MaxSector))
DMEMIT(" sync");
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_NOSYNC)
DMEMIT(" nosync");
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++)
if ((rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_REBUILD) &&
rs->dev[i].data_dev &&
!test_bit(In_sync, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
DMEMIT(" rebuild %u", i);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_DAEMON_SLEEP)
DMEMIT(" daemon_sleep %lu",
rs->md.bitmap_info.daemon_sleep);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_MIN_RECOVERY_RATE)
DMEMIT(" min_recovery_rate %d", rs->md.sync_speed_min);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_MAX_RECOVERY_RATE)
DMEMIT(" max_recovery_rate %d", rs->md.sync_speed_max);
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++)
if (rs->dev[i].data_dev &&
test_bit(WriteMostly, &rs->dev[i].rdev.flags))
DMEMIT(" write_mostly %u", i);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_MAX_WRITE_BEHIND)
DMEMIT(" max_write_behind %lu",
rs->md.bitmap_info.max_write_behind);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_STRIPE_CACHE) {
struct r5conf *conf = rs->md.private;
/* convert from kiB to sectors */
DMEMIT(" stripe_cache %d",
conf ? conf->max_nr_stripes * 2 : 0);
}
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_REGION_SIZE)
DMEMIT(" region_size %lu",
rs->md.bitmap_info.chunksize >> 9);
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_RAID10_COPIES)
DMEMIT(" raid10_copies %u",
raid10_md_layout_to_copies(rs->md.layout));
if (rs->ctr_flags & CTR_FLAG_RAID10_FORMAT)
DMEMIT(" raid10_format %s",
raid10_md_layout_to_format(rs->md.layout));
DMEMIT(" %d", rs->md.raid_disks);
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
if (rs->dev[i].meta_dev)
DMEMIT(" %s", rs->dev[i].meta_dev->name);
else
DMEMIT(" -");
if (rs->dev[i].data_dev)
DMEMIT(" %s", rs->dev[i].data_dev->name);
else
DMEMIT(" -");
}
}
}
static int raid_message(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned argc, char **argv)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
struct mddev *mddev = &rs->md;
if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "reshape")) {
DMERR("Reshape not supported.");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (!mddev->pers || !mddev->pers->sync_request)
return -EINVAL;
if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "frozen"))
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, &mddev->recovery);
else
clear_bit(MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, &mddev->recovery);
if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "idle") || !strcasecmp(argv[0], "frozen")) {
if (mddev->sync_thread) {
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_INTR, &mddev->recovery);
md_reap_sync_thread(mddev);
}
} else if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, &mddev->recovery) ||
test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery))
return -EBUSY;
else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "resync"))
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery);
else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "recover")) {
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RECOVER, &mddev->recovery);
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery);
} else {
if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "check"))
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, &mddev->recovery);
else if (!!strcasecmp(argv[0], "repair"))
return -EINVAL;
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_REQUESTED, &mddev->recovery);
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, &mddev->recovery);
}
if (mddev->ro == 2) {
/* A write to sync_action is enough to justify
* canceling read-auto mode
*/
mddev->ro = 0;
if (!mddev->suspended)
md_wakeup_thread(mddev->sync_thread);
}
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_NEEDED, &mddev->recovery);
if (!mddev->suspended)
md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
return 0;
}
static int raid_iterate_devices(struct dm_target *ti,
iterate_devices_callout_fn fn, void *data)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
unsigned i;
int ret = 0;
for (i = 0; !ret && i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++)
if (rs->dev[i].data_dev)
ret = fn(ti,
rs->dev[i].data_dev,
0, /* No offset on data devs */
rs->md.dev_sectors,
data);
return ret;
}
static void raid_io_hints(struct dm_target *ti, struct queue_limits *limits)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
unsigned chunk_size = rs->md.chunk_sectors << 9;
struct r5conf *conf = rs->md.private;
blk_limits_io_min(limits, chunk_size);
blk_limits_io_opt(limits, chunk_size * (conf->raid_disks - conf->max_degraded));
}
static void raid_presuspend(struct dm_target *ti)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
md_stop_writes(&rs->md);
}
static void raid_postsuspend(struct dm_target *ti)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
mddev_suspend(&rs->md);
}
static void attempt_restore_of_faulty_devices(struct raid_set *rs)
{
int i;
uint64_t failed_devices, cleared_failed_devices = 0;
unsigned long flags;
struct dm_raid_superblock *sb;
struct md_rdev *r;
for (i = 0; i < rs->md.raid_disks; i++) {
r = &rs->dev[i].rdev;
if (test_bit(Faulty, &r->flags) && r->sb_page &&
sync_page_io(r, 0, r->sb_size, r->sb_page, READ, 1)) {
DMINFO("Faulty %s device #%d has readable super block."
" Attempting to revive it.",
rs->raid_type->name, i);
/*
* Faulty bit may be set, but sometimes the array can
* be suspended before the personalities can respond
* by removing the device from the array (i.e. calling
* 'hot_remove_disk'). If they haven't yet removed
* the failed device, its 'raid_disk' number will be
* '>= 0' - meaning we must call this function
* ourselves.
*/
if ((r->raid_disk >= 0) &&
(r->mddev->pers->hot_remove_disk(r->mddev, r) != 0))
/* Failed to revive this device, try next */
continue;
r->raid_disk = i;
r->saved_raid_disk = i;
flags = r->flags;
clear_bit(Faulty, &r->flags);
clear_bit(WriteErrorSeen, &r->flags);
clear_bit(In_sync, &r->flags);
if (r->mddev->pers->hot_add_disk(r->mddev, r)) {
r->raid_disk = -1;
r->saved_raid_disk = -1;
r->flags = flags;
} else {
r->recovery_offset = 0;
cleared_failed_devices |= 1 << i;
}
}
}
if (cleared_failed_devices) {
rdev_for_each(r, &rs->md) {
sb = page_address(r->sb_page);
failed_devices = le64_to_cpu(sb->failed_devices);
failed_devices &= ~cleared_failed_devices;
sb->failed_devices = cpu_to_le64(failed_devices);
}
}
}
static void raid_resume(struct dm_target *ti)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
if (rs->raid_type->level) {
set_bit(MD_CHANGE_DEVS, &rs->md.flags);
if (!rs->bitmap_loaded) {
bitmap_load(&rs->md);
rs->bitmap_loaded = 1;
} else {
/*
* A secondary resume while the device is active.
* Take this opportunity to check whether any failed
* devices are reachable again.
*/
attempt_restore_of_faulty_devices(rs);
}
clear_bit(MD_RECOVERY_FROZEN, &rs->md.recovery);
}
mddev_resume(&rs->md);
}
static int raid_merge(struct dm_target *ti, struct bvec_merge_data *bvm,
struct bio_vec *biovec, int max_size)
{
struct raid_set *rs = ti->private;
struct md_personality *pers = rs->md.pers;
if (pers && pers->mergeable_bvec)
return min(max_size, pers->mergeable_bvec(&rs->md, bvm, biovec));
/*
* In case we can't request the personality because
* the raid set is not running yet
*
* -> return safe minimum
*/
return rs->md.chunk_sectors;
}
static struct target_type raid_target = {
.name = "raid",
.version = {1, 7, 0},
.module = THIS_MODULE,
.ctr = raid_ctr,
.dtr = raid_dtr,
.map = raid_map,
.status = raid_status,
.message = raid_message,
.iterate_devices = raid_iterate_devices,
.io_hints = raid_io_hints,
.presuspend = raid_presuspend,
.postsuspend = raid_postsuspend,
.resume = raid_resume,
.merge = raid_merge,
};
static int __init dm_raid_init(void)
{
DMINFO("Loading target version %u.%u.%u",
raid_target.version[0],
raid_target.version[1],
raid_target.version[2]);
return dm_register_target(&raid_target);
}
static void __exit dm_raid_exit(void)
{
dm_unregister_target(&raid_target);
}
module_init(dm_raid_init);
module_exit(dm_raid_exit);
module_param(devices_handle_discard_safely, bool, 0644);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(devices_handle_discard_safely,
"Set to Y if all devices in each array reliably return zeroes on reads from discarded regions");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DM_NAME " raid4/5/6 target");
MODULE_ALIAS("dm-raid1");
MODULE_ALIAS("dm-raid10");
MODULE_ALIAS("dm-raid4");
MODULE_ALIAS("dm-raid5");
MODULE_ALIAS("dm-raid6");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Neil Brown <dm-devel@redhat.com>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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